Headlines on Karyn's birthday.
CIRCULATION Daily Over 250,000 Sunday Over 280,000 VOL. 1 NO. 86 I' Britain's Harold Wilson V Labor if -wr-rr a naif In Britain LONDON (Reuters) The closest British general election battle in 13 years hung in the balance today but the Labor Party was still in the lead when the overnight count of votes ended. The Labor Party was near I to victory with 429 of the 630 electoral districts in the House of Commons decided. Harold Wilson, 43, the leader of the Labor Party, seemed likely to be the next prime minister, replacing Sir Alec Douglas-Home. Asked whether he felt like a prime minister, Wilson replied: "I feel like a drink." DEADLOCK FEARED Politicians gloomily fore-east the possibility of another stalemated Parliament such as the one which plagued Labor in 1950. The counting of the ballot in the remaining, outlying electoral districts was not scheduled to start until Friday morning. When the overnight counting stopped Labor had a 67-seat lead over the Conservatives and a net gain of 48. It had hoped to register a net gain of more than 50 seats to insure a working majority in the House of Commons. FORECAST SHRINKS The 1950 Labor government had a majority of only seven seats in the House of Commons. The government of Clement (now Earl) Attlee kept going for 18 months. But only with difficulty. Labor Party General Secretary Len Williams, who (Continued on Page Two) PUBLISHERS, UNION TO MEET Press Talks Are On Again Negotiations in the Detroit newspapers strike will resume at 9 a.m. Friday when representatives of the Detroit News and Detroit Free Press meet with representatives of the Plate and Paper Handlers union local, one of the two unions which has been on strike since July 13. The publishers agreed Thursday to a suggestion made by a panel appointed by Gov. Romney. The panel DETROIT DAILY PRESS 1 li Fund Charge Hits Husband of U.S. Aide Special to the Daily Press CHARLESTOWN, W. Va. The husband of Virginia Mae (Peaches) Brown, who as a member of the powerful Interstate Commerce Commission is one of President Johnson's top women appointees, has been indicted here on charges of mishandling Federal flood funds in 1962. James V. Brown, an attorney now living in Washington, D.C., was charged with five other Charlestown businessmen. There was no immediate announcement of the amount of money invloved. Mrs. Brown said in Washington that "this is indeed unfortunate but he will be cleared." As ICC commissioner, she holds the highest Federal job among those given by President Johnson E. Germans Flee HANOVER, West Germany (Reuters) Eight young East Germans, including two high school students, escaped to West Germany across the mined border strip near here early Thursday. proposed that bargaining be resumed for two days with no mediators present. The publishers said that no response had been received from the Pressmen's Union, with whom a Saturday meeting was proposed. If no agreement has been reached after two days of bargaining, said the publishers, the original proposals of both Britain, MIS Each in its own way, Iwo of the world's three great powers went through the convulsions of choosing a new government Thursday. Throughout England, millions of voters used their centuries-old franchise and apparently hrought Harold Wilson's Lahor Party hack into power for the first time in 13 years And in the inner sanctums of 3Ioscow's Kremlin, a small hand of men secretly ended Nikita Khrushchev's momentous reign as the world's second-most powerful man and gave his two formal positions to Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin. Thus in less than one year, no fewer than five of the world's mightiest and most populous nations the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, West Germany and India were heing governed hy new leaders. And France and Communist China could follow suit any day. For more than a billion people for the world as a whole the old order was changing rapidly and uncertainly. UAW Strikes At AMC The United Auto Workers Union struck American Mo tors Corp. early Friday over wage inequities, seniority and transfer rights, despite the fact that the nation's fourth largest auto maker had agreed to continue profit sharing. However, Edward Cushman, AMC vice president, and Douglas Fraser, chief union bargainer, expressed optimism that it would be a short strike. Cushman announced shortly after 1 a.m. Friday that the company had agreed to con tinue the profit-sharing plan it had pioneered in 1961. It was the knottiest of the issues in the current UAW-AMC negotiations. Fraser said the union had ordered 27,000 AMC workers to strike because the union and company could not reach an agreement on a national pact and local issues. ' More than 500 workers on the midnight shift at AMC's two Milwaukee plants immediately walked off their jobs, along with skeleton maintenance crews at the firm's two Kenosha facilities and its Kelvinator plant at Grand Rapids. Fraser said the union struck because no agreement could be reached in the area of seniority, transfer rights and wage inequities. He also said the company and union could not agree on a new pact for its Kelvinator workers. Details of the profit-sharing plan were not disclosed. Negotiations were recessed until 9:30 a.m. Friday, and a news -blackout was re-imposed. Local level negotiations (Continued on Page Two) sides should be submitted to binding arbitration and publication of the papers resumed. The proposal was essentially the same one made by the publishers last month when arbitration was suggested by the Detroit Newspaper Guild. At that time both unions rejected the suggestion. The publishers' proposal called for "serious, intensive (Continued on Page Two) DETROIT, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1964 Russia Walter Jenkins Scandal News to Me LB J WASHINGTON President Johnson broke his silence Thursday night on the Walter Jenkins scandal to claim that he had not any reports "of any kind" on his chief aide's "personal conduct" until late Wednesday. Jenkins, on Mr. Johnson's staff since 1939, resigned Wednesday, following revelation of his arrest Oct. 7 by District of Columbia police morals squad officers. It was revealed that Jenkins, 46, maried and the father of six children, had been accused of "disorderly conduct - obscene gestures." Another man was arrested with him in a Washington YMCA. Both were released when they forfeited $50 bonds. Mr. Johnson, who had declined comment on the matter while campaigning in New York, issued a statement upon his return to Washington. 'COVERING UP' Republican National Chairman Dean B u r c h earlier Thursday had accused the President of "covering up" for Jenkins for more than five years, noting that reporters had uncovered a police record of another morals offense arrest of Jenkins early in 1959. Mr. Johnson, obviously answering Burch's charge but not mentioning him by name, said he had "never raised a question with respect to the personal conduct of Walter Jenkins." (Continued on Page Two) In ilex Business 10B Editorials 6A Sports 12-15A Television 9B Women's 7A Movies 8A Hist -' - Switch Rulers ' X f v V Communist Tarty Chief Leonid Brezhnev .More Kremli Hinted as 3Iore pictures and stories on Pages 3 A, III MOSCOW (Reuters) Nikita Khrushchev, 70, has retired as Soviet premier and first secretary of the Communist Party, it was announced Thursday. It was the first realignment of Soviet power in 11 years. Leonid Brezhnev, 58, the party secretary, assumed Khrushchev's key role as first secretary. Alexei Kosygin, 60, succeeded Khrushchev as premier. It was not known whether Khrushchev had asked to step down. The Soviet news agency Tass, in making an official announcement, said the premier has asked to be relieved of his duties because of his "advanced age and deterioration of his health." GUESSING GAME BEGINS But there was speculation throughout world capitals that Khrushchev had been ousted for these reasons : 1 His policy of co-existence with the West, which was unpopular with many hard-line Communists. 2 The frequent failures of Soviet agriculture. Michigan Experts Peek Into Soviet Crystal Ball University professors in Michigan agree that the retirement of Nikita Khrushchev and naming of his successors was probably not a" "palace revolution." They are hesitant about guessing whether the division of power will lead to a struggle for the top position, but feel that Soviet Presidium member Mikhail Suslov might be involved in such a struggle. Max Mark of the political science department at Wayne State University observed "it appears to me that Khrushchev's succession was decided months ago. Mark said that the Russian leader was trying to isolate the Chinese while at the same time trying to establish a central power. The European Communist parties have taken a dim view of this. The Wayne professor compared the change in Russia with the switch in England from Anthony Eden to Harold Macmillan. He said that Khrushchev had been in a difficult position with the Chinese and perhaps had been replaced because of it. Alfred Meyer of the polit 2 R ical science department at Michigan State University, a noted authority on. Soviet affairs, agreed with Mark. "The two men who have taken over are the ones who have been most frequently mentioned by Western observers as Khrushchev's successors," he said. "They have been associated with Khrush- Mikhail Suslov A .L VI M M - " - " v J r- i f' flJ- " - la. Soviet Premier n Ousters eplace 3 His damaging struggle with the Communist Chinese. 1 Khrushchev's whereabouts were not known. He had been on vacation at his Black Sea resort, and some reports said he hurried back to Moscow because of a meeting Wednesday of the Communist Party Central Committee which he apparently was not invited to attend. OTHERS REPORTED FIRED Another report said several senior officials connected with Khrushchev had been fired. Named among these was his son-in-law, Alexei Adzhubei, who has been editor of the newspaper Izvestia. The announcement of the replacement of the Russian leader, who has ruled the country for 11 years, came as a bombshell. Tass said a full meeting of the party central commitee considered Khrushchev's request to quit Wednesday. Both Brezhnev and Kosygin have been associated with Khrushchev during most of his rule. Western observers noted that the two brief announcements issued by Tass shortly after midnight local time (4 p.m. Detroit time, Thursday) omitted any tribute to Khrushchev's services. (Continued on Page 3-A) chev. They were the ones who supported him and they were the ones he supported." Meyer observed that "the fact they have succeeded him makes it appear that it is by no means a palace revolt or a takeover. We can take the Soviet statements at face value and with confidence." Commenting on the possibility of a struggle for su preme power, Meyer added, "in the Soviet Union as in any complex society, there is -a tendency for one man to assume supreme authority." "The political situation created thereby has some degree of instability. Most Western- ' ers will say that sooner or later one or the other will have to atke over and become boss. I would not be absolute : about this, but we can probably expect some politicking," he stated. George Kish, acting director of Russian studies at the University of Michigan, sees ' possible evidence of a' developing power struggle. ; He noted that if Suslov ' made the motion to replace (Continued on Page 3A) SUNSHINE High 76 Low 48 TEN CENTS Alexei Kosygin K Journey's end for K j' . .. x,.. : f . i ' ' '