1965 Northeast Power Outage Headline Power failure reveals America's vulnerability - Tom Malmay

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 - fa tts 76th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS,...
fa tts 76th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNiA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1965 $1.50 Per Month Twenty-Eight Pages 10 Cents Power failure reveals America's vulnerability GOTHAM SKYLINE - This dramatic blackout photo of the New York City skyline was made at 7 p. m. last evening from the Jersey Central Railroad pier in Jersey City and shows the skyscrapers of the financial district silhouetted against the moonlit sky across the Hudson river. (DPI Telephoto) So. California blackout most LOS ANGELES (UPD—Local officials regard as "most unlikely" the chance Southern California would suffer a massive power failure such as the East Coast underwent Tuesday. A spokesman for the Southern California Edison Co. said Tuesday the Southern California area had several electrical supply lines instead of one and that the system has relatively few interconnections through which a blackout might spread. In the east there are many small systems hooked together, he said. The Edison system here services 6.5 million persons in 14 counties. "No system can guarantee agamst a power failure, but it is regarded as most unUkely here," the Edison spokesman said. An official of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power said the big Los Angeles electrical system is fed by several diversified power sources and is not dependent upon a single supply line. mer President Dwight D. Eisenhower suffered a "coronary insufficiency," not a heart attack, Tuesday and should recover fully within two weeks, his doctors said today. A team of six doctors at Ft. Gordon Army Hospital, where Eisenhower has been under treatment since early Tuesday morning when he suffered chest pains, issued their report at the end of a 36-hour period of observation. It wasn't a clean bill of health for the five-star general, because heart specialist Dr. Thomas A. Mattingly admitted that the chest pain, a mild form of angina pectoris, "could occur again." Mattingly said the spasm. Crash fatal MONTCLAIR (UPD - A 12- year - old girl sustained fatal injuries Tuesday when the motorcycle she was driving went out of control and struck a boat on a trailer. The coroner's office identified the victim as Brenda QuiUen of Ontario. She died at San Antonio Community Hospital in Upland eight hours after the accident. Coronary Insufficiency Two weeks needed for Eisenhower's recovery .AUGUST.^, Ga. (UPD—For-:hower "should remain in a hos- says goodbye to NEW YORK (UPD — History's largest electric power failure demonstrated today how vulnerable America is to a single mishap. It brought hardship to 30 million persons in eight states and Canada— and a hopeless snarl to New York City transportation. Power was virtually restored throughout 80,000 square miles plunged into darkness at 5:28 p.m. EST Tuesday. But, with the lights back on, new troubles mounted. Even with service restored, '««' the cause of the massive power failure remamed an incredible ; puzzle, one that could take days, perhaps weeks, to solve. : The failure produced fright in darkened cities—and anger in Washington. The blackout: —Stretched from Ontario to southern Pennsylvania, producing a cold, dark and sometimes fearful night for a sixth of the nation's population. —Stranded 800,000 persons for five hours and more in black subway tunnels beneath New York. Thousands of persons, unable to reach their suburban homes, spent the night in smoky hotel lobbies or bars. —Caused President Johnson BLACKOUT AREA — Mop shows general "blackout area" in Northeastern part of the U.S. and a joining portion of Canada caused by the biggest electric power failure in history. (UP! Telephoto) aimed at finding the cause and finding a way to see that it never happens again. —Established the proficiency with which the nation's defense system swiftly switched to ! auxiliary power systems to and congressmen to caU for a keep vital communications open !fasl and full mvestigation and the nation's defense pos­ ture up. —But made the nation reaUze how easily it could be plunged into crisis by a single unexplained accident. Today, almost 12 hours to the] minute after the lights went out, power was restored in most of New York City. But it came too lale to avert a massive transporation snarl that promised to keep millions of people away from work. Commuter trains, which should have been in the suburbs, were still stuck in the city when the power was restored. Commuters in New England and New York suburbs who managed to got home Kite Tuesday night faced little prospect of returning to the city. The Long Island Rail Road. the nation's largest commuter line, said it could offer only token service to its 90,000 daily riders this morning. The subway system, which carries 1.5 million riders during a normal morning rush hour, was practically stopped. Only few trains v.'ere operating. The transit authority explained that trains and crews were scattered, that batteries had to be recharged and that power had to be converted from alternating to direct current to move the trains. The New York Board of Education said schools for the city's one million children would open — but urged youngsters who normally use pubUc transportation to stay home. Elsewhere, one death was I Continued on page 13) LOS ANGELES (UPI) - A pital setting for two weeks from;""''"^'^'y ^^'"'•y P™«ss Marthe time of his confinement yes-^f^^t said her goodbyes to Hol- terday " lywood s glamor today and pre"He "should be well recovered !pa'"ed for four days of relative by the end of two weeks," Har-^calm at the Arizona ranch of per said. j former .Ambassador to Britain The specialist added there!Le^is Douglas. was no reason why the five star general should not be able to resume his normal activities after the two-week period, including his favoritp pastime, golf. The princess, troubled by a mild case of laryngitis, planned a brief City Hall visit w-ith Mayor Samuel W. Yorty at noon today before departing at 1 p.m. A doctor said the first from Los Angeles International electrocardiogram gave Eisen-| Airport for Tucson. Ariz, hower Tuesday showed ani With hu.sband Lord Snowdon, abnormality resulting from hisjthe princess attended still another Hollywood party Tuesday night, this one at the swank 1955 heart attack. They said the test also showed "minor transitory changes" due to the coronary insufficiency. The 36-hour period of obser-jof the film colony's most glit- which occurred in the earlylvation has not shown any ' ' morning hours of Tuesday when'evidence of heart muscle Eisenhower's heart received an damage, the doctors reported. insufficient supply of blood be- Eisenhower has been in thel^ rather radical upsweep hair cause of hardening of the ar-ihospital since about 2 a.m.[do. teries, was "related" to the se-ixugs^ay when he was brought! I'he royal couple returned to FPC opens full investigation No innmediate details W.\SHINGTON (UPD—The Federal Power Commission (FPC), acting on President Johnson's orders, began an immediate investigation today to determine the cause of the massive northeastern power, failure. The FPC called in a number of power industry executives hillside home of a motion pic- 1 for a meeting shortly after 10 ture publicist. I a.m. EST in the first explorato- The princess again awed someiry move. The five - member commis- tering personalties by wearing sion, headed by Chairman a mink coat over an elegant Joseph C. Swidler, also met juniper green dress. She wore with its staff to chai of action for the sweeping investigation which Johnson ordered when New York City vere heart attack he suffered:jnYn an ambulance from his 1 "leir Beveriy Hills hotel presi-iand vast areas of the Northeast in 1955 while he was president.! cnttage on the .-Augusta Nation- fl™tial suite shortly beforei"'erc blacked out. Dr. Harry Harper, an Angus-'al Golf Club where he and his 1 am- '^'"^ commission was being ta heart speciahst, described!wife Mamie had been vacation-. Among tlie film celebrities at •I 'f'w' hy^Whhe House Science coronary insufficiency as taking.in Electricity drained off through broken main line place when the flow of blood isj His doctors said today Eisen- insufficient to meet the demands bower's blood pressure wasjwere Steve McQueen, Gregory of the heart muscles. i "stable at 145." 1 Peck, Danny Kaye, Jack Lemmon. Jack Benny and Shirley MacLaine. Earlier the princess and Lord Snowdon had attended a one- Tuesday night's tightly exclu-!At'^'ser Dr. Donald C. Hornig sive party in Benedict Canyon i'" broad mquiry mto the He said this is often not un-| "He is still in good spirits," common for people as they j the statement said. .•^fter the tests this morning, Eisenhower was to have a low- grow older and added that it is often referred to by the layman as hardening of the arteries. Harper said he thought Eisen salt, low-fat and low calorie j hour reception in their honor at breakfast. Weather Redlands Today Highest 65, Lowest 52 One Year Ago Highest 55, Lowest 49 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 6:18 a.m. — 4:50 p.m. No smog, allowable burning Thursday, Friday San Bernardino Valley: Hazy sunshine with some high clouds Thursday. Late night and early morning low cloudiness. Little temperature chaiigc. Low tonight 45-50. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Southern California agricultural areas will have mostly sunny weather with variable high thin cloudiness Thursday. The outlook for Friday is for continued sunny weather with little temperature change. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ending at 4 a.m. High Low Precip. 5 29 42 36 51 33 UPI newsman's experience termed 'frightening' Boston Chicago Cincinnati Denver Des Moines Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Honolulu Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Omaha Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco Seattle Washington 65 44 10 68 54 84 50 73 72 38 57 43 88 67 61 64 53 58 28 35 -10 49 31 76 41 49 57 32 34 41 65 48 36 56 42 37 .05 By WAYNE C. SARGENT United Press (nternational NEW YORK (UPD - The lights went out at 5:27 p.m. and 10 minutes later I had a broken nose. People are pretty inefficient in the daytime. At night, with no electricity, it is worse. Everyone has an idea: Put cold packs on it. Put hot packs on it. Call a doctor. Send for an ambulance — one available in an emergency that affects millions. My nose was broken by an unfriendly radiator over which I stumbled in the dark. That was at 5:37 p.m. EST Tuesday. It was 8 p.m. before I got help, which is nobody's fault. First Problem The first problem is how to get off the 11th floor of a building which is pitch black. That problem arises when you conclude no doctor is coming to you. After a loyal associate leads you down a darkened staircase like a seeing-eye dog, you are on the street. Cars are bumper to bumper. They seem to offer some hope. I commandeered one of them with a plea to "Get me to a hospital." The car was driven by a nice Chinese gentleman, whose intents was fine, but who was helpless in the traffic. \Ve moved one block and 1 decided to get out and walk — it was faster. It was only IS blocks to Bellevue Hospital. I could always find my way back by (he trail of blood I was leaving, (."^nd why is it in situations like this you always try to keep your shirt - front clean?) Bellevue is one of New York's larger hospitals. Surely the home of British Consul-Genera! P.G.F. Dalton. The royal couple's principal activities during the day were a luncheon with distinguished members of the faculty and staff at California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena and a visit to the Caltech- operated Jet Propulsion Laboratory. At JPL she and Snowdon viewed duplicates of some of ."America's spacecraft and saw motion pictures transmitted by Ranger 9 before it impacted the moon. Marines search for Red units in Viet Nam power failure and search for a remedy for future problems. Harry G. Slater, a vice presidsnt of the Niagara- Mohawk Power Corp., told reporters that "as of this moment, there was no basis for charging the trouble to facilities in Western New York State." "Where it surged from is still a mystery," Salter said. His comment was in reference to a report by the Office of Emergency Planning (OEP) that the breakdown had been traced to an electrical switching center "101-2 miles below Niagara Falls." The power firm insisted this was "com pletely erroneous." ".•^s of this moment, everything on our system is working," Slater told newsmen. "We (Continued on page 13) NEW YORK (UPD-Like giant water mam break, the inter - connecting electrical power networks lost vast amounts of electricity through a main into a ground, causing Tuesday night's massive northeast blackout. Consolidated Edison Co. said today. There were no immediate details on how or why the electrical main came open. But the upstate power loss put an immense drain on New York City's generators which cut their ability to produce, and eventually ID r o u g h t automatic safety equipment into play to cut them off before overload damage occurred. Engineer Edward Nellis was the Con Ed system operator on duty at the west side Manhattan Energy Control Center late Tuesday afternoon. In the minutes before the failure he noted that the recorder measuring power flow in the New York state system showed 0.3 million kilowatts flowing into the city from the north. Reverse Flow Suddenly, according to Con Ed spkesmen, NelUs saw that a disturbance had caused the flow to reverse, drawing heavi a,ly on the capacity of the eight as to avoid damage. Con Ed fuiictioning New York City gen- sai<i- , j Charles Iloppin, spokesman I for Con Ed said it was not Atomic The Indian Point Plant was out of service temporarily for a new core and the Kent Avenue Station in thought that any piece of generating equipment failed and that it seemed the transmission lines at some , , „ , .northern point must have Brooklyn had been shut off for.sta,..e^ fge^ling directly into a several weeks following com- ground, causing the power plaints about air pollution from ^ drain. Its stacks. jl^g problems involved in .\ellis. reahzing something!reconstituting the system once was seriously wrong, decided to,it has been knocked out were cut the New York City system | out of the V as t northeast network called the CANUSE 'Canadian - U.S. - Eastern) interchange. But even as he telephoned Niagara - Mohawk Co. power officials in Syracuse to advise them he was changing the precise balance of the electrical network, a chain of events had begun which resulted in the total blackout. Automatic Shutdown The terrific drain from the north on New York's generators reduced their ability to put out electricity. And as their capacity to put out power decreased, the giant northern load became more dangerous until the automatic equipment shut down the city's plants so several, Con Ed said. Some power is needed to start the service along wilh auxiliary equipment al cacii plant. Then steam pressure in the boilers must be brought up. After that the generator turbines must be brought to the proper speed. Even then it still takes one to three hours before the plant can start supplying power again to consumers. Hoppin said that despite some 0.5 million kilowatts of "spinning reserve" power that is maintained in the sj'stem to be drawn upon in t.he event one n[ the larger generators fails, the northern power loss was "just too fast for the automatic equipment and too big for the system to handle." SAIGON (UPI) — U.S. Marines landed 12 miles north of the Chu Lai airbase today in search of a Communist force estimated up to 4,000 men. The Marine task force was shadowed by a Soviet freighter for (UPI Teiephotoi < Seven hours before the landing. A spokesman said the Soviet they will have emergency gen- merchantman moved slowly up Br;.)firs ^r^f] Ii3 ),ts vn,> thin),- i ^^le Vietnamese coa^t keepmg the Marines under surveillance during Monday's approach to WAYNE C. SARGENT erators and lights, you think. It's not true. With the aid of my own cigarette lighter and the doctor's candle we hiked up four floors to a surgical room. There, byj light of cotton swabs dipped in alcohol, the doctor fixed the nose. He said he isn't sure its going to be exactly straight. But who can blame him? The light was bad. I sound ungrateful. I am not. It could have been acute appendicitis. As I sit here writing this with a photographer shooting pictures of my battered face I can tell you: It is frightening and not the sort of experience I want again. Chives away all candles NEW YORK (UPI) — The operator of a greeting card shop near the Empire State building reported last night he gave away his entire stock of candles during the largest power failure ever to hit the northeast. David Cohen said he gave away 1,000 candles worth $250 when his electric cash register jammed shut and he was unable to make change. the landing site. The ship stayed outside the three-mile limit. It disappeared Monday night and was not seen afterwards. The Marines deployed from the landing sites as they moved in from a wave of 10 LVTS 'landing vessels, tank) followed by waves of five and three medium landing craft. They met no immediate opposition. Intelhgence reports indicated there were as many as seven Viet Cong battalions of about 500 men each in the area, some of them hard core Viet Cong units. Inmates riot in Massachusetts State Prison WALPOLi:, Mass. (UPD— Walpole State Prison inmates, rioting at the height of Tuesday night's power blackout, were subdued by unarmed guards who moved in after a double tear gas assault by state troopers. Three himdred hardened convicts in the maximum security section staged a 4V2 hour orgy of destruction before returning to their cells. FOLLOW THE LEADER — Policemen lead commuters from stalled subway trains through subway tunnel to the street after the massive power failure in New York City last night. (UPI Telephoto)

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  1. Redlands Daily Facts,
  2. 10 Nov 1965, Wed,
  3. Page 1

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  • — 1965 Northeast Power Outage Headline Power failure reveals America's vulnerability - Tom Malmay

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