Clipped From The Cincinnati Enquirer

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CDAJLYi HyQUTREB; : SATURDAY; MOIttOG, religion-belief of j Christianity with-! in Ood and In i be the' boundary social observances' 1 tenets cive: peculiarity. I APART. leinr Drovided for men ; a large, ir- walls, (castellated of dormer windows, odd beliriea, vine-clad flower-grown court-yard. a stone building, windows, over- two stories high, married fpeople live mostly iiigh-roofed, the. past century. above i mentioned work-rooms and a sexes walk upon a.) 1 sirmjij uuu gouer- meeting. A young supposed to look meets a' voung the Y. U. AL same; but this think. I know the single pairs of feminine lit the blinds in the doors. who i had accom to bid her good- darlc corner when her. Many of Moravian residences above thp walk, attention of the In. I found to be furnished the tall' clocks, cane-seat stronirlv sug though the strange said! to resemble villages. Service church! when I ar nad leit it reserved men and THE PTE PS, horiies. I didn't any thing about nor did I hear politics all day unciviur-ea Marriages are with the consent but the bride to the eh ft re h woman it is that Jtist here yon for -youne people eachi other, for if doWTl their fTI he know th; wuld she he know that his know refuse him? These result in no more of the ordinary of j Bethlehem is scaadal. In the scats 2,K, the the nicn sitting on bn the other. like that in use in and the music is a While passing thefcloek striking cracked and plaintive vuv pcm, of a I soml)er-toned to the high cupola aome sujiponea oy balnstraded platform Whefl a death oc I LAYERS and performs cnpola is always addition to the sectarian Contains a curi old inn. the bun was formerly landlord, who shillings a day (the Oentile munin-cence. wliich sheltered Washinigton, Marquis (fieneraw Hates, Mifflin, Fermoy, Pulaski, Pomeroy, Spanish Embassadors, (of Burgoyne's also a Aioravian a Moravian Semi which has some with an average A Moravian whose white disraht valley from eemetory is one tielnieuem. On seemed to be gravel paths, rich and idlers sitting that supposi upon long ranks small, plain stone mi iru inscription, and sometimes in stbne. The older a foot' or eighteen later ones are contain consola or mortuary however, even inspired threnodies asnington cniids, resting-places were other evidences of jand there are no ithe rows being land the graves kind of box is ilADE GRAVE, remain for some o hold the little prass is weaving it and the soil beneath hardening. As a result as well shaped as stones bear only but most of them persons, whose remains "Epfscopus Fratrem" thereto. Among vrho,lie here are Pechtowappid, Isaac acasabbanot, and thus : Benjamin, wompanosh contrasting these with the gulny Island redmen, the the New Eng- lunsuucrauu mure bestowed upon it will be seen had a plentiful oldest stone I but the one to attached bore the following THE UCST HUf TO STSIXE CIL. Imm Mt FeitaM 04peMI Kevta 1 .. WBts Beared fce rlctsu4 Well. (New York World. Colon! Edwin L. Drake, of South Beth lehem, Penn., who is called the discoverer of the coal-oil, is a son of Lyman Drake, a farmer oltireene County. f. T was born at Greenville, that county. March 29, 1819, and ia consequently sixty years of age. He spent his early days upon bis father's farm in New" Tork and at Hut-land, Vt., to which place the family removed in 1S23. The Colonel was then but six years of age, but one incident of the journey be remembers distinctly. The route lay through Albany, and the day of their arrival there was one of vast Importance to the Empire State. It was the day of the opening of the Erie Canal, when, figuratively, "the water of Lake Erie was let into the Hudson." The water was brought to Albany in a bottle on the first boat and emptied into the Hudson with proper ceremonies. Albany had put on ner holiday attire and' was wild with joy. ''Signal guns had been placed at intervals all the wav from Buffalo to Albanv. a distance of 3iV miles, within hearing distance of earh other. When the break was made and the waters of the Western rivers came tumbling into this immense channel, the first gun was fired, and at the instant the sound was heard at the next station the gunner there applied the match and answered hack the iovfnl news and sent the o-lad tidings speeding onward toward the East." These scenes and sounds are still fresh in the memory of Colonel Drake. Here, too, on the same dav Colonic Drake saw his first steamboat the Governor Cliuton.4 Arrived in the Yankee home, the boy Edwin worked on the farm and received such education as the schools of those days imparted. At eighteen years of age he left liome and entered upon the struggles with the world. In 1838 he was Captain of a line packet on the Erie Canal ; later, clerk on a steamer plying between Buffalo and Detroit, and then Superintend ent of a cloth factory in Tecumseh, Mien. In 1842 he was a salesman with Uotchkiss & Chamberlain, merchants of New Haven. from 1M3 to iHio he. tilled a like position with Selby A Co. and Lvman A .Stillman, in New York. From 1H44 to 1849 he was express messenger between Albany and uoston, ana xrom itnv to inoi eon ductor on the New .York and New Haven Railroad. Among his friends in the latter city were Messrs. Townscnd, Pierpont, Ives and Bowdieh, who had loaned money to the firm of Eveleth Bissel, of New York. Eveleth fc Bissel purchased of Brewer, Watson & Co., of Tit usville, Penn the oil which was taken from a spring on their lands. The oil was obtained with a piece of blanket at the rate of a gallon a day, and from it was made the then celebrated "Mustang Liniment The gentlemen named were hnallv compelled to purchase the land from which the oil was obtained. When the deeds were brought to the purchasers at New Haven they were found defective. It became necessary to send some one to Titusvillo and Pittsburg to have the titles perfected. Colonel Drake was selected to go . on this mission. Mr. Pierpont bad visited the lands pre vious to the purchase, and had brought nacit witn him a Dottle oi .the "isineKe" on This had been lirmlvZAd bv Professor Silli- niau, who regarded it as. of small importance. This bottle of oil had been seen by Colonel Drake, who looked at it as a curiosity of no value. Nothing was said of petroleum when he left New Haven, and the owners of the lands never thought that the oil would be a . source of profit. I he colonel s attention was nrst at traded to the oil while in the stage on the wav to Titusville. The driver. Connell, spoke of "Oil Creek." Colonel Drake asked why it. was called "Oil Creek?" "Because there is oil in it," was the lacouic reply. Turther inquiries showed that the oil was being used as a lubricator and for illuminating purposes. and that it was gathered with blankets from shallow pools along the creek. In the store at Titusville he was shown a bottle of the oiL He became interested in the oil at once. In the sawmill of Brewer A Watson, near by, he saw it used as a lubricator on the journals of a large circular saw makinir 1. 200 revolutions per minute, It was also used in torches to light the mill. As a lubricator he found it superior to sperm-oil. As a lubricator alone he knew there was a fortune in this oil. He also knew that it .could be refined, and doubted not its value as an illuminator. Dr. Ebenezer Brewer, now a banker at Titusville, took the. Colonel to the spring from which the oil used in the mill was taken. It was a rusty, disgust ing-looking pool. The doctor spread a blanket upon the pool and gathered it up in a few seconds, dripping with some dark fluid, from which ho wrung half a pint ot the oil. Ilalt a bucket or more of the oil was thus secured. The Colonel was satisfied as to where and how the "Sineke" was obtained. He had already been satisfied as to its value. The sole question now was : "Can the oil be obtained in quantities sufficient to introduce it as a lubricator?" Before Colonel Drake left Titusville he had became satisfied that the oil could be obtained in quantities by boring for it. His scheme was regarded as the vagarieyof an insane man. He was, however, nothing daunted.. He returned to New Haven fully determined to go back and bore for oil. When he went back he did so as manager of "the Seneca Oil Company," a corporation he had organized. A new and unexpected difficulty faced Colonel Drake when he was ready to begin operations ; he couldn't hire men "to work for a lunatic." In great distress he drove to Tarentum, one hundred miles away. Here he entered into a contract with a salt-borer, agreeing to give him at least one thousand feet of boring to do. The salt-borer was to come in August, but he didn't. The Colonel went down aain and the fellow promised to come in September. Again he disappointed the now thoroughly vexed Colonel. He went tho one hundred miles once more. While in the hotel at Tarentum he accidentally learned why the fellow had disappointed him. He never mcfint to goto Titusville. He regarded Colonel .Drake as crazy, and "thought the easiest way to get rid of him was to make a contract .and pretend that lie meant to come." After ransacking the country for weeks he at last found another salt-borer, who agreed to come and work for him. This man got as far as Pittsburg, where he.died. It was now in October, late in the" season. Lewis salt manufacturer and borer membered," were gold to a man named MeKoown, a druggist t Pittsburg, who also refined oil as an experiment. Erie, Cleveland, , Cincinnati, Pittsburg, Philadelphia and New York were visited auooeawvely in the effort to build op a commerce for petroleum. The undivided and tireless efforts of Colonel Dxake were finally crowned with success. The' Drake well yielded probably three thousand barrels of oiL He bored only one other well, and that didn't yield much oiL The enee Oil ; Company sold out, and Colonel Drake operated individually until li4. In that year, in consequence of ill-health, he was compelled to relinquish his business, and after all - his hard work he saw the following year, 1S05, the greatest idlers making fabulous sums of money on the oil he discovered, and in the boring and introduction of which he spent not less than $10,000, while his own hands were tied by illness. The last $500 used in the work on the Drake well were borrowed bv Colonel Drake on his individual responsi bility. . In 1873 Pennsylvania granted Colonel Drake a civil pension of ?1,S00 per year, revertible to his widow while she remains unmarried. His fortune had been swept away and his health wrecked by his inces sant lalxirs in the oil interest. On this pension he lives modestly, yet comfortably." It ia but a small recompense for his public labors. The tweuty-five-barrel well of August, 1W, has been augmented by 10,000 other wells, with an annual capacity of not less than 15,000,000 barrels. Not less than. fOo.Ot 10,000 worth is exported annually and about $10,000,000 is invested in the business. Dr. tspoflord says : "Fifteen million barrels (the annual firoduct), of forty gallons to a barrel, of his Oil would fill 9,000,000,000 lamps holding half a pint each, or about seven such lamps for every man, woman and child upon our globe. All this has come to light from the bowels of the earth in less than twenty years, during which time we have not only used all the petroleum we have wanted ourselves, but nave sent to other lands nearly $500,000,000 worth, at the low custom-house valuation." Colonel Drake is a gentleman of intelligence and refinement, an earnest member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and though the hand of misfortune and affliction has borne heavily upon him he never murmurs, but suffers with true Christian resignation. . His family wife and three children by whom he is idolized, and his mends, mane his me happy ana comiort-able. - llis wife Is a noble and devoted woman. Colonel Drake may lie smred mauv more veara. but he will scarcely re cover from the palsy that laid its hand upon him eight years ago. AX ARKANSAS ROMANCE. Attempted Elopemeut of a Tonne White Girl With an Indian. Little Rock Gazette. About twenty milos from Waldron there lives an old man named Wayne. Aside from a hale, old-style wife, there belongs to the family a beautiful girl named Lulu. A few months ago, while the old man aud lady were away from home, a young In dian named ' Wambo called at the house and asked for drink of water. Lulu in vi ted him into the house, where he remained iu conversation for some time after he had received the aqueous fluid. The Indian had been well educated, and his handsome face and manly form imme diately awakened within Lulu's Ikjmoiii a sentimental interest, while Wambo was pierced, as though by an arrow of his ancient fathers, with a thrill of love. He pressed the -maiden's hand when he left, and said that he would re turn. True to his promise, lie returned on the following Sunday. The old lady and gentleman had gone to church. Another conversation ensued, and when tho young Indian left he pressed the maideu's'hand with even more ardor than had character ized his first visit. This time he did not leave without remarking that he would re turn. A Week elapsed before the girl saw him again. This time the old people were at home. and. though tho girl had not spoken to her parents in regard to the Indian, a suspicion was immediately awak ened. However, the Indian and the girl spoke to each other sentimentally ; so much so that an engagement of marriage was the result, the voung Indian promising to come after the girl on the following night. The girl knew that her father would be bitterly opposed to the union, and warned her lover. Next night, while the moon was shining, while the foliage was waviirg. the feet of the Indian brushed the dew from the grass. On his shoulder he bore a lieht ladder. Placing the ladder on the trronnd. he ascended to a window and peered into a room. In another instant he was tumbling to t he ground. The old gen tleman had discovered the plot, and, arm ing hiniBelf with a club, stood at the window. The Indian was not very badly hurt, and he had not more than gained his feet when the girl rushed from a downstairs room and joined him. Then the two began a flight through the woods, among the bushes, over the rocks. Afraid to shoot, the Old man ran as rapidly as his long-used legs would alkiw him. In at- , tempting to climb a ledge of rocks the young lady's dress caught and held hor fast. In trembling haste lier lover tried to disengage her, but the' old gentleman was upon them. "If you love me leave," said the girl. The Indian dashed away, and in another moment the girl's father stood'beside her. She was marched back home. She is still there, but the young Lndian. by no means slow, may make an outbreak at any moment. 'A Brave Monk. Atjol'st 13, 1717. A monk, on his way to Luzarche the other day, fell in with a stranger riding in the same direction, with whom he entered into conversation, and was charmed with the agreeable sallies of his companion. The latter learning from the monk that he was in charge of a sum of money belonging to this convent, and was proceeding thither, observed that he himself was traveling toward that part of the country, and that by taking a short cut through the forest they would materially abridge their journey. When they were in the thick of the wood, the stranger dismounted from his horse, seized the monk's bridle, and with many threats insisted on his delivering up the money he had with him. "I do not carry it about me," replied the other; "allow me to get off my horse and I will call tho lay brother who follows ine with the baggage and hand you over the livres." The consented, and The Franc Betweea Uu-bauMl A flmilsTb rgUeffeaae. I have it the husband Mrs. Langtry, for a divorce, as set down formant preliminary papers steps in moment than it is, upon the concerned than suggest unugin when the danger of the beauty are jealous of husband in These social! me. I only as one hears whose long Is another, yachting with and that are careful another society stand off Highness takes chiefly with a blue Dartmouth pretty Mrs. the seas are can be wonderful yachts and, ashore, tradition of the subject of Mr. Wheeler frobably,if he bat lis astonished, in which smiles of Heaven fair fame homely, worthy teem. But 3'ou know," one of the newspapers kind of be careful : beginning to tell one arrives has come "professional consent. take means ers that he the sort of a scandal It is, of Commoner and the Prince ging its husband to - parties Princess of sonal blame than who are ne reads what is belles who visit certain does, and houses to wnere tne this sort it is oi social dam-asintr the aiid beautiful concern to teem of anxious to admiration. Copular e succeed revered of of being does not warn him? atmosphere can not lay and bid the Earl Prince, by circumstances of law contemptuous social duties, of sitting That portion is intensely it claims f the moral social life, possess it ; and, great class allegiance, scepter, or his grasp, opinion country Provinces disloyalty are away when reverence As the Wheeler, I t-enture but as of Wales people will done ; they good injudicious recall the he stood in notorious afford fortunate for Ballan-tvne proved than a exercise his The painful throne had outraged social greatly The press and loyal, ing, it 1 not enough days to be even enough must, like Eicion, and igh estate

Clipped from
  1. The Cincinnati Enquirer,
  2. 20 Sep 1879, Sat,
  3. Page 11

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