1948 AP RHYNE ARTICLE_04-10-48

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1948 AP RHYNE ARTICLE_04-10-48 - The Gastonia (N. G) Gazette Bits Of Carton...
The Gastonia (N. G) Gazette Bits Of Carton County Textile History .... Abel P. Rhyne Came Home From Civil War, Invested Money In Cotton Mill 1 —BY JAMES LEE LOVE— ' (In Textile Bulletin) In his Annals of Lincoln County, the Rev. William L. Sherrill tells us that p. D. Hoffman and Moses H. Rhyne, In 1842, conducted a store at the crossroads one mile west of Tuckaseege ford on the Catawba river, In what was then Lincoln county. Trie small village there and Us post office were named Wood Lawn. Mail came from Charlotte on Mondays and Thursdays, en route to LIncolnton, and returned on Sundays and Wednesdays. When John Lfriebergerr-ftrreb J. Lineberger, J. Laban Llneberger, Jonas Hoffman, Moses H. Rhyne and John Cleramer built the Wood Lawn Cotton Mill (nicknamed Pinhook) they gave It the name nf their post nlfirp. Abel P. Rhyne, upon return from the Civil War, bought the Hoffman interest in the Wood Lawn store, and managed if until 1871. A( that time he sold it to K. C. G. Love, bought his father's interest in the Pinhook Mill, and began a long and successfnl career in cotton manufacturing. After serving a three-year apprenticeship at Pinhook, in 1874, he sold Ills holding In Pinhook to Caleb J. Lineberger for 519,000. and built the Mount Holly Cotton Mill on Dutchman's creek, a mile north of the village of Wood Lawn. His partners were Ambrose Cosfner and Daniel E. Rhyne. This was the first cotton mill built in Gasfon county after the Civil War. A. P. Rhyne had the name of the post office changed from Wood Lawn to Mount Holly; and thus the village of Wood Lawn merged its identity with Mount Holly. Abel P. Rhyne and Daniel K. Rhyne were sons nf Mos"s II. Rhyne. GOES ON HIS OWN R. C. G. Love started "on his own" | at the age of 16, in the year 1856, on a farm now partly occuoied by the Arkray Cotton Mills, 2 1/2 miles west of the Southern Railway depot in Gastonia. Early in 1860 he brought his bride to the house now occupied, I am told, by the superintendent of the Arkray Mills, which he had built largely with his own hands. In 1371, lie bought the Hoffman farm at Wood Lawn, with A. P. Rhyne's interest in the store; and for the next ten years managed the farm, the i store, and cotton gin which he had built. In 1831, R. C. G. Love moved to Kings Mountain. This change was made in order to send his children to the Kings Mountain High School This was established as a private boarding and day school in 1876. It is now the city public high school. In 1883 he became dissatisfied with the management of the school, and, drawn by old associations, he moved to Gastonia, where he spent the re- Changed the tax on estates. Federal Estate Taxes on if you leave up to to your wife: set forth in the new law. the same law applies advantage of the tax- greatly, and we strongly or with our Trust of tax economies malnder of his life. I had a keen interest In old Pinhook In the late J360s, and until my uncle. A. P. Rhyne, left there In 1374.1 liked jolly Cousin Caleb Linc- berger, and occasionally I saw Cousin Abel C. Lineberger at his father's office. He was two years my senior. But my curiosity was greatest about how "they made yarn on mules in the mill," as some waggish person had lold me; and was not satisfied until I got Inside and saw the English spinning machines patiently, mule-like, drawing out the long threads and then quickly running back to wind them onto bobbins. We got all our yardwide sheeting for underwear, and table cloths, and bed sheets, and window curtains at Pinhook; and also little five-pound bundles of yam for the warps in our homemade jeans, outer clothing in the 1860s; and, most interesting of all. I got my first and only pair of boy's top-boots at the company store. I never saw the place after 1 went away to boarding school at Kings Mountain in 1813. I feel sure that pins had to be depended upon for fishhooks at Pinhook in the 1860s; and that fish was an essential article of diet then, and was, luckily, plentiful. THUEE APPRENTICES There were three young men who got their apprentice starts In business with R. C. G. Love at his Wood Lawn store in (he 1870s: Daniel E. Rhyne, W.Thomas Love, and J. Alonzo Abernfthy. They started as clerks at a salary of S40 per month, and board. D. E. Khyne left in 1874 to join his brother! A. P. Rhyne, in the new Mount Holly Cotton Mills, where he invested Sl.OOO, and managed the company store. In 1883, he supervised the erection of the Tuckaseeje Mfg. Co., on the Catawba river, where he had more money to invest, and took a more active part in management. In 1887, in partnership with his brother-in-law, J. A. Abernethy, he built his famous Laboratory Cotton Mill, on the South Fork near Lincolnfon. There he remained for life, and made a fortune by co-operating with others in building mills and banks in Lincolnton, Cherryville, Belmont, and elsewhere. He started Abel C. Lineberger on his career in 1901 at the Chronicle Mill in Belmont, and was a generous partner in the later mills built there. His name is now perpetuated in Lenoir Rhyne College in Hickory, to which he gave 5250,000 in its early years. W. Thomas Love was first a farmer on the Catawba river. Freshets made that venture unprofitable. Then he opened a store at Belmont; but. in the 183fls, the possible trade was too small for profits. Then he was sheriff of Gaston county, until he teamed up with John C. Rail- kin in the management of the Spencer Mountain Mills property in 1889. Thereafter, his ventures were many and his success secure. His judgment was so wise and his character 50 respected that he was called upon for help by other managers, whose enterprises were heading for the breakers; and he guided them into safe waters. One of his plants was the Ranlo Mfg. Co., where jacquard looms were, probably, first introduced into Gaston county. J. Alonzo Abernethy bought and conducted the Wood Lawn store when R. c. G. Love moved to Kings Mountain in 1881. In 1887. he sold the store, and went to Lincolnton with D. E. Rhyne in the venture, with Laboratory Mill. In the early 1390s he sold his Laboratory interest to his partner; and, in partnership with R. c. G. Love, built the Lincolnton Cotton Mill in the site of the old Tiddy Paper Mill on the South Fork River. This partnership was continued some years until Abernethy again sold to his partner and built the Wampum Mill in Lin- cointon. In 1903 t he was an organizer, and president of the First Nationa 1 Bank in Lincolnton. Abemethy and Love were sons-in-law, and "D. E Rhyne was a son. of Moses H. Rhyne, who was one of the founders of the Pinhook Mill, in 1848 FIRST SEVEN In his Gastonia and Gaston County, Joseph H. Separk tells us that the first seven new cotton mills built in Gaston County were, in chronological order of beginning op- I erations: (U Mountain Island Mills on Catawba River, in 1848; (2) Wood Lnwn Mill on South Fork, tn 1852; (3) Stowe's Factory on South Fork in 1853; (4) Mount Holly Cotton Mills on Dutchman's Creek, in 1874; (5) Spencer Mountain Mills on South Fork, in 1874; (6) Spring Shoals Mfg. Co., later changed to McAden Mills, on South Fork, in 1881; and (7) Tuckaseege. Mfg. Co. on Catawbe River, in 1883. Tiie eighth mill in the county, the first steam : driven mill in the county, and the first mill built in Gastonia, was the Gastonia Cotton Mfg. Co. plant, on the northeast corner ol Broad Street and Long Avenue. This mill was organized Dec. 12, 1887. Its officers were, R. C. G. Love, president, and J. D. Moore, secretary and treasurer. (These two men had both won a captaincy In the Civil War: Love In the Home Guard, and Moore in the Army.) George A. Gray was superintendent, and, for the first lime, owner of stock (50 shares) In the mill be supervised. The mil produced at first only course yarns Later another building was added for more spinning and winding spindles; and stitt-4atei—a—thirr building was erected for looms tha made lenos. scrims, and flag cloths In 1893, Captain Moore resigned and built the Modena Cotton Mill and John F. Love took his placi as secretary and treasurer. R. C. G Love remained president until hi death in 1907. He was succeeded by his son, Robert A. Love, until 191S when the presidency passed, by sale to another son, James Lee Love. A the same lime, J. Spencer Love, a grandson of R. C. G. Love, becam secretary-treasurer and manager. Ii 1924, the entire equipment of th Gastonia Cotton Mfg. Co. was sol to a new corporation, Burlingto: Mills Co., Inc., managed by J. Spen cer Love, and removed to Burling ton, N. C. After this removal th 'Old Mill" was liquidated and It charter cancelled; and 17 acres o :he "Old Mill" land were donatec ;o the City of Gastonia as a par in memory of Robert Calvin Grie Love and Susan Rhyne Love. In February, 1900, George A. Gra: John F. Love, Frost Torrence, J. \ Sloan, and W. T. Rankin organizes the largest mill in Gastonia, th Loray. This plant cost consideraK more than one million dollars. I power plant alone cost $125,000, in eluding the excavation and con struction of a pool some 60 feet i diameter and ten feet deep to serv its massive condensing steam engines The money for the costs was sup plied by two Northern manufactur ers of machinery, who had faith i the management of Messrs. Gra and Love, whose personal invesi aents In the mill were relatively mall. LANTS DOOMED But the plant was doomed from le start. Its product was to be a arrow, coarse cotton cloth for ex- ort to China, and was unsalable Isewhere. Before production got tarted the Boxer Rebellion in China ntirely destroyed the expected mar- et for It; and made useless the ma- hlnes prepared. New equipment was put in, but this Initial loss was leavy. The final results were that, irst, John F. Love, then George A. 3ray retired, and the mill was sold o the Manville-Jenckes outfit; and astly, to the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company. The mill has been and is, an enormous asset to Gastonia; but it cost the first builders dearly, George W. Ragan Is credited with making the first experiment in the South with the manufacture o: combed yams. The results did no 1 satisfy him, and he got rid of his This PS'.pmpt '.v? 1 * T^de in Gastonia. The next experiment with combed yarn production was made in Lincolnton, N. C., by Edgar Love, in a mill which he planned and managed. His associates In the mill were D. E. Rhyne and R. C. G. Love, and the title of the mill was The Daniel Mfg. Co. I was a fortunate stockholder In that mill. It was built in 1899, and began operations in January, 1900. It was a success from the beginning; and the pioneer mill in the South In the successful production of combed yarns. I was associated with Edgar Love in 1909-10, when he built his second combed yarn mill, [he Saxony Spinning Co., at Lincolnton, N. C.; and in this mill we put all driving pulleys and shafting under the floor of the mil! instead of overhead, and I believe this was a -See ABEL KHYNE, P-9 FLASH BULBS Press-25 Press-40 ALL YOU WANT COME AND GET THEM Gastonia Wanted: Package 222 W. AIRLINE AVE. Announces Of Larger Spacious To Better Our

Clipped from
  1. The Gastonia Gazette,
  2. 10 Apr 1948, Sat,
  3. Page 10

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  • 1948 AP RHYNE ARTICLE_04-10-48

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