Expenses associated with streetcars in Detroit, 1905
THIS space will be used from day to day by the DETROIT UNITED RAILWAY for placing before its patrons and the citizens of Detroit accurate information concerning the street railway business in this city, for their enlightenment in the current discus-sion discus-sion discus-sion of the subject. Ample opportunity will be given any citizen or association of citizens to verify any statement statement made in this' space. STATEMENT NO. 9 THE DETROIT UNITED RAILWAY, which operated ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-SEVEN EIGHTY-SEVEN EIGHTY-SEVEN EIGHTY-SEVEN MILES OF RAILWAY within the City of Detroit during 1905, carried 87,756, 014 passengers on its lines during that year. IN ORDER TO PROVIDE SERVICE for this NUMBER OF PASSENGERS use was made of 1,348 cars of all kinds, which made 2,907,652 trips. mcTAMrf A TRIP in the sense in which the term is used in this statement, is IHL AWCC TRAVELED BY A SINGLE STREET CAR, IN ONE DIRECTION, OVER THE ROUTE UPON WHICH THE CAR IS OPERATED. THESE TRIPS MAY BE LONG OR SHORT. "r THE SHORTEST TRIP is that made by the DEPOT LINE, so-called. so-called. so-called. THE LONGEST TRIPS are those made on the Jefferson Line, from the Boulevard on Grand River Avenue, to the St. John Road in Fairview, and on the Fort Wayne & Belle Isle Line from Belle Isle Bridge to the River Rouge. THE TRAVEL OF A STREET CAR from Livernois and Michigan Avenues to Lees- Lees- ville, on the Gratiot Road, is A TRIP. THE TRAVEL OF A WOODWARD AVENUE CAR from the Michigan Central Station, through Woodward Avenue to Highland Park, is also A TRIP. THE TRAVEL OF A BAKER STREET CAR from Livernois and Dix Avenues, to the Railroad and Chene Street in Hamtramck Village, is also A TRIP. THE TRAVEL OF A FOURTEENTH AVENUE CAR from the Boulevard and Fourteenth Fourteenth Avenue to Oakland Avenue and the City Limits, is A TRIP. THERE WERE 2,907,652 SUCH TRIPS made during 1905 by the cars operated by Detroit United Railway within the City Limits of Detroit. UPON THESE TRIPS 87,756,014 Passengers, who paid fares were carried. THE AVERAGE NUMBER OF PERSONS CARRIED Per Trip was therefore a small fraction over THIRTY PASSENGERS. . FROM THESE PASSENGERS THE RAILWAY COMPANY EARNED, FOR EACH AVERAGE TRIP, at the average fare of Four and One-Third One-Third One-Third Cents Each, the sum of ONE DOLLAR AND THIRTY CENTS. . In other words the AVERAGE INCOME from each car operated on the Detroit United Railway Company's Lines during 1905, was ONE DOLLAR AND THIRTY CENTS for a single trip. , , Of this amount an average of TWENTY-SEVEN TWENTY-SEVEN TWENTY-SEVEN CENTS was paid out for Wages to the men who were immediately in sight upon the Cars to the CONDUCTOR and MOTOR-MAN. MOTOR-MAN. MOTOR-MAN. In addition nearly FIFTY-ONE FIFTY-ONE FIFTY-ONE CENTS more of this Income from each Average Trip went to pay for Power, Superintendence, Management, Taxes, the Keeping up of Tracks and Cars, Damages, Law Expenses and the Score of other Minor Items which call for the Pay-ment Pay-ment Pay-ment of Money by a Street Railway System. These include the Pay of 2,341 men besides Motormen and Conductors, employed by the Railway Company. - , Out of the DOLLAR AND THIRTY CENTS which represents the AVERAGE INCOME INCOME from a SINGLE TRIP of a STREET CAR, SEVENTY-EIGHT SEVENTY-EIGHT SEVENTY-EIGHT CENTS had to be paid out as the average cost of operating that car. ppuer rM tuc This left FIFTY-TWO FIFTY-TWO FIFTY-TWO CENTS from Each Average Trip to pay INTEKEM UN lHfc MONEY INVESTED IN TRACKS, CARS, MOTORS, POWER HOUSES AND MACHINERY, MACHINERY, CAR STATIONS, REPAIR SHOPS, OFFICE BUILDINGS, SEPARATED GRADES, and all the other forms of EQUIPMENT and PROPERTY in which of a STREET RAILWAY has to be invested to MAKE A COMPLETE AND EFFICIENT SYSTEM SYSTEM FOR THE SERVICE OF THE PUBLIC. UNDER THE TERMS OF THE ORDINANCE Proposed by His Honor The Mayor, the AVERAGE INCOME from a SINGLE TRIP would have been ONE DOLLAR AND SEVEN CENTS in 1905, upon the Basis of the Business done in that year. THE EXPENSE OF PROVIDING THE SERVICE would have remained the same, elv SEVENTY EIGHT CENTS THE BALANCE LEFT TO PAY INTEREST UPON THE INVESTMENTS enumer- enumer- ated above would have been but TWENTY-NINE TWENTY-NINE TWENTY-NINE CENTS. By w of Showing how closely the PENNIES MUST BE WATCHED m the CON-DUCT CON-DUCT CON-DUCT OF A STREET RAILWAY SYSTEM it may be noted that the BREAKING OTA SINGLE LIGHT OF GLASS more than the Average would have WIPED OU 1 1Mb AVfcK-AGE AVfcK-AGE AVfcK-AGE PROFIT OF A SINGLE TRIP. Th SMASHING OF ONE PLATFORM more than usual m a collision would have wip. J22TpS. f ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIVE TWENTY-FIVE TWENTY-FIVE SINGU TRIPS. The SMASHING OF A VESTIBULE in a similar accident would have wiped out the Average Profit from a HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-FIVE SEVENTY-FIVE SEVENTY-FIVE SINGLE TRIPS The BURNING OUT of a Motor Once oftener than the usual number of such burn-outs, burn-outs, burn-outs, would have done away with the Profit from ONE HUNDRED AVERAGE TRIPS AN ACCIDENT Resulting in Injury to One Passenger more than the usual and or-dinarv or-dinarv or-dinarv number of such Accidents, would have wiped out the Average Profit from Nearly TWO THOUSAND TRIPS for each Thousand Dollars of Damages Paid. THESE INSTANCES ARE CITED by way of Impressing Upon the Patrons of the Kail-way Kail-way Kail-way the CLOSENESS with which the details of the System must be watched, a nd the KKb-CARIOUS KKb-CARIOUS KKb-CARIOUS NATURE of its earning Power, from CAUSES WHICH ARE ENTIRELY OUT-SIDE OUT-SIDE OUT-SIDE HUMAN CARE AND WATCHFULNESS. A further discussion of this subject will appear in this Space Later.