PresJeffersonDavis article LouisvilleArticle Feb23 1903

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PresJeffersonDavis article LouisvilleArticle Feb23 1903 - THE CQUKIEK-JOURNAL, CQUKIEK-JOURNAL,...
THE CQUKIEK-JOURNAL, CQUKIEK-JOURNAL, CQUKIEK-JOURNAL, Gen. Miles' Defense of His Treatment of Mr. Davis. COL YOUNG REVIEWS HISTORY SAYS THESE "WAS NO JUSTEET-OATTOIT JUSTEET-OATTOIT JUSTEET-OATTOIT FOB MANACLING PRISONER. WAITED' TOO LONG TO EXPLAIN To tho Editor of the Courier-Journal. Courier-Journal. Courier-Journal. Smarting under some criticism spoken In tho Congress of the United States in connection connection with his acting as Adjutant General General of the State of Massachusetts while being on the pay roll of the United States, Gen. Kelson A. lilies has made what he calls "A Statement of the Facts Concerning Concerning tha Imprisonment and Treatment of Jefferson Davis While a Military Prisoner ct Fortress Atonroo, Va., in 1S05 and 1S3G." It is unfortunate for Gen. Mites that ho has allowed this statement to bo so long delayed. He now himself reopens the subject, subject, It is now nearly forty years since theso transactions which affected Mr. Bavis' Imprisonment took place, and have become a part not only of tha history of tho United States, but of tho world. It Is very late to change or modify them. They are transactions of tho past, over which no man has control. They must stand or fall by what was said or dono at the tlmo of their happening. I propose briefly to review Gen. Miles' treatment of President Davis in the light of historical facts and to show that the lour aecaaes wincu; ..... horrible occurrences at Fortress Monroe havo not mltlgateu nor paiuu-icu paiuu-icu paiuu-icu mo uu..-rago uu..-rago uu..-rago that was perpetrated upon that helpless, defenseless prisoner. It is always just to Judge men by their surroundings. Tho country was in a high etato of excitement. Tno Confederate army had surrendered. Mr. Davis, Mr. Clay and others had been charged with connection in the assassination of Mr. Lincoln, a charge which even their enemies enemies were forced quickly to withdraw in fiha-mo fiha-mo fiha-mo and confusion. ... Makes Four Defenses. As I understand the defense of Gen. Miles it is fourfold: First, that thero was Bomo fear that Mr, Davis might attempt to escape; second, that Mr. Davis was not treated unkindly; third, that he is not responsible for having manacles put upon Mr. Davis, and, fourth, that Mrs. Davis and Mrs. Clay thanked him for what he had dono for Mr. Davis and Mr. Clay. It is necessary to get a few facts befora the mind in order to properly discuss this Question. Gen. Lea had surrendered his armies at Appomattox on April 9. IS. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston had surrendered his armies in North Carolina on the 20th of April, lSG-i. lSG-i. lSG-i. Gen. Taylor had surrendered his armies on tho 4th of May, IStS. and on tho day following that on which Mr. Davis was put in irons by order of Gen. Miles the armies of the United States which had engaged in the great civil conflict were to be mustered out at the country's capital and return to the pursuits of peace. Mr. Davis reached Fortress Monroe on the 19th dav of May, 1S53. His Jailer, Gen. Miles, was present to receivo him. At that time Mr. Davis was tifty-six tifty-six tifty-six years of age and had lost the use of one eye by neuralgia, and the terrible physical and mental strain through which he had passed had resulted in extreme emaciation emaciation and feebleness. Something in Gen. Miles' character suggested to the iron-souled iron-souled iron-souled Stanton and marble-hearted marble-hearted marble-hearted Halleck his fitness for the work to which he was assigned, and that a mere hint from his superiors would be sufficient to secure from him a ready compliance with any cruel or vindictive measure or any bitter humiliation which should bo mated out to Mr. Davis. ... TVPr. Davis "Was Manacled. Mr. Davis was manacled on the 23d day of May, 1SC3, four days after his arrival. Ho had been placed in a stone casemate at Fortress Monroe. Ho had been given a cot and a coarse mattress and a hair pillow, and the food furnished to him was such as that given to strong, healthy soldiers. soldiers. This was brought on a tin plate, placed upon a table standing by his side, and tho soldiers who bore it and paced by his cell wore forbidden to speak a single word to their invalid and infirm captive. In the small room occupied by Mr. Davis two sentinels were stationed, who paced up and down night and day on either side of his cot, and in an adjoining room an officer and other soldiers were stationed. Outside of this door pacd other sentinels, whose tramp, tramp, tramp resounded along tho echoing masonry masonry of the fortress night and day. No man who came in contact with Mr. Davis except his surgeon was allowed to speak to him, and after a whilo even his surgeon was forbidden to speak to him except professionally. All books except the Bible and prayer-book prayer-book prayer-book wero refused. No papers were permitted permitted to enter ills cell. His correspondence correspondence with even his wife and children was examined by Gen. Miles and sentences and paragraphs oftentimes cut out. ... Issued Peremptory Orders. These were the existing conditions when on the 13d of May. JStw, Gen. Miles issued peremptory orders to Uapt. Jerome xu. TItlo. of tho Third Pennsylvania cavalry, to enter Mr. Davis' cell with a blacksmith and to place upon his leet manacles Iron about five-eighths five-eighths five-eighths of an Inch thick and connected together by a chain of like weight. Mr. Davis resisted, was threatened threatened with the bayonet. At last he was thrown upon his couch, soldiers sat upon his limbs and by force the manacles wero riveted on his ankles connected with the chain. Gen. Miles was then twenty-six twenty-six twenty-six years f acre. No uiea of infancy will avail as a justification of his cruel and malignant wrong. In 1002 ho causes to bo Issued a pamphlet, pamphlet, which was printed in "Washington by Gibson Bros, in tins pamphlet, as i ounsl justification of his conduct, Is pub lished the rewards offered by Andrew Johnson, President of tho United States, for Mr. DavK Mr. Clay, Mr. Thompson and others, and ho revamps the old story that Mr. Davis was hunted down and captured in the disguise of a woman. He even had the temerity to quote from the records of the Bureau of .Military jus tico, which have been scorned and es chewed by the honest men or the Repub lican party even in those days of political excitement and passion. Gen, Halleck's Order. To justify this inhuman thing Gen. Miles quotes an order of Gen. Ilalleck. That order Is in the following words: "The commanding General of the District District is authorized to take any additional precautions he may deem necessary for the securitv of- of- his prisoners. "H. W. HALtLECK, V. S. V., "Commanding. "To BvL Maj. Gen. Miles, Commanding, etc. "Fort Monroe, May 22, 1SG5." But his chief reliance Is a subsequent order issued by Charles A. Dsna', Assistant Assistant Secretary of "War. whiin is In the following following words: "Portress Monroe. May 2'. 1R. Bvt. Maj. Gen. Miles Is heroby authorized and directed to place mr.nacies and fetters upon the hands and feet of Jefferson Davis and Clement C. Clay whenever he may think it advisable in order to render their Imprisonment more secure. "Bv order of the Secretary of War. "C. A. DANA. "Assistant Secretary of War." In some recent statement Gen. Miles claims that this was an order to put manacles on Mr. Davis. Charles A. Dana is dead. Gen. Miles row seeks to place upon this dead man the responsibility of his crime. Left To Gen. Miles' Discretion. It will bo ohscrved that in both of these orders the managing of Mr. Davis was Ie:"t within the dscr-.tion dscr-.tion dscr-.tion of Gen. Miles. There had never yet been a line pro- pro- Baking Powder Is made of pore cream of tartar and safeguards the family against alum. ROYAL BAKIUO POWDER CO., NEW YORK, duced which directed Gen. Miles to manacle manacle Itr. Davis. It was left to Gen. .Miles' discretion, and lie exercised that discretion in a wny which, is bound to invoke the sharpest criticism and the profoundest eoiueirmt. When this horrible, order was to be ex ecuted LMr.. jatvis pleaded that it be de layed until Gen. Miles could be coramu nicated with. Gen. Miles put himself in such a position, that he could not hear 'the plea of this ivak and despairing- despairing- pns oner. He had left rlio fort so that no appeal could reach .his ears, and there was nothing left for his subordinates but to enforce his hideous and shocking order. The execution of this plan to humiliate Mir. Davis was conceived., we have a rijrht to assume, irom accompanying circum-stances, circum-stances, circum-stances, by the Secretary of "War, tiu Assistant Secretary of "War and Gen. Hal leek. Commanding General. They were unwilling- unwilling- to assume the re-sponsibiiity re-sponsibiiity re-sponsibiiity of such a crime against a helpless man wr-o wr-o wr-o representee a orave ana cntvairous neo pie. and so they put the execution of It within tho discretion of Gen. Miles, and it seems that Gen. Miles most willingly carried out the suggestion. If not the desires, of his superiors, and exorcised the discretion and. enforced the order in tho most brutal way, and thereby forever placed a stain, upon American honor. TTnnecessaiy, Cruel, Humiliating-. Humiliating-. Humiliating-. That it was unnecessary, cruel, humiliating; humiliating; Mr. Davis' worst enemies are cot uelled to admit. Anions all the men living In this day of refinement, of jus tice and of Intelligence and humanity. Gen. Miles Is the person who was willing willing publicly, as far as known, to jusiily his conduct toward Mr. Davis. Gen. Miles' effort to unload upon Gen. Hal leck, Mr. Stanton, Secretary of War, and Charles A. Dana, Assistant Secretary of War, cannot avail against thj cold, hard facts of the orders which they issued, and those which he issued. They may have wanted it done, but they wero unwiliin to require it to be done, and Gen. Miles alone had the power to do this thing. and he Old it with cheerfulness, alacrity and brutality, and now. after nearly forty years of deliberation, he attempts to justify it on the ground that there was some intormatvon -as -as to etfrts of tho prisoner to escape. This statement about piots ana conspiracies is too ridiculous to merit -the -the notice- notice- of intelligent people. There was not in all the Southland one soldier who had a gun. The armies of the faouth were scattered, and its soldier had returned to peaceful pursuits. TIv armies of the United States, on tho hi: following the one on which Mr. Dav, was manacled, were mustered out of serv ice; Lee, Taylor and Jonnston had surrendered; surrendered; there was not a single gunboat afloat, and all tho South was in grief and sorrow oecause of the mifortum-brought mifortum-brought mifortum-brought upon It by the stern decree of fate. Was Han of Intelligence. As Gen. Mi'.ts at this time was Brc-vet Brc-vet Brc-vet Major General, we have the right to assume assume 'that he was a man of Intelligence, and his succeeding military history show.; him to have been a man of courage, bu' there is nobody in the world who will believe that Gen. Miles had any rf liable Information of any plot or eft'ort on the part of Mr. Davis to escape or en the part of his friends to effect his escape. Around Fortress Monroe was a- a- gr-at gr-at gr-at army. Mr. Davis was in his cell and was feeble and Invalid. Would anybody ::: the world to-day to-day to-day believe there wa any intention or desire on the part of his friends tr attempt to free this prir-on'-rv prir-on'-rv prir-on'-rv prir-on'-rv This story of plots and conspiracies was coni u reu u p ty lien. .Miles a t ter i o rt y years writhing under the memory of thi- thi- awrul wrong i na t ne nvw com m it t t-ii t-ii t-ii against this helpless man. It was inexcusable inexcusable and as brutal as it was unjus. in-able. in-able. in-able. There is also an effort on the part of Gen. Miles to say that Mrs. Davis thanked him for courtesies shewn her husband. All that he ever got from this woman, is this: "Fort Monroe, Va., May 23. ISto. Please receive my thanks for your courtesy courtesy and kind answers to my quosttcna of this morning (May 23). I cannot quit the harbor without begging you again to look after my husband's health for me. Yours very respectfully, "VARIZCA DAVIS." Mrs. Davis did not know of the terrible scene that had taken place that morning morning in his ceil, when Mr. Davis was, by brute force, manacled under orders of Gen. Miles. "Wife's Prayer Was Vain. It seems that Gen. Miles had had decency decency enough to answer Mrs-. Mrs-. Mrs-. IXivs' questions about her incarcerated hus!;an-.t. hus!;an-.t. hus!;an-.t. ana. in nor o esomuon anj gri e t s ;i o thanked him even for that, and th-'-n, th-'-n, th-'-n, th-'-n, th-'-n, with the faith of a woman in man, espe:i:iliy a man who wore a uniform, she asked hi m to ' Te-ok Te-ok Te-ok af ter m y h er ) h u sb'a n d ' s health for me." Vain prayer! for before the ink had dried upon this communication communication Gen. Miles had issued the oid:r to manacle her husband, and had left th-Fort th-Fort th-Fort to prevent an appeal from the hopeless hopeless prisoner. He also published a letter from Mrs. Clay, dated July 21, 1SC5. Mrs. Clny simply said that she nai written mm twice and that he had responded. For this she of fered him her heart-felt heart-felt heart-felt gratitude. S;ie prayed Gen. Mhos' kind oflices for the j Drlsoners and thanked him far them. j-ie j-ie ai'o iuoiisi:eu a lfjut-r lfjut-r lfjut-r irom Mrs. Clay, dated September 4, 1SC5, in which shfi says: "Accepting my heartfelt thanks for your great kindness in forwarding my d. ar husband's letter. May you never be placed In a condition to realize the mingled joy and sorrow Its reception gave mo. "With grateful appreciation of your courtesies to Mr. Clny and myself, I am. Respectfully, your obedient servant. "V. C. CLAY." This Is all. TTe had given Mrs. Clay a and and courteous! i vi caiiuciiiL 5 do together with 1 good values is I the CORD THAT BINDS lour customers to us. m M-IM1NE M-IM1NE M-IM1NE KNJGHMl 678 Broadway M NEW YORK IS I ITS GOOD TO SELLl I BECAUSE IT WEARS! I AND GOOD TO 1 I WEAR BECAUSE 1 I ITS STYLISH. I 'A 1 i m letter from her husband; probably the first she' had received, and the faithful, loving, womanly soul was grateful for that mudh. But this is no justification of Gen. Miles. Gen. Miles also filed the affidavit of John 3. McEw'an, dated May 13, ISM, in which he attempts to show that he. 'Gen. Miles, ha4 said to Surgeon Craven that he wanted h-im h-im h-im tb take charge of the health of the Slate prisoners, and to make any suggestions or recommendations that he thought would benefit their health. Gen. Miles' own orders and instructions Show beyond all question that if he ever &aid any such thing It was not sincere or honest, honest, but uttered to deceive. Ho also attempted to get a letter from James Curry, dated September 2, 1SG6. and alo from James YVhytal, but all these people coidd say was that thoy were satisfied satisfied that Gen. Miles had practiced all the leniency to Mr. Davis that his duty to tho Government required. This is no vindication. It Is an opinion opinion of subservient subordinates. He also files a letter from H. S. Burton, Brigadier General, but Gen. Burton was careful to say that he did not come to Fortress Monroe until December 12, 1S65. , The same is true of Maj. Win. Hays, but he did not arrive at Fortress Monroe until February 15, 1SG0, nine months after Mr. Davis had come. c Letters "Were ITot Pertinent. Some other letters were gotten, but none oi them reached the real question In issue. The truth is, that almost all of them admit that they knew nothing about the facts. Gen, Miles has waited nearly forty years to try to .justify his conduct. A thousand times, in his imagination, doubtless, doubtless, there has come before him the shocking sceno In the casemate at Fortress Fortress Monroe on the 23d of May 1865, when he forced this Indignity and humiliation on this brave and noble man. After forty years of consideration, Gen. Miles has not been able to devlso an excuse excuse that will even mitigate or palliate, much less justify, his conduct. It would have been far better if Gen. Miles, after viewing all the circumstances, would have frankly confessed that he had done a great wrong, and to have said that it was under circumstances of excitement excitement and passion, and the war having having passed away, with calm and cooler thoughts, or on reflection, ho would not have placed Mr. Davis in irons and would not have subjected him -to the indignities inflicted upon him, then all the world would Have respected him; would have recognized the manliness and the courage which would have prompted such a statement; statement; but it can only despite and condemn condemn as disgusting an effort now to justify justify Ids conduct, and to unload upon a dead man the responsibility of his action, when the order of the dead man shows that the whole responsibility was left within the discretion of Gen. Miles. Avails Gen, Miles Nothing. Xor wMl it avail for Gen. Miles to attempt attempt to justify his conduct by expressions expressions of gratitude from two brokenhearted brokenhearted women, whose husbands were then threatened with trial before a military military commission or for treason before the courts. The only gratitude which they expressed was first by Mrs. Davis for information about her husband, and, pecond. from Mrs. Clay for the courtesy of sending a letter which her imprisoned companion had writen her. Gen. Miles makes further pretense that Mr. Davis was ironed because there was some change of the doors of the casemate, casemate, being changed from wood to iron, and the manacling was a precaution ag-ainst ag-ainst ag-ainst attempted escape; that this is a mere pretense Is shown by the fact that it was never heard of or mentioned until lid win M. Stanton, Secretary of War. on tne -Sth -Sth of May, iKiVJ. called upon Gen. Miles to know "whether irons have or havo not been placed upon Jefferson Davis. Davis. If they have Iteeu, when it was done, and for what re:sson, and remove them," Fp to th's time nothing was heard of the donrs to the casemate. In the then state of the public mind Secretary Secretary Stanton would not stand for this loin wrong against tho heln es cantlvt. Gen. M!ks concluded that he must have some excuse lor this blot on a brave nation; nation; nothing then was heard of Dana's or lialleck's order. No claim that they had ordered this manacling. As thev were living, it was not zr.fe to charge that L'oy had directed it, and this excuse was withheld until forty years had elapsed and Dana and Halleck were dead. If this excuse was not available while those who Gen. Miles says wore responsible for it were alive, s,urt;ly the American people people will not receive, it now, after forty years of suppression, and long after the men whc-o whc-o whc-o names it seeks to dishonor have ceased to live. It is bad enough to wrong the living; :t was inexcusable to torture 'Mr. Davis with the chains which his cruel jailer put upon his emaciated limbs, but it Is absolutely dreadful tn stall: behind the skeletons of these dead men. wno can matte no protest nor speak a single word in defense of their good name and character. Gen. Mifpy afso. In his nnhffs7iwT vin dication, seeks to create the imnressinn by a letter received from some Confederate Confederate in Alab ima. that the Southern people people had confidence in him and would gladly folio v. him in war. Southern Cilil foJJoiv him in nvir. Smifhprn mn ml slit uunin folloiv him In war. hut thv Ki't-at Ki't-at Ki't-at -.vronir -.vronir of hi, this brutal outraei upon llr. Davis will burn, bum, burn 'in thr-ir thr-ir thr-ir souls forever, anl the eopIe of tli Southland must nltvavs retard rien Miles' cnniluet. under tile circumstances' is ni'illtrnnnt. cruel and unlusttflahlp. .mi such that no unbiased man can excuse explain or palliate. UEXXETT H. YOUNG. I Ml THE QPDM.r i ii a I mu Ul I1II1U, 1 x i -f- -f- -f- Miss Katherice Clark and 3Kr. i 4- 4- John Doolan To Be Married. -- -- i ANNOUNCEMENT. '. Mrs. Mary Clark Cooke announces the erjaement of her niece. Miss Katherine Clark, to Mr. John C. Doolan. No arrangements have been made for the wedding yet, except that it will bo solemnized in the spring, shortly after faster. Miss Clark, who is" one of the hand somest and most charming girls in Louisville Louisville society, has sparit much of her time away from here in the past two years, having hec-n hec-n hec-n in Europe for some time: in Wheeling, V. Va.. with her sister. Mrs. Hal r!iitaker, and visiting ineiius 111 urn est Bao recently returned returned home, after spending two months in Denver. Mr. Doolan Is one of the prominent young lawyers of the city, and is a member member of the llrm, Pirtlo, Trabue, Doolan & Cox, with offices In the Columbia building. building. PACE-MEDDIS. PACE-MEDDIS. PACE-MEDDIS. Uiiss Ethel Pace, of Virginia, '. and 3r. Victor IT. BCeddis, of ' This City, To Be Iifcurried. - A SPUING WEDDING. Mr. and Mrs. James E. Pace, of Richmond, Richmond, Va., announce tho engag-ement engag-ement engag-ement of their daughter, 3ILs Ethel Randolph Pace, to Dr. Victor Xewcomb Meddis, of this city. The wedding will take place In the spring, but none of the arrangements for it has been made as yet. Miss Pace irf well known In Lrfuiville society, having frequently vis:ted her sister, sister, Mrs. V. Y. Hite, at Shadyslde. She one of the prettiest and most charming charming girls in Richmond society, and will be Quite an acquisition to Louisville. Dr. Meddls, wlw :"s the son of Mr. S. S. Meddis, is a young physician of prominence. prominence. HOUSE PASSES ONE OF FOLK'S PET BILLS. Jefferson City, Mo.. Feb. 22. The low- low- : er house of the LDgisIature to-day to-day to-day passed passed what is known as the Silver Bill, which provides that witnesses in bribery bribery trials shall he Immune from punishment, punishment, by a vote of 120 to 1. The bill was the subject of a. special message from Gov. Foik. and a similar measure was defeated in the Senate. 1 ! I is is to in a the two Pro j K I

Clipped from The Courier-Journal23 Feb 1905, ThuPage 5

The Courier-Journal (Louisville, Kentucky)23 Feb 1905, ThuPage 5
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  • PresJeffersonDavis article LouisvilleArticle Feb23 1903

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