Clipped From The Lawton Constitution

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 - -- P o l l c c h e r a t e d I l a l l i c l t...
-- P o l l c c h e r a t e d I l a l l i c l t h a t we Those Ihe law or be '' C r i l r h l m v . o n a n a l y s t i n t i o n s broadcast: e m l i n ' s tear a t i o n ma\ h e h i n ts: a r i a n Integration In Southern Schools Slow Process But Advances e r President n g oil the s l a t e in such b l i c a n s ! wrecking d c d the a l t h e n wenl ot ohjeclivrly. u l o u s . a l i s t i c . R u t g to u t e v e r y t h i n g . Fla. -- A g ot a hug'' n i g h t : a i g h t l e t r a i l pieces By JIM T1IOMASSO.Y ATLAiVTA '?!--Like sugar lumps in a s p a t t e r of r a i n , p u b l i c school segregation in the three years since it was held invalid by Hie I'.S. Supreme Court has hecji dissolving slowly in a s p o t t y p a t t e r n toward Ihe heart slales of Ihe Deep South. There is some i n d i c a t i o n Ihe act i o n , mostly p e a c e f u l but marked by occasional violence, may go even more slowly, Ihe deeper south i t p e n e t r a t e s . But of t h e 17 stales which m a i n - t a i n e d separate schools for w h i l e children and Negroes prior lo May 17, 193-1. only in Ihe seven c i t a d e l s o[ t r a d i t i o n a l racial sep- a r a t i o n -- A l a b a m a , Florida, Georg i a . Louisiana. South Carolina, Mississippi and V i r g i n i a -- a r e all p u b l i c classroom color barriers s i i l l i n t a c t t o d a y . And in several of t h e m , Ihe p r a c t i c e is under strong legal at- t a c k . I n U ' g r a l i o n has proceeded i n \ \ a r d from t i n ' b o r d e r slates. W h i l e a n i l Xegro p u p i l s now sit in t h e same classrooms in at leas! some schools in A r k a n s a s , Delaw a r e , K e n t u c k y . M a r y l a n d , N o r t h C a r o l i n a . Tennessee, O k l a h o m a . Texas, Mixsmiri. Wesl V i r g i n i a a n d [ h e D i s t r i c t ot C o l u m b i a . H n l liie S o u t h e r n School News reports in i l s l a t e s t e d i t i o n d i a l w h i l e 7!IS school d i s t r i c t s have be- gun or accomplished desegregation since .133-1, there remain L',.'!UO " b i f a c i a l d i s t r i c t s s t i l l t i g h t - ly segregated." Southern School News is the p u b l i c a t i o n of Ihe S o u t h e r n Education R e p o r t i n g Service, a f a c t - f i n d i n g "agency crealed lo compile i n f o r m a t i o n on d e v e l o p m e n t s a r i s i n g from the Supreme Court decree. Most of those 2,'IDO d i s l r i c l s arc, o[ course, in the Deep South slates, but segregation areas also remain in v i r t u a l l y all of Ihe border stales, c o n t r i b u t i n g lo I lie snolliness of the over-all p i c l t t r i - . F.ach of the t h r e e new school terms since Ihe Supreme Court said t h a t separation ot c h i l d r e n in public schools on Ihe basis of race alone is u n c o n s t i t u t i o n a l has 1 brought a f l a r e u p of disturbances. D e m o n s t r a t i o n s hit areas in West V i r g i n i a , Delaware, Maryland rtnrl West V i r g i n i a in 13IV1. Last year, Clinton, Tcnn., Slut'gis and Clay, Ky., and M a n s f i e l d , Tex., were Ihe trouble spols. L i l l l e Rock, North L i t t l e Rock, A r k . , and N a s h v i l l e , Tenn., are the center of a t t e n t i o n now. But less well k n o w n have been d e m o n s t r a t i o n s in such places as San A n t o n i o . Tex., Oklahoma C i t y and Tulsa, Okla., Kansas C i t y 'and St. Louis. Mo., Louisville, Ky., and 0/ark, Ark. Why does violence flare up over i n l e g r a l i o n in some instances, Quarantined Tulsan Caught Markets Will Open In Vice Raid V I N I T A . Okla. W--Closed sov- ! era! \\'eeks by an a n l h r a . x r|uar- a n t i n o . six l i v e s t o c k and ion mark e t s i n u o r l h o a s l e n i O k l a h o m a u i l l I'ropi-n H - i i h i / i a \ i c o k . i Or. ^f. X. R i c - m e i i s c h u e i r l e r , .-·lair 1 \ e l e r i n a r i a n . said t h e mai'- iu'is closed v o l u n t a r i l y when I h e di'eaded disease broke out J u l y | All of Ci'.iig C o u n t y sv;is r|tiar- a n l i n e d ;uirl ihe c i u a r a n l i n e \ v n s T'LSA "PI-- A ?G-year-(ilcl pholog- r a p h c r was arrested in a raid on his N o r t h Tulsa home l a s l n i g h l by Osage C o u n t y o f f i c e r s and Tuls'.i police They said t h e y found aboul inn lewd p i c t u r e s w h i c h ! were c o n f i s c a t e d . ! .lerry M a r s h a l l , t h e p h o t o g r a p h - er, was t a k e n lo Pawhuska where hp was j a i l e d . Osage C o u n t y Dep- u l y S h e r i f f 0. W. Crowsoii said charges m a y b e f i l e d l o d a \ . l i e also disclosed some of Ihe evidence w h i l e desegregation goes along peacefully in others? Harold Fleming of Ihe Southern I-legionat Council, an organization d r v o l c d lo belter racial concedes there is no easy answer. He believes however, some con- t r i b u t i n g factors can be o u t . The low ratio o[ Negro popula- t i o n and t h e cost of m a i separate schools undoubtedly were [ a c t o r s i n i n l e g some smaller systems, says Fleming. C o m m u n i t y c l i m a preparation lie credits w i t h smooth i n l e g r a t i o n in Unclcr c o m m u n i t y c l i Fleming lists such things as a history of p e a c e f u l race relations, previous i n l e g r a t i o n of physicians groups, libraries, buses playgrounds and Ihe like. Si. Louis is cited as an example of preparedness. An extensive program was undertaken [here, Fleming said, and integration was accomplished w i t h a minimum i n c i d e n t s . Slowed This Fall On the other side, says Fleming, in places where the cili/.ens and loaders are not ready for if and where (here arc strong or outspoken prosegregalion g r o u school i n l e g r a l i o n is lo encounter d i f f i c u l t y . A f l c r moving r a t h e r the border slates d u r i n g t h two years, racial m i x i n g in school classrooms w e n t forward n slower pace t h i s f a l l . Of dislricls which have begun inle- g r a t i o n . Southern School reports only 23 were m a k i n s t a r t t h i s year. The P u b l i c a t i o n a c t 27. b u l t h a i f i g u r e Rock and N o r t h L i l l l Ihe development has been balked at least t e m p o r a r i l y . D i s t r i c t s beginning i n I b i s year i n c l u d e three sas, six in K e n t u c k y , - l a n d , seven in Missouri, t h N o r t h Carolina, four in and one in Tennessee.

Clipped from
  1. The Lawton Constitution,
  2. 11 Sep 1957, Wed,
  3. Page 17

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