Genealogy - Cunningham
Cunningham Family Powerful and Ancient Home Stirring Story Regarding Heraldic Charges. By Eleanor Lexington. Variations of this name are Cunnlng- hamr, Cunlngham, Conynghara, Cun-ynghanie and Cunynchame. In the nor. hern part of Ayrshire la a town callea CunnlnKlinni. aluo Cunnlnghamlnnad, and from this the family may have been named. In the records the Cunninghams are called a "powerful family," and an "an cient house." In 1200 Uvea toward cunning-ham of Kllmaurs, who traced bark to Warnebald. a viissal of Hugh Mori- vllle, constable of Scotland, In the welfth century. Warnebald took the name of Cunningham. The Earls of Glenoalrn were of Cun ningham lineage. The last of this line was John, fifteenth Karl of Glencnlrn, ho was a friend of Burns, the poet. whose ' Lament" adds new lustre to the name of Utencalrn. Robertland and Falrlle House are homes of the BcottlHh Cunningham's. At Cunningham, in Ayrshire, the iron trade Is one of great Importance, and the whole manufacturing Is in the hands of three great companies, of which one is now carried on by the Cunninghams, as It has been for cen turies. Andrew Cunningham, the founder or one branch of the family In America, Is called "a Scottsman of Bostone, ' In 1684. Ills name appears as Conlngtiam, and also "Amlreu Cunlcan." He built a warehouse In Boston, and bought land and houses, for which he paid 410. The house where he lived and died, on Newberry street, has always been In the fnmlly. and today la owned' by a descendant of Andrew. The Oran-ary burying ground, Boston, Is the last resting place or many (ninningnnms. Andrew married SaratT Gibson, also of Scottish ancestry, and they had nine children. . Andrew held office, and was one of Boston's first ronstiihlos, his son Andrew being hla successor. Of Andrew the second. It Is recorded that "he wss called a merchnnt, and late. In life, a gentleman. He was a sergeant of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and tax collector. March 14. 1729, he mnnught of Nicholas Iiavls and Peter Luce Isnd on Corn Hill, paying 463 for it. The house, hut with R new front, still stands. His first wife was Mary Cheever; his second. Mary Hirst. Other marriage connections Include the families of Wheeler, Adnms Pres ident Adams nn1 Boylston. James Cunningham, vrranrtson of Andrew the pilgrim, married Klltnbeth Boylstnn, and Martha Chsloher two wives each being chsrscterlwtlc of the Cunning hams, shall wo say? James was a mem. ber of the Rons of Liberty, and present at a dinner, August, 1769. at the Lib erty Tree. Dorchester. Three years later he was msjor of a Boston regl. ment. His portrait Is still extant, and also the copybook of anothe early father. The good word regarding Peter Cun ningham, who married Elizabeth Pler- pont, is that he was the proud father of seventeen. Elizabeth ru something of an heiress, and after her marriage to Peter, at Boston, they removed to her estate of 900 acre, at Pomfret, vunn. I ne cunnlDghams have been a power In the South, as well as In New Eng land. Cornelius Cunningham was Jus tice of the peace, and living in Prince George County, Maryland, 1797. and one line of the Maryland Cunninghams traces back to a Mayflower pilgrim. One of the Interesting relics of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Is the will of Redmond Conyngham. It was probated In Luzerne eountv. Pa.. In 1784. It was Redmond's son David, who ry nnanciai am, proved his patriotism at the time of the Revolution he and a friend, named Nesbltt. They owned vessels and sent out privateers, one was the "Surprise," and the captain was Gustavus Cunningham, possibly son of David. The first American fla seen in the British channel was that raised by Captain Cunningham on the surprise." This flag was owned by me mate or Pennsylvania, nut has now aisappearea from mortal ken, no one seems to know Just how. Cunningham names, among Revolutionary soldiers. Include Andrew, fourth from Andrew first; Lieutenants Henry ana c-ornerms or .new vorn; colonel james or the "Flying Camp." rennsyl vanla. "78; Ensigns William and John of -Virginia, and Captain John of Georgia. Andrew, Just name, married Mary Lewis, and had ten children. Mary was tne naugnter of Joseph lewis of the "Lexington Alarm." There was also a marriage connection with that well-known and patriotic family of Virgin-la, the Lewises. The srms borne by the Cunninghams of fcotlnnd Is: Argent: a shake fork. same, between two mascies, in tesse, guiesi. Crest: A boar's head, couped. azure, Motto: Cura et Constantla Care and Constancy. Cura et Candore by Pru donee and Sincerity, Is another motto of the famllv. Over Fork Over, however, Is the Cunningham motto, par excellence, and the story about It 't In teresting. A certain one. named Mai colm, assisted Malcolm. Prince of Scotland, afterwards Malcolm Pwmnrs, to escape from Macbeth. Being pursued the Prince took shelter In a barn. where Malcolm concealed mm Dy rorK- Ing hay over him. From this clrcum stance. hl posterity, who took the name of Cunningham, from a grant made to Malcolm of the thanedom of Cunningham, took a shake forkor a ensrpee upon ineir snieia, ana tne oiio, -over, pork over. - This Is a plausible theory, at sny rate, regarding the founding of the family snd takee us bsck to the elev enth century. Other mottoes of the Cnnnlnghsms sre FortHndme: Parstus Sum; Nnn Obstante Deo. and Vlrtute et Lahore. The Mulr's. Stewart's and Caddell's srms are quarter with one branch of the Cunninghams. Chsracterlstlcs of the family ar amlsbllltr snd Integrity, with tntellee- tusl hresflth ana large sympathies.