The Boy Artillerist: John Pelham/
- - - a - a of - . - - to - - a "THE BQY iBTILLEB.ST." John Pelham's Name Is Written On the lemple of Fame. Termed "The Gallant Pelhan" By Geo. Lee and Pral - ed By tbe London Times. Daring: Deeds of This Young Hero of tbe Confederacy Recalled. Tho Union Army At Fredsricktburg Held Back With a Single Kapolecn. CAME OF KENTUCKY STOCK. No one can be accused justlr of raking mid tho ashes of the past to rekindle the Area of sectional prejudice when he undertakes to briefly sketch one of the many btilliant career, during tho late war that iliuttratco the valor of the American soldier on a hundred nattie - nelds. especially when that career is all too little known. In Alabama, in the vale of Alexandria, September in the rear lose, there waa born a babe destined to to Bellona's bridegroom, and write " John Pelham across the akv in flaming letter of battle. Lis was a auoerb career, but for some reason or other it is scarcely known outside of his native State, aud even in that State but for being commingled with fiction the daring deeds and brilliant bravery of old Job" Stuart s - bov artillerist" would be almost mere tradition when the tat Confederate shall have passed away. Indeed, while writers almost innumerable both historical and penny - a - liners have, in sons and ?torr. traced the career of leher lights of higher rank, they have scarcely mentioned much less eulogized the beardless bov whom Gen. Rob ert E. Lee in his report of Fredericks - Lurg termed " the gali - mt Pelham.'' thus knighting him upon the field. Of this same youth the ereat London Times, in chroniclinK Ids death in 1 863. said: " For hia ago no soldier on either side in this w - ar (Confederate) has won such fume as has young Pelham." John Pelham came from old Kentucky stock, his father. Dr. Atkinson Pelham, having removed from this State to Calhoun county, Alabama, in 1637. Young Pelham was appointed a cadet at West Point in 1850 by tho Representative in Congress from the Talladega (Ala - liania) district. Hon. S. W. Harris. Tho only five - year class in the history of the academy was organized in that year, which accounts for his being there at the opening if the war. Like many other West Pointers who have sulsej - queutly made gallant soldiers, his standing in his clar - sc - s was low, but his coiu - umsmou waa passed on, aud he would havo received it had ho not resigned a week before commencement to go South. As a cadet he had dash aud a soldierly bearing, and it ia related that when he started to walk across the parade ground. or from one quarter to another, ho went straight as a " bee line" and never looked back, no matter how much noise the other cadets made iu hia rear. He was considered the best athlete at West Point, and was there noted for fencin and boxing. Tlien as now at the aoaueiuy, a cat with its reputed plurality of lives would bo dead a dozen times in taking half the chances those laughing cudets would eagerly seek in the cavalry drill, but Pelham excelled them all. The Prince of Wales w:ss struck with his horsemanship when he visited tbe academy in I860. His horse back riding was murvcious, and went down from class to class as a sort of tradition, and long years after he had met a soldier's death the cadets would relate to gaping Plebes how Pelham rode. in loci, when the laughing blue of the southland sky was overeasi by the dark cloud of civil itrite nod Alabama called to her jons in eery dime to come to her defense, 1'eiiiara reaignod lus cadetehin at the u.adc - my aviid started South. At New - Albany, Ind.. he was intercepted by tho rederal autnormes, for it was known tliere by some one who repotted the, fact that lie had lelt Wm Point to join tile Confederate army, lie was pl - ived under surveillanuu and not allowed to cross the river to Louis ville. However, lie aceepte.l tlio tirot opportunity to elude the authoritu, ind went up to Jeuorsonvuie. Around his stiy a Jcilerfonville and subseuuent e. - cape there ia woven a pretty - little rouiaiu - , wiuch, whether true or not, is worth relating. il had :li - guil hunself as one of ti. cott'a courieis, so tile Moty g - H - s bt - lore entering tlie town, aud, while watching his Uiauce to elip acror - tho river. Jsj l.vcnino acquainted with a pretty Vuke' niuidcu, who was visitini friends iu the plaeu. She be - - - me - uutteu' with tho handviuie youog soldier, and they w - ere together much. By and by he gained lt coti - iiienoe suiticiontly tj disclose his identity without fear of lietiayul, and iiiiormcd her of his purpowj to go south and join tlie Confederate ainiy. She was a.trua Northern girl, and endeavored to prevail upon nun to et ind by tlie "old llag. but he was linn. La haB been kiuwn to lie stronger than iiHtriotis - in iu heart colder than that of a sympatuetic insiuen. It was true iu In ca - , and Cupid overthrew Lars in her heart. Finding her entreaties of no avail she volunteered to terry him across the river. Consequently they took a skill tho following duy for a pleasure row on tho Ohio, but they never came back, that is, he did not, for they landed on tlie old Kentucky shore, where lie bade liia fair benefactor a last farewell, and she returned to Jellersonviiio by way of the ferryboat, rrum tho tune ho set foot upou Kentucky soil Petnaiu's brilliant career l - gau. However, ho did not remain in douisvillu iou, but hurried ou to Montgomery, then Capital of tho Conlcdera v i - d repornd tor duty. Ho was couitiiis!ioned iirst Lieutenant iu tho regular urmj, and tiKKigned to duty at LyTiVliburg, Va., where he hud charge of ti! ordnance. Shortly alter reporting there he was ordered to Winchester, Va., and was drill master of Albert u' s battery. In the meautimo the Federal army like a iiugo Ruuke was coiling itself around Mauussas preparatory to striking Uiehiiioud. Tho Confederate sriiiy went out to receivo tho blow and deliver another iu return, and Pelham rushed to tiie front with las battery. All that long day of Manassas he fought with superb courage. So well did he handle his en us that he attracted the attention of that Prince Rupert of American cavalrymen. Cen. J. E. B. Stuart. - n. Stuatt saw what was in the boy, and interested hiia with tho organization f a battery of six pieces of bore Brtillery - Some of these men were from Virginia and Maryland, but mot of them were from Alabuma. From Talladejm, Ala., nos:r Pelham's home, went forty men under Lieut. William McGregor, a gallant officer now - living in Texas. One gun wu mauut.il by French Creoles from Mobile, Ala, and were called by Pel liana tuo "Napoleon Detachment." Thoy wero gallant fellows, and invariably in ; bat tle tlie voices oi tnese men hearrl abnvo the roar of the guns Hing - r ing tlie Marseillaise, ttist stirring song that roused the Man of Dotiny s Imperial eagles on many a gory field where the Old Guard could die but never sur render. . . lids tix - gun batters' was the nucleus rf which nthered that brave body of men that goes down in history a Stuart's Horse Artillery. Wherever the dashing Stuart and Ids cavalry went there were Pelham and Ids war dogs. At Williamsburg and Cold Marnor reina fought with bull - dog pertinacity. At the latter light he advanced one gun a third of a mUe to the front, and for mere than an hour it waa the only 'an on tne Confederate left tiring, drawing tbe at - tention ot a whole r ederai unmj, until Stuart sail to Stonewall Jackson: " General, all your srtillery on the left is idle: nobody is firing except Pelham. After the battle the warn pressure of Jackson's hand told Pelham bow well he had demeaned himself. Hut Is history. Shortly after thi Pelham drove . ,.i.t fnm iKa " White House with one gun. Ue again received lio thanks of old Stonewall at secona mbbb - , where he thrust his guns forward almost into the enemy's columns and aed them with bloody effect, uurm tin. fight Jackson s.ud to Stuart, pointing to the young artillerist at lus utrni: Gen eral, if you have another Pelham, give mm to me. lie was tuen twcaijiuiw years old. . . . in the oiooay repuise me roarrmia cetved at Sheiardstown bis guns roared fnp KnriK an1 1ltth later he was with Stuart in the bloody track he made from Aldie to Markham's, ngrmng me immense odds of the foe till they were within a few yards of his guns, and drawing off to a better position only to tight sain. It was in this rorf track that an instance occurred which illustrates his courage. lie was with one gnn far in advance ot the others, when the enemy almost reached him, and Stuart ordered him to retire, but ho begged to he allowed to remain a little longer, which request was granted. His cannoneers scampered away and left him alone. He loaded the piece and fired almost in the face of tbe enemy surging forward like a great billow, and then, mounting one ot the lead horse, began to gallop away with tbe cannon, but had not proceeded far when the horse waa shot from under him. Quickly cutting the traces to free the dead animal, he mounted another, and it. too, was shot dowtn immediately. He nseaped with the gun only after a third horse had been sliot down and cut from the traces. At Sharpsburg tie commanded nearly all th artillery on the Confederate left, and rent the blue lines with shot and she - 11 But it wus at Fredericksburg that the zenith of John Pelham's renown w - as reached. The martial king of the proudest nation in all the tide of tim might w - eil envy if the shade in Valhalla are given that privilege the glory that crowned the " boy artillerist' in that stuiendoua fisht and dreadful revelry of death. All wit quiet in the Confederate armv at rrcdeiicksburg on the morning of the 13th of December, 166 - i. The flower of tlie South's young manhood was th - re on the heights in double lines behind bristling bayonets and grimmer guns. Lverar soldier knew there was to be a leartul light before the sun sunk liehiud the Wesurn wood. The Federal army had crossed the Rappahannock, and was forming tine of battle 'inder cover of the river bank. Jackson, S:uart aud Lee rode down the Con - led ertite lines to the extreme right, followed by waves of cheers, where the Stuart Horse Artillery was parked. Stuart called to Pelham and said some - thine. Then Polham turned anl. galloped to his guns. Immediately he dashed down the heights followed by one gun at a gallop. It was the " Napoleon Detachment " of Mobile Frenchmen. Onward they rushed far down the the foot of the hights where the road foikt. There they baited, unlimbered and prepared for action. Hie nrst that had overspread the field cleared away and the men from th - South saw moving toward them, steadily, swiftly, (with measured tread, a long, compact, bluo line. On twept the fierce men in blue, their boyonets glistening in the streams of sunshine that stole through the fog. There was a flash, a boom, the earth shook Pelham's Napoleon had bellowed. Then there was i shrill, hideous, indescribable shriek of a hell as it swirled in the air and went crashing through the chanting lines of blue. The surging mass recoiled, halted, hesitated, then with a demoniacal yell pressed forward toward the single gun. The aell ceased, and for a moment there was a ghauly hush. And then there came thundering through tlie chilly, December air from across the Rappahannock boom on boom. From southeast to east, from eavt to northeast! Then from the north catno huge shells - wthirling death .in (thoir arms. Pelham had drawn upon himself the concentrated fire of half a dozen batteries ; - wnty - four guns. Yet his cun coutinued to roar, and, roaring, never failed to slaughter. No other gun on the Confederate side had yet opened, hut tlie lone war - dog howled on. And in the half - lull between the boom of itSi - a can i a) a tlierx floated above (the noise a sound that seemed strange on that day of multitudinous terrors the Napole.n Detachment singing the Marseillaise, us they fought their gun. Like infernal imps in Topliet they flitted about in the smoke of battle. Two armies looked on while tho Mobile Frenchmen wrote lii - tory with blood. Arms, legs, heads were whir ld off, and the ground around torn as If. Titan plows. No other Confederate gun had opened, but tlw fierce Federals could not pas, , the bellowing Napoleon. I1m wore on. Still the gun roared, and the sound of its roaring huodered through the - air in breaths of tlie t attle to the ears of ien. Kobert L. Lee, is ho viewed the red revel irom the. height. " It is glorious,"" he exclaimed, " to see such courage in one so young. ' And in his report of tiie battle he ?pol:e of no on.? but Pelham below th rank of Maior Gential, terming him "tin? valiant iMhsui.'' Outv, twice. thr - ei tiim - IVih - m lrov hack the rcUeral column and delayed :he battle an hour. When his ammunition was pent, he retired, in oliedio - new a. eaiptory order, nod was assigned to th command of ail tlie irtiilory on tae Confederate right. Amid shot and shell he, had .ipeiK - d tho great battla of riedoiicksmiig. and had beecuie im - mort'il. Iho part played by Pelham at that tight is history that "will survive with tien. life's report, lie was a Major of urtillory tien. His commission as LieutenaaWolonei was issued soon fter and only waited confirmation when ho was killed. This - a at Kelly rorl on the tiaiiithannock, March 17, 18 63 lis had gone to vu.it some ladies in Cul - peper county. - ,en h. - heard the cannonading aud hurried t the . - ene Mis artillery had not come up, but he galloped to a reginut that was wavering and shout - d: - Forward, hoys: forward to vi story ind glory:" and at that moment was struck by tho fragment ot a shWl that penetrated the brHitt aj - shortly alter niidniirht. He died u, he had wished amid the roar of bank Gen. Stuurt telegraphed to Hon. 1 I, M. Curry, at present trusteo of the great '. - i.l.Kly lm.d, , - ,u well known in Ixmisviilo. who th. - n represented jv. hams Alabama district in i)lo Couted - c - rate Ctmrens: . '.T,i";, ,h ''"ivalrle, th gal lant Pelham is no mon - . He was killed in actiou yesterday. Hi remains will be sent to you to - day. How nmch he was Moved, appreciated and admired let tho tears of agony we hear shed and the gloom of mourning throukk iu niv command ear witness. His 1. iB ir reparable." His remains wr taken to Richmond and lsv in Mate at the Capltel, viewed o.v thousands. He was buried at Jack - M'n,v'li' - JA' - . nmirt the eer ?s of his childhood, (ren. Stuart s pe,ri orde'r to th division announcing his death concluded : " ,Ui. TJ hd a'sneed ..ver evew battle held or this army frem the first Manassas to the moment of bis death aud. with a singlo exception, ho u brilliaat actor ia aQ. Tho memory of nh gallant Pelham,' hia many virtues, his uoble nature and purity of character, is enshrined as a sacred legacy in the hearts of ail who knew him. His record lias been bright and spotlee. Lis career brilliant and successful. H fell the noblest of sacrifice on the altar of hia coantry, to whose glorious service he had dedicated hi life from the beginning of the war." He waa calmly and reeklely brave and saw men torn to piece - around hint without emotion, because his heart and eye were upon the stern work he was performing. Such is the brief but resplendent career of the " boy artinerit. The deeds of PelhamV nephew, who was a private in Terry's Texas regiment, caused the Texas Legislature to enact that as he "a hero in more than a hundred battles, " had I alien while charging the enemy at Daltoti. Ga., leaving no issue, the name of a e - rtaiu child, o nephew, should be changed to Charh - s Thomas Pelham to perpetuate his memory. JOILN D. KLNFKOiS. MORE HELP FOR MEllO. Admiral trama and the Entire Medical Staff of tlie Navy Desert President Peixota The Admiral Calls Upon All Good Braziliana To Join Him aud Fight For Freedom. Londoa, Dec 9. The Time bss tlus dispatch sent irom Rio d Janeiro oq December i and Jo r warded frooa Mbnte video : - During the last few days it has beea comparatively quiet and there has ben only desultory firing. The Aquidaban loft Ilh urande on Saturday and proceeded southward. - Telegrams from Deaterao state that) important (events are expected to occur shortly. Marshal Peixoto has disxaifsek Admiral Goncalres, who commanded ti. - BaJiia and Tiradeutes at Montevideo. " Gen. Saraiva, datiog his di'patcri from Sorooaba, telegrapbed to Marshal lVixoto: 'I am here now, will bo bac'a shortly.' Admiral Gama has puhlUhcd the lot - lowing maniWto: ... F?llow countrymen: My principles) and leeliugs' havo hitherto been opposed to taking part iu the ' revolt. 'ih piesent moment is a painful one in tho history of our Brazilian fatherland, and is fraught with circumstances whica force me into the struggle, and aexx - ptin. Uie duty which patriotism imposes upou me, with a full sense of my reepousi - bility, I Join the ranks ot those wlio for a year iu Hio Grande Do Sul and three months here have fought valiantly to lree our country Irom uiiiitarUm and its hy brid alliance with the influence of teotarianism. As an officer of tho navy I drew my sword aaiuat military despotism, making every ctloit to rescuo my country from tiie anaiuiiv aud serfdom to which her rulers have now brought her. It is only lust to restore by forca of arms tho Government which, in 4 moment of national stupefaction and surprise, wa overthrown on November 15, leeO, by military sedition. Of this sedition the present do vera meat waa tho outcome. " 1 rAwect tho free expression of opinion ou ua part of a nation and there - lure consider it advisable to appeal to the country to decide upon tho ionu t Sovernn.cn t that is to rule it in th future. For this I and my comrades are ready to sacrince our iivee on the altar of our country. Surely the army, now fighting so bravely, will not persist iu defending the Government which lost th moral support of the people and has de e troy el our credit among foreign nations. The waton word of freedom lint bearl on the Southrn frontier now prevails in (Santa Catharina, Panama, San Paulo and tlie Nothern States and here. Brazilian., victory is certain. Hasten it bv bringing every possible moral influence to benr. I call upon all the conservative classes ot Brazil to cast oil the intolerable yok - n of slavery imposed by the militarism of loSO. a, hope I shall fulfill my duty as a Brazilian, alhouk tim end be deatlu Let others do the same. " TT entire medical staff of the navy, hitherto .neutral, to - day joined Gama at Enchadas Island. C0MM000RE STANTON'S REPORT. Intimation That There Was Nothing Censniable la Hi Conduct ai Rio. Washington, Dec. 8. Commodore Stanton submitted his report on hit conduct at Rio De Janeiro to Secretary Herbert to - day and left for his home in New London this afternoon. The report gve the Commodore's reasons for saluurTi Admiral Mello, but whether or not lit aeks lor a iviurt of inquiry is known ouly to a lew person., and thoy will not tell. There have been very strong intimation proceeding directly from the higheso hource that circumstances placing Admiral Stanton's conduct ia a new - light and relieving him from censure might be umeiosuii by inv. - stigation. TtXAS' FRANCHISE TAX. Corporations .Mast Pay It Or Forfeit Their Charter. Austin, Tex., Dec. 8. Quite a sensation was sprung to - day iu corporation circle by a circular letter by tho Secretary of tho State notifying them that tbvy woull e reuuired to pay a iranchis tax or fur - leit their charter. A number of these Corporations were established by a special act of Congress when this State was .a Ijepuhlic, and by tho late Legislature, and the State now proposes to jorie them tn - i. only to pay franchiso tax in th future. l? Wf tVlk 10 roew - r it lor tho yer t nut they have been doing Iniaiuess. Hi - total ouiount of this tax will be a verv large sum. All corpomtious e - tubiislie - i lr purposes of ndigious worship will bo exempt from this tux. Whl o Cily Cbsngea llauds. Chicago, Deo. . ihe White qixv baa become tho property oi the South Park Commlsioiiers. It whs i gilt fnm the W orld's Fair Directory aul a.'OD.OoO i added to it to make tlio ift acceptable That was determined at the Tnouthlr metiuB - of the directory to - day. Tho proportion to mt.v... the Manufactuivs llbildnu to Das lako irout is still un - si - tt,L it. howevn - , - pai - t t.f an agreement btwe.?u tho dirwtorv aud Commi.sioii. - rs to turn it oer to tho city il the plan is eousuiuaiau - l. Mot than jO.JOu cjtia:ens luive sigu - ?d iLo petition. Coming to llelalivea 1st Kentucky. Little Kk. Atk.. Dev. b. - iSpcy:iul. - Llla Buroh, a young whito girl who is sick and without money, was put ott the Missouri Pacific passenger train here this morning. Slie has been workim; in a iort Worth, Texas, hotel, but became tiTt'i11 '" ,nt,wt.'a her way to relative M.f. V "!1.' Cuiel "f V" Mo - jdaho i took lier into his onice and bought ulu f' and tLi afteriMwn Mayor nan bought her a railroad ticket and he waa sent on. w her relatives in lieutucky. 44 Browu's Brcncfaittl 1roche' aie an eftert.