The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) Oct. 14, 1895

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The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) Oct. 14, 1895 - THE DAILiY PICAYUNE NEW ORLEANS, MONDAY,...
THE DAILiY PICAYUNE NEW ORLEANS, MONDAY, OCTODER 14, 1895. SOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA. Beauties and Besouroes of ths Wonderful Wonderful Pariah of Iberia. Plaee for, the lares tment or Capital ITOn Sore Profit. A. LoTelj Oountrr Suitable for Men of . : Small Means Desiring to : - Make Homes. The Enterprising Town of If ew Iberia . - and Her Up-to-Date Up-to-Date Up-to-Date Up-to-Date Up-to-Date , . , 1 People.' -Tie -Tie business man . of Ixulslana city if. hankers, brokers and merchants. behind long counters end big desks,' one laden with commodities for the market and the other filled with- with- the history of many years of dealings with- with- numer- numer- us patrons known only through drummer's drummer's orders and correspondence and an annual call In the city office, hare a Tery Imperfect and Inadequate concep- concep- , tlon of the magnificent work going on In - the derelopment of the material, moral and intellectual affairs of many . portions of Louisiana. He knows that his annual volume of trade has swollen each year to his great satisfaction, until It has Increased about 100 per cent, .but this he attributes to the popularity of bis business methods or the success of bis numerous travel' lng men, rather than to the great ln- ln- - 'crease In consumption, as the sequence . of an 'enlarged population In many portions portions of his commercial radius. To tell this business man of colossal annual dealings that the welfare of his country and the Individual weal of his numerous customers and In fact bis own still greater business success requires that be once and awhile make a tour of Louisiana to see its growth, condition and needs, that he may. better under- under- - standing them, be superiorly qualified - to pass Judgment upon the many wants of the state In a higher effort at its completer development, to tell him this. Is but to receive his answer. "I am. too busy; my traveling men do that , for see six times each year." The trade of LouUUna belongs to New Orleans and X need not go out among the people to stimulate them in their own efforts. This being true, the mission of the enterprising press, . the Picayune, Is the : mire manifest In attempt ing to tell the world - of the glor ous and almost marvelous story of In-creased In-creased In-creased wealth, . population, agricultural products and Industrial prosperity in southwestern Louisiana. Southwestern Louisiana - is Indeed a beautiful and . fertile section of . this .state, enjoying a great variety of agrl- agrl- cultural products and blessed with large and important and rapidly increasing - in number and outfit of manufacturing plants to utilize the products of the coll and timber of this vast area. Its geographical position is from the ' Bunfeern boendary line of St. Landry to the gulf of Mexico, a distance in round numbers of 100 miles and extending extending from Grand lake, near the eastern - limit of Iberia parish, to the Texas state line,' a distance In round numbers of 130 miles, making nearly a perfect . square and nearly one-quarter one-quarter one-quarter of the ' state In area, including . St. Landry, Acadia, Calcasieu, Cameron, Vermillion, Lafayette, Iberia . and St. Martin parishes, parishes, comprising and constituting every variety of soil, wooded land, vast quantities quantities of pine, magnolia and beach, oak mnd cypress, prairie. Islands, hill, and bottom alluvial on water courses and marsh on the gulf, semi-tropical semi-tropical semi-tropical in its fruits and adaptability to fruit culture, almost without limit in character, qnal- qnal- -lty -lty and quantity of its agricultural possibilities, possibilities, being the garden epot of the - south in the growing of . corn, cotton, rice, sugar cane and hay. . . Its climate is moderated In heated . terms by an ever-refreshing ever-refreshing ever-refreshing breeze srsreeplng over its level plains, sweeten- sweeten- lng and cooling the atmosphere from' the .- .- salt waters of the gulf, and but once (ln -' a half century is it visited by snows. . Its health is unexcelled in any ajrrl-. ajrrl-. ajrrl-. cultural section of the world.- world.- Its topographical topographical features are of the character of a great . level plain, 'though here and there are small hills and little val-.-' val-.-' val-.-' val-.-' val-.-' leys, the greater portion,' probably 60 per cent, being a fertile prairie with a sea marsh .strip twenty miles wide north , of and contiguous to the gulf and about 100 miles long, constituting 15 to ' 20 , per cent of the entire area of the section. section. Thle vast -area -area Is gradually being reclaimed by drainage, evaporation and ' levees ; and - natural accretions to the soil by 'greater porosity and the decaying decaying of - vegetable matter and is usually ' occupied by immense herds of beef cattle, cattle, a feature of great wealth to the people. The eastern portion of this west sec-: sec-: sec-: tlon is low lands on the Atchafalaya ) river,- river,- a- a- swampr and dense forest' of blgh . grade bard - woods and cypress .'- .'- trees. In the extreme northern western . section are about sixty or seventy town-: town-: ships of extraordinary fine pine, lands of the long leaf specie, some of which -. is pine hill and other pine flat lands. The growth of this entire .section dur--'' dur--'' dur--'' log; the past few years has frequently v- v- been described in detjaii by this carre-:' carre-:' carre-:' spoodent In the columns of the Picayune -! -! except the parish of Iberia, which it is : now his pleasure to write about as a i whole and in detail lor the benefit of home-seekers home-seekers home-seekers " and capitalists who seek . a new field for their future operation. , The parish Is located in the extreme . eastern, limit of what is known as south- south- western Louisiana, and to ordinarily spoken of as being strictly a south Louisiana Louisiana parish. It is bounded on the west by Vermillion and Lafayette par- par- . iaucs and on the -north -north by 8L Martin and a small corner of Iberville, where It runs to a narrow point of lees than ten -miles -miles wide, where it makes the extreme ' eastern boundary with Iberville and Assumption Assumption parishes, though Grand lake Is prac ctc-uir ctc-uir ctc-uir . its east-era east-era east-era line. -. -. Its Mtatnern boundary Is a small strip of St. Martin, a part of St. Mary parish parish and Vermillion bay and even the gulf of Mexico, all of these lines being uneven and irregular in their course. ; Much of 1U eastern section is low and , adjacent to Grand lake and the Atchafa- Atchafa- -. -. lays river overflows and is swampy, and contains an immense supply of very valuable valuable cypress timbers used In mills at New Iberia, Jeanerette and other south Louls- Louls- . lana milling points. r: . Ja connection with. Us boundary lines, a curious fact is found to exist and that Is that the eastern side severs St. Marti parish in twain, about 20 per cent being pontniOi toeni ana eu per cent . north, and totaMy"diseonnected - by nearly ten m'les. Centrally ' through the parish ; for ttirty or forty miles courses the famous Teclie. whose beauty has for a century t wn sun In prose and poetry and whoxe .Children Cry for waters have been the base of commerce for 100 years.. . :'.. r-. r-. r-. Paralleling the Teche at only short distances distances west, runs the great Southern Pacific Railroad, a distance through the pariah of about eighteen miles. - ; - Iberia is a part of the country known in history as the Attakapas district under under the Spanish and French occupancy of Louisiana, and which section derives Its name from the savage tribe of Indians which, in early days, occupied this vast region. "The Indians were followed by 'the Spaniards, Spaniards, as early settlers . and then . the Acadians and then the ' French proper and Americans about 80 years since, at which time it bad only 190 inhabitants, and then the country began to grow gradually until about 1880 Or 18SL when the Morgan Railroad, now the Southern Pacific, was finished through this sestion, and after that day the freight train speed of primitive civilization was thrown off and a brilliant growth in all lines and vocations since that date tells the charming story of Iberia's prosperity and fore front in wealth, intelligence and manhood, whose details It is . the mission mission of this writer to relate. - " Its pioneers are all gone, pcsslbly without without a single exception, but their children and grandchildren are the possessors of the rich heritage which their romance, foresight and .powers of endurance prepared prepared for them,1 many of whom to-day to-day to-day occupy this, one - of the loveliest spots of all grand southwestern Loulslsna. ;. The Spanish pioneers leave their names In Iberia, through the Segurss, Bomeras, Viators, . Meguex, Domlr.tques, while the Acadians : bequeathed tl-elr tl-elr tl-elr names and history, to the country thrcrgb the ! colrs, Broussards, Breaux, and Moutons, and. the French name and blood Is stamped on this section by the De Blancs, Delahouseys, . Gomsoullns, De-vezlns, De-vezlns, De-vezlns, Olivlers, St. Clealrs, Declouets. The parish In these early days was a part of St. Martin's (which was then very large) and has no early history, as It begun Its Individual history only in 1868, when It was created a parish by the legislature. The parish contains, according to United States official data, 682 square miles or 372,480 acres, but the state assessor returns the parish as containing 302,000 acres, a discrepancy between two official sources of nearly' 20,000 acres. The assessor for many years has ' reported reported that it was divided as follows: Open lands. 264,000 acres, and timber lands. 128,000 acres, while - the census of 1880, which is accepted as a correct and scientific ascertainment, report - it to be: woodland. 118,400 acres; dry prairie, 83,200 acres; sea marsh, 170.880 acres; bottom lands 112,000. while 7720 acres are placed as islands. Of course combining these- these- several detailed subdl: visions, the United States area Is nearly 100.000 acres greater than that of the assessor, but these details in some instances instances Include each other In part fo? instance, the : bottom lands, 112,000,- 112,000,- are doubtless all woodlands and so ' would probably be the three islands of 6720 acres, while the dry prairie - and sea marsh would all be classed as open lands. These several divisions of soil and water courses testify to the variety of products products and industries to which their parish is well adapted, including cotton, corn, cane, rice, fruits, minerals. lumber, bay, cattle, fish and oysters and all in great abundance. About 40 per cent of its area should be classed as a great bottom plain bordering bordering the bayou Teche. Within this . rich storehouse of alluvial belt are situated Grande and Fausse. Polnte lakes, which are In their turn bordered by extensive cypress swamps. The more elevated portion portion of these bottom lands lying along bayou Teche, with a depth back from the bayou of from one to three miles, has a black loam soil 2 to 2 1-2 1-2 1-2 feet deep, timbered with lowland oaks, ash, magnolia, magnolia, sweet gum, hickory, etc This bayou section Is chiefly devoted to the culture- culture- of sugar cane. A writer who had given personal investigation thus describes local sub-divisions sub-divisions sub-divisions of soil features: features: . v.; ' "Immediately along the bayou Teche there lies a strip of red clay land from 30 to 50 yards wide, on each side above f ordinary overflows, and about 6 feet below the level of the upland prairie. It is timbered with beautiful live oaks, and is very fertile evidently" a portion of the alluvial deposits of Bed river, made long ago. . "From this red land terrace there is Lmore or less sudden ascent of from 2 to 6 feet, into the black prairie intervening between the river lands and the sea marsh. It is here a good deal intersected by 'coulees,' and notably by the "Grand Marals, a fresh water marsh, ' about one. mile wide, extending for some ten miles In s northwestern and southeastern direction, at a distance of three or four miles from the Teche, and forming the extreme head of bayou Cypres Mort. The cultivated lands lie mainly along the Teche, the open prairie being as yet but little cultivated, although well adapted adapted to the culture of cotton. This is partly due to the fact that they are so nearly level that the water 'seems unable to determine which way to flow,' and drainage drainage ditches . are needed to relieve the. soli in the season for planting purposes." In the sea marsh of the parish lies the two "Islnnds" of Petite Anse (2240 acres.) and the Grande Cote (200 acres.) These are tracts of rolling uplands of the character character 7 of thn brown loam prairie, but originally densely wooded, and having an undergrowth of tall cane among the oaks and magnolias. Their highest points rise respectively to 160 and 180 feet above the sea eveL Their products are chiefly upland cotton, and in the lower lands some sugar sane. Petite Anse Is noted for Its great rock salt mine. Another similar Island lies In the prairie on the shore of lake Pelgneur; Its area Is about 2250 acres, and Its chief, product has given it the name of "Orange island. Another prominent writer said a few years since: "The tillable land along the .west side of the Southern Pacific Railroad and the Teche, from the parish line below Jeanerette Jeanerette to New Iberia, called the Prairie an Large', has a width of about six miles, and It is a little wider above between the railroad and lake Pelgneur; the land from the line where the railroad enters the parish below Jeanerette to the line where It leaves it west of 'ake Tasse is about 20 miles in extent. All the land Is tillable between lake Pelgneur and lake Tasse, and in the great bend of the Teche northeast northeast of New Iberia. And there Is some fine tillable and grazing land south of lake Pelgneur. The Teche Is lined with plantations nearly the entire distance from Its entrance entrance Into the parish east of lake Tasse to the line where It leaves the parish below below Jeanerette. "Around the great bayou called Fausse Polnte the tillable land has a width of several miles. The lands of the parish are all rich. On , the west side of the bayou there la a scarcity of woodland; on the east side there is an abundance of fine cypress and wood for sugar-making sugar-making sugar-making From the point where the Teche enters the parish, about five miles below St. Martlnvllle, by Its winding course, the distance to New Iberia Is about 25 miles. The scenery is extremely beautiful, and picturesque. The banks are generally about 18 feet above the water, ind they slope gently to It at an angle of less than 30 degrees. The bayou around the bend in the low water season Is about 90 feet wide and has a depth on its most shallow bars of about 31-2 31-2 31-2 feet. Below the New Iberia the Teche Is Pltclicr'o Cogtorlr broader and deeper than above, the plantations plantations are larger, the houses and improvements improvements finer, and there are fewer trees growing - on Its banks.: .Here are palatial residences, : grand sugar-houses, sugar-houses, sugar-houses, with chimneys towering skyward, plantation plantation villages called "the quarters, and orange groves. r ' y'.'ry-'' y'.'ry-'' y'.'ry-'' , Prairie au Large is a beautiful body or land lying south and west of the town of New Iberia. It Is as fine prairie land as can be found anywhere. The f ollowlng Sketch of It was compiled by Mr. Dennett some 25 years sgo: "This prairie has natural drains, which, by being opened a little, would relieve the whole country from surface water after rains. Leading natural ditches penetrste parts of the prairie, end Into these the ravines may be opened at small expense. This fertile fertile prairie must, at no distant day, be put into a high state of cultivation by small farmers. Though there are many thrifty little fields now tinder fence, we doubt if a tenth part of the prairie is cultivated. . " v "Small tracts from 40 to 200 acres can be bought for $10 per acre, and even less. Large planters cannot come Into this prairie and put up new and expensive machinery machinery with any show, of success. - A small farmer a a start with cheap improvements, improvements, make 10, 20 or 50 hogsheads of sugar yearly, with a certainty of success. success. In addition to the sugar crop the small farmer ivniM raise milk cows for sale, and make butter and cheese for the New Orleans market; and poultry, eggs, garden vegetables, fresh pork, broom corn, corn, hay, potatoes, melons, fruits and other productions, may all be sold for ready money. "Grande Cote island in this parish is a beautiful place. It Is some two miles in diameter and nearly round. On one of the bluffs Is a fine view of the surrounding surrounding country of hillsides, valleys, ravines and level plains, timber and open lands, cane-brakes cane-brakes cane-brakes and' pastures. In one direction direction Is a bold elevation covered with a heavy growth of timber and hillsides almost almost as steep as mountains. In another direction, away down below, between steep elevations, a fine, fresh water lake is spread out, with water lilies upon its surface, the branches of magnificent forest trees extending far out over the water." There is no doubt that this chain of Islands Is admirably adapted to grape culture, culture, and will, at some future day, become become as celebrated for Its wines as the Islands of any portion of Europe. Fruit also appears . to do well on all these Is lands. Grande Cote island contains a surface of about 2000 acres, COO acres or which are in timber, the balance In pasture, pasture, or under cultivation. Petite Anse" island has a variety of names, and Is one of the Interesting spots of Iberia parish. It la called, besides the name at the head of this paragraph, Avery's Island. Salt Island, etc., as suits the person's taste who speaks of It or writes about It. It contains about 2200 arpents of upland and 1200 arpents of timber, cypress gum, magnolia, oak. etc. It Is about 10 miles in diameter, and like Grande Cote. Is nearly round. It Is composed composed of hills, valleys, ravines, ponds, woodlands, open , fields and pastures, the whole surrounded on all . sides by sea marsh, which, in the distance, has the appearance of dry, level prairie, Charley Dudley Warner wrote as follows: follows: "Soon over the plain is seen on the horizon, 10 miles from New Iberia, the dark foliage of Petite Anse, or Avery's Island. . ' This unexpected upheaval from the mareh, bounded by the narrow circling Petit Anse bayou, rises Into the sky 180 feet, and has the effect in the fiat expanse of a veritable mountain, comparatively a surprise, like Pike's Peak, seen from the elevation of Denver. Perhaps nowhere else would a hill of 180 feet make such an impression on the mind. Crossing the bayou, where alligators sun themselves and eye with affection the colored people angling at the bridge, and passing a long causeway over the marsh, the firm land of the Island Is reached. This Island, which is a sort of geological puzzle, has a very nneven surface, and Is some two and a half miles long by one mile broad. It Is a pretty little kingdom in Itself, capable of - producing in its soil and adjacent waters nearly everything one desires of the necessaries of life. A portion of the Island Is devoted to a cane plantation and sugar works; a part of it is covered with forests; and on the lowlands and gentle slopes, besides thickets of palmetto, are gigantic live oaks, moss-draped moss-draped moss-draped trees, monstrous In girth and towering into the sky with a vast spread of branches. Scarcely anywhere else will one see a nobler, growth of these stately trees. In a depression is the famous , salt mine, unique in quality - and situation. Mere is grown and put up the Tobasco pepper; here, amid fields of clover and flowers, s large apiary flourishes. Stones of some value for ornament are found. Indeed, I should not be surprised at anything turning turning up there, for I am told that good koalln has been discovered; and about the residences of the hospitable proprietors roses bloom in abundance, the china tree blossoms sweetly and the mocking bird sings all the day long. , Many stories are current in this region in regard to the discovery of this deposit, A little .over a quarter of a' century ago it was unsuspected. The presence of salt In the water of a small spring led somebody somebody to dig In the place, and, at a depth of 16 feet below the surface, solid salt was struck. In stripping away the soil several relics of human workmanship came to. light, among them stone implements and a woven basket, exactly such as the Attakapas make now. This basket, found at a depth of 16 feet, lay upon the salt rock,' and was In a perfect state of preservation. preservation. Half of it can now be seen in the Smithsonian Institution. At the beginning of the late war great quantities of salt were taken from this mine for the use of the confederacy. But this supply was cut off . by the unionists, who at first sent gunboats up the bayou within shelling distance, and at length occupied It with troops..'-,;;. troops..'-,;;. troops..'-,;;. i: i ' , ' The ascertained area of the mine Is several acres; the depth of the deposit Is unknown. The first shaft was sunk 100 feet, below this a shaft of 70 feet fails to find any limit to the salt. The excavation Is already large. Descending, the visitor enters vast cathedral-like cathedral-like cathedral-like chambers, the aides are solid salt, sparkling with crystals, crystals, the floors are solid, the roof la solid salt, supported on pillars of salt, left by the excavators, 40, or perhaps. 60 r feet square. When the Interior Is lighted the effect ' is v superbly . weird . and grotesque. The salt is blasted by dynamite, dynamite, loaded Into cars, which run on rails to the elevator, . hoisted and distributed Into the crushers, and from the crushers directly into the bags for shipment.' No bleaching or cleansing process Is needed; the salt is almost absolutely pure. Large blocks of it are Bent to the western plains for "cattle licks.! JThe mine Is connected by rail with the main line of the Southern Pacific at New Iberia. Orange, or Jefferson Island, Is a beautiful beautiful Island on a line with Petit Anse, Grande Cote and Cote Blanche islands,and each' is separated from the neighboring Island by a distance of about six miles. Orange Island rises above lake Pelgneur and the surrounding prairie, as the other islands rise above and overlook the surrounding surrounding sea .marsh. The island is about 84 feet above the level of the gulf. It has bills, valleys, level and Inclined planes, and from its bluff banks In places the branches of the trees bang out over the waters of lake Pelgneur. A constant sea breeze renders the spot healthy and delightful delightful as a palace of residence. '; - There were, years ago, some 6000 orange trees on this Island, bearing an Immense crop of oranges yearly. .Most of them are still in fine condition., some of them having having bodies more than a foot in diameter. There . were 2000 bearing pecan trees, a large number of the better kind of cherries, cherries, some fig, peach, quince, lemon and palm trees, several avenues of live - oak and other growth, and a grove of stately magnolias. Seen from the summit of the bluff, lake Pelgneur spreads out almost beneath the feet of the observer,, while the gleam of the silvery surface closes the vista of the - principal avenues ; loading from the house.- house.- v. ; ; , wThe owner of this beautiful and valuable valuable property , Is Mr. Joseph Jefferson, the great and world-renowned world-renowned world-renowned actor, the hero of "Kip Van Wlnale." He has spent large sums of money In Improving until U is one of the most beautiful and valuable valuable estates in southwest Louisiana. Mr. Jefferson frequently visits It, and remains weeks and months In fishing and enjoying a quiet vacation. Lake Pelgneur is a beautiful lake, some-' some-' some-' times ca;ied lake Slmonette, is one of the finest sheets of water in the Attakapas country or In the state, for that matter. It Is about nine miles west of New Iberia,' about , ten miles north of Vermillion bay, and about six miles from the salt mines of Petit Anse island. It is about three miles long and one mile wide, and Its greatest depth 32 feet. It is fed by numerous numerous springs that break out of the ground around the margin of the lake. Fish of all kinds found in the waters of this region of the country abound in lake Peignenr, and may be caught In profusion any season of the year. The supply Is inexhaustible. inexhaustible. The country around this lake Is very beautiful and picturesque. . Lake Tasse, or Spanish lake, more commonly commonly called by the latter name among the people,' lies within two miles of the town of New Iberia. It is some five miles long and nearly oval la shape. Its great-" great-" great-" est depth is about 20 feef. Its margin mostly fringed with grass and water lilies. This lake, like lake Pelgneur, swarms with fishes of every kind found anywhere in this region, from the sardine to trout and perch. Some of the trout are said to be 2 1-2 1-2 1-2 feet long. The lake Is fed by springs that break out around the margin. There la a large, boiling spring In the middle of the lake that Is supposed, from its boiling proclivity, to come directly directly from "sheol," as its depth has never been reached. The Teche is about 700 yards from lake Tasse at the nearest point, and Its surface Is about 8 feet above the level of the bayou. The great story of Iberia's wonderful growth will be best understood by the following comparisons: When the parish was incorporated in 1868 there were 4354 white and 4310 colored Inhabitants. In 18S0 there were 8100 white and 8576 colored colored inhabitants, or nearly 100 per cent Increase in twelve years. - In 1800 there were 10.400 white and 10,597 colored inhabitants, while to-day to-day to-day there are exceeding 25,000. In 1880 the assessed wealth was $1,156.-781. $1,156.-781. $1,156.-781. and in 1895 It was $2,593,869. or about 125 per cent increase in ten years. This wealth is proportioned between white and colored, .as follows: White f2.387.941 and colored $205,928. In 1880 there were 49,604 acres under cultivation, while in 1893 there were 130,820 acres paying tribute to man's Intelligence Intelligence and Industry. In 1880 there were 6001 acres in cane, while in 1893 there were 13.220 acres. ' In 1880 there were 7443 acres of cotton, while in 1893 there were 24.000 acres, and this will yield one-half one-half one-half bale to the acre. In 1880 there were 33 acres in rice, while in 1893 there were 7000 acres. In 1880 there were 23.740 acres in corn, while In 1893 there were 84.000 acres. In 1S82 the parish produced by 94 small inferior sugar mills 11.809,200 pounds of sugar, while in 1892 20 modernized and Improved sugar mills made 18.247.813 pounds of sugar. In 1882 only one sugar mill made 1.000,000 pounds of sugar, while in 1892 there were 8 mills exceeding exceeding that much, and Mr. Monnot's refinery refinery at Jeanerette exceeded 2,750.000 pounds. In 1882 38 mills fell below 50 hogsheads of sugar production, while In 1892 only one produced so small an amount of sugar. The land will average 15 tons pf cane to the acre. In 1882 there were 34 mills operated by horse power, and now not a single mill is so operated. These comparisons In sugar are great tests ef the vast changes, because the crop of 1882 was the largest since.- since.- the war up to that timei and that of 1892 was considerably smaller than 1890: I hence. If the crops of 1880 and 1890 were comparea, me increase -would -would exceed 100 per cent in quantity and much over that in the quality of sugar produced. A very high grade test of the decided forward movement will be found in the educational advancement of the 'parish. In 1883 there were 9 white and 6 colored teachers, while in 1895 there are 29 white and 8 colored teachers employed, showing over 300 per cent Increase in white teachers.- teachers.- In 1883 there were 835 children enrolled, enrolled, while In 1804 there were 2422 children enrolled for 0 months. In 1883 the teachers received $3632. while in 1894 they received $12,800. which year. Superintendent Superintendent ' Burke says, the teachers' pay exceeded all previous - sessions. In 1S83 the sessions were short and Irregular, Irregular, and in 1895 all are 9 months, both white and colored. In 1883 the local school tax was nothing, nothing, while In 1895 It Is 2 mills from the parish and 2 mills from the town of New Iberia. All of these school Increases are flattering flattering and : reassuring, and Superintendent Superintendent Burke, who for 18 years has been superintendent, and his eolaborers of the school board, - deserve . Just praise for them. V. .- .- There is a Just' criticism to be made in this connection, and that Is, that there are too many children out of school. The assessor - reports, and the parish draws Its state pro rata, on' 5400 white and 4000 colored children, while only 2422 or less than 26 per cent of its children are on the public school roll, which Is entirely out of reason. - The white enrollment In 1892 was 1573, which, out of 5400 In the parish, leaves about 70 per cent of the white children of Iberia parish unprovided for. while It should be reversed and have' 70 per cent in school. " ' ' . The colored schools should be shortened to 5 months, and an equal number, of new schools opened. The rural schools should be shortened, to 8 months-, months-, months-, and more schools opened. The police Jury should be urged to grant at least 3 mills school tax instead of 2 mills. . - The white town schools of Jeanerette and New Iberia are in splendid condition and are well managed and attended and presided over by valuable and capable teachers. .The one at New Iberia has a high school with two . teachers tf complete complete its equipments. This department had 78 pupils last session. It Is under a well known and leading teacher of Louisiana, Louisiana, Prof. J R. G. Furgerson. There are 10 white teachers In the : New Iberia schools, with an enrollment of 663 pupils, pupils, while " the colored had last session 318 pupils. : ' The town school buildings are fairly good. . but the enterprising, and - educational educational loving people of New Iberia have arranged to build a $12,000 high school, with all modern improvements. The high : school building is to be a two-story two-story two-story pressed brick building, containing containing 80,000 pressed brick, costing about $12,000, with steel ceiling and to have a beautiful frontage of 78 feet, with an ornamental tower vestibule. 22x23 feet In size, leading to a 12x30 feet hall, with two -down -down stairs classrooms, 30x33,' and classroom 30x36. and two of these rooms to be thrown Into one. 33x66 feet, with proper, light and ventilation; with basement basement under the building for. heating purposes. purposes. ' 1 '. - The second story is much the same, except except the hallway is done away with, and the three big rooms have portable walls and can be thrown Into one big room. The architect was W. D. Southwell. The parish is fairly well supplied with post offices and. malp facilities through the following offices: Avery, Belle Place, Burk's station, Derouen, Grand Cote, Jeanerette, LoreanvWe. New Iberia, Olivier and Patonville. . : - Avery is the fourth largest point in the parish, and Is credited with 300 population population and one merchant. It Is the location of the famous salt mines. It is reached by a branch railroad from New Iberia. - - The salt mines are an important industry industry to Louisiana, and, in fact, to the whole country. The quantity of salt mined has been Immense,' and the quality is solid rock salt, with world-wide world-wide world-wide fame. The total depth bored is said to be about 1100 feet, and 200 feet below the surface a solid lump of alt is found, and. no effort to bore to the other side has proven successful. successful. Near this point is the famous Jefferson island, which has recently been found to be another great salt mine and Is now being prepared for mining purposes. purposes. Already the boring has reached 1273 feet, and 203 below the surface salt, exactly like Avery's,, has been found and no lower limit ascertained. At another another point, 1400 feet, borings have failed to find any . l'mlt to the depth of the salt, and a great salt mining shaft Is .to be erected. , ' v " ; Belle Place has twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five population and two merchants. Burke station has a population of twenty and six merchants. Derouen has six. merchants and twenty-two twenty-two twenty-two population. Loreauville Is the third largest population, the parish having a population of 350 and twelve merchants. Olivier is a small station between New Iberia and Jeanerette, . with twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five population and one merchant. Petouvtlle is in the prairie near the gulf, and has sixty population and six. merchants. Jeanerette.' the second largest place in the parish, and a probable candidate for the seat of Justice of a new parish to be created in the near future, has a population population of about 2000 to 2500 and about sixty merchants, a good bank, a very large sugar refinery with 2,500,000 to 3.500,000 pounds of sugar capacity, and two saw mills. Ice works, hotels, livery stables, brick yards, splendid schools and churches and some handsome houses. New Iberia, the courthouse point of the parish, is about one mile square and has about 6500 population, with 100 business houses, two banks, two papers, and la strong building association, three handsome handsome brick churches, splendid public and private schools, - ice works, electric lights, four good hotels, - five fire companies, about twenty manufacturing plants, employing employing 525 men, paying annually in wages fully $225,000, and making an annual annual output of $500,000, and Is a very Important Important element in the southwestern Louisiana prosperity. . " I . The town is handsomely laid out with good streets, and In many Instances lined with beautiful live oaks of immense size ! and exquisite beauty. The business part ! of the town consists of about fourteen j blocks of well-built well-built well-built one and two-story two-story two-story brick structures, several attractive blocks particularly. Cages, Emmers, Duvalcourts, Burkes and several others. The enterprise and liberal spirit of Its people Is exemplified by their voting a 5 mill special tax to build the railroad to Abbeville, by a 2 mill town school tax, by the construction of a $12,000 high school building, erecting and sustaining a $25,000 opera' house, supporting two good newspapers, and the erection of three very fine churches, but the town needs water works, a large sugar refinery and street car service, wholesale dealers In all lines, as there is now only one wholesale house in town, that of J. & I. Dreyfuss, and others would do well. ' The commerce of the town is well established established and Is quite large, as will be attested attested by 100 prosperous merchants and two national banks, the oldest. of which is the' New Iberia National, Associate Justice Justice of the Supreme Court J. A. .Breaux, president, and P. L. Renoudet, cashier, has $50,000 capital, $86,000 surplus and $175,000 deposits; while the People's National National Bank, only four years old, with S. O. Thomas, of New Orleans, president, and W. E. Satterfleld, cashier, has $50,000 capital, $20,000 surplus and $75,000 deposits. deposits. J '.' , '. -5 -5 ; The Iberia Building Association Is a very Important factor In the welfare of New Iberia's home building and Investing. It is officered as follows: E. F. Millard, president; J. B. Lawton, vice president; Max Levy, treasurer, and W. G. Weeks, secretary. It was organized in' April, 1887, and has a new series every three months, and has about $100,000 Invested on mortgages. mortgages. It liquidated its series "A" In eight and one-quarter one-quarter one-quarter years, at a cost of $107 75, with seventy-nine seventy-nine seventy-nine shares in force. It was a brilliant success. One of the great factors In New Iberia's marvelous growth hss been, and Is, its twenty industrial plants, - as follows: Breaux-Renoudet Breaux-Renoudet Breaux-Renoudet Cypress Lumber Lumber Company, Limited, which employs 125 hands, .cutting and dressing lumber, shingles, laths and manufacturing cisterns, cisterns, operating a very fine shingle band saw plant of 50,000 feet lumber capacity, capacity, and 100,000 shingles and 10,000 laths per day and dressing 25.000 feet per day, with dry kiln to carry 1,000,000 shingles and ship fifty carloads of lumber and shingles per month throughout Texas, Illinois, Indiana, -Missouri, -Missouri, etc. W. D. Southwell's press brick and tile and common common brick factory, employing thirty-five thirty-five thirty-five men, has capacity of 20.000 press brick and 25,000 . common brick and 10,000 2-lnch 2-lnch 2-lnch tile pipe per day, and can't supply supply the demand. The John A. Gebert shingle mill, with capacity of 200,000 per day, with an annual annual output of 42,500,000 red cypress shingles, employs seventy men In . mill proper. The shipments are to Louisiana Louisiana and Texas points. The O. J. Tralnor Sons cypress, sash, door and blind, mantels, cisterns, and all fancy cypress ' Interior finishes factory, employs twenty skilled . men . and fancy workmen. The mill is equipped with the latest and best machinery. The Iberia Lumber Company, a large and valuable wood-working wood-working wood-working plant. Is idle on account of litigation, and when running employs seventy-five seventy-five seventy-five men. A-M.Bernard's A-M.Bernard's A-M.Bernard's steam power wagon factory factory e'mpoya about ten men in making wagons and carts for plantations. Geo. Simmon's machine shop and foundry employs forty men and Is doing a big business, working almost night and day. Judge -Fred -Fred Gates cotton-seed cotton-seed cotton-seed oil mill and soap factory is one of the most complete complete and valuable of Its kind in the state. It is valued at $30,000. and Is a twelve-ton twelve-ton twelve-ton mill, and turns out annually 1600 barrels of oil and 900 tons of meal. It employs about twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five men. John Kmmer's brick factory can make 5000 per day, and requires bout - ten men to operate it, and Mrs. C. Bergerie making about 5000 brick per day, employs employs about ten men. The New Iberia Ice and Bottling Company. Company. Limited, a $25,000 stock company, with August Erath president and Victor Erath manager, has a ten-ton ten-ton ten-ton ice plant, and runs full capacity for six months, and employs twelve men, and does a big bottling and Ice business.' The New Iberia Electric Light. Sylvia Broussard proprietor has dynamo capacity for 650 Incandescent lights and has forty street lights and has forty street lights' and 460 lights in stores and residences, and employs employs five men. '.':.:" - .. The plant is operated by two automatic engines of -sixty -sixty and eighty -five -five horsepower, horsepower, and all cost $12,500, -The -The E. A. Pbarr saw and planing mill Is temporarily temporarily idle, but in a few days will run, employing employing fifty men. New Iberia Steam Laundry. Suberbrlelle " Brothers proprietors, proprietors, . employs fifteen hands and does first-class first-class first-class work as cheap as It can be done In big cities. MeasnL - Satterfleld and Lebrum and Dr. J. A. Lee operate two public steam gins, employing about seven hands each, and ginning about 500 bales each per - . The Girl and f BY RUTH lmostcar relations of a eirl to her and social life. In the l4iE LADIES' HOME 10 Cents on all The Curtis Publishing ' Philadelphia annum. Pattln Brothers employ about four hands in wagon and carriage mak-i mak-i mak-i Ing and repair shops. 1 L. P. Hackers Enterprise Foundry and Machine Shop employs three hands. The two Job printing offices in the Enterprise! and Iberian employ about three men each. The late C W. George & Co.'s sash, ' door and blind factory, which burned less than a month since, employed employed twenty-two twenty-two twenty-two men on a weekly pay roll of $185, with an annual output of $36,000. .- .- ' The Board of-Trade of-Trade of-Trade Is an Inactive body, otherwise it might stir still greater life Into the town's industrial life. The town has two steam fire engines, two hook and ladder companies and one band pump. There are two telephone and rival companies operating exchanges. The town has a carnival organization, a park association and a Jockey club, with a one-half one-half one-half mile race track, and a literary society, "The Arena." The town, in addition to its public schools, with ten teachers and 666 pupils and .four colored teachers and 318 pupils, has a fine line of private schools, kindergartens and parochial parochial schools, as follows: St. Peter's Academy Joe P. O'Belly principal, has twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five students. The Fasnacht graded school has forty pupils; East End kindergarten, Mrs. Grant, with two as-slstants, as-slstants, as-slstants, has twenty or more pupils; Miss Marguerite Dor has fifteen pupils pupils in her school; Mrs. F. V. Peale's kindergarten and primary has Just started started with very good attendance. Bev. O. C. Cramer and wife have thirty pupils. pupils. , I' - -;':, -;':, '.'.'' . v - , The Mount Carmel convent has forty pupils, and twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five In Its colored school. Howe Institute for colored children children has about fifty pupils. The test of the town's growth in the last four years will - bo found in post office receipts, which In 1800 were $5235 68, while In 1894 they were $620168, or 20 per cent Increase In four years. V?.' . The express business in 1880 was estimated estimated by Dr. J. A. Lee to be only $500 per .annum, while now he thinks , It between between $25,000 and $50,000. '.- '.- A new three-story three-story three-story hotel Is to be erected erected soon, and also a nice small Presbyterian Presbyterian church. With governmental aid fo cleaning out the Teche the commerce of the country could be greatly Im-, Im-, Im-, proved. Dr. Lee says' that when he came here, thirty-nine thirty-nine thirty-nine years ago, the bayou was nine feet deep, while now It Is much less. :r. The town has three" regular real estate agencies, to-wit: to-wit: to-wit: Renoudet & Davis, John T. White and J. C. M. Boblnson. The town Is assessed at $669,040, and levies a 10-mlll 10-mlll 10-mlll tax, of which 2 are for schools, and also 5 mills railroad. The town owns its own. town hall, two engines, engines, market-house, market-house, market-house, iron! drawbridge, which is free, and cost $8200. The Catholic church is -an -an Imposing building and originally organised In 1837. and recently rebuilt at s cost of $40,000. Father P. M. Jouan is in charge. The Episcopal church, built In 1S56, cost $10,000, and rectory $2500. Rev. C C. Cramer Is in charge. - The Methodist church Is a handsome edifice, 'erected a few years since at a cost of $10,000, with J. M. Beard as pastor. There are two good newspapers sustained ' there the Enterprise, published in 1883, 1s operated by J. B. Lawton, and Iberian, a new-journal. new-journal. new-journal. Is operated by a stock company. company. The Insurance business is represented by four agencies, to-wit: to-wit: to-wit: G. M. Robertson. Robertson. Craig & Gates, Cage & Carnal and P. ii. Benoudet. The parish has an able bar, with the following practitioners: Andrew Thorpe, Weeks & Weeks, Todd ft Todd,A. J., Cammack, TJ. S. Hayes,. B. T. Brous-ard. Brous-ard. Brous-ard. Walter Burke. T. D. Foster, Charles & Albert Fortelieu, P. L. Benoudet, L. O. . Hocker, L. T. Dulaney , and A. M.' Muller. . . The health of the country Is fine, but a splendid list of doctors are located in New Iberia, as follows: Dr. Frank E. Antaud, Clarence Plerson, George . J. Sabbattler, ' L. 0. Burgass. J. W. K. Shaw. .A Dupelrer, H. A. King, Robert Toorhles and M. E. Melancon. There are five good dentists in New Iberia, as follows: Louis Remy, A. C. and T. R. Gayle, A. G. Emmer and A. P. Voorhles. The courthouse is a handsome two-story two-story two-story brick and ' mansard roof, costing $26,000, while the opera house cost $28,-000, $28,-000, $28,-000, and has seating capacity of 1000. There are three good hotels the Alma, the Bazus and the Veasey. The Alma is famous for Its splendid rooms and general general service and big freest while the Bazus Bazus is distinguished for its splendid meals. New Iberia -when -when Incorporated in 1839, was called New Town, and after Incorporation It was called Iberia, and in 1847 It was rechartered as New Iberia. Superintendent Burke says it gets its name from the Iberian peninsula, containing containing the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal, Portugal, and thus the early pioneer settlers gave it a Spanish name.' H. H. HARGROVE. n ri " f BAT- BAT- 8P. was the last I J II I y " Iras . BATH at 1 1 1st L J the eld premises. The dats ef ths Tlinffinil onl,11n hl New I lliillltlll & TIB- TIB- adrersued I U1IIIIUII Kiss Simpson's boors. 10 Kill I II Baparste offlceafortbe Chrrope. Us I I llf out sad acanieores. Vasaags, UUIiuLlIJa other Medicated Baths- Baths- New No I the Every I a Of Do through lata. : Send 11 system patients address, , SS To cause -grant but has m ') ) it V Y I

Clipped from
  1. The Times-Picayune,
  2. 14 Oct 1895, Mon,
  3. Page 8

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  • The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) Oct. 14, 1895

    bill_goodman – 12 May 2013

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