Clipped From The New York Times

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 - practice of the Government to band to Senators...
practice of the Government to band to Senators and Representatives the nomination of the officers : whose appointment appointment must first be ratified by the Senate. Naturally, the Senators, as part of the appointing power, take the lion's share of patronage. 1 The crumbs fall to the Rep resentatives in the lower, house, The right making nominations belongs to the President, but the Senators enjoy the usufruct. must be admitted that, in the present case, President has weakened his position by acknowledging, as he has, the vitality the doctrine (now going out of date) that patronage is a species of reward for service. This has made it more difficult for baser sort of politicians to discern the issue betwixt President and Senate. Whatever Is the result of the present struggle, it cannot fail to clarify the vision of the people. They see now. clearer than ever before, how sordid and mean politics can be by a vicious administration of the civil service. believe that the intellectual state of the ancient ancient Egyptians did not differ from that of the most ignorant lunatics of the present day. In these circumstances, our only way out of the difficulty is to assume that the hieroglyphics were purely decorative. The ancient Egyptians probably suffered from a decorative craze, and. instead of decorating china plates and the panels of their kitchen doors, decorated, obelisks and temples. The animals carved on our obelisk closely resem ble in fidelity to nature the animals painted on screens by sssthetic modern ladies, and the symbolic figures of the ocean and the Nile are not unlike the geometrical patterns that are used to decorate modern chimney-' chimney-' chimney-' pieces. Let us assume that . the hiero glyphics never had any meaning, and we at once save the reputation of the Egyptians and recover our peace of mind, which is now fatally disturbed by rival translators. dots which trnps-thy RIVAL TRANSLATORS. It is r painful thing to put one's confi dence In an obelisk and then to find that confidence misplaced. Such, however. Is evidently our unhappy state. Of course, our obelisk is a real Egyptian obelisk, but it was its hieroglyphics that our chief Interest centred. These hieroglyphics were translated translated by an accomplished Egyptologist, and never had a doubt that his translation trustworthy. ' Now, however, there comes another Egyptologist and gives us a new translation, totally unlike the first, and the course of the discussion which follows follows it is made painfully clear that there two rival schools of hieroglyphic translators, translators, each one of which asserts that the system of translation used )by the other is utterly untrustworthy. Of what, comfort our hieroglyphics to us after this disclosure, disclosure, and what sort of confidence can we hereafter place in anything Egyptian, from alleged mummified cat to a so-called so-called so-called pyramid? pyramid? The first successful translator of hieroglyphics hieroglyphics was, as the whole world knows, Chavpolliox, who obtained his so-called so-called so-called -key -key to the hieroglyphic method of writing by the discovery of the Rosetta stone. Chaxpoluox and his followers asserted that . every hieroglyphic picture represented a word, a syllable, or a letter. For example, a series of hieroglyphics, consisting consisting of a blue jay, a man with a shovel, s fish, and a field of green corn, would, In accordance with the Champollion system, spell " James Garfield." Champollionists would tell us that the jay stood for its initial letter, "J;" that the man with the shovel represented "Ames" the late Mr. OakesAkes having been intimately connected connected with shovels; that the fish was a gar-fish, gar-fish, gar-fish, and could be translated " Gar," and that the field, of course, represented the final, syllable of Garfield's name. By this pleasing and simple system the Champollionists translated , an immense quantity of hieroglyphic inscriptions to their great satisfaction. The public, which never doubted that Chaxpoluox was right, .was, however, much disappointed to find 'how dull and incoherent the ancient Egyptians were. They did not seem to have been able to write two consecutive sentences that were worth reading. They covered their public buildings- buildings- with interesting animals and symbolic figures, but they took all this trouble in order to express ideas of which a child of 6 years old , would have been ashamed to be found in ' possession. It- It- did seem very strange that people' with intelli gence enough to build magnificent temples and to carve enormous obelisks could not write half a dozen lines fit for publication, but such must have been the case,' for the Champollionists never, translated anything that had the coherence and value of a patent medicine advertisement. Recently there arose a new 4 school of Egyptologists, who asserted that Chakpol-lion's Chakpol-lion's Chakpol-lion's translations were gratuitous nonsense, nonsense, and that the hieroglyphic figures did not stand for letters and syllables. '; They pointed out with much justice that according according to the Champollion system a blue jay might mean a jack-plane jack-plane jack-plane or a joke, just as well as any other word beginning witii the letter letter " J. " Any hieroglyphic inscription might be thus translated a dozen different .ways, and no man could decide which translation' was right Thus the series of figures which the - Champollionists translated .'."James Garfield" might be translated " John Smith's Tar Compound." It would ; only be neces-' neces-' neces-' sary to assume that the jay stood for "John" and the shovel for "Smith"; that the fish was a trout and its initial " t" referred to. "tar," and that the corn meant ,"com-J ,"com-J ,"com-J pound," both of which words begin with a " c. " No Champollionist could , prove that such a translation was wrong, and. yet it was certain that a given series of hieroglyphics could not have been intended to express two such widely different sentences, as " James Garfield" and "John Smith's Tar Com--pound." Com--pound." Com--pound." Com--pound." Furthermore, . the anti-Champol-lionists anti-Champol-lionists anti-Champol-lionists anti-Champol-lionists anti-Champol-lionists reduced the Champollion system to an absurdity by applying it to the inscriptions inscriptions placed by small-boys small-boys small-boys on school-house school-house school-house fences. They asserted that an inscription consisting of a diamond and a man's figure might mean " darn the teacher," and three thousand years hence would undoubtedly be translated in that or some other way by some Intelligent Champollionist, whereas, in point of fact, the boy who made it never attached the slightest meaning to it, and had no other than a purely decorative purpose. Having thus upset the existing theory of translation, the anti-Champollionists anti-Champollionists anti-Champollionists devised a new one of their own, and translated all the available hieroglyphics over agajn. ; The poor Egyptians came out of this trial rather worse than before. If Chaxfolliox had shown them to be miraculously stupid, the anti-Cham anti-Cham anti-Cham pollionista represented them as positive idiots. The very animals portrayed on the obelisks must have In their life-time life-time life-time conversed with more intelligence than the carvers of hieroglyphics. If the hieroglyphic inscriptions were the work of professional lunatics, they could not have been more meaningless and exasperating than they are, provided the an ti -Champollionists -Champollionists have translated them accurately. .This, then, is the present state of things so far as Egyptian Inscriptions are concerned. concerned. The public cannot' put the least confidence in an inscription which Is translated translated In two different ways, and if either translation la accented, we are compelled to The circular just addressed to the Russian proYineial officials by the sew Premier. Geo. Ira-tixrr, Ira-tixrr, Ira-tixrr, tells sobm home truth which ara worth studying. Bis Seaaadatloa of the Inactivity, ta-dlfferenoa. ta-dlfferenoa. ta-dlfferenoa. and rapacity of public officers w&l find an echoJa every corner of aland where each official official has his price, and where official pacolatioa adds folly 90 per oeat to the cost of every Government Government undertaking. Bat despite his ncoarmglng assurance that the rights ef an dimes shall he re spected and the people relieved as far as possible from fixation. It is hard to ignore the truculent savor of repreesioo breathed by such phrases as tbeaa: The first task is to extirpate the spirit of rebellion." "Xone but aa autocrat can remoTe the erQ from which Bauds is suffering.' What effect the return of Prinoe OoatscaAXorr nay have remains to be eeen: but meanwhile the continued flight of the Jews Into Austria, the Indignation excited excited among Jewish capitalists in England ay the Kleff riots, and the admission into the Cabinet of reactionists like X1L Katkovt aad Buaoe augur 111 for the future. Gea. Lb Duo is ushered out of the Bureau of Agriculture just as his greatness was a-ripening. a-ripening. a-ripening. Be has not suooeeded la raising Us bureau to the dignity of a department, -with -with a place In the Cabinet Cabinet for Its head, but ae has raised something else that win stand as an enduring monument to his perMveranos American tea, to wit, at sixteen cents a pound. Tea merchants aad tea-tarter, tea-tarter, tea-tarter, taking taking a narrow, practical view of the matter, declare that the tea Is unsalable aad ondrlnkable, bat these carping criticisms are as powerless to disturb the serene mind of the late Commissioner of Agriculture Agriculture as was the base slander that he sent out boned tomato seeds to the honest fanners of the country. Br. Gaoaos B. Loan a, who has beea appointed In Gen. La Dec's place. Is thoroughly acquainted acquainted with practical and. scientific agriculture. He can make the bureau at Washington a valuable agency for the collection and diffusion of mf orma-tibn, orma-tibn, orma-tibn, but only by abandoning the plan of Issuing ponderous and unreadable reports for something more pointed and pithy. - The bureau ought to be worth to the farming class ranch more than tt costs. It has rarely beea so hitherto. ' . ' j Unless reversed on appeal, Judge Vas Burner's decision ta the suit brought by the Shepherd's Shepherd's Fold against the City must lead to a thorough thorough revision of the list of ohari table Institutions now receiving aid from the Cltv, and to a considerable considerable reduction of their number, . It Is held that under section 10 of Article VIIL of the Constitution, Constitution, as amended la 1874, no prWate charitable institution institution other than those which provide for the support of the blind, : deaf and dumb, or Jurenile delinquents can be aided from the City Treasury. Among the various asy-. asy-. asy-. lams, protectories. &c which divide this year over $ UXX1, 000 of the public money, there are many which hare not the specified qualification. Under a strict construction of the Constitution, some of these might hare been cut off long ago for using the money of the tax-payers tax-payers tax-payers for sectarian purposes or otherwise improperly. This decision and the passage passage by the Assembly yesterday of the bill recently passed In the Senate allowing the State Charities Aid Association to risit charitable Institutions aided by public funds afford reason to hope for the correction of some longjrtsndlng anuses m our publio alnuvgiving. A was at action the tloa said. later, meat -la 8. a unity, equal. the any uoa par-suing and breeding no only with be and line the lamentable In tbe This this : ' ' B. port -tion of tbe for by of If the irritated tone of the remarks of tbe English and Italian Journals upon the subject of France's conduct with regard to the territory of the Bey of Tunis may be taken as a sign. It would appear as If Europe were about to be plunged Once more Into a state of bailing-hot bailing-hot bailing-hot warlike agitation. The treaty which the Bey accepted at the hands of Gen. BaxAan, and which np to the present time the heir-apparent heir-apparent heir-apparent has refused to sign, notwithstanding the pressure which Is being brought to bear upon him by France. Is spoken of la Italy and England as one which was "forced' upon him. and there Is furthermore a broad charge of dishonesty made against the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, who Is said to have forwarded to Gen. CiALoan, the Italian Ambassador in Paris, a copy of the treaty purporting to be the tins text of the arrangements made between the Bey and the representatiyes of France, whereas tbe true text was telegraphed from Tunis by the Italian Consul, and compared so differently differently with the text furnished to Gen. Cialdoti' by X. BisrsiLiir Sr. Hn.sraB. . showing the' terms demanded by France from the Bey to be an-scrupulously an-scrupulously an-scrupulously exorbitant Instead of at least moderately moderately reasonable, that the result In King Ho Slur's territory has beea the immediate resignation resignation of SIgnor Caibou. the Prune Minister, la the Chamber, and his colleagues, and the formation formation of Sigaor Skua's Cabinet, which we described yesterday. This story of breach of good faith on the part of St. Hilaibs is denied by him. bat tt is certainly significant . that Gen. CiALBim has left his post la Paris. The crisis la Italy Is one of great gravity, and is certainly not decreased by the fact that' tbe press and the people seem to be unanimous in -considering -considering that France has aimed an Insult at Italy and seized that predominance of political power la Northern Afri ca to which Italy, through the expenditure of her wealth and the enterprise of her sons, was at least as much entitled as any other nation In Europe. Italy's indigestion will have to be watched with' care by France, for, like all young , consolidated kingdoms. United Italy Is not only Jealous of her foreign rights but ambitious to gala prestige by aa appeal to arms against any species of tyranny, or what it may choose to consider tyranny. Tbe Loa-' Loa-' Loa-' don press appear to be unanimous In coademalag France for making the Bey of Tunis tbe scapegoat for the offenses which were alleged to have beea perpetrated, not by the Tunisians, bat by the Kroumlrs. The Journals there do. not often agree, but when they do hapnen to do so their unanimity Is wonderful. The Tims says French diplomacy has Injured Itself by the want of straightforwardness. The DaUy Krmt (the chief war correspondent of which. Mr. Abcuxbald Foaaaa, has been unexpectedly recalled from America, America, which he left yesterday.) significantly speaks of an international war." The Standard calls the Franco-Tunisian Franco-Tunisian Franco-Tunisian treaty the most barefaced violation violation of public law perpetrated, la our times, although although It appears desirous to forget that England allowed Russia, immediately after the Freaco-Ger-maa Freaco-Ger-maa Freaco-Ger-maa Freaco-Ger-maa Freaco-Ger-maa war, to violate the famous Black Sea treaty with Impunity. . Mr. GsAserorra has been Interpellated Interpellated la Parliament with reference to the Tunis business, and has given the cautious answer that England ' cannot Interfere ra the conduct of a friendly power like France without being la possession of aD the facts . and documents. although he has quite enough to show that be does not sympatalzs with the peremptory manner In which the claims of the Sultan of Turkey to suzerainty over Tunis has been diarararded by the French. Meanwhile, the French press are regarding regarding Gea. BaxAJLD's exploits as rather a good Joke than otherwise.' With complacent cynicism they look upon the dissatisfaction of England, the anger of Italy, and the oonfounded chagrin of the Porte as merely symptoms of that national Ql-hamor Ql-hamor Ql-hamor which is bound to show Itself in Europe at periodical periodical Intervals. It Is to be honed, however, however, that ( France win not utterly disregard the obvious attempts which are being made to make its violation of Turkish rights hi Tunis aa in-tematioaal in-tematioaal in-tematioaal Question. She will unquestionably rain more by moderation ha her treatment of the Bey WTesiieend tAwhetr-anBStfuatwho tAwhetr-anBStfuatwho tAwhetr-anBStfuatwho refuses te tsv to L. of of to at to t B. i

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 20 May 1881, Fri,
  3. Page 4

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  • clownfish731
    Article about Egyptian hieroglyphics

    clownfish73111 May 2013

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