US-BRAZ -1950s-2

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US-BRAZ -1950s-2 - g Tuesday, Jan. 5, ,1954 Latin-American to Mea...
g Tuesday, Jan. 5, ,1954 Latin-American to Mea n More T rouble f Of By DREW PEARSON The year 1954 Is due to bring more significant developments in Latin America than have occurred occurred during any 12-month peri^ od since the end of World War II. Not all of them wUl be favorable to the United States. Our southern neighbors are now convinced as never before that their destiny depends wholly on their own decisions and initiative. initiative. The idea that Unde Sam was going to "do something big" for the other American republics dies hard, but several events of the past year have pretty much buried it: 1. The Republican victor^ in November, 1952. Latin Americans generally link RSj^bllcans with a high-handed attitude toward them — beginning with Teddy Roosevelt's seizure of the Panama Panama Canal and continuing %-ith CooUdge's landing of Marines in Nicaragua and the Kellogg notes to Mexico. Actually this opinion is unjustified, unjustified, since the Democrats also have a history of intervention— in Haiti, Santo Domingo, and the firing on Tampico. Nevertheless, Latin Americans seem to remember remember Republican intervention more vividl.v. 2. Tlie strength and violence of the high tariff attack on freer trade with Latin America. 3. The absence of any specijflc recommendation in Dr. Milton Elsenhower's South American report report for large-scale economic as- sltance to the countries he visited. People throughout the southern continent were profoundly disappointed disappointed by the report's brisk generalities. generalities. So far as the second and third poiijts are concerned, many North Americans believe Latins expected handouts after the war just because they saw us making huge loans and gifts to Europe and wanted to climb aboard the eT&vy train. This, however, is not sends us—coffee, cane sugar, medichial plants, tropical fruits, etc.—have no domestic competition competition here. -Nevertheless, after listening to the word-battle over this topic, on and off the floor of Congress, for more than a year, thoughtful Latins today have an attitude about it which is neatly summed up in a remark made recently by Dr. Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil's able finance minister and a stanch . friend of the United States. ' ' ^ . , • "AU- this talk of free trade," he said, "is a very hopeful sign —for our children. When Americans Americans start wrestling with a question question as deep-rooted as that, you can expect the result in about a generation." Soviet Friendsljip » Tlie conviction that our "good neighbors" are now strictly on their mvn has prompted several South American nations to seek markets and import-sources wherever they could find them. This policy has included the recent recent signing of trade pacts with Soviet Russia and some of the Red satellites. If such agreements work out satisfactorily, a number number of others may be expected during 1954. Actually, Communist tactics with regard to Latin America today today are based on the idea of economic economic infiltration. Political propaganda propaganda is being soft-pedaled for the time being, on the theory that if the Moscow-dominated East European bloc can capitalize oh U.S. "neglect" of this area to establish good trade relations, it will then be easier to exercise political influence. Despite the shocking success of native Reds in Guatemala, where they now practically run ihe country, the Kremlm is not counting counting on any similar developments in other Latin-American republics—at republics—at least for the immediate present. But Red strategists definitely definitely do look forward to reaping manding that Holland give up or near this the- Guianas, Curacao, the etc. The United consideration of State Department cannot afford to an acgument that mortal offense friends In Europe American There, is however, that sidetracked, even if appear on the Communist much alive to this situation, everything they can they are ready of the second group of nations up at policy of governments In Fascist Assistant John Moors a couple of were ready to anti-communism the sole acceptance of a America, no political complexion to power. merely frank practice we have repeatedly during the the official statement made It question would airing at the conference. Costa Rica, Mexico—with just for the Washington—feel our policy on this agmg neo-fascist military revolutions. They that dictatorships another now

Clipped from
  1. The Bakersfield Californian,
  2. 05 Jan 1954, Tue,
  3. Page 6

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