US-BRAZ -1954

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US-BRAZ -1954 - Could Brazil Be Next for Communism? By...
Could Brazil Be Next for Communism? By DBEWBAKSON WASHINGTON.—One thing to be learned from our headaches in Guatemala is that the seeds of communism are seldom planted in a hurry,. They take time to sprout and are almost always nourished by a ;wave of anti-Americanism. In Guatemala, the Bed seeds actually began sprouting back in the days of President Jorge Ubico's harsh dictatorship, and the tragedy is that his nephew and secretary, CoL Carlos Castillo Armas, is now one of the new would-be dictators, currently rowing with the other colonels Jor supreme power. II he shoves the other colonels aside it's a safe prediction there will be more'trouble in Guatemada, and eventually 'communism will bommerang back again. An entirely different, though dangerous, situation is brewing in a country which long has been the best friend of the U. S. A.—Brazil. And now is the tame for us to do something about it—not later, as in Guatemala. Brazil is not threatened by communism or revolt. But it's been swept by a wave of 'and-Americanism, thanks largely to one' thing—coffee. And if it's true that anti-Americanism usually precedes communism, then now is the time to men our fences in Brazil Furthermore, it isn't healthy to have a country which has gone down the'line for us in crisis •suddenly become bitterly sore. Here is the situation: NO BRAZILIAN PRICE SUPPORTS Brazilians have long known the U. S. A. as a country with high farm price supports, where the farmer is guaranteeds a reasonable price price supports, where the farmer is guaranteed a reasonable price supports. Its coffee prices went up and down, with the coffee grower sometimes using his coffee to pave roads because it was such a glut on file market. Last winter there was a frost in the great coffee-growing state of Parana. Coffee bushes were killed, some farmers went bankrupt, luckier farmers made a killing. Coffee growers in other countries were especially especially lucky—because the price of coffee zoomed. American housewives bad to pay more, but Brazil, which suffered the frost, got all the blame. U. S. newspaper editorials condemning Brazil naturally are read to Brazil. Speeches by congressmen criticizing Brazil have been published published widely there. And they all added up to just one thing—resentment against the United States by a country which has been our best friend. Today there's a development which may make things worse. Some U. S. coffee importers are boycotting Brazilian coffee for African coffee. Brazilian sales have dropped alarmingly. This will mean only one thing: 'Depression. And depression is the surest breeder of communism. If the latter ever gets started in the biggest country in Latin America, the C.S.A. will really be out of luck. Hoe Is some breakfast coffee information yon may know about: Por about 75 years a hot trade war has raged between Colonial Asia- Africa and Latin America. . . .This dates bade to 1876 when an Englishman Englishman smuggled 'the' seeds of 17 rubber trees out of Brazil to Asia. Thus began the rubber empire of the Malays and -Indonesia. . . . Somewhat Somewhat the same thing happened with'quinine, chocolate, coffee, tobacco. j(Ul were developed in Latin America, except tobacco; but, taking advantage' advantage' of slave labor in Asia-Africa, big European exploiters moved to develop those areas. . . .'.That slave labor has now' revolted, which is cue reason for Communist success in Asia, one reason why Indo-China is falling so rapidly. . . ." The social revolution came earlier in Latin America. Wages, though stut not high, were much higher than the African-coolie slave labor of the European colonies. So Africa and Asia flourished in the race to grow tropical products—except for coffee. In Latin America, and especially Brazil, coffee remained king. . . . Today We might as well kiss off Southeast Asia as any steady supplier of the ipiinine, tin, rubber we fought to get back from the Japanese after Pearl Harbor. . . . Arab restlessness in North Africa will soon put that area in the same uncertain boat. Also ifs a long way from these areas in case of war, and the atomic submarine is going to make wartime snipping almost impossible. . . . So it will pay, us not to forget our good neighbors in Latin America, even if frost sometimes increases then- prices. They are close at hand and dependable—unless we let depression and communism get a foothold. : Things you may not have known about a good neighbor: In three wars Brazil has come to the aid of Che U. S. A. When we fought Spain over Cuba, Brazil was the only Latin country coming to our-side. She had just taken delivery on two new cruisers in London, and though they bad not even been in Brazilian waters, 'they were ordered put at the disposal of the U. S. navy. . . . S&' days after Wofid 'War I was de- cuared, Brazil came in too, immediately amalgamated her entire fleet with the U. S. fleet. . . . World War II could not have been won ibe same length of time had not Brazil given us key bases on the "hump" —the part of Brazil that sticks out nearest Africa. In those days, submarines submarines were sinking U. S. cargoes with tragic regularity, and the air- iife across Brazil to Africa was vital. We couldn't have got along without jit. . . .U.S. bases on foreign soil were new and at first resented. But Brazil was the first to set a friendly, precedent. . '. . One Brazilian division tenaciously fought its way up the Italian peninsula during World War II.... The same Brazilian leaders who cooperated during the War—President Vargas and Oswaldo Aranha—are back in power today. They are our best friends, but are getting kicked in the 'pants politically because of the~row over coffee and Africa. (Copyright, 1954, by the Bell Syndicate, Incorporated.)

Clipped from
  1. The Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune,
  2. 12 Jul 1954, Mon,
  3. Page 14

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