Prehistoric man in Texas.
EX-WRESTLER, NEWSMAN MAKES LtVING DIGGING HANDICRAFT ' OF PREfflSTORI AUSTIN, June 30 (#>>—Erick iVe'derick Pohl of \ Austin is. perhaps, perhaps, trie only man. whose means ol Jlvellhood is .excavating and selling' selling' the handicraft and remains of prehistoric aborigines o£ North America. He sifts campsites of extinct i Centtal Texas tribes to supply museums, museums, dealeis hi Indian relics and! collectois A foimei United States Olympic •wrestler and newspaper man, Pclil's activities die frowned upon by university university anthropologists "and by some museums, who are endeavoring scientifically to piece together thu Story of mankind In America. Re- gaidless, s'ome'museums and collectors collectors appiove his .work and depend upon him for artifacts from the rich "burned" rock" mounds In Central Texas, said to produce the finest specimens of Indian relics In the country. Pohl recently delved into a relic- laden mound near Cedar Park, a Williamson ounty village, containing containing remains of three levels of culture. culture. Dlscoveied by Dr. J. E. Pcarce, professor of anthropology at the Uriiversity of Texas; the bottom layer, about seven feet bsneath the surface*, held the crude ctcno implements- implements- of a race believed to have inhabited Texas 6,000 years ago. Dr Peaice believed these aborig-' Ineis were among the first on the I continent and of different origin than Indians who came later, al- thcugh, he said, they might have been amcng the Indians progenitors. progenitors. "The poor grade of material, absence absence of .skill in fashioning arrow tips and kitchen utensils," Pohl f:aid, "and their depth proves their antiquity conclusively. Bones from burials, in the six-acre tract have long- since; disintegrated." The mldclb kvd ol the "Kitchen midden." said by geologists to be about 700 years old, has been identified identified with the Tonkawa tri':e, while the top stratum Is unmistakable of Ccmanche origin, P;:hl said. "The higher levels," he said, "disclosed "disclosed eyceptlonally long corner- targs. flints shapsd into double- edged knives, and long bird points which shewed fine workmanship and indicated an influx of the Cacldo Indians of Louisiana, noted for their chipping skill." Giants Discovered S:me Lime age, Pohl uncovered plentiful avlrteffcc of a littls-known lace cf giants who lived in Central Texas several hundred year:; ago. Sixty-seven skeletons, many perfectly perfectly preserved nncl some measuring seven feet, wsrc unearthed near the tc.wn of Genrffjtown in the same county. Pohl said the only tribe which apprsachsd ths big-statured type was the Karankawas, latter- clay cannibals who preferred the Texas coastal environ. An amateur excavator before going going professional, Pohl estimates he has unearthed more than 3,000,000 relics, including a number of highly- prized pieces now in museums. Arrowheads, Arrowheads, drills, spears, net-sinkers, shell ornaments, slate pendants, boat .stones, discoidals, axe heads hide- tanners, banner stones, grinders, pottery, pottery, pipss, bone awls and beads are among his stock' in trade. Pchl also has found ths bones of animals which provided food for the aborigines, Including some he claims belonged to elephants as possible descendants of mammoths. Sells to Museums Among Pclil's buyers are the Heye j Foundation Museum of New York City; Dr. P'. F. Titteringtbn of St. Louis; H. B. Adams of Huron, S. D.; Dcnald Boudeman, curator of the Kalamazoa, Mich., museum; John Kaiser cf Sheridan, 111.;' Dr. Rnllln Eunch, mayor of Munlce, Ind., the White Memorial Museum of San Antcnio, Tex., and others. Although he has dug in Illinois. Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Colorado, Tennessee, Mississippi and Kentucky, Pchl prefers Texas because because "the Texas Indian artifacts arc the finest In the nation." Ho is assisted in the field by his wife who classifies and notes the cy.ncl location of each find and aids in the marketing. In his search for specimens, Pohl locates fir)st a possible Indian camp- Kite, sinks test holes and, if promis- j irg, leases the acreage. He says Ini Ini dians invariably camped near a fresh i water supply, out of reach of floods