Attacking the Problem
Attacking the Problem of per this per is Improved Its has the the are to the for to luck, entirely, build By C. B. PYPER 'IE question of unemployment U receiving serious attention in the United States The. monthly bulletin of the department of labor reports that there was a largo surplus of labor throughout the country during January, and Mr. Davis, secretary of labor, has called for a survey ot the situation to find out. as nearly as possible the actual number of men unemployed. .In New York state, the governor, Mr. Al smith, recently ordered a survey to determine whether the state, with its large public works program, could help to Improve the situation. A hastily prepared report states that there Is serious and Increasing unemployment, weighing most heavily on unskilled workers, with the building trades suffering most In the Meld of skilled labor. The New York Times, which devotes two editorials to the subject, points out that the public works program may provide work for a large number of the unskilled workers, though many are obviously unsuited to such work. The value of the survey, It thinks, lies In the fact that public attention has been directed to the question. "The moral effect of a direct attack on the problem of unemployment," It says, "is apt to be greater than the direct results." The admirals and experts came In for for so much criticism at the time of the Geneva conference, as though they had wrecked It deliberately or through obstinacy, that It may be well to state what their position was. This is defined In an article by Archibald Kurd, the well-known British writer on naval affairs. Viscount Jellicoe, the chief naval adviser to the British delegation, had the task of estimating the British needs in ships of all sizes, for defence of British trade. That was his job; his Qualification was knowledge of the value of the vari ous typrs of ships and their use In war time. He gave his opinion that the fleet would require, at least 25 cruisers for scouting and 45 more for the defence jof the trade routes. That wouldprovide only one cruiser for every 2.500 miles of route to he protected. As an officer with expert knowledge, he considered that number necessary. He might have said that 50 would do, but if he had. he would not have been doing his duty, which, was to keep to the facts and let the politics take care of themselves. Tho government decided that, for (he sake of agreement, 50 might be made to do, but the conference failed nevertheless. And the Inexpert critics, with one accord, Jumped on Jellicoe. a Rev. A. E. Guest, a missionary from Darkest Africa, has Just had the surprise of his life. For year he had been trying to wean the natives from dances which, he says, are the chief reason for the preval ence or Immorality among the tribes. On his return to London, recently, he found that .the same dances, for watching which native Christians had been suspended, are the last word In entertainment In civilization, lie specifies the Black Bottom and the Heeble-Jeeble (whatever that may be), as among the dames, "the meaning of which is too horrible for words." "They must he stopped," lie nyn. It looks like a case for bringing native missionaries to reform civilization, but the ehancea are that they would become dancing teachers. The only thing tb do Is for Mr. Guest to go back to Darkest Africa and tell the natives to go ahead with their dances. The death of Lord Asquith leaves Mr. Lloyd George a clear field for reuniting the British Liberal party. While Asquith lived, though In re tirement, he had a following which could not bo fully reconciled to the little Welshman. With his passing, there is no one else for them to follow. Mr. Lloyd George Is (he only leading member of the 1914 cabinet who Is still active In politics. Lord Morley and John Burns resigned at the outbreak of tho war. aud never afterward tonic ai.-. part in pub'.lo life. Lord Haldane was barred by the Conservatives on the formation of the coalition government In 1915, and dropped out of sight. Mr. Blrrell resigned following the trouble in Dublin in 1916, and his since lived In retirement. Viscount Grey, who was the most prominent figure in the fateful days between Sarajevo and the declaration of war, is almost blind and forever disabled, from active work. Winston Churchill is now with the Conservative government Lloyd George alone is left.