Clipped From The Indiana Gazette
Saturday exclusive girls center and and birth three The conferences in to girls, but boy from they com- humidity for con- is Stan The the in the babies. arrived Police, Guardsmen patrol City's Streets— Birmingham Said Sticky With Fear, Apprehension By ROSS M. HAGEN BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP)-The city was sticky with fear and apprehension. apprehension. Army trucks loaded with serious-faced serious-faced National Guardsmen clutching carbines bounced along city streets. Heavily laden police cruisers, bristling with shotguns and rifles, roamed everywhere. Police in hard hats halted everyone everyone on the streets, demanding identification identification and warning that it was dangerous to be out on this tense and murky night. City bus drivers were leary of making regular runs into Negro neighborhoods. The police radio crackled with reports of potential trouble, much of it false. At a late hour, city officials ap- jeared in a special telecast to irge everyone off the streets who lad no business there. "Stay home," pleaded Negro ministers. "Stay home," pleaded the city leaders. The city was taut; a city caught up in the knowledge that four young Negro girls lay dead—vic- tims of a dynamite bomber who sowed the seeds of potential racial racial warfare. Birmingham Is no stranger to violence. Twenty-two bombings with racial overtones in the past eight years stain the community's community's police files. None has been solved. This is different. For the first time, human life had been taken. A house of worship had been desecreated. Mutterlngs of discontent rumbled rumbled from the 125,000-strong Negro community. Their leaders urged restraint and to "follow the Christian Christian path." Reports of potential trouble kept pouring into police headquarters. headquarters. Th^re were several true alarms. Two young Negroes were shot to death—one by police officers who said they were firing over his head after rocks were thrown at heir car, the other allegedly by two White teen-agers on a motor scooter. Firemen were kept busy putting out two major fires and a rash to pro- and Birmingham, "the this too in for of minor blazes. One fire swept through a broom factory; anothei broke out in a roofing company Both were in Negro residentia areas. GRIEF — A grieving Negro man is aided by a friend at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham shortly after it was bombed yesterday. Four small children were killed and many were hurt. (AP Wirephoto) Inspired Famous Poem "Trees"—* Kilmer's Oak To Be Cut Down By JOHN CURLEV NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. (AP) —The huge white oak believed to lave inspired Joyce Kilmer to write "Trees" will be cut down the one Kilmer had in mind. But then, who can prove an inspiration." inspiration." The legend is that as a boy in New Brunswick and as a student at Rutgers, Kilmer sat under the Wednesday, a victim of old age. sprawling oak, its branches spanning spanning more than a hundred feet in near-perfect symmetry. He left here in 1906. "Trees" appeared in 1913 in a literary magazine, while Kilmer was living in Mahwah. His wife, Aline, said 18 years later that Kilmer Kilmer wrote it while living in a white frame house surrounded by tall oak trees. There's a story told In Montague Montague City that Kilmer was awed by a maple tree in the yard of an old home during his visits to th<f Rev. Edmund Casey. Kilmer is said to have written from France shortly before he was killed in World War I that th? maple tree in Montague City the one he had in mind when he wrote the poem, It's not known what happened to the letter. letter from a resident of Swanzey to Rutgers says Kilmer September The tree's demise sounds a sad note for Rutgers University, site of the oak, and for those who say t was the tree Kilmer had in mind when he wrote the poem. Others say the tree that inspired Kilmer is elsewhere, Mahwah, a community in northern New Jersey Jersey where the poet lived four years, contends Kilmer wrote of he trees that shaded his home here. In Montague City, Mass., they ell how Kilmer wrote "Trees" after seeing a spreading maple in he yard of an old mansion. In Swanzey, N.H., 25 miles north of Montague City, it's thought the ate poet penned "Trees" while viewing a group of maples during a vacation. Belief that the gnarled oak at Rutgers was the tree of "Trees" las grown over the years. However, a university spokesman spokesman admits: "We can't prove it Ferris Wheel Collapse Kills 5 In Mexico "Today has been the most dls tresslng in the history of Birming ham," lamented Sheriff Melvin Bailey. So it went through the night- unreal, nerve-jangling and fear some. "All members of the 31st MP Co. please report to the Gray mont Armory immediately,' snapped a voice on the radio. Police with shotguns guardec University Hospital. They swarmed around a Negro mote where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was scheduled to stay, and in a park across the street from the bombed church. A t City Hall, 150 state troopers, riot-trained and equipped, stood by in case of need. The armory was crowded with 500 guardsmen alerted by the governor. Birmingham was once again the tragic city and not "The Magic City." Church Bombing Claims 4 (Continued from *tg» I) violence occurred after the bombing. bombing. Two Negroes were killed In shootings and three other persons were injured. There were no student demonstrations demonstrations around the three integrated integrated schools today, but a boy cott appeared to be gaining ground— the school board saic attendance was down generally throughout the system. Birmingham Councilman John Golden proposed raising rewards covering acts of racial violence to $100,000. Contributions to the reward reward fund announced by the City ! Council about two weeks ago ex- ;ceeded $57,000. The original fund was set at $50,000. Many Negro pupils quit classes at a high school at Selma, Ala., [and some attempted sit-in demonstrations demonstrations at two stores in the tightly segregated central Alabama Alabama city. Indications were that the Negro pupils were demonstrating demonstrating in protest to the bombing at Birmingham. The U.S. Justice Department sent in three top officials and a force of FBI agents with bomb experts. City officials joined with church leaders in a special telecast, telecast, urging citizens to be calm. President Kennedy learned oi the bombing while crusing aboard the White House yacht Honey Fitz, but there was no immediate comment from the weekend white House at Newport, R. I. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., flew into town to urge Negroes to be non-violent—just as he did in May when the bombing of a Negro motel motel touched off rioting by Negroes, placed on alert. Gov. George C Wallace sent 300 state troopers into the city at the request ol Mayor Albert Boutwell. The Sunday morning blast at the Sixteenth Avenue Baptist church occurred during a youth day program program at the church where numerous numerous desegregation meetings have been held. It killed the four young girls and injured 23 others. Within few hours, two Negro boys were shot to death in other parts of the city, and three other persons were wounded. "Today has been the most frightening frightening in the history of Birmingham," Birmingham," said Sheriff Melvin Bailey as violence continued despite pleas for peace. Not since integration leader Medgar W. Evers was shot to death at his home in Jackson, Miss., in June has the nation's Negro Negro community reacted so strongly strongly to racial violence. Negro leaders called for strong federal action. The blast was the worst of numerous numerous bombings and other violence violence since Negroes began cam a I I spent summers at a Swanzey! pa i g ning in earnest last April for farm, and once, while sitting on a veranda and looking out toward a grove of maple trees, he scrib- lipd "Trees" on a paper bag, For some reason, the story goes, he threw the paper bag away, but a maid found the poem. Whether an oak, a maple, one life or many inspired Kilmer desegregation here. They achieved public school Integration. Integration. Its beginning last week brought some student boycotts and protests. Gov. Wallace earlier had sought to block the integration integration but'was stymied by federal intervention. This tense city spent a long, will probably never be known, fearful day and night after Sun- ihu,t the oak at Rutgers, perhaps thp best known of the "Kilmer SAN DIEGO, Calif. (AP)—Atirees," will be on center stage least five Mexicans were killed land 30 were injured when a ferris j wheel collapsed Sunday night at the la fair in Tijuana, Baja California, said. Wednesday. The oak stands alone in a field, enclosed by a small white fence. W^en felled, it will be stored until until decision is made on what 25,j A doctor at Miguel Aleman Hos-lto do with the wood If the trunk the pita) said a woman seven monthsjis sound, a cross section will be died while doctors oper-! g j K >en to the Sgt. Joyce Kilmer a ted" to save her baby. Mil- j Six persons were reported seri- Brunswick. American Legion Post in New day's blast. Several fires broke out, rocks were thrown by Negroes Negroes in various sections and some gunfire was reported. Sunday School classes at the church were just ending a lesson on "The Love That Forgives" when the explosion tore out concrete, concrete, metal and glass. The four girls apparently were in the lounge in the basement of the old brick church. One, Cyn- at An- Bo- ously hurt with injuries ranging! from broken legs and arms vere cuts and bruised limbs. hqw much is concrete, thia Wesley, 14, was hit by the mgmg! "But there's a question of how full force of the blast and could!its to se-|much of the trunk is sound and be identified only by clothing and nrilk) mi iitVtics*siv«/ii*A+fi"*him!im.*!,. „; _ The ferris wheel was spinning approximately 30 persons high si|y official said. a univer-ja ring. The others were Carol Robert"We've Robert"We've had hundreds of re- son and Addie Mae Collins, 14, and i-bove the crowd when one of the quests for pieces of wood from Denice McNair 11 seals fell out ,,f i,s sockets. ihj.. tree," the official said. "Son™ '