Clipped From The Post-Standard

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 - (Concluded from P*fe 1) ment of the problem,"...
(Concluded from P*fe 1) ment of the problem," he said. Nearly 50 persons, including ', some policemen and firemen, ." were hospitalized after the rioting. · t Gov. George Wallace declared · · that he would stop violence in ' Birmingham "if it takes 1,000 or 10,000 law enforcement officers-or whatever it takes " He offered a state reward of $5,000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those responsible. Turning to another aspect of the . situation, the governor said / "the violence in the streets ,' Birmingham by Negroes, which \' began a l m o s t simultaneously · M ith the bombings, was disgrace/ iul." He enumerated several uv · cidents of officers' being hit with rocks; one was stabbed. "ThiG is what Martin Luther .s King calls nonviolence" and pas- "£ sive resistance," he added. "We ^ are going to break this up. Such 1; violence will no tbe tolerated." 5 Thousands of dollars in damage £ was caused by the rampaging j£ crowds who set fire to a Negro ·* residential area. Looting of stores *£. was reported. '* A policeman was stabbed "twice -;: in the back. A white taxi driver *;* was dragged from his vehicle and 'i* slabbed. His cab was overturned and set afire. Large rocks shattered windshields of police and fire vehicles. The autos of passersby were pep_. pered with rocks. Tires were -7- slashed on parked cars, mostly .J, police vehicles. Peace returned with the dawn, but heavily armed and reinforced · police continued to patrol the streets, giving this industrial cen- · ter the appearance of a city under siege on this Mother's Day. The Alabama National Guard was placed on alert during the night. The guardsmen were not! · called. The Pentagon said there . were no plans to federabze the Alabama units Sealed off under virtual martial law were about 28 blocks crtcom- nassed by 3th Avenue on the _ North, 18th Street on the east. 14th Street on the west, and 1st Avenue " on the south. Sheriff Melvm Bailey of Jefferson County estimated 1,200 policemen, troopers, sheriffs officers and special deputies were on duty. The most intensive noting occurred m the vicinity of the motel on 5th Avenue North between 15th 16th Streets, in a park east of the motel and to the north. Injuries to officers occured m the immediate area of the motel. Fire ruined a store and adjacent house at the .northeast corner of Clh Avenue and 15th Street, a block west of the church where Riots in Birmingham- most marchers had started in re cent demonstrations. Integration leader Dr Martin Luther King Jr. said the truce which had been reached- by a bi racial committee Friday would stand despite the bombings The truce, which could end most 01 the city's rigid segregation prac Uces ended an intensive desegregation campaign led by King First The Suburban home of Kind's brother, the Rev, A. D, King, vas the first target of the bombers Two blasts shortlv after Midrnght nearly demolished the brick dwelling King, his wife, and five children were not injured. Less than 30 minutes later the downtown A G. Gaston used a-; hradquarters during the six-week integration battle, was shaken by two explosions Three women were hurt. Thousands od Negroes gathered at both bombing scenes. They began shelling police and lire vehicles with rocks. Stone Police The crowd of King's home dispersed early, but trouble was jrewing at the motel four mms away. Throngs at the motel be gan stoning police. Sheriff's depu- ties and state troopers rustic to ing to move Negroes back so cope with the situation. Fires were set at stores and dwellings A police car and motorcycle were burned, Negroes ,-ped past in cars and hurled rocks at police before the streets were blocked. Knives flashed amonj the crowd. The motel is less than a block from the park where fire hoses and- police dogs were used to repel massive demonstrations, some involving school children. The Negro church used as a base for demonstrators is a block away. The area is about six blocks from the main business district. Only the approach of dawn brought a lull m the violence The picas of Negro leaders asking the crowds to disperse went unheeded; for more than three hours. A.D King joined the group effort to quiet the crowd Firemen could not get to the many fires because of Sack of po lice protection Negroes threw rocks at firemen as they attempted to hook up hoses. Several were felled by rocks. Three police officers--including Chief Inspector W.J. Haley--were hurt. The inspector was struck in he head by a rock while attempt* * * Kennedy-- (Concluded from P«f« 1) outbreaks in the state's bigges city. Even as Kennedy was speakin n tough language in the Whit House, informed officials said tha ·roops were moving from outsio he state to the Birmingham v nily In the third of three precaution ory steps, he ordered federal ne gotiators back to the troubled cit in an effort to save the shak Irute worked out between Negr and white leaders last week Secretary of Defepse Robert i McNamara, Secretary of th Army Cyrus R. Vance and th chief of staff of the Army, Gen Earie Wheeler, sat in on a long White House conference that pre ceded Kennedy's announcement. Persons familiar with what wen on said Kennedy hatf not yet or dered the federating at the Ala bama National Guard but had directed that the necessary proc lamation documents be prepared for signing at any time Kennedy appealed to the citi ;ens of Birmingham to keep the peace but declared* that "this gov eminent will do whatever mus be done" to preserve law and order* * Violence-- (Concluded from Page 1) "; Negroes, and hundreds of law of ··· ficers. 'I A Negro youth asked to use the ·· phone. He was told It would be v busy for quite a while. He walked away. The Negro returned with a .j. friend The friend burst through .1 the door; "Hey, boy, you got one ,- minute to £-t off that phone." '.'.. As the time limit ticked off. i .'. police motorcycle was overturns i and set afire a block away. The ;; Negroes ran for the activity rnd - did not return, X Other blazes lighted the sky. ·; Negroes ran through debris-litter|i ed streets toward the fires. ·· An ambulance roared past, *'. Negro was on a stretcher. Another ·· ambulance took away a '. policeman. *; · Across the itreet I saw a ., wrecked police car. Not a glass :^ was intact. Huge dents marred ·i. the exterior. The tires wers flat. £ Us red light flashed. ·c With a loud shout, Negroes .* again converged on the corner, ;·" The semi-circle of state trooper* I*, nt the intersection held their _; weapons at the ready, 5, I sought protection. The f.oor ^ of Ihe booth with my hack to an !i' adjacent telephone pole scorned ^' the best bet. I prayed for protection, '·· "My god, Ross, this is it," I '·. whispered inlo ihe phone to Ror,s ·; .Hagen, in charge of the Associ- 'ated Pms' Birmingham otfiw. Negro Civil Defense police and two Negro ministers wit!) por'able loudspeakers jumped bdwesn the surging crowd and the guns. "Please go home, yoi.'re hurting our cause," the ministers called out again and a gam "What's done is done There's nothing we can do about it now. "We can see blood!" someone in the back "of the cr iwcl roared A Civil Defense worker was struck by a rock. The crowd grudgingly gave in to Ihe pleas for nonviolence. The Negroes le'I by the Rev. A.D. King, whose 'muse was the first bombing target--filed across the street toward the motel. Police let them through the lines, the officers' weapons sli'l at the ready, Ths Negroes were going to the motei parking lot to pray, A police riot l-ink ilood _n a park across the way,'The tank h»d been used earlier lo clear the jark of rock throwers and to scatter large groups of Negroes. "Freedom songs" rung out from the parking lot. When Ihe prayer meeting broke ip, Negroes passed the booth and pointed to a enisle, police helmet on (lie ground. "Yon want your hat, while boy?" one Nogrr shouted. The area cleared The trouble was 'over. Police began thinning ouU-[ln(ting «wsy, Lorayed again, this Umt with thanks. Justice Department officials said" that Kennedy took the steps he did under his authority to deal with civil disturbances. They pointed out that Saturday night was different from the earlier situation when there was parading and arrests and the dispersal of paracVers. Last night, they noted, there were bombings, reaction to the bombings with violence, and then reaction to the reaction Kennedy said the truce agreement reac^fc last week by Negro and white leaders in Birmingham is a fair and lust accord. He said that 'the leoera! government will not permit n to be sabotaged by a few extremists" on either side. Kennedy was speaking in a personal statement in the While House "Fiih Room" before reporters and television and radio operators taping his words for relay to the nation. He said there must be no repetition of Saturday night's bombings and retaliatory rioting. To reinforce this he said he has ordered three initial steps: 1. The dispatch back to Birmingham to Asst Atty. Gen. Burke Marshall to consult with ;he -citizens there and work with other Justice Department officials on the scene Marshall, who heads the department's Civil Rights Division, leaded the department team which was instrumental in bring- ng atjout the agreements which lalted mass demonstrations by negroes last week. 2 He has instructed Secretary f Defense Robert S. McNamara 'to alert elements of the armed r orccs" trained in not control and heir deployment to bases near Birmingham 3. He has directed taking of the necessary preliminary steps to calling out the Alabama National Guard, if necessary. The clue! executive's slate ments followed hours of consults ions among Justice Department fficials needed by Atty. Gen Robert F Kennedy and further discussions in the President's own fficc. The Presiaent cut short a weck- nd in the Maryland mountains to rush back to the White House by men could reach a blaze. While and Ne£ro Tear gas was used on one occasion in an attempt to disperse both white persons and Negroes in the motel area. An arrest order was issued for the driver and occupants of an automobile believed involved in the motel bombing. The car was registered in the name of an Adatnsville, Ala., resident, police said Highway patrolmen were callec back to the city. Many of the who \vere called here last week had left only a few hours before the bombings. The troopers--still armed with shotguns, tear gas, rifles and sub- inachme'uns--had been stationed here during the later stages of the racial demonstrations and briefly after the truce had been declared. Ask Protection The Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker, executive secretary of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, had asked police to keep a watch on the motel and another Negro building in the area A short time later-the bomb s hit. Walker told police that while persons had been seen near the scene early Saturday Witnesses told pohce that four men wore in the car that made the bombing run on the mote'. Their faces were smeared. Mrs. A D. King said she was standing m the living room when the first blast occurred. The minister and his five children were in bed in the rear of the house. Mrs. King said she had heard car drive by, then race away. An explosion followed about a minute later, then came a second,: more powerful blast j The main blast tore a hole about four feet deep and five feet wide in the front yard. The fiont of the home was heavily damaged. Ouler walls were ripped apart, and the interior was reduced to a shambles A large hole was torn in the front cf the motei Another blast wrecked several house trailers in a lot next to the motel. Windows of stores in a two- block area were shattered by the force of the explosion. Motel rooms in the blast area were disarrayed. Newly elected Mayor Albert Boutwell called for a Ml local and federal investigation of the rioting Offer In Washington the Justice Department said FBI representatives were on hand and offering iel!copter lo take up th* Birmingham crisis in person. He said that he is doe-ply con- terncd about the bombings Sat- trday niglif of a Negro minister's iomc and a motel. He said these nd led to rioting and personal njuric-s and the government is gong to do whatever must be done o preserve order. Kennedy said he is sure the peo- lo of Birmingham, particularly lose who ncKodaled an unsteady nice, can feel nothing but rtis. may that events have taken Uie irn they have. Good will, Kcn- cdy said, has been replaced 'illi violence and hatred. He called upon the Negro and ·hit* citizens tx realize that vio- enet beget* mor* ass'stancc V S Attv Gen. F, Kennedv had been notified The White House had no i.n- medialc comment on whelh r President Kennedy had been informed of the incidents The Birmingham News, in ft front page editorial m a special sunrise edition, said: "This is a Sabbath of sorrow, Orrty the ctj's people, white and Negro, with prayers for tolerance and patience can restore law and order," Says Reds Plot To Seize Haiti NEW YORK (AP)-A.A. Bcrlc, assistant secret aiy of Sunday in reporter former slate, magazine (hat thousands of French-speaking Africans are in Cuba presuambly waiting to move into Haiti, He said tiie plan -was part of a Communist plot to infiltrate Haiti, Bcrie, who headed a task force on Latin American affairs in the early day* of Kennedy Admini stration, wrote that "the growing diaos clears Uie way for n seizure of Haili t,y someone, and the Africans in Cuba are obviously there to back a candidate," In the arliclo in the current issue of Reporter Bcrlc said a number of the Africans, often said to have come from Guinea, now are reported concentrated in Santiago and some arc said already lo have crossed over from Cuba (o Haiti in small boats. He said I he number of imported Africans in Cuba is estimated at from 2,5W to 10,000. i

Clipped from
  1. The Post-Standard,
  2. 13 May 1963, Mon,
  3. Page 9

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