Coshocton Tribune, 1888

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Coshocton Tribune, 1888 - f.rc- combination Dandelion, other to and Its...
f.rc- combination Dandelion, other to and Its rtlmulafM e v « r y I'impM, mo m r ' Through Kentucky, Indiana andOliio, In July, ISO:J. THE KENTUCKY LOCHINVAR Thrilling Adventures a Quarter of a Century Ago, MK.M'.I', X in., i t' f \ i - . u, - jiiu (.-.cr. tor r, macron ;in\t);i'i. l- M.is-, i t s (if dirc=. ! i r i ' i l « n i l.r.n -:i. ila-i D D R E N R R H . I f / v T rnre be MliIc.i.honwwwiiiMKl Miiffrr«l ant anil IIUMIIK diffi r ni worm of (H. HIM tu rtt for A TbouMnd Mile Hide and Ten Million Dollars* Vt orth of Projwrty Di^troj-cil. Ham Hag* nnd Tin Cnm Strow tlif Itoail-- Morgan** Citpture at Now I.Uboii, ·nd lm|irlioiimcrit In the OIilo ]-nitcn- tlitry -- Hi* Koiinintlc I'scapc-- Morgan's I-nU Kal.l. 'Th no t i i i f for |il - n-;iire, I " i f f t i l l M l i . I ' M VC-t ! t"p ln\ In' n fiu'l f ilow M.iri'iii of t h e V\ i'i-1 S t i l l . ·· w i t h Mm f d i frrpr].,;;!, S t r i k e « i l l . n m i n "\t 'I I- I" 1 t, \ \ V . t t l t!l"' M O O I l ' i . . V H )' !i ' - I , ' N - a l t i t h c H i n t " t v i ' « S t l A l ' I I I " I ]',, Hi* 1 i-l" i'ln i!v i I On \, I., '1 ( n i t (;, .1 v ti - I . I M J l ' i :· f! «. n- ,M n ,' in i v ;i !··! - i i - I r.'- \ in ' i l . l t n . t d' ! jn'HM IP'll] One of thf most rotiianiu- xtcs of HIP r - i v i l w t t r »c'i f-nvfilry c y ) N - d i ; i i , ; i t . i i ' i u n rani," in the 4iiiiiniei if I'-i;:; .',t\li the I.T-'t '»( J I I I H - , iu ' I c n i i i of the K(.'iitii(-K\ Ima J ' l l y biH men Hut k'.villc t i K ' k y , cr' lilll't,' K v , H. «:nl e i i t f iD^ a /iTi ( » l i i o II',. - nor'h of t h hi'.-ni' 'I ^v-i) t t ' · J f l l - t V I I I ' ('liinlii'i I M l ' M l « l st * I t n ' i nvi-r ,. - l , . | , , w J , ii'i al i r ct mil p;i; ;i ' i , f r'n i li w t'i l', t l cv | .i^'-.| f r o m ii I uio, h i [ i r i ' i h l i , ^ f CnirmnrUi in i l ' f i r of the rai I was |-irily itt I! Island, in thi O'n» r i M ' i , J u l y I'.i, m Ut M*'W l,HiM||. II , J u l V i.'i John i! .ViiffjiinV iidiiH'iiPdon t!it re t i n - I'lt" war v.,n MIII» tluin i-; It «!is IK- w |,i on/piat infant.] i l j r j t i .^ J ! n l r y · i n n r i ' l i 111 I I ' j ; ; ) M" U . H h, - . r t IL'M oil ii ir-c.'n i k and received a tmrnijmant Confederate sympathizers. When Bragg ro tired southward after tho battle of Perryville, Perryville, in October, 18C8, Morgan's cavalry covered hi* retrwit. · After tint Morgan wns juJct for a time. Whnt 1m wus about may be piessod from the niiiiiMini'OiiK'nt of Ins mnrniu'o, !)»': 4, lH»i'*, to Miis Kei!ly Thf tlaj was riutiilay. Morgan Morgan was promoted to a majf»r gcnpralcy in tho morning, nnd in the evening was married. Ho won I is bri'In under the very eyes of a .;i;i-l.i-(l L'rnou o!H- «jr who had Bought lirr hand for years, carrying off t h e prize in triumpli. Thi- (1 y e f t ' r tho utjd'liny : ;s Kcn- t u c l ; y L) hiav.tr It ft l.is h. i'!t mid h;isi«'i.fil !) .1 k to I'uiiip it i ul fi !1. lie U ft IIH brido to innfco ;i r-ii 1 into Kfc'iitui k \ , on Gireii river, destroying sev i'n:;, f i \ o i;ii!-i {.f railro.ul nnd ca{lujing I n On nimriuT of I'-fjT! orr'urml ;;r at r:u i t.oi t h of the- Ohio. (Jen. uu-, t l . i n 1.1 coaii:iai;l of tbo department ol M l ' 1 Oh," '1 i.c it.lle of K l ' T l ' I K r.\V V, ,'US (li U'Vd n.to tl.i.e military distnetfi, exU'iiihnp' f i ' i . n t h y 1.1/ Sunily tr Ihe duiiliorland i ivi-r Ui M. JJurn.suli 's li{-ad(|uarters u t i e a t ('»;: 11111.1(1 I n ilic i . l M ' i for tho Mnrg'tn raid, UK) cap l i n o I-!' L'Hi: v . l i c v,.'ja expct'tfil to result M'liyin w i t h y, Jit it) men wns to tlash iirn-th n . i n l t ' . n n i ^ h K e n t u c k y , dot.tn yinjf rail i!i'l-,'u d t · . j ' t u r i i i f ' firiionf'rs and n:j»;,iiis It was n r l u l : | , t r i f . i i o f tho war for tl.o .- 1 U n i o n causo. The brittle not htvn fcm_rhf, mid \ ··'-. t \\'cn The ijurtherr, t h ' · ( t h e border, v\cn '·-vi'ijruhiA.T-s. It v.itsbe 'pin i l (jri'.cnitnc'i.t tint ii i n i ' 1 I y .Morgan and his tin- I it.nt oiitliusmin fm r i i ; 1 ! i t i di-plolt'd btore and neruit thuiuuudsof tin; southern Rai;. So the Th" l Ihially E K R 7 jiic Y. S i a i v I h l i c l l l i s · I f I \ Tl, ' pi iii w i-, t I ' l ! T, . I ' ] , ! I .1 in .in Vii mi i ' . t : . I...i, dif i v t M i l i v u iii ii ll r ntiir: « 11 to 1 1 ii ' l i i i i i i i i i n ' c t l , f . j i tin d in l'i:o tin I u i n f a n t r y nriiH. Tim modi- ol 1 t i i ' t r v of Inn ,r tlist uiri", has u p o i n t ngrcod Urn;'. (',.-hoi-ton R E STS., v » of M s r c l i , A | ' i i UK n ( X- | i i t r r d lo ( u r r i - t ) l luMlC" W r i l ' r - : t oi " e i t f \ ' i n i i t' t h e m bv mail. cost of Co,» · i n , I mm I* -the t .;u ( piopnr t i n n »f heiL,lit and t:t;u i t s ^iiid to !«.· (0 p i ' V ' . l C i l l ;·.·!! -i lark «mie. n-ere f i . i n k and CiK:v JOHN ' a - "ORUA.v ivinniii^. find there \v. 11 about him tlm nm^ netism t h a t drew- to linn t h o henrts of i icn ·uoh t h a t «-hi-iv..-i he a n j e-iivd lu- un.- teif;iiued as an univnunon man. KM men talit wns us uneoninion us his p i i v K j i n . Riid impressed itself stnri^J) As t-non as h · ·ny-stil the Ohio river after his memorable t-scaj^ fruiii the Ouio penitentiary, he «·!· known f u n ) rt-fognued wheiever he s-ct foot As be passed through Kentucky and Tennes see on his way s m i t h he was greeted con slantly witli the word-i "1 know v\hr yon are; von aro John Morg-in " If he had decn as n ^ l l k n o n i i n o r t l i i r the Ohio r;ver us IK wa« wintli. I n - n e v e r m : i ( i In* o t n u e K d tin rwti^ni/cil in u n i t l w r i v tr.iiii from Colum bus, U , to Cni-Mimati. At 1V» years of a^e his fiery, rc^tliss ?;iifii look him into army servipe duriiii; thf M'. M oat) wir V o u n ^ as ho was, be became;, Tlio h:nii.Uo!ii(\ d a s l n n ^ \ i ;ru retnrneil home from Mfc;co ;!Md M ; tleil down to tii^nii's.s pucMiiK in t l i IJluo Ur;is re.;i..n uf K e n t u c \ y Ji n r n a n i i f i i f t ' i i i - i ni tl.c u .1 ,or j-r.Tli tile fahricv in Le-c'iu'i n, Ky. ll"i an».'ived n romj ete.iev His l j u - i . . 'ind ei.'T^v u . ; as ^-reat as h , t r e n ^ ' K a i n l a/'l a l . U e Deemed He man led Mi U !i'era IiiM'V w r ell!;in«:i K e n t n e k v lirtice Liiiiily A p e culiarit) of his c'naraet' r \, i - th.-eLt''!^^!*!!! m? rai-lji t h n n i ^ d Ki ntii, ky i!ur..i; tl.. v . a i he was ueelomed, ft-asted anil fi-ted bv *o men ltabie-- were iiuined for li, .1. S u v . e i e favont* hnrses. l n s i \ p i i ( | ii'stancos ladies \r.ttd nd i.- .^ of wi-u-oiiif to llif lioul raider, w f u i i l'!_',ij ;enrpij in U.eif t o w n - . , ( l e h v e i i n TM tho «peccbe; in t l n ' i r ou n silverv southern . t e^s of the :~1 by Bnigjj, Morgan's KUpH-ior. w.-is to draw tho attention of Burn t-ldeand Ro-eeriuis as far as possiblo away from himself, in Tennessee, nnd enable Lim to complete movement? ho I'onteinpJated. Bra{;g and Morgan plannii] the raid to- pether. O n o n « they dis hopelessly f o r b a d e to cross tho Ohio ru'er to north h.de. IK ·t ci.nfiiio In-, op. r it ions to Ke:i tucl.y Thf ex; ed ed i i i o n l'\'t tjpari t, Ten.K, J u n e -?, w a s it nut of in ar .erid-imrters 1 '·;. i Oe-i. Ba-.il Dili.". , t!:.it he intended to and C'p.is the Oi.iu and Obio u tu-.ro o! S ' l i i t l i La-' l.novrn it. iior^ai. . :t t;,e ia;)t;iro of Ciac'iiiniiti of attaekuu' , j n - 1 m.-r tho lino fron- f j e n Iviward II. Hcbson Ky , w . t l i ,1 small foieenl ::. d'lty t ft:- nt ConfedilMte I-"O-M.. .itc. Dtit s^^l(.'n Mor ,\il!e Gen Hi nrj M J u lali, or um in j , - . i - i . d loMln'.r.h to TOIUJV . 11 d, 1 M j J u i i f 30. Tl'fii the v.ily r. i.oui tl.o [«.« t Paul Hayno called .-an.p i'i .'' biipped pa^t him and -In the I 1 nifederute ifu.lei 1 h.id tu'o ·! 1! t "I l l l ' ! l i i . \ I e i = ti^cr?. toourSr.i'thcrn ·:·· I L . I I I ' ·," M'li'^an SMI| to !.!· .' on! lain ti ..t n p ' i o . l i ! to all thi " d I.re m lh" "uiliierii nature, lieu J i u l a h him.-.e;f was not far from llin I.M i l l ·, u-itii a U'dv of cftviilry. when .M»)i;"in ero^-cd. 15nt he tripled that th( lu.;u st i-^e ol ll.e Cumlx i land waters noil Id p t e . e n l t i n y (.'or.icderato ero-ibin^. Ik-did not eali-ui.Uf t h u reviuret-s of the raider Mo:^;m 1'n^-ed ln« vho!,' force in Uvo little l e r i ) Hal-., sv. tipium,'; t i n - hoise-at !lu"-:uiie t i i . » · Mi., ii ^ U . l l n n d s« if tuts- h a d L e n t taint'd, too, in i!ii',r.(ii\t i iiijj t h a t it. H Md he eoiil 1 j.r.t his u h u l e loi'i'e in line i t bi.llle in u:.If u:i Lour. FIGHT AT TCBCS EEND. Pror.-i Hnr!;,viile 3I.ir..Tan haste'icd to Co h r n b i i. Kv , iii.d beyond. Tl.cre «as a s h i r i m - h at I'dnmbi i. lie attem;,teI nt Tebb h e l d ' ci'K- t i r e i n r^er, w il'i l \ v o rcji i i K p t s , Ju! 4 A p f i r t i t : i of the 'I'neuH f i l t i . M n I '^iin L'nion \oluniecr-. \vi-,r.t t h i s p i - n , , ' i i H l e r C o t O . i l Moore Hor^au buniiin.neit Moiire to surn'iuler "The I'ourLh ot July is not a proper da\ lor me to entertain sueh n proposition," re \ lied Moore. Morgan uttacted. Thero was a furiou^ buk oootklMd |i4K,(Mi ft, place WH threatened bj tb« Confederate G«n. BackMr, prwrat gorernor" of K«v tuckj. llutilj taking the money from tb* bank, Botwon left Gr«en*barg bj nlgbt, and, procuring guard* and bonea, conveyed hi* valuable property to Lebauon, and tbeocc by rail to a place of iwfefy in l-ouinville. CoL Holj^n xvas in many hattlti* anil nkir- mishe* in Keittuclcy and Teiines.sea Ha also took pttrt in the battle of Corinth. In Febnt ary, ISft't, he wn« appointed brifl^dier general general Ho asked to serve in tHiutheau?ni tticky, that be might capture John His request wa» grunted and tbe cavalry forco was given to him. Gen, Hobson Is uovr engaged lu business in Wre-nshnrg, Ky After Morgan's march of ten miles in an hour nnil a hulf liestoppwl in Kprmptteld Ion;; enough tft parole his prisoners. He had thought ho might reach Louisville and capture capture it. But at Springfield, aeconling to his custom, he tapped the telegraph wires to ascertain ascertain what his enemies were about. He learned thus that he was expected at Ijouis- ville, find tout Louisville was prepared to give him a warm reception. Thereupon h turned abruptly to the westward westward and headed for tho Ohio river at Brandenburg, Brandenburg, Ky. Thenco he determined to cross into Indiana. His resources of mind seemed infinite. His in e n earned no ba'/irago, but subsisted subsisted on the try. As fast his horst^ worn out he on the rich farmers for others, thus obtaining obtaining a f r e s h in o u ti t whenever Lis men needed it M o r g a n ero-sed Kentucky f r o in south to north in flvo days, his men living on tl.o fat of lli.' linii Jn his rapid inarch lit* only paused long enough to burn tho b; iilges over streams behind him, thus delaying his pur ufi-s us long ns possible. IJo had another ad vant-r/'), in that ho took all tho fresh horses I o necile 1 rts l.o v,-t_i:% leav.ng worn out, sorry hacks be! itid. U'lien tbo horses of the Union troops became exhausted there were for them on!} tlio hroke'i down animals Mor gan's luen had left. Rapidly us tho raider chief traveled, he took caro to M?IK! a messenger ahead to pro vido for his crossing at the Ohio river. Tho messenger, dipt Tuj lor, had with him thirty or forty men. armed to tbe teeth. When he reached Brandenburg, the point of crossing, « little p-icket steamer, the J. J. Combs, came piiflh"X tip tlio river, on her way to Louis ville, lo, ty nii!c.. ab-n,-. All nnsinpiflom ol dang - i , MIC land 'd at the Hradenburg whart as usual liis(:n,tlv Morgan's men too!: pos v;sioi of the dun 1 !-. KI press her into service a.-i a I'.'i i ) ' . o a t .\ lai-'-o steamer, t lie Alice l)"Hii, came «p bl.urtlv lifter and shared the s ' l ' i w f i i i ' '1 hiis, u - i t ' i two bo'itsu'iidy, full ·iteajii t,n, 'i" :\ loi v \ - i i i fur his chief. J''l :i .' · .. n aim !,H cnvtslrv reaehftl Hn-.d.'! ' u: .; i,:i th" i loniing of J u l y 8. But · ' btale i f Indiana, on whose ·iM s-et i ot when he, crowed u.t-. tbonnighly ami,",!, llei -," Oliver lVi-ry il-nMnti, vsju 'I o! ali'.iir-i. C'.ipi^ times, of LJI| cio«!s.'d the river ahead ! had ilon_- some foraging and iosi B -h lo ufDiiso tho stai,' rton nt onco matlo active «» h* Ml foot Mi Ohio toll Tbe "horn* (turdi? of both Ohio and Indiana Indiana were ready to do what nun could, Bat they wera nndinelplined in martial usage. Morgan had expected expected t h a t h i * f o r c e would be added to from tbe ·opposed l a r g o number of Confederate Confederate sympflthl- GOV. o. i IIORTUX. t'.i- (iieparatioiis to i i c e i v e the invader. U'l.en. theieioi;-, .Morgan crossed the rivpi i! Ur-i'ideiilji.r;; hf lonnd citizens and state m i l i t i a r.rinin^ thetii^ l\ox \sith nil speed Foes vii»-e Mmr.nd him, and n foe, reh nt'eis nut u i i i i r i n ^ , ·, aislwulily crpppint; lt[) liehind tiini, ( i i n n i i f ; eloi r an-l more- clo-v. Mor^ t · cro^M d part of his men into Fncli itia. Vt'arinii^ had lieen sent to l^oinsville ·ind just in t l i e tnidst of t h n ferryttii; over n steamed down the river upon t i n T«o regiment- of Morgan's mtu were on the Indianu side, without their horses. The rest, w i t h Morgan and all the horstss, were «.'t on thu Rentneky side. The gunboat U.^an siieilni^ the hills OT Ix-it'u suit's of the riser. Mor;;:u l , n u ^ l i t up ni- I'arrott c r u n ^ a u d (ired u i t o t h e t,'u:,iioat His ni"ii were piot erted tx'hind Itio nd r .'i- Morgan was intensely exritecL Unless be could cross with tbe rest of his men his fate was already sealed. Every quarter of an hour's delay added to his peril. An hour Morgan and; the gunboat plnyed at firing harmless shots at each otner. Then the guuboat backed out and steamed up th» river. Morgan breathed again. With ftll s]xed he resnmed the ferrvinp as soon as the gnulwat was ought of sight. The moment the crossing was accomplished he Imrned the unlucky steamer* that Imd served him in such good stead and Imrne.l on i i j i thr«Tii;li I n d i a n a , slightly north vxnnl, then eastward. Me h;d added to his nitnil)ers hy reel lilting as lietraveletl.and he now entered .southern Indiana with 10 cannon and 4.0()0 horsemen. Uen. Hobson, Int on his track, wii-hed the r i \ e r bank nt Drandonliursi just in t u n e to behold the dying embenuf t.w steamers u])oii the Indiana shore and Ohio. It was at this time the northern secession organization called tho Knights of the Golden Circle was much talked of. From this, at least, Morgan boped to draw, by his presence on tho ground, accessions to his cause. He was disappointed. Tho pursuer was so close on hia track that he had no timo to bait for friend or foe. He must on, on, even to death and destruction. At the small towns there were occasional skirmishes, iu which little damage was done on cither sido. Citizens Citizens and home guards wore captured by the thousand, but all that Morgan could do was to parole his prisoners, and leave them Just where they were before. His men spent as much timo ea they dared iu tearing up railway railway tracks and destroying bridges. In some HS i cases it took several days to repair tho dam' dam' ago they did iu this way. They also broke into private stores and captured all they could carry away, lu one instance they carno upon a rich find of 2,000 hams, sugar cured and sown in canvas. Every man carried carried away a ham, till the supi;/ waa er- haustwl. They appropriated vabfc stoves of canned fruit, from farm house nnd grocery. The road behind them was strewn with haul bags and empty fruit cans, At news of their approach housewives dug holes iu the ground and] buried their silver and valuables. Morgan everywhere expressed expressed his surprise at the richness mid abundant supplies of the country through which ho passed. It was so different from the war stricken south. July 13 Morgan reached Harrison, a town 01 the border between Ohio and Indiana. It is twenty miles from Cincinnati. lu expectation expectation of his coming, Oen. Buruslde, then in the city, ordered business to be suspended. Mayor Len. Harris proclaimed martial law. The military were ordered to be ready. As a matter ot fact, the home guards were on July 14 inarched out underarms north of the city to await the coming of tho raider. They waited with brand new arms in their hands, eapjr to shoot the enemy on sight. The enemy did not appear. There wns good reason. Duriug the night of July IK, while Cincinnati was sound asleep, Morgan had made a circuit quite around tho city, keeping some fifteen miles away fmm it. Ht dajred not risk a;i engagement There in a tradition that on ihat night he and one of his staff galloped into Cincinnati aud tho member of his staff was married at midnight to a lady of Cincinnati. Bo tlmt as it may, at daylight, July 14, Morgan's men were eighteen miles eas,t of Cincinnati. They kept carefully away from MihLers' camps and the larger cities. Morgan sweirt through Ohio ns ho had done through Indiana. Ho pulsed through tho towns of Giendalo, Loveland, Williams, burg, Bardinia, Winchester, Pikotou and Jackson. Mfoi-Mij had now only one thought, to get safely back across the "river into Kentucky with his command. His cavalry pursuers were only a few hours behind him, so constant constant had been the pursuit of Hobson. Shackdford aud Judah. Gunboats patrolled the Ohio, and the puff of armed steamers kept time up the river with the trot of Morgan's Morgan's weary horses. ot CoL Straight by the Confederate. ·having off of tbeir luxurious bwnli the tart of to* iadignltiM to torn* of oapttTM Dukettyst "Some young mtnlott beardj and mutechei on this occasion they bad cultivated udduoody with returni for yean." There were sixty^ight of the Morgan men mode prisoners. They occupied the east hall of the penitentiary. After tome weeks of confinement Morgan became frantic. He and some of tho rert began form plans for escape. At length Morgan and Capt, Thornae Hlnee hit upon a scheme which teemed practicable. Tbey had been allowed to receive food and other articles from friend* and relatives outside. Correspondence by letter with their families was allowed. It hat never been fully ascertained how it happened to this day, but in some way Morgan and sue of his officer;, obtained each a full suit of citiz*n« clothee. They stol« knives from t h dining table, nn«l dug a tunnel under ncnth tlio floor of cell. The floor wa« made of brick nnd cetneut The tun MAJ. DANIEL M'COOK. llc l , Vll8 mnde from th* cell down into an air chamber ueatb, thence to the yard of the prison. Oen, Basil Duko says they tore their covering into strips and made a ropo of An Iron poker from the stove was beaten into a hook, and with this extemporized and book they prepaifd to scale the wall of the penitentiary yard. The signal go was given just after the great nri-sou struck the hour of midnight. "Dummies" had been prepared by stuffing their old garments with newspapers. These they left covered in their beds to deceive the who always looked into their colls with lantern on £is hourly rounds, holding it to see through the grating. Clang] went the gi-eat Iron boll on the stroke of midnight, ftov. Sfi, IWia While it struck a rap beneath on tbo floor of ouch told the seven men that their hour had With beating hearts and hurried hands placed the "dummies" in tbe beds aud down into the air chamber. A thin cnwt cement had been left over the floors of cells except that of Capt iline* Tbe of all except bis had been made from underneath. THE ESCAPE. H L f T S i . U c d Ca I'.OLTK 01. HOIIGAX'8 RAID lu tlio ye;u ISiJl t « u event, Imppein-ij that chanced wholly the l i f t - o f tho rich nnd hand BOIKJ woolfti manufacturer. His wife diwi after years nf ilttiois. nnd tho ci\ il war burst upoa the country. John Morgan took the side of iUe auuUi «itb all the iicry zeal of In.- soul. In K-ptv-mber, IM'O, he left Lis home and went south within tho lines of the Con ftderacy "Tbcre was alwiit him," says a writer in The Magazine of Western History, "a loot of authority that demanded olKxlieiico 0.3 well asconflileneo. lli« power of endurance was so woixliTful that ho set-med to bt-t aside tbe coin nion laws that control tbe need of rest anil refreshment among tho average of tho human race. He wns generous to a fault, and unselfish iu tho st'tist« of looking better after tho welfare of those under his coin maud than his own." Of the six Morgan brothers in Lexington, all joined tb.» Confederate army save one John took south with him from Lexington a company of Kcntuckians to the Confeder acy. Each was provided with his owu horse and with the aceouterments of war. This wa* the nucleus of the famous John Morgan cavalry Morgan joined Uuctner, thei. at Bowlinx Green, and asked to be allowed to erve the Confederacy as a "partisan ranger," that form of fighting which seemed so fas ciuntiug to southern horsemen. Young Kentuckians flocked to hts stand an! until be scion bad 1,000 men. Early in 18(K he was made colonel Boon afterward* he made hi first raid on n large scale against tbe rear of !luoll'sarm at Nashville, From that lirn* on till bf: death. John Morgan's life was a sunes of during, romantic exploits. As many wild stories are told of him u were narrated in old times of Robin Hood and his n»«n in Lmcolii Gi^en Slaay of the stont* are undoubtedly true. He took risks that scarcely another man in his right sens** would hare done, and generally came otf with a whole skin. lt*wae h is recklessdanng, however, that proved his undoing at last On hit raid* be was always accompanied 67 a telegraph operator, who carried a small electric battery, la Union neighborhood* tbe bold raider tapped telegraph wires and caused bis operator to transmit and receive rotesagu that gave him valuable information, information, lie sometimes also penetrated even to the Dnioo lines ia disguise. U the summer of 1863 Morgan constituted » part of Kirto? Smith's command in tbe expedition expedition whtoh erased Kentucky and came todangerooljnear QwlTmntL Morgan at ttistu » I Note to the Editor from Gen. ITobson ) I wa- jiloi-fd m COUIIII.IIKI cif all tlic l-t-cleral o a v n l i j (hat I H I I M K H ! nnd rnptmvtl Jolui X u t x a n iu !M, i f f i M i i ' i l nnd Ijp.Kt 1 up tus t'iitin cummam! t.' I : ' . , , . I ' . - I O M I .l.ind, on the Ohio I-IMT, a t i i i [ H I I N I I 'i . ' i i . . t l i i u ) i 0 r l i K e n t u c k y , Indiaii!) nnd Unio l . . r i i 1\ one dii\s ami niKiits during tt;i (uirsmi f - : i , i ivd i n r i i i v pmalious I L-IUI diilv n'liifiu I I T . . I iilm.n !o;ty liniirs'rt"-t a n d s l c c J t t u - i t i ^ i i · il !K- u h . Ir puisuit. Maj Oeu A. L l!uii"-nl.- |il.,ci'il i«t ut command of the expedition \Vr\ f-l'''ftfi.lly, etc., E. H. Uousos fight of several hours. Moore's little forcr consisted of only 'Juo, tuit they were inside a strong stookacio and well prepared for resistance. resistance. Morgan was at length driven off, nftcr losing lu-arly fiity of his men. The Kentucky legislature gave a vote of thanks to CoL Moore aud his plucky little band. LEBANON, JULY 5. Moore's force was not strong enough to in tercept Morgan, and ho rode away, joining the rest of his command that had crossed at another ford Still northward the raiders rodo. July f they came to Lebanon, Ky Here there was a Union force of Kentucki ans, under Col. Hanson. It was Kontiiekian against Kentiiekmn. In each force were brothers anil relatives facing one another as deadly enemies, about to spill their common blood The very olliecr who commanded tbe fort was a broil er of the Confederate Gen Hanson, who was killed at the battle of Stone Morgan attacks! Hanson at Lebanon. A hot and stubborn fight followed. It lasted until nearly tho whole town was on fire. Many full on both sides. Morgan ordered a charge, it was a desperate one, and in it Morgan's younger brother, Lieut Tom Mor gan, was killed. Another brother, Calvin Morgan, was with the raiders. Thomas Morgan fell nt the first answering volley from Hanson's men. He exclaimed: "Brother "Brother Callie, they have killed me!" and died almost immediately Col. Hanson's men sustained the fight for se\e» hours and then surrendered. The prisoners should have been paroled under the circumstances, but there was 110 time for making out parole lists or for taking oaths. Pursuers were now upon Morgan's track, hot and close. The prisoners were hurried along with Morgan's horsemen, being obliged to keep up with them. If ativ were unable to do so they were shot dead by Morgan's order and left lying in tbe road. After leaving Lebanon the party traveled ten miles in an hour and a halt THE PURSUIT. Two days'after Morgan crossed the Cum berland a force of all the Union eoldien that could be hastily gathered was on his track Tbo force consisted of infantry, artillery and cavalry. Uea Judab commanded, aud with him were^rens. Hobson aud iShackelford and CoL Wolford. Oen. Edward Ii Hobeon, like Morgan himself, wa n Kentuckiaa Be wu born iu Ureensbnrg in lix He wo* possessed of great pluck and determination, even as a boy. When 14 years old he was at college in Danville, Ky Ilia health failed him, and be took a walking tour through the couth. He hired himself to a bog driver. Gnat hard* of ewlne, with their keepers, used to make on foot the long journeys they now perform by railway train. Young Hobson traveled 000 miles, in this way, to HunttvllJe, Ala. Returning Returning borne Ia winter, he walked throng b the snow, i!3u miles, from Southland, Ky. Young Hobeon learned tbe taddler'i trade, but afterwards engaged In mercantile bqat- nen in Greeuburg. Like Morgan he tarred in the Mexican war and beoaoe a lieqtaaavi, Hobeon wa* a banker la Greaoatmrf la UBL iieatonoeformedarecbnam ftrtfce Union «nny and MORGAN IN INDIANA. Mor^i'i |).issrd through the Inrlipna tow:is of Ccrv'i'in, Giveiiville, Palmyra and Salem. He rca.'licil Salom, a rnilrond town thirty miles I mm I.ouNvillp, J u l y U. licro thuro "as a skirmi.sli, and tho Confederates cup- turt'il JiV) honiegiianls. These "homo guards" seemed to s-pring like armed IIIPII from the soil. At ^!llix.m's appro.-.ch the governors governors ot CHncand I m l i a n a caticd on the men of their ·tales to arm themselves themselves and enlist to defend their bonus. It is significant of f ,ho vnst resources still at command of the north that in forty-eight, hoars from the lime of tlia issuance of Governor Governor Morton's proclamation, proclamation, Indiana hart f5,000 men on their way to meet Morgan. More were offered, but these were all that were accepted. It was now, too, well on in the third year of tho war. Morgan's approach struck panfo Into the rich fanning district through which he [Kissed Amusing stories without end are told of the "Morgan seartt," as it is called to tLis day Events sc exciting a* it was occur net once in a century in those happy agri jultural regions. The wildest rumors floated a hundred miles away from the point where hereally was. As soon as he came to a railway station it was Lis habit to take posaession of the telegraph, and send false messages of his whereabouts along the liue. Accurately too had ho informed informed himself of his projected route. When his followers approached a town aome ou* or more of them would ft«quently be recognized recognized as strangers who had visited the town a few days previous on some pretext of business. business. So tidroit were they in framing such pretexts that none suspected them of being Morgan's spies. At Cory don, Ind., the commander of one part of Morgan's force wasj recognized as a young man who had lately spent several weeks in their midst Another officer was one who had even taken a hand at working on the fortifications hastily thrown up to protect tho town against Morgan. The wily raider contrived to keep the communities communities paralyzed with confusion. Even jiway in Illinois the "Morgan scare" extended. extended. At an Illinois wedding, 400 miles away Irom the scene of Morgan's exploit*, the boys of tbe neighborhood executed a rural charivari for the newly wedded pair. Assailing their residence with tin horns, whistles, pare*, and all tbe varieties of tin- ware capable of making a noise, they continued continued the infernal din till rooming. Many who beard it were persuaded that Morgan waa upon them, and they would believe nothing else. Who but Morgan could make such a noise as that! People fled out of their houses, hiding in cornfields and elsewhere. An old Scotchman beard the groans and howls of the serenading party. Ho thought they were cries of dying agony from tbe wounded. "It's awfu' dreadfu'," be exclaimed. "Ah, nion. but he's a long time, a deeing." If numbers and courage could have wiped out Morgan, be wofcld have beea captured COL. ISRAEL GARRARD. Synip of Figs Is Nature's own true laxative. It M Ihe most e»sily taken, and tbe tnost effective remedy known to Cleanse the System when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Headaches, Colds, and Fevers; to Cure Habitual Constipation, Indigestion, Indigestion, Filet, etc. Manufactured only by tbe California Fig Sjrup S»nFnuici»co l CtL SoMbyLerofK. Aadcnon. AT BUFFINGTON ISLAND. Jackson was 160 miles east of Cincuw.ati. The river at Dufllngtou Island was Hftj miles from Jackson. If bo could reach that and cross he was safa One more ride for it, hot and hard, and then freedom. His exhausted men could scarcely hold themselves in their saddles, hut on they wont to LJuiBngtou Island, reaching It July 19. Instead of tho safety they hoped for at Huttington Island they found only a number of United Htates gunboats, with cannon waiting to oix-n their grim throats against Morgan and his command. lie retreated in hurried confusion, only to run into the jaws of the cavalrv force upon his flank and rear. Hobeon, Khockelford and Judah had closed in upon him at last And still he managed to slip past them with a largo portion portion of his com- inaud. Tho rest, under Gen. Basil Duke, 700 men, surrendered surrendered to Bhack- elford's command after an hour's fighting, near Buf- fingtoii Island. Duko sent a flag "f truce to Col. Israel Garrard, of the Seventh Ohio cavalry, announcing his readiness to surrender. surrender. Col. Uorrard sent Ad jt. T. F Allen and They found tho Confederates sitting grouped togother iii a ravine. They were guarded by ono United States soldier. Sergt Drake, of tho Eighth Michigan cavalry Col. T. K. Allen, who received Duke's surrender, surrender, is now engaged in business 1.1 The Tribune buihlhig, New York citv. Gen. Basil W. Duke is duly engaged in lucrative ainl pleasant pursuits ot" peaci in Louis- vilio, Ky. Morgan and the rest of his command urged their wt(nry horses desperately up tho %vcr. At Beilevtlle, July 19, fourteen miles above Hiiflingtou Island, Morgan again attempted to c-robs. But still it was horsemen to rear f Mm, gunboats before. At Bellevillo 1,000 more of his men surrendered. And still the Indomitable leader himself was not yet caught. Morgan fled inland again, to the town of McArthur, July 21. Then curving around, he sought, the river once more and tried to cross at Marietta. lu rain. There was no way out THE END OF THE RACE. Back from the river and northward the hunted raider rode to Eastport,. to start anew for the river and make one more attempt attempt for life. But there were those behind him who bad vowed not to quit tho saddle till John Morgan was captured. These were 500 of Shackoiford's men, with their leader at their head. At New Lisbon, in Columbiana county, eastern Ohio, tho "swamp fox" was driven to his last hold On a bluff near New Lisbon, Lisbon, July 27, 1S63, just one month from tbe day he left Sparta, Tenn., John Morgan surrendered surrendered to Gen. Shackelford. Part of tho last of the race had been made by Morgan's muu riding at a gallop. Among those who were in the fight atBumngton Island was Judgo and Maj. Daniel McCook. He was one of the Union home guards, and was mortally wounded. Maj. McCook was tbe father of the famous fighting McCook family. He had eight sons, all of whom were iu the Union army but one. That one was prominent in civil service ia Ohia Morgan's raid bad failed in many respects It had, however, distracted attention from Bragg's movements, as had been anticipated, and enabled him to cross the Tenneasee river. It prevented timely re-enforcements to Rose- crana. When Morgan was at last captured he waa near the eastern boundary of Ohio and near Pennsylvania. If Lee't invasion of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, resulting in tbe disastrous battle of Gettysburg, had been succeaful be and Morgan Morgan could easily hare made a junction. Both expeditions were undertaken about the same tinia It is possible this idea wai in Morgan's Morgan's mind when, failing to rtcross the Ohio, M continued the forlorn journey eastward. Morgan and his men were pursued steadily by the Union cavalry for three weeks. They averaged en their journey thirty-five miles a day. Their raid cost Indiana and Ohio |10,000,000, |10,000,000, that being tho estimated worth of the property they destroyed. But Basil Duke says mournfully of the expedition: "It destroyed destroyed Morgan's division and left but a nun- nout of Morgan's cavalry." IN PRISON. Morgan and his chief officers wen taken to Columbus, O., and confined in the penitentiary. penitentiary. Their heads were shaved, aud tl.t-y were treated in some respects ta common prisoners, Tbey remained in the state prinon from August fell Nor. 20,186 Basil Duke and tbe officers captured with him worn at flrrtsent to Johnson's Island, ia Lake Erie, a few minutes' sail from tiaadasky, (X Bit Duke and his comrades were afterwards sent with tbe rest of Morgan's officers to the state prison. The captured private soldiers wen forwarded to Camps Douglas and Morton. To man who bed spent months, yean even, in the open ah-, ranch of UM time on horseback^ horseback^ tlw confinement m tbe prison was SOOD inmsiilinnislitfnl Bull D*fc»«j«lnbJt boesn "ft» desrf wtfgi* of tbe bt«»stttt? rftmm ·^·HM! iiartlm «i f*nr tM«4» * Vti*a resting on oor breasts." They wereteW tba* th** WHi that fabjeo*! fe The night was dark and rainy, and their escape. The hook and rope did their work well, r.nd in a few minutes after their tunnel the seven men were in free They separated Into three parties, Morgan and Capt Hines taking a railway train Cincinnati. A Union officer of high rank wns on tho car ia which Morgan and Capt. Hines sat Morgan at once approached him and engaged him In. conversation. As they tho state prison the officer remarked: "That is the hotel whore John Morgan stops, I believe." "Yes; and it IK to be ho will stop there," answered Morgan. " us drink to him." With this remark Gen, Movgau offered the U n i o n officer a drink of flno Kentucky Kentucky whisky. It w a s co urteously accepted, and so the uiglit w o r e away. In the dawn the train approached Cincinnati. M o r - gan pulled the bell rojw, so Duke says, and went out upon t h o p l a t f o r m . Hines moved to the platform at the CAPT - Tn °B- «· '"· N " KS - othe, end of the car, and they applied all their strength to tho breaks. Tho train slowed, and the two bold adventurers sprang off, almost into the arms of guard of Union soldiers. One of them with an oath, what tho men were off there for. "What's tho use of a man's going into town when ho lives out hero?" replied Morgan. "And what's it your business, business, anyhow*" "Ob, nothing," answered tho soldier. Such is the story as told by Gon. others. It does not appear what the conductor conductor of the train was doing all this however. A boy ferri«vl Morgan and rapt. ITinos over tho river for Itt, Oiieo moro they on Kentucky soil, in Newport When, a minutes later, tho telegraph brought word Cincinnati that Morgan had esca|«tl from Columbus, the boy who conveyed him the river in his skiff gave the first information information as to the raider's probable method of accomplishing his freedom. But by that tuno Morgan was across Licking river, from Newjwrt, and already weil on his way to safety in Boone county. He went south toward Tennessee, means of travel being furnished him by devoted friends. At no time during thpir imprisonment imprisonment were Morgan and hut officers without ample supplies of money and other articles. | Their escape could noc have been effected ' otherwise. In the prison they swept their own eel Is, and thus were able to conceal holo in the flooring. Morgan's journey to (lie Confederate lines in Tennessee, was no less romantic and exciting exciting than his escape from the prison. Ho made his way to Richmond Tbe next of him in the north alter his .escape from Columbus, O., was that he was receiving overwhelming ovation in the Confederate ·apital. Early in 1864 tlia indomitable cavalryman returned to command in the Confederate army. He waa placed, not, as he wished, over his old division, a remnant of which was still teft, but over the department of ·southwestern Virginia and east Tennesve. To him were given two brigades of cavalry, !u all 2,500 men. May 10, 1804, Morgan fought a severe ;agement with the cavalry force of Gen. \verill at Wytheville, Va,, in which each jlaimed the victory. MORGAN'S LAST RAID. The 1st of June, 1864, a movement of Onion troops against Lynbhburg, Va., and tbe Virginia and Tennessee railroad was organized organized by Gens. Crook and Averili Gen. Burbridgo in Kentucky was prepared to cooperate with them. There were at this very few Confederate troops west of tho Blue Ridge mountains, all that could be spared having been drawn off to Gen. Lee's assistance at Richmond. It was important to prevent, if possible, the junction of Burbridgo with Crook ami AverilL To do this it was resolved to Morgan on another expedition into tb* of Kentucky, and thus to occupy Burbridg* in that stato. Sunday was always an eventful day in life of Morgan. It was Sunday, Hay 29, !H04, when be passed through Pound Gap, tho way to his third raid into Kentucky. bwept through Cynthiana. Lexington, Flem- iugsburg, MaryiivUltt and Mount Sterling, and even threatened Frankfort His force ravaged tbe interior of the state, capturing horses and provwions and destroying railroads, railroads, bridges and other property. They turned the tables on Gen. Hobson, who pursued them in 1863, by taking him prisoner, prisoner, with lX men. Gen. Burbrldge wai already on hi* way Virginia when Morgan entered Kentucky. He turned about and retraced bii step* ail speed. Juue 13, a butt It* between and Bur bridge occurred at Cynthiana, Morgan was defeated, and fled with the remnant of his command back into Virginia. He bad, however, successfully prevented the junction of Burbridgv with Crook and Averill Averill in Virginia. MORGAN'S DEATH. Morgan reached Abiugdon, Va,, June 90; moved southwest into Kast Tennessee, and took command of 1,000 Confederate* at Jonesboro, Aug. SI, 1864 Hi* plan was to march from Jonesboro fcgaiust the Union force at Bull's Gap, Tenn., and attack Saturday afternoon, Kej-t, 3, ISW, Morgan reached Greenville, and with hisctaff stopped at the house of Mm William* for the He intended to resume the march on Gap Bun Jay morning. Sept 4. Tbe story bin capture, a* commonly told, i» given below. It baa, however, been dented. A* Morgan 1 * advance CUM into Greenville Greenville a young woman, daughter-in-law of Mrs. Williams, mounted a fleet hone and rode away to give information to tbe States troops at Bull 1 * Gap. Bhe wa* an ardent ardent Union woman. In consequence of her Information, at daybreak Sunday morning a body of Union cavairv galloped Into Greenville and surrounded lite William* 000*0. Murgaamad* adaahte liberty through tb* rear of the botue, into the vegetable While thu* attempting to escape he wa* dead. On hi* death hi* troop* retreated at onoe. Geo, fla*il Duke became their oom* mauder la place of ttwjr ok} leader. Morgan 1 * remain* w buried In theo*me- UryeflUcbmond, V* "When b* died, the and ahivalrj **emad cone from th* Duke, o

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  1. The Coshocton Tribune,
  2. 24 Jul 1888, Tue,
  3. Page 3

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