Clipped From The Hearne Democrat

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 - High Lights he Renub By W. N. BEARD 715 Jones...
High Lights he Renub By W. N. BEARD 715 Jones Street. Fort Worth, Texu. (Copyright, 193B, by the Home Color Print Co.) |iHE most eventful part of Texas history is that period between 1836 and 1846—from the signing of Texas declaration of independence March 2, 1836, to annexation to the United States, February 16,1846. In this article I shall try to review only the high lights of Texas history during the ten-year period, which marked the beginning and the end of the Republic of Texas. But much of Texas history which would make good reading is necessarily omitted in a summary so brief. While delegates to a convention were in session at Washington-on-the-Brazos, March 2, 1836, writing the Texas declaration of independence, Travis was sending out appeals for help from the Alamo. Even before the declaration was adopted and signed the Alamo had fallen. Then followed the Goliad massacre. ; At the Washington-on-the-Bra z o s convention delegate Sam Houston was elected commander-in-chief of the Texas Army of Independence, although there was no army. It had been wiped out by Mexican troops at the Alamo, at Goliad and at Refugio. Texas Cause Seemed Hopeless Sam Houston was no quitter—he had faced death before on the battlefield .and feared no man. The Texas cause 'seemed hopeless, yet Houston mounted his horse while the convention was still in session and rode west toward La Grange to assume command of a small remnant of volunteers who had gathered there, all too late, to help Travis defend the Alamo. This small remnant of volunteers— less than 400—were no match for Santa Anna's army of 6,000 men. Therefore Houston ordered a retreat, and it is well he did so, for Santa Anna, flushed with victory at the Alamo, was on his way to fleeing eastward toward the American border. This flight, known as the "runaway scrape," had assumed alarming proportions. It is estimated that at least 10,000 Texans—men, women and children—made up the caravan of frightened refugees who were hurrying to escape the Mexican invaders. General Houston sent couriers in the wake of the retreating refugees urging them to return to their homes, since the Mexicans had been defeated and Santa Anna was a prisoner. Practically all the refugees returned. Houston Chosen President July 23, 1836, President (ad interim) Burnet issued a proclamation calling an election on the first Monday in September for the purpose of choosing a President, a Vice-president and members of the first Texas congress. The proclamation ' provid e d that the first congress be composed of fourteen senators and twenty- nine representatives. As a result of this election, General Sam Houston was chosen President and Mirabeau Lamar Vice-President. General Houston's first act as President was to appoint Stephen F. Austin, Secretary of State; Henry Smith, Treasurer, and Thos. J. Rusk, Secretary of War. Houston's selection of Austin^was wise and prudent. As founder of Tex-, as, he was the best informed man on all matters pertaining to legal and governmental relations between the Texan Anglo-American colonists and Mexico, Austin's duties as Secretary of State were laborious. He had no help and worked days and far' into nights on State papers, with only a tallow candle for light. The old State House, at Columbia, was a barn-like structure, crudely built and the room in which Austin worked poorly heated. As a con- Mier prisoners drawing the black and white beans. sequence, he contracted pneumonia, from which he died December 27th, 1836. Thus, fifteen years after founding his first colony in Texas, the soul of Austin, "Father of Texas," passed on to a greater reward. His last words were: "Texas has been admitted; did you see it in the papers?" Only 43 years of age at the time of death, Austin lived to see his beloved Texas a nation among nations. L Republic's The.treasury of empty when Houston He reported to the than $600 in the indebtedness of necessary to maintain other expenses incident establishment of a stable white population of 40,000 during the of issue. Thus did backs," as the notes into circulation. at par for a while, amount in circulation new issues they began In less than three about 20c'on the fourth year they were the dollar. Finally was obtained from

Clipped from
  1. The Hearne Democrat,
  2. 17 Jul 1936, Fri,
  3. Page 8

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