John Dillinger headlines, 1934

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John Dillinger headlines, 1934 - DECATUR HERALD EDITORIALS PAGE 4 Hunger Is...
DECATUR HERALD EDITORIALS PAGE 4 Hunger Is Xon-Partizan-rMsybr Iff tfct Human Trait Back in the Fold Worth Trying CODE FIFTY-THIRD YEAR 8 Pages Decatur Illinois, MONDAY MORNING, July 23 1934 THREE CENTS nn r 4 5 4? 12 BURNED 26 HURT AS OFF HIGH EMBANKMENT MORE BODIES ARE HUNTED IN WRECKAGE Lumber Yard Destroyed ; Crowd on Way to Baseball Game OSSINING, N. Y. AP Twelve Brooklyn men and women were burned to death and 26 were injured Sunday when a bus carrying them to a Sing Sing prison baseball game plunged down a 25-foot embankment and trapped them in a shfath of flame. Screaming passengers. their clothing ablaze, fought their way out of broken windows after the gas tank exploded, igniting the bus and a large lumber yard into which it had toppled. Some were frantically hauled to safety by onlookers but the flames engulfed the bus so rapidly that rescuers were forced back. Eleven bodies, all seared, were taken to morgues as soon as the wreckage cooled. Another woman died in Ossining hospital of burns. Two Identified The identified dead: Mrs. Rose Thompson, . 40, of 9 Woodbine street. Brooklyn. Mrs. William Hayes, 27, Cornelius street, Brooklyn. J The bus, last in a procession of I seven carrying a gay party or young Democratic league members and their friends, picked the wrong road as it entered Ossining. With its passengers singing and laughing, it sped up a long ramp over the New York Central railroad tracks. At a sudden right turn the heavily laden vehicle swerved and crashd through a rail fence. Four passengers, sensing disaster, Jumped through the windows just before the bus hurtled down me sheer drop. The songs changed to screams as the vehicle landed right side up in the midst of piles of lumber. There was a sharp report and flaming gasoline spurted up. Before the panic-stricken men and women could climb from their seats the entire bus was in flames. The first few to escape ran to the Hudson river 25 feet distant and jumped in to extinguish their blaz ing clothing. Firemen Blocked Others rolled on the ground as spectators rushed from the station platform to aid in the rescue work. In a few minutes the blazing roof of the bus collapsed and prevented the firemen from taking out the other passengers. All ambulances, physicians, police and fire equipment in Ossining were rushed to the scene. As the blaze spread rapidly through the stacks of dry lumber, additional fire apparatus was brought from Tarrytown and Peekskill. The screeching of ambulance sirens and the clang of fire bells rose above the cries of the injured and dying. Lines of spectators became so thick that they overran the railroad tracks and delayed trains. Guards from the penitentiary 'ho had hoped to watch the baseball game that was never played, aided in keeping back the throngs. Fifteen of the injured were rush-fd to Ossining hospital and after it could accommodate no more, the others were taken to Tarrytown and Grassland hospitals. Lumber Yard Burned While the flames rose. Thomas MeGuire. Jr., rushed back into the bus from which he had escaped to Pull his father to safety. The latter was in a critical condition, but ,n youth suffered only a broken arm and secondary burns. The intense heat cracked windows in the railroad station. It was nt until 4 p. m. eastern standard "roe, an hour and a half after the "re started, that officials pronounced it under control. Official, nf th Washhnrne A Todd Lumber company whose plant was destroyed, said the damage wwied more than $150,000. . Assemblyman Joseph J. Mona-an, who had been riding in the bu just ahead said: Aa the bus plunged down the teep hill the passengers beat their fists against the windows and creamed. We rushed to the scene (Continued on page 8) Nation's Death Toll Hits 278 as Heat Wave Rages Unabated; No Relief Seen A sullen sun reigned over most or the nation yesterday, toasting cities and country as deaths mounted past the 278 mark from the protracted heat and drouth siese. The Southwest and Midwest were hardest hit but nearly all other sections suffered from the extended July scorcher with but slight relief lor scattered areas in immediate prospect. Hundreds of prostrations were reported over the country from the blistering week end. In the Grain Belt, records melted, crops wilted, water supplies dwindled and the 40-year aridity record rolled up by the unprecedented spring drouth, took on the proportions of a continuing calamity with late summer crops in wide sections approaching the fate of the spring maturities. Thousands of Steers Die Already the most torrid summer on record west of the Mississippi river, the heat wave has struck with searing emphasis in the Western cattle states causing the death of thousands of head of cattle and striking the producers heavily by forcing the sale of thousands more. Throughout the country, beaches and lakes were oases for thousands from the Atlantic to the . Pacific, northland retreats were crowded. A ; sudden - lake breeze -material ized in the afternoon in Chicago to bring a slight degree of comfort 3 MURDERERS FLEE TEXAS DEATH HOUSE Famed Raymond HamiL ton, Pal of Clyde Barrow, Escapes HUNTSVILLE, Tex. AP The three most desperate killers in the Southwest Raymond Hamilton, Blackie Thompson and Joe Palmer escaped from the death house of the state penitentiary here Sunday in a daring break in which one convict was killed, two others wounded, and a guard shot.. The three convicts, who were shot, all bank bandits and life termers, were mowed down by the gunfire of guards as Hamilton, Thompson and Palmer scampered over the wall to two waiting automobiles. Whitney Walker was killed by the shots of guards whom the convicts engaged in battle. Charlie Frazier, the man who engineered the break, was shot fronj the ladder with which he was scaling the wall, and was believed to be fatally wounded. Roy Johnson, the third bank robber, was shot and less se riously hurt. H. E. George, the guard, was momentarily stunned as a bullet creased his scalp. He was not seriously hurt. Frazier overpowered Lee Brazei-ton, guard, as he entered his cell at 4:30 p. m. to bring mm nis evening meal, tied him up and, taking Brazelton's keysT liberated the other five prisoners. Obtained Fistols They made a dash through a cor ridor, armed with three pis ois they had obtained in some manner as yet unknown. They struck guard H. E. George on the head and knocked him out of their path as they sped toward the walls. Next encountering W: T. McDon nell, a picket guard, they openea fire on him. During the exchange of shots. Palmer, Thompson and Hamilton succeeding in scaling the high barrier. Guard D. W. Roberts killed Wa!ker as he climbed atop the wall, wounded Frazier as the lifer made his second attempt to 'scale the barrier and shot and wounded Johnson, who was following Frazier. : The three condemned convicts, Hamilton, Palmer and Thompson, sped away in the automobile and last were reported seen south of Nacogdoches. They left Huntsville on the Houston highway and apparently cut back northward toward Louisiana and Arkansas. Known Desperadoes Hamilton, former companion of tne late Clyde Barrow and Bonnie TO DEATH, BUS DIVES arter tne thermometer shot uo to i nt ' . . - iiu. ai j. p. m. Most or Illinois' 66 deaths during the drive of the heat occurred in the metropolis. The to-tal in the city Fridav was 17; Saturday, 21; Sunday, 17. No Relief In Sight C. A. Donnel, Chicago weathei forecaster, said: "During the next 24 hours I expect to see temperatures reaching and in some cases exceeding the 100 mark in a vast area, and I fear that Chicago's all-time record of 103 will be surpassed or approached." OMAHA, Neb., had a reading of 101 degrees at 2:30 p. m. and two more heat deaths at Lincoln boosted the state's total to 41. Minnesota perspired Sunday after high readings of 108 at Austin the day before. In the East, New York reported no new heat deaths. High temperatures continued with a peak of 90 degrees but breezes made it seem cooler. A storm late Saturday night gave some relief to portions of Ohio where 12 have died from heat. High winds ripped off roofs at Piqua. Mountain States Cooler The mountain states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and New Mexico were cooler after general showers.-- . Indiana mopped its brow with (Continued on page 3) Parker, was regarded as the most desperate criminal remaining in the Southwest, since Barrow and the Parker woman were slain bv officers in Louisiana several weeks ago for the killing of Major Crow sentence imposed several weeks ago for the kelling of Major Crow- son, prison guard, during a break from the Eastham state prison farm last Jan. 16, reputedly engi neered by Barrow. He also was un der sentences totaling more than 350 years for various hijackings, bank robberies and a killing at Hillsboro. Frazier led the bloody break from the Angola prison in Louisiana last year and also was considered among the most desperate prisoners within the walls. He was under a life sentence for a bank robbery at Marlin and various oth er sentences for Texas robberies. He was captured some months ago near Clarksville, Tex. Palmer, who, according to a death bed statement of Crowson, was the "trigger man" who killed the Eastham prison farm guard in the Jan. 16 break, was under a death sentence for the killing. Previous Escape Walker, Thompson and Johnson were known as the "three fishermen" who escaped from the Oklahoma prison at McAlester when they left the walls presumably to go fishing. They were captured after a series of Texas robberies, including the kidnaping and holdup of a Bryan, Tex., jeweler and the robbery of a bank at Marlin. Thompson was given a death sentence and Johnson and Thompson life sentences. After the Jan. 16 break from the Eastham prison farm, in which Hamilton escaped, he was sought throughout the Middle West. He reappeared in Dallas county in April, robbing a bank at Lancaster, 14 miles southwest of Dallas. He next robbed a bank at West, Tex., and kidnaped a woman at Mexia, Tex., in his flight toward Houston. The woman was liberated in Hous ton the morning of Easter Sunday. That afternoon, two Texas highway patrolmen were killed near Grape vine, 18 miles northwest of Dallas. Hamilton, Barrow and Bonnie Par ker were sought 'for the killing but an investigation after Barrow and the Parker woman were killed fixed the responsibility on them. Given Death Sentence Hamilton was recaptured April 25 near Sherman, after he had robbed the bank at Lewisville, Denton county ,and was returned to Dallas. A jury here gave him a life sentence for a Grand Prairie bank robbery and another jury at Den ton subsequently imposed a life sentence for the Lewisville rob bery. While Hamilton was held in ail here, Winter King, assistant district attorney, received a letter from Barrow calling Hamilton a 'yellow punk" for attempting to shift blame to Barrow for killing the two highway patrolmen Easter Sunday. PROBE URGES M0RE PLANES FORUARMY Weakness of Air Forces Revealed by Baker Investigation RAP ECONOMY WASHINGTON AP Warning that the first clashes of "the next great war" will take place in the air, the war department's special aviation committee Sunday recom mended the building of an army air corps second to none, The committee of 11 prominent civilians and generals, headed by Newton D. Baker, capped an ex haustive three months' inquiry into air corps conditions with a call for "more financial support" for military aviation. Laying down five major recom mendations, along with dozens of minor suggestions, the committee's report to secretary Dern urged a 10-year development program. Out standing was a call for quick acquisition of 1,000 new planes. Prominent in the report also was praise for the spirit and manner in which the army carried the air mail under . difficulties. With this was mingled implied criticism of actual performance, charged to equipment and training. "Army Must Be Ready" "The next great war," the report asserted, "is likely to begin with en gagements between opposing aircraft, either sea-based or land-based, and early aerial supremacy is quite likely to be an important- factor. "An adequate aircraft industry is essential to national defense. The army's air forces must be ready-at all times for war service." On that premise the committee made, in substance, the following outstanding observations and recommendations: 1. The United States leads the world in commercial and naval aviation, but army flying, chiefly because of insufficient funds, lags behind. Congress should be held chiefly responsible for the army air corps' condition and should appropriate the funds necessary to provide 1,000 new planes, chiefly fighting types, to give the army a minimum peace-time air armada of 2,320 planes. The enlisted personnel of the entire army should " be brought up to authorized strength and at least 350 officers added to the air force. Urges Separate Forces 2. The present organization, based on separate army and navy forces, has given the United States high efficiency- in national defense and should be retained. Other schemes and plans for reorganization, including the proposed unified air force, .would be dangerous ex perimentation. 3. An adequate aircraft industry is essential to national defense and should be fostered and financially encouraged. To insure maintenance of sufficient plane manufacturing plants the government should not compete with private industry by building planes in government plants, and the department of commerce should further encourage the airplane export business. 4. The army's transportation of the air mail, during the emergency brought about by President Roose- velts cancellation of commercial air mail contracts, was an invalu able experience for the air corps. Defects in equipment and lack of training, instruments and facilities for efficient operation in field service, disclosed in that task, were cited as errors to be corrected in the immediate future through specified recommendations for new (Continued on page 6) PLAYGROUND FINAL TOURNAMENTS TO BE HELD IN WEEK Finals in the Decatur playgrounds horseshoe and jackstones tournaments will be run off Friday at Fairview park in four divisions, senior and junior boys and senior and junior girls, i Only the junior girls will play jackstones, the other three groups pitching horseshoes. Two representatives from each of 10 playgrounds will take part in each division. Waterworks park is not participating in the tourney. -. Preliminaries will be held Wednesday and Thursday. AUTO DAMAGED L. C. Shellabarger, 711 West Macon, Sunday reported to police the destruction of his automobile tail-light and bumper and damage to his fender by a hit and run driver who crashed into him as he stopped for the boulevard- sign at Macon and Oakland. FEDERAL OUTLAW THEATER U.S. AGENTS NEAR END OF GANG CHASE All of Dillinger's Gang to Be Tracked Down to the Finish WASHINGTON AP Chiefs of the justice department, almost shouting their gratification ove'r the death of John Dillinger, upon whose dead the new deal had placed its first price, last night asserted that the man hunt would continue until all Dillinger assistants had been run down. J. Edgar Hoover, chief of the bureau of investigation, rushing to his office at word the desperado had been shot down, told newsmen: "This does not mean the end of the Dillinger case. "Anyone who ever gave any of the Dillinger mob any aid, comfort or assistance will be vigorously prosecuted." He referred directly to George "Baby Face" Nelson, Homer Van Meter and another, gangster. Nelson, named by the department as the killer of. -SpeciaLAgent W- Carr ter Baum in the Dillinger outbreak in the Wisconsin woods last April, was described by Hoover as a ".rat." Cummings Pleased Attorney General Cummings, reached by reporters just as he boarded a train for the West, the first part of a trip to Hawaii, smiled in elation and termed the death of the desperado as "gratifying as well as reassuring. At Union station here he dictated the following statement: "This search for Dillinger has never been relaxed for a moment. "He has escaped capture on sev eral occasions by the narrowest of margins. The news of tonight is exceed ingly gratifying as well as reassuring." Hoover, after rushing to his office, received reporters and announced that Dillinger had drawn a gun in an attempt to shoot his way free but that Melvin H. Purvis, agent in charge of the Chicago office, snatched it from his hand. Praises Two Cops Asked who shot Dillinger, Hoover refused to answer. "We can't say; that's a trade secret," he remarked. "We don't want to put our man on the spot." "We have been working on this case all day," he said. "We got our first flash on it this morning. "I hope you boys will say something about the excellent co-operation our department received from the East Chicago, Ind., police, particularly from Captain Tim O'Neal and Sergeant Martin Zarkovich." The trail of the desperado has been followed for a long time by agents under Purvis. Recently Samuel Cowley, another headquarters agent, also was sent to the Midwest from Washington to help in the hunt. . It was Attorney General Cummings who fixed the first federal reward for the outlaw $5,000 for information leading to his arrest and $10,000 for his capture. Reward:) Offered There was no stipulation that the captor must catch Dillinger alive to be eligible for the reward. It was noted, however, that department of justice officials cannot qualify for the- bonus. A reward of $5,000 also has been set by the attorney general for the capture of Nelson and $2,500 for information leading to his arrest. Appropriation by Congress of $25,000 for reward money from which the Dillinger and Nelson rewards came was but one of the actions taken by the national legislature to stem the tide of crime. Attorney General Cummings. asked by reporters if he considered Dillinger's death the greatest victory in the federal crime war, replied that to his mind this was only "an incident". He added- that justice department agents were achieving notable victories in other parts of the campaign. Cummings said Dillinger had been in Chicago "quite a long time," but that the department had not mentioned its knowledge or its activities. The attorney general, however, added quickly this was the first time Dillinger had been sighted by department agents, since otherwise the bandit would have found his career ended before. DESPERADO JOHN DILLINGER . . . has robbed his last bank, killed his last man Ruthlessness Led Leering Ex-Convict to Notoriety as Nation's Chief Desperado CHICAGO AP The death of swashbuckling John Dillinger last night marked the journey's end' for the most dangerous desperado of the decade. The machine-gunning outlaw and his uhlans ranged the country for months,, raiding banks, looting police station arsenals, clashing with officers, vanishing and re-appearing like so many modern headless horsemen. Escapades of the head man and his henchmen crowded police annals. Dillinger bullied his way from the Crown Point, Ind., jail: drove through an elaborate official ambush in Chicago; shot his way out of a federal trap in St. Paul; mocked the largest army the law ever assembled in the MiSdlewest. With his aides he previously had been captured under dramatic circumstances in Tucson, Ariz., only to ta'ke to the crime trail again and blast to freedom through a ring of government operatives at the Little Bohemia lodge in Wisconsin. The report: "Dillinger sighted." was bulletined from coast to coast. His name was bruited in the Senate chamber and mouthed on the stage. He was the subject of endless editorials, an object lesson to law enforcement officials, a factor in politics. Humorists found in htm a fruitful source of gags, and some civic authorities the cause of chagrin. On May 23, 1933, he was paroled from the Indiana state prison at Michigan City. He was virtually unknown a leering man of 31 with a hatred for law engendered during his nine years of incarceration. A year later few world figures were more widely publicized. Dillinger engineered the escape of 10 former fellow convicts from the Indiana state prison Sept. 25. 1933. But they emerged to find him a prisoner himself in the Lima. O., jail, where he was held for bank robbery. Four of the felons, John Hamilton, Harry Pierpont, Charles Makley and Russell Clark hurried to the lockup on Oct. 12 and demanded his liberty. Sheriff Jess AGENTS TRAP AS HE LEAVES IN THE WEATHER FORECAST FOR ILLINOIS Generally fair and continued warm Monday and probably Tuesday. LOCAL WEATHER 7 a. m. , 84 Noon . .' 98 7 p. m 98 Highest . 104 Lowest 82 Sun rises . .4:53 Sun sets ...7:19 7 High Low p. m. Sun. Sat. Boston 68 - 78 '. R New York 80 88 72 Jacksonville .. 80 90 72 New Orleans : 90 94 78 Chicago 79 101 83 Cincinnati 98 108 78 Detroit 80 88 70 Oklahoma City 92 100 78 Omaha 98 102 84 MinneaDolis 98 104 70 Helena 72 80 56 San Francisco ..... . 60 64 54 Sarber resisted and was shot to death. Terrorized Midwest Picking up recruits, the liberated Dillinger and his thugs ranged ruthlessly - through Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin, robbing and plundering. Authorities have esti mated their booty in that swift campaign at $500,000 most of it carried out of banks in daring raids. They established hideouts in Chicago but darted out periodically to increase their riches. Sergt. W. T.. Shanley happened upon Hamilton in the gang's garage and was slain. A "Dillinger detail" was immediately formed by the Chicago police department and its 50 crack-shot members set out to bring the outlaws in. They raided an apartment Dec. 21, slaying Lewis Katze-witz, Sam. Ginsburg and Charles (Continued on Page 2) CHICAGO GANGSTER IS MOWED DOWN BY BULLETS Tries to Pull Gun as 15 Officers Close in About Him CHICAGO AP John Dil linger, arch criminal of the age, was shot dead last night by a group of department of justice operatives as he walked out of a Chicago movie theater. He whipped an automatic jevolv- er out of his pocket and had it half - raised, when the operatives loosed a withering blast of revolver fire that dropped him mortally wound ed. He died a few minutes later. Fifteen operatives had surround ed the theater, after information had reached Melvin H. Purvis, Chi cago agent for the department of justice, that Dillinger would attend the theater. Not a word was spoken. as the outlaw ran into the cordon of officers. Dillinger knew what was coming. He wore a hunted look, reached quickly into his pocket, and the guns roared. Waited Two Hours The end of the greatest manhunt in contemporary criminal annals came in the swift tempo in which the notorious outlaw had lived. The federal men watched him buy his ticket, and then for more than two hours, "the longest two hours I ever spent," Purvis said, kept the theater surrounded. "It was late Saturday when I re ceived under-cover information that Dillinger would attend the movie, "Manhattan Melodrama," at the Biograph theater," Purvis said. "I hurriedly made arrange ments to surround the theater with picked men from among my investigators. They were armed only with pistols. No shotguns or machine guns were issued, for I wishecT no general firing that might endanger passersby." 'I stationed myself in my own automobile, parked two doors south of the theater, on the same side of the stree and facing north. My men were stationed in doorways about the theater. Saw Him Enter "It was shortly before 9 o'clock when I first noticed Dillinger. He was coatless, but wore A hat and gold-rimmed spectacles. He had passed my car before I saw him. but I have studied every available photograph of him so carefully that I recognized the back of his head immediately. 'As he bought a ticket, I got pro file and front views of him, and I knew I was not mistaken. Those two hours that he spent in the theater, two hours and four min utes to be exact, were the longest I ever spent. "By the time he left the show, our plans were complete, and my men were covering the neighbor- continued on page 3) Service the Appeal Service is the fundamental appeal of Classified advertising'. The variety of Classified ads nake buying easy and selling easier. May we prove to you the two-fold service of Herald Classified.. Decatur Herald Classified Dept. Dial 5151 11 m

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  1. The Decatur Herald,
  2. 23 Jul 1934, Mon,
  3. Page 1

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