Scopes Trial

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HISTORY OF SCOPES TRIAL IR TENNESSEE DAYTON, Tenn, July 21--(By Associated Frees)--The following is a history ot the Scopes case: , Scopes was arrested May 5, charged with violating tbe Tennessee statute prohibiting the teaching of evolution theories in the public schools. He was given a preliminary hearing and held for action by th* grand jury. "The grand jury in special session May 25 returned a t r u e bill against the 24 year old school teacher and Judge Raulston called a special term of 'the Rhea county circuit court for July 10 to hear the ease. The case occupied part of eight court days, but only four witnesses testified jefore the jury. An effort by the defense to offer the estimony of scientists and Biblical cholars was denied by the court, Judge' tuulston excluding...!!!' such testimony rom the- jury but admitting it to the record. The case lashes between William Jennings Bryn of the prosecution and Clarence Darow, for the defense. Mr. Darrow called Ir. Bryan the "leader of the fundamentalists" and admitted .that he. (Dar- o») was an agnostic. These widely sun tus wen. t who A a Scopes-had taught evolution in violation was marked by frequent of state law. Judge Ranlston delivered his decision on the expert testimony issue Friday morning before a packed and breathlem courtroom. He affirmed the.stale's position and excluded the testimony-of experts on science and tbe Bible from the jury. \ A scene of disorder followed..this ruling which was apparently unexpected by the defense. Mr. Darrow in tones which disclosed his displeasure declared to-the court that th« defense would "protect its rights in a higher court." When the judge suggested that_ h« "hoped" Mr. Darrow did not intend 10 reflect upon.tbe fairness of the court, the attorney replied, "Tour Honor has the right to hope." .Continuing here with the assertion that "be had a right to do something else," Judge Raulston adjourned court until Monday, opposin] counsel, promising "to come back and finish the ease," then. The week end interval was used by the defense in preparing statements by their ' experts which the court had ruled might be add ed to' record ;in absence of the jury for review by a superior court Monday's session* developed two sensations. The court" cited. Mr. Durrow or contempt as a result "of the Friday and the Chicaeo lawyer satisfied the court by a full apology; William Jennings Bryan was called to. stand by the defense, who designated the-assistant state's counsel and fun danenUlist leader as a "hostile nit- ness." The examination of Mr. Bryan by Darrow brought face to face the no- knowledged leaders:of the,two opposing sentiments out of which the trial Mr. Bryan was questioned at Ri length as to bis beliefs on parts of Bible and his studies in science. changes frequently L became heated. The conclusion of the trial today came as an unexpected denouemen to those who were not in the of the court. But the convening of eighth day session found'all parties the suit weary of the long drawn and often acrimonous discussion am ready for the end--long foreseen. As suranc«-.of tbe opportunity of appe« made the defense counsel glad to mil the the jury withont ment. » and so." -George York to street and of Wnke nn( nn d a j Mrs parated view* brought many arguments. The f I rat day of the trial saw the impaneling, of a. new grand'jury, the re- urning of a substitute indictment and selection of the trial jury. Questioning o£ the jurymen was done almost entire- y by the defense, prosecution council finding little or no fault with the men n the panel. ; Mr. Darrow, conducting the examination for the defense, asked the venire- men about their church affiliations'and heir views on the evolutionary theory Eleven of the men finally chosen were church members and all protested to ino.v little of science or evolution. If you can find any one of them who is a.i evolutionist, you are welcome to him," was Mr. Darrow's comment on the personnel of the jury after it had been completed. . . The court adjourned over the weet end, on which day the defense motion to quash the indictment was made. The qunsh .motion attacked the indictment as vague and the Tennessee anti-evolution act as unconstitutional, citing articles of both state and United States constitutions. - I \ The state contended before the court thnt the official accusation waa sufficiently specific and permitted the defendant to know the grounds and cir- umstanees of the charge against him. *hey held that the act was organically onud and asserted that tbe state legis- uture was well within its rights of ex- rcising police powers when it passed lie statute. The third day ot the trial was taken p in waiting for the court's ruling on he quashing motion. Its great length ited several hours for t y p i n g W h e n 1 Judge KuuUton was ready to de- iver his decision, the reading was post wned until the following morning when le was informed that a report for rent ng his ruling hat! been distributed ove :he country. ·- The court's refusal to quash the in dictment, announced the following morn was in accord with the expectation: of counsel and court observers. Th trial then progressed to the hearing o testimony by defendants. 'or about two hours the jury heart testimony from Walter White, county superintendent of schools, and prosw enter in the case; from two recent stu dents of the d e f e n d a n t , and from i\ E Robinson, clmirmau of the Rhea count, school board. The gist of the prosecution evidenc was t h a t Prof. Scopes had taught in th local high school biology class t h a t life had cnine from .a single cell an that man had descended from a lowe form of life. Witnesses asserted that the,lefend*n had a d m i t t e d t h n t he could not teac the to.vt book in use without violatin thn Tennessee law. W h e n the state rested a f t e r hearin four witnesses, defense counsel called t the atuml Dr. Msynard M. Metcalt, zoc of Washington, Baltimore un Oberlin, Ohio, the f'rst of ii group scientists sworn in to testify for II defense. As soon ns counsel asked ll witness nbont evolution, the state ot jcctrd to this evidence as incompeten launching nn argumentative batt which consumed the rest of the day an all of Thurmlny's section. The prosecution contended thes matters irrelevant to the issue nnd sa the sole issue was whether John '. Thrqe Fingers Amputated Louis Glasa, W, N. * W. planing mill employe" suffered the loss of. three nng»Xso hUMthawi Mao: day when th* aJglU were ateost severed ky a planer. H* was take* to FMisawoth General hospital Where the three fingers were amputate*. He was aWe to leave the hospital later in the day. Glass at 1114 CUUicothe street. CHARGE IS W I T H D R A W N Herman Kre««er, Sr., New Boston, has withdrawn a charge of. reckless rlvingr filed against Harry. M. enton several days 'ago by Herman "reuger, Jr^ following an aoto accl- ent between the Denton , and Kreuer machines. : Boston Wins BOSTON . ..... -. ....... ·· « HICAGO...... ..... - - . . 3 " (American) od(e . , Clctua Dodge was 'dismissed In a isorilerly conduct cliarge in munic- pal court Monday. Walter 8o«lty» lel an affidlaTit against Dodge Sunny. · . , ' . v \. .':. · Charles R; Carroll and Mr..Frank Jnrroll have rented a room In the ew addition of the First National Bank buildlna- and Intend to open a collecting agwiey In the near future. fehriig Fined Arthur Gehrlng, arrested on a dis jrderly -conduct charge Monday ifter MrH. Irene Gehring had filed in affidavit, against her husband vus in municipal court Tuesday and entered a plea of not guilty. Evidence was acalnst him and on being found guilty was fined ?10 and costs The charge was filed following rouble between the couple at 84« Fourth street. Is Mending Mrs. Bessie Moose, wife of Frank Moose of 512 Union street is in Ports mouth General hospital recoverinc from an operation she underwent several day* ago. ' · · ' · ' S O C I E T Y Misses Minnie Clivre, Helen Miller, Pauline Cobiirn and Grace Fry are being entertained for a few days at Miss Fry's camp near Wheelersburg. Mr Harold Rhodes, of Columbus will spend the week with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ben Rhodes, of Ninth street. Operated Upon Floyd King of 2817 Gallia street was operated upon Tuesday in Mercy hoa- pitul. Enters Hospital Miss Bessie Laroblin of 1S11 Union street is a patient in Mercy hospital. R H 12 0 Has Home Brew; Fined Garner Vencil, pool room on Park avenue, New Bostonfi, fined $100 and costs in Mayor ey'a court at New Boston recently charge of possessing 30 bottles home brew which the police claim ested 3% per cent. Released On Bond John Komkosky arrested by the Sunday at his boarding"house,"2828 ia street, was released Monday in municipal court : ori ».J200 bond, his :6 be held:when" W. E. Brown is :o leave Schirnnnn hospital and againat him. .Brown claims clashed him with a knife Sunday. Polio have investigated the trouble the charge of cutting with intent would placed against Komosky may changed to the lesser offense of dis orderly conduct. · Brown is reported »s getting nicely. Tonsils Removed Miss Dorothy Hennine of bad her tonsils and adenoids removec In Portsmouth General hospital days ago. . . . ' ' , · ' To I./»ve Ho*pH«l Clarence Scheffler, who underwent nn operation in Mercy hospital recently will be dismissed tomorrow. He is proprietor of the Toggery on Chillicothe street. Operated Upon Mrs. Florida Mercer, 5 Glover street, underwent n n operation in Portsmouth General hospital Monday night. To Meet Wednesday St. Joseph Court, Catholic Order Foresters will hold a very importan ·neetinjf Wednesday evening nt 7:30 llaru Gari Hall. Interesting' matters will come up £U5sioa and every inebmber is to be present. . « Return To Hospital Marie Jean and Alice -Joy, daughters born recently to Mr. W. J. Duncan of South Portsmouth have been returned to Mercy for medical treatment. Charge Dismissed George Dcmereaux, New Boston gamge mechanic was In municipa court Monday on a charge of an. ntitomobllc belonging to Mrs. Cntlip. cook jit Portsmouth Genern hospital. The charge was dismisso when Demereaux claimed lie took machine and held it for un repair bili. Mrs. Cntlip was by tbe court that her case civil action. So lM\f TonsFh Ixcine, 4 year old daughter and Mrs. WiHord Bouts of 1222 street is recovering from an operatic for removal of tonsils she underwen at Portsmouth General hospital

Clipped from
  1. Portsmouth Daily Times,
  2. 21 Jul 1925, Tue,
  3. Page 2

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  • Scopes Trial

    tlp44 – 05 Dec 2013

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