Pinder 3

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Pinder 3 - OTHER VIEWPOINTS Where Point Four Helped...
OTHER VIEWPOINTS Where Point Four Helped Milwaukee Journal: The only kind of war we seek Is the Hood old tight against man's ancient enemies--poverty, disease, hunger and illiteracy.--President Truman, Th« pilot plant for Point Four--America's program of helping underprivileged nations raise the standards of living of Ihclr peoples by providing technical aid and advice--was tiny IJberla on the west coast of Africa. Frank Pinder, stocky, Slav speaking, pipe smoking Negro American from Key Wcsl, Fia., \vas the top engineer. During World War II, this country found out that Liberia Is a necessary link In our air communications with Africa and the near cast and a souicc of strategic rubber, red palm oil, iron ore and lumber. The Llberian government, Impressed by the wvntlerc that American technicians accompllsh- *d at the Monrovia airport and seaport, asked for co-operation In developing the country. In 1944 an economic mission was sent, with It went agrlcullur.il economist Pinder. Pinder founil that 'Liberia didn't grow enough food for Its million population. He found there was a "hungry season" during \vhlch many people almost starved, lie found agricultural methods wore primitive. He didn't discover these things by silling In a Monrovia office. He walked narrow trails In the villages and tribes deep In Ihe bush and Jungle. He lived on Ihe land. He carried seeds and a few simple tools. He mcl the natives and their chiefs In "palaver" houses and told them low to farm belter. Progress was slow. Tradition, resistance to change had to be overcome. The economic mis- lion ended and Frank Finder's project became a Poinl Four responsibility. And. recently. Ihe Point Four people made a survey to determine tie results. They found that many Llberlans have been taught how to clear and farm swamp land and that the rice raised on Ihcsc "hunger firms" il eliminating the dread "hunger sca- »n." The ancient practice of moving lo new land each year, allowing cultivated land to go back to bush, U disappearing. The rice and fessava yields have been Improved. Hybrid torn arri vegetables are being grown The thicken atraln has been improved. A Nigerian red palm has been Imported to better the na- ttve product. Cocoa groves have been cleared and expanded. Pinder now has o«o American aislatant and 10 Ubcrlan technicians. Sixty Lttwrlans trained by Pinder re working in Iho ·oil Important, farming areas, A»*rte»n help and "know-how" fa changing !*·**·. Th« yeofti am Mtlng and living b«t- ler. N'utionul Income lias increased. New areas of tho country have been opened. Road hns Incrensed from 200 lo 1,000 In llircc There has been more progress in the last than in the wliolc previous ccnlury. What has 11m United States gained? A firm friend and ally in Africia. A much needed A new onttcL for American capital. And a market (or American goods. It is.an interesting fact that since the Hberlan experiment in technical aid gol under way, annual trade between tin 1 two countries has grown from $2,000,000 to 521,500,000. Thai's .in example of wlml the Point Four program can do. Marvelous Microscope DCS Molncs Register: The most powerful microscope In the world has Just been built hi Paris, in the unriergitjund laboratories of Ihe College do France. Two French scientists. Claude Mfignan and Paul Chanson, spent four years planning it. U I? feet 8 incites high, ami magnifies 600,000 times. Microscopes thai rely solely upon glass lenses and ordinary light magnify up to 4,000 limes for the eye and 5,000 times In photographs. These Instrument!! arc 350 years oH, bul not fully perfected until 1911. Kicctron microscopes were invented about 1935 and can magnify up lo 200,000 diameters. They use a powerful stream of electrons In- sli-nil of light, became of their much shorter wave Icniilh. With them we can "see" large molecules and vlrmcs. Tho now ntagnan-Chanson microscope magnifies three limes grefiter by using protons, sload of either electrons or light. We sometimes think of the French as a decadent pcop!c because of Ihe sudden military collapse in 1910, Ihe kaleidoscopic changes of government. Ihe large pre-lndustrtal elements In French society, and HID morbid tone of conspicuous elements in Mlh ccnlury French Ilivralurc and pbllosphy. lint In the 20th century, France has been Ihe forefront of atomic phy.ilci and mathematics, the key enterprises of our age, and a substantial f r a c t i o n , o f the new Ideas arts has cumc from there. A new metallic Ink, based on vinylite resin and suitable for use on special cards and magazine covers, has exceptional affinity lo paper, high gloss, and excellent resistance to fading and aging. H does not n* off, de»plu

Clipped from
  1. Abilene Reporter-News,
  2. 16 Dec 1951, Sun,
  3. Page 20

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