Korean War Ends

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Korean War Ends - Korean War Ends In Virtual Draw From Military...
Korean War Ends In Virtual Draw From Military Standpoint By ROBERT SCIIAKNE I. N. S. Staff Correspondent TOKYO (INS)— From a military standpoint the Korean war ends as a draw. On the UN Command’s side, it was a war fought with far too few men, not quite enouRh of anything to make victory stick, and with only a limited objective — to stop the Red aggressors. On the Communist side, it was a war fought with a wealth of manpower, but never enough guns, supplies, and most important airplanes, to translate the manpower superiority into defeat for the Allies. It began at five o’clock in the morning on June 25, 1950, when North Korean men and tanks invaded South Korea across the 38th parallel. From the day it started until July 5, 1950, it was primarily a civil war—Communists from North 2 . The United Nations delaying action was forced down to the Nak- tong river, after Task Force Smith met the Reds near Osan July 5. Troops of the 24tii division rushed piecemeal to the battle, sighting the Reds who outnumbered and outgunned them and then retreated. The fighting withdrawal, which cost the freedom of Maj. Gen. William F. Dean July 22, ended by the beginning of August. 3. The Naktong river-Pusan perimeter battle fought throughout August until Sept. 15. This was the time when United Nations fortunes reached a low ebb, when the tl)e 25th, First Cavalry and Second the 25th, Frist Cavalry and Second divisions, and the first Marine Provisional Brigade as well as British soldiers of the 27th Brigade and ROK units and the U. S. 24th Division — battled Ona beachhead playing for time. The line was held in the face of repeated Communist Korea fighting the poorly armed j assaults, culminating in the cli and confused soldiers of the Re- of Pyongyang encountered equally little assistance. Marines pushed up from Wonsan to the Chosen Reservoir early in November and army forces of the Seventh Division reached the Yaiu at Hyesanjin Nov. 21. ROK soldiers reached the same river at Chosan three weeks earjier. 6 . The Chinese counter-assault. This snatched victory from the Allies at the last ipinute and made what Gen. Mac Arthur called a “new war.” The first Chinese were captured on Oct. 26 by South Korean infantrymen. Early in November, the Eighth Cavalry Regiment was cut off by the Chinese. But it was Nov. 27 w’hen the Chinese hit in force, three days after Gen MacArthur unleashed the offensive, he hoped would win the war. The Allied line collapsed. Marines fought their way out of a trap at the reservoir, and army troops fought out of Kunuri. The Chinese captured Pyongyang mactic attack beginning Aug. 31 Dec. 6 ; and Hungnam, scene of two weeks before the North Kor- the evacuation of the Tenth Corps ean army’s doom was settled. , Dec. 24. A fresa Chinese offensive 4. The Inchon landing and the! Year’s eve. 1950 ended with breakout from the beachhead. This the capture of Seoul Jan. 4. was the blow that broke the back The Eighth Army retreated to public of South Korea. On July 5, “Task Force Smith.” a scattering of infantrymen and artillerymen of the U. S. 24th Division under the command of Lt. Col. Charles B. Smith, made it a 0f communist Korean army) the 38th Parallel, war belonging to the world. Near a Korean town called Osan, the soldiers of Task Force Smith met the Communist invasion of South Korea with bullets and blood. Harbor, the port of Seoul, Sept. 15, j assaulted the The war in Korea continued up and down the peninsula from then on, involving soldiers and mercy teams of 21 countries. Ir was fought through valleys, mountains, towns. There were big battles along a river called the Kum. a river called the Naktong, another called the Han, one called the Chongchon, one called the Tae- dor.g and one tailed the Soyang. There were battles for towns and cities with names like Seuul, Taegu, Masan, Junuri, Kotori, Wonju, Chipyong, and Uijongbu. Soldiers fought and died for hills they called Heartbreak Ridge and hills they called No-Name Ridge. Roughly the war fitted into a group of campaigns. These were: 1. The initial invasion beginning June 25, 1950 by 60,000 soldiers of the North Korean army, armed with tanks, planes, artillery and the latest weapons, and striking a South Korean army with pone of this equipment. This part of the campaign lasted until July 5. and led to what appeared to be,; T. The Communist defeat. This for a time a total Allied victory, was a turning point in the war American Marines, braving hugejan^ made it plain a long stalemate tides, stormed ashore at Inchon' might follow’. North Korean troops key Central front 1950 and within a day captured the j corridor through Wonju and failed Island of Wolmi and the whole port, to penetrate the lines of the Second Two days later soldiers of the Division. The battle at Wonju was Seventh Division joined the aa - sftult, deep behind Communist lines on the Naktong river. In four days the assault on Seoul, traditional capital of Korea, began and on Sept. 26 the city was liberated. The North Korean army on the jiafi voted to revive an investiga- banks of the Naktong, repulsed In' ^on ?RX exempt foundations, its effort to drive the ighth Army i <j^e resolutions adopted 209 to to the sea, reeled under heavy AI -1 ^3 j,i0nday provides for a new lied counterblows and collapsed, special committee, to determine if On Sept. 26, the men who defended any foundations or organizations Revive Probe Of Tax Exempt Foundations WASHINGTON (INS) — The House are using their funds “for Un- American and subversive activities for political purposes; prop- to Influence the Naktong beachhead linked up with the Seventh Division soldiers who entered Korea through Inchon. 5. The drive to tho north and the aganda or attempts Yaiu river. This was the high point j legislation.” for the United Nations command; Approval followed a sharp fight in the Far East. Allied soldiers over the work done by a previous swept the Communists from South committee which made its report fought in 20 degree below zero cold from Jam 1 to 15. The Allied counter - offensive under Gen. Matthew . Ridgway, beginning Jan. 25. This brought Allied armies back to the Han river and Seoul. A Feb. 11 attack by masses of Chinese at W'onju, Hoengsong and Chipyong was halted and the Allied assault, then known as "Operation Killer” continued. By April, with hard fighting, the operation brougiit the Eighth Army back .into North Korea and to the base of the Iron Triangle, key to the Red troop movement network. Seoul had been recaptured March 15. 9. The Communist spring offensive. This was an all-out Red effort to drive the Allies from Korea. It failed by a hair’s breadth and resulted in a near-disastrous defeat It began April 22 on the western front. The Chinese stormed down to within three miles of Seoul. But Seoul held and on May 22 General Van Fleet launched his counterattack. Within a day the Chinese were in full flight and in a near panic. The Eighth Army chased the Communists north of the 38th Parallel and kept advancing until mid- June. 10. The truce talks and the twilight war. Unlike the first year of the war, the second two years were part of the same campaign. Many men died in many killing, hard- fought battles, but from the soldier’s point of view little of strategic importance happened. Effectively Relieves ITCHY SHIN RASH Gtt blattad r«li«f row from annoying, om- barrtuing, itchy, skin rjsh—factor, turar, ttftr. If you ijfttr from psoriasis, ath:#ras foot, pimpiss, r'ngworm, or othar •itarnally caussd skin and scalp irritations arywhsra from hsad to tot—Wondar S«!vo rtlitvts itch'rg promptly, dsstroys most bacteria on contact, soothes irritation, and promotai healing. Wonder Salvo is whita, greaialass, odorless—does rot stow or stain. Use it with confidence—it is safo for children and dalteata skin. Guaranteed to do averything we say or yowr monay back without question. Wonder Salve, Ja-s or Tubes, and Wondar Soap. MOVIES — Out Where It’* Healthful and Cool la*t January. Rep. B. Carroll Reece (R) Tenn., author of the new bill, said the report of the previous committee was not extensive enough. However. Rep. Brooks Hays <D) Ark., said “the job has been completed.” Korea by the end of September. Soldiers of the ROK army crossed the 38th Parallel into North Korea Oct. 1. The U. S. First Cavalry division struck north above Kaesong Oct. 9. The UN had auth- ! orized the move into North Korea Oct. 8 . ] There was little opposition as: I South Korean troops sinased up 1 to Wonsan Oct. IO and Hamhung- Hungnam Oct. 18 way up in north; east Korea on the road to Siberia. J There was equally little opposition as American troop, swept up ^^cuV.'tak'e' over'duUes as in the west and captured the Red 1 Re„ . 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Clipped from
  1. The Daily Times,
  2. 29 Jul 1953, Wed,
  3. Page 2

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