North Korea Invades South Korea

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North Korea Invades South Korea - I Red Troops And Tanks From North Korea Invade...
I Red Troops And Tanks From North Korea Invade South In Force : NEW YORK, June 25 (A.A.P.). North Korean (Communist) armed forces this morning invaded the Republic of South Korea with tanks and artillery at 11 places along the border and at three points on the east coast The acting Chief of Staff of the UJ5. Military Advisory Group, Colonel W. Mahoney, announced in Seoul (capital of South Korea) to-night that the invaders had captured Pochon (25 miles north-east of Seoul), and occupied all territory west of the Imjin River, the last natural barrier before Seoul. A North Korean Yak aircraft strafed an American C54 on the ground at Kimpo airport, Seoul. No Americans were injured. The President of South Korea, Dr. Syngman Rhee, made an appeal for aid to General MacArthur in a telephone call to Tokyo shortly after the invasion began. General MacArthur told him that American officers would leave Tokyo by air this afternoon to act as observers. URGENT APPEAL FOR U.S. AID The Acting Premier of South Korea, Sihn Sung Mo, I said in Seoul that he had sent an urgent appeal to Washington for tanks, planes, larger-calibre artillery, and ships. He had also asked the Korean Ambassador in Washington to .appeal to President Truman to act quickly. U.S. military advisers say that Communist troops swarmed across the border shortly after North Korea had declared war at 1 a.m. They met their first serious resistance three miles inside the border. Some reports said that be fore 10 a.m. the North Kor eans had occupied Kaesong, which is a strategic rail centre 40 miles north of Seoul. The. South Koreans claimed later, however, that Kaesong, although surrounded, was still resisting, with half of the city in loyalist hands. I he North Koreans have captured Packchong. 12 miles west ot Kaesong. intense righting is going on ::HiH:HnM::;UnH;Hnmi!!UH:H:::iin::iHii!!i "Part Of Red Pattern," Says Spender The Minister for External Affairs, Mr. P. C. Spender, said last night the Communist attack on aouth Korea might well lead to the invasion of the island of Formosa. Mr. Spender said: "Formosa is the last stronghold of the Chinese Nationalist forces, "The invasion of South Korea is not unexpected to those watching events in South Asia. It is part of the pattern of imperialistic Communistic aggression. "One can't say where the next step will be if this one succeeds, it will probably be Formosa. "The significance of this event to Australia, indeed for the ultimate peace of the world, hardly needs stressing "y me. at Chunchon (60 miles north- "JiHiSilHiraSHiiaSiSSSEijHHaSiSiSSSsnii east of Seoul), with six major It is estimated that one divi-thrusts moving eastward. Ision each attacked Ongjin ' (92 miles north-west of Seoul) and Chunchon, with strong artillery support Heavy artillery fire is re ported at Changdon, Kaesong. I South Korea Army sources say that five ER-type Russian fighters strafed Kimpo airport, Seoul, late this afternoon, and two returned for a second attack. They left a petrol tank in flames. Kimpo har no protection. Four Russian-type planes also strafed Yongdoogrxj railway station, which is three miles from the centre of Seoul, and wounded three people. - A South Korean spokesman described the situation as "a full-scale civil war." He said that Dr. Rbee had summoned an emergency meet ing .of his ' Cabinet for thirl afternoon, when South Korea might make a formal declaration of war. I he South Koreans were short of rifle ammunition, and were appealing for aircraft for observation. The spokesman estimated casualties so far at 4.000 on each side, but no official figures are available. STRENGTH OF TWO ARMIES According to South Korean estimates, the North Korean army had 180,000 troops last month, and another two divisions have recently returned from service with the Communist forces in North China. They are reported to have 75 Stormovik fighters, 120 Yaks, 155 33-ton tanks, 18 10-ton tanks, and 30 armoured cars. The U.S. Military Advisory Group last month, however, estimated the North Korean forces at 100,000. The South Koreans have eight divisions, totalling about 95,000 men, advised by 200 American officers and 300 en listed men. The South Koreans have no aircraft and no tanks, one cavalry regiment with ar moured cars, and 105mm. artillery. The South Koreans concentrated their defences- on the approaches to Seoul, Brigadier-General William Roberts, commander of the military advisory , group, said last month. If Seoul falls, we feel that South Korea is conquered," he added. South Korea could bold any 4v" Vladivostok, -V r-l if pSfe" J ensan Port Arthur -NOYAfjC 5S nesoria YELLOW SEA crnm y.Kannnnna .fcWVh . . 5 J J Milan IOO Moppo 1 LATE NEWS TOKYO TALKS ON KOREA ' TOKYO, June 25 ('A.A.P.. Reuter). General Mac-Arthur Mr. John Foster Dulles (consultant . to the U.S. State Department), and seven other generals to-night conferred on. tbe. Korean situation fof" nearly two hours at MacArthur's head-quarters. (Story Sbove.)', , .' i l good-sized force for .three weeks, he said. 'If the North Koreans used planes, they could immobilise the South Korean Army," he said. ' . (The Yalta Conference ot Feb ruary, 1943, decided that alter the defeat of Japan the independence of Korea, which had been for 50 years under Japanese control, would be restored. Conse quently, when Japan surrendered, American forces occupied south ern Korea as far as the 38th parallel, while Soviet troops took over the northern halt . . . US. VIEW ; ,' By a decision of the Bia- Three Conference fo Moscow towards the end of 1945, v Korea was to be' piaocd under, the trusteeship of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and China for Ave years, and an American-Soviet commission was appointed to establish a pro- vauoaal Govt foment represent- Russians, - bowever, v would . not recognise any but Mm Communist Party, and repeated meetings of the commission in 1946 and 1947 failed to break the deadlock. Eventually, s Soviet puppet oovciumeal was created in North Korea, It "Peonies" (Communist) Constitution claim ed Hirisdiction over the whole country. A -few days later, in May. i4S, a'provnional iov- rnmeK. was formed in South Korea, whh. Dr. Svntrnan Rhee as President, and with a demo cratic Constrtutioa. - In October of the same year me soviet government announ ced its intention to withdraw all Russian troops from the northern Republic. The attitude ol the United States was that a withdrawal of American troops at this stage would leave South Korea at the mercy of tbe Communist North Korean Army. It was about this time that the first Communist uprising against the Rhee Government was suppressed. The United Nations Assembly. meeting in Paris in December. 1948, voted its recognition of the South Korean Government as the Government of all Korea. It also appointed a commission to supervise : the withdrawal of foreign troop and advise the Koreao Government. Russia boycotted the commission and announced that it had completed the withdrawal of its forces. All American troops, except for 500 advisers to the Korean Army, were withdrawn by July, 1949. GUERILLAS '. In the' meantime another Com munist rising bad been ' suppressed by the Rhee Govern ment, whose forces were alsoJ frequently m action asainst Com. munist-led guerillas in the hills. North Korea comprises 56 per cent, of the whole country and a iniro -approximately iu million of the total population. Most ot Koreas industry ts situated there, as well as its coal, timber, and minerals. The southern territory is predominantly agri- culturnl.) i Smith Korea's weak , de fence, p. 2. Special UJS. Talks, p. 3, to to near I a

Clipped from
  1. The Sydney Morning Herald,
  2. 26 Jun 1950, Mon,
  3. Page 1

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