German Money Paid Russian Agitators: Secret Documents Show How Bolsheviki Turned County Over To Prus

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German Money Paid Russian Agitators: Secret Documents Show How Bolsheviki Turned County Over To Prus - GERMAN MONEY PAID RUSSIAN AGITATORS Secret...
GERMAN MONEY PAID RUSSIAN AGITATORS Secret Documents Show How Bolsheviki Turned Country Over to Prussia Lenine and Trotzky Planned to Destroy Allies Munitions at Vladivostok WASHINGTON, Hept. 14. The part played by the German Imperial Bank in financing the Russian Bolsheviki movement, fha care taken by the German military authorities to prevent spread among their own people of the Socialistic preaching of the Russian tools, and the plans laid tor German control of Russia economically and financially during and after the war, feature the disclosures in , the second installment of the sensational series of secret documents which the, American Government is making public. Copies of t he documents, given out tonight, carry the file numbers of the Reichbank or of the German general staff, and in some instances notations by Ienine or Trotzky, the Bolsheviki leaders now shown to have, been in the pay of Germany since long before they overthrew Russia's new democratic government and virtually turned the country over to th -Teutons. One of the Reichbank memoranda, dated last January, announced to the Commissar of Foreign .Affairs (Lenine) that fifty million roubles, of gold has been placed to the credit at Stockholm of the representatives of the commissars to cover the cost of Red Guards and agitators. Another of a few days later tells of a credit of five million roubles for the assistant naval commissar in the Far East, who is entrusted with the task of carrying off or destroying the great American and Japanese stores or war material at Vladivostok a scheme that probably was well under way when the landing of American and Allied forces at Vladivostok (etided the sway of the Bolsheviki there. A resolution adopted by the German commercial banks under the auspices of the Reichjiank outlines an elaborate programme "or control of -Russia by Germany and the barring of America and the Allies fro:n the Russian commercial nd industrial field after the war. What has happened to this scheme is not def-intely known, but it is suggested that it may be the subject of one of the secret sections of the German-Bolshevik treaty. Double Crossing Socialists How fjenine and Trotzky were betraying their Socialist friends along with Russia, is disclosed by a sharp note to Lenine from the isaehrichten bureau demanding to know what steps he would take to, make good his personal promise that Socialistic and agitational literature would not be circulated among German troops. . Trotzky wrote on the margin, "J ask to diuss it L. T." 'Another document is a German warning on January 2',)' to Lenine that unknown agitators were circulating propaganda telling in advance of the plans of" the Bolsheviki to openly surrender to the Germans as they actually did later. The following documents show in detail how the German Government financed the Russian Bolfhevfk revolution through the German Imperial Bank. They show what rewards the German financial and industrial interests demanded in return for the German support of the Bolsheviki. And they show how the Bolshevik leaders betrayed their own followers and abandoned the preaching of their noeial.iv lution wherever the Germans ordered U.t it should be abandoned. '"'"'-. .' Gold for Red Guard DOCUMENT NO. 8. -' (Reichsbank No. ' 2. Jan. S. 191& Very Secret To the Commissar of Foreign Affairs: Information has today been received by rne from Stockholm that 50,000,006 roubles of gold has been transferred to be put at thr disposal of the representatives of the l'eople's Commissars. This credit has been . supplied to the Russian Government in order to cover the cost of the keep of the Red Guards and 'agitators in the country. - The Imperial Government considers it appro priate to remind the Soviet of people's rommissars ot tne necessity ot lncreas-iig their propaganda in the country, a the antagonistic attitude of the south of Russia ar.d Siberia to the existing government is troubling the German Government. It is of great importance to send experienced men everywhere in order to set up a uniform government. Representative of the Imperial Bank, von iSchanz. Note. Members of the Red Guard were paid from 12 to lt roubles a day, whereas soldiers were paid hardly that number of kopecks. This letter shows where the money came from. The Bolshevik government also required factory owners to pay regular wages to their workers while the latter served in the Red Guard. The notation on letter indicates that it was referred to Menshinski, the financial minister, whose expert councillor was the German, von Toll. Menshinski personally conducted the wrecking of the Russian banks, a maneuver that deprived all opponents of Bolshevikism of their financial means of warfare. It V-as a classic job of destruction, done in the name of resconstructioii. Have photograph this letter. Destruction of Stores DOCUMENT NO. 9. (Reichsbank No 8, Jan. 12. 191S, Berlin.) VERY SECRET. To the Commissioner of Foreign Af fairs: 1 am instructed to convev the agreement of the Imperial Bank to the issue of a credit o 5,000,000 roubles for the dispatch of the assistant naval commissar, Kudriashoff, to the East. On arrival at Vladivostok he should isit the retired officer of the Russian fleet, Mr. Panoff, and instruct Iviit-tenhoff and Staufacher, who are known to Panoff, to come to see him. Both the mentioned agents will bring with them Messrs. Edward Shindler, William Keberlein and Paul Diese (or l)e?). With these persons it is necessary to think out a plan for carrying out the Japanese and American war materials from Vladivostok to the west. If this-is not possible then they must instruct Diese (or Ieze) and his- agents to destroy the stores. Shindler must acquaint Kudriashoff with the Chinese agents at Nikolsk. These persons should receive the agreed am'ounts and should be dispatched to China to carry on an agitation against Japan. President of the Imperial Bank, von Schanz. Note. If this plan was developed to a ! Umax it was not by Kudriashoff. He was killed on his passage through Siberia two or three weeks later and it was reported that a great sum of money was taken from his body by his murderers, who were said to be two Cossacks. - Most of the German agents named in this letter were still active in Siberia in the fcpring, as'shown by Document No. 29. The photograph of this letter. Saving Russian Enterprises - DOCUMENT NO. 10. (Reichsbank, No. 5, Jan. 11, 1918.) To the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars: My Dew Mr. Chairman: The industrial and commercial organizations in Germany interested in trade relations with Russia have addressed themselves to me in a letter, including several guiding indications. Permit me to bring them to your attention. 1. The conflict of the Russian revolution with the Russian capitalists absolutely does not interest German manufacturing circles, insofar aa the question does not concern industry as such. You can destroy the Russian capitalists as far as you please, but it :ould by no means be possible to per mit the destruction ot Russian enter- a constant ferment in the country, supported by famine of materials and, in consequence of that, of products also. The English, American and French capitalists take advantage of this disorder and understand how to establish here corps of their commercial agents. It is necessary to remember that German industry in the - first years after the general peace will not be in a position to satisfy the purchasing demand of the Russian market, having broad similar parallel tasks in the Near-East, in Persia, in China . and in Africa. ' 2. It is essential therefore, to conduct a canvass ana gather statistical information With regard to the condition of industry, and, in view of the absence of money in Russia, to address in business conversations whichever is desired of the groups of German Commercial Banks'. 3. Trade with Germany may be in the first period almost exclusively exchange for wheat and for any remaining products to receive household necessities. ' Everything which exceeds the .limits of such trade should be paid for in advanee' to the amount of 75 per cent, of the market value, with tha payment of the remaining quarter in a six months' period. In place' of such an arrangement, probably, it would seem to be possible to permit, private-i.. . i. . . .. i . ; . c i ' . . . - : 1 jy9 ill5 id.ii.iiig ui vxcimaij uiv lueiiu shares on the Russian financial market, or solidly guaranteed industrial and railroad loans. ' In view of the indicated interest of German manufacturers and merchants in trade relations jn Russia, 1 cordially beg you, Mr. Chairman, t to inform me - of the views of the government regarding the questions touched upon, and to receive the assurances of my sincere respect. Representative of the Imperial Bank and Stock Exchange in Berlin, G. von Schanz. Note. The engaging attitude of the German manufacturers toward Russian capitalists is the feature of this letter, apart from the cordial and evidently, understanding expressions of the representative of the German Imperial Bank to that supposed enemy of the capitalists of all nations, Lenine. , The letter was sent to the secret department by Secretary Skripnik. Perhaps some day von "Schanz will disclose Lenine's answer. Have photograph of letter. Tightening the Grip DOCUMENT NO. 11. . t Reichsbank, No. 12378. Berlin) ; Dee. 2ii, 1917,). " , ABSOLUTION of conference of representatives of the German commercial banks convened on proposal ot tne berman delegation at Petrograd by 4be management of the Imperial Bank, to discuss the resolu-tions of the Rhine-Westphalian Industrial Syndicate and Handelstag. 1, : AH loans are canceled the bonds of which are in the hands of German, Austrian., Bulgarian, and Turkish holders, but payment . must be realized by the Russian treasury m the course of a , 12-months' term after the conclusion of separate peace. 2. The purchase is permitted of all Russian securities and dividend-bearing paper by the representatives of the German banks at the rate of the day n the open market; - y. After the conclusion of separate peace, on the expiration of ninety days, there are re-established all the shares of private railway comjpanies, metallurgical industries, oil companies and chemical pharmaceutical works. The rating of such papers will be made by the German and Austrian stock exchanges. . 4. There are banished and for five years from date of signing peace are not to be allowed English, French and American capital in the following industries: Coal, metallurgical, machine building, oil, chemical and pharmaceutical. 5. In the question of development in Russia of coal, oil and metallurgical branches of industry there is to be es tablished a supreme advisory organ consisting of ten Russian specialists, ten from the German industrial organizations and the German and Austrian banks. 0. The Russian Government must not interfere in the region of questions connected with the transfer to tlm benefit of Germany of two mining districts in Poland DombrOsky and Olkishky and to Austria of the oil region in Galicia. The transfer of the latter will be only in the - form of limitations of the right of making claims, land allotments and application of capital for the production and refining of oil. . 7. Germany and Austria enjoy the unlimited privilege of sending into Russia mechanics and qualified workmen. S. Other forefgn mechanics and workmen during five years after the conclusion ot peace between Russia and Germany are not to be allowed to enter at ail. ...... 9. The statistical department of producing and manufacturing industries with the corresponding government organ must be controlled by German specialists. 10. Private banks in Russia arise only with the consent and according to the plan of the Union of German and Austrian Banks, whereby the vating of the stocks of the banks on all exchanges of the New and Old World wih be handled by the group of the Deutsche Bank. 11. At the ports of Petrograd, Archangel, Odessa. Vladivostok and Batum will be established, under the leadership of specialists from Germany, special statistical economic committees. As regards the iariff , railway " and shipping rate policies to regulate the Kusso-Gei man-Austrian trade relations this part of the economical treaty will be, discussed by the special tariff council of the llandeistag-chairnian von Gren-ner, Secretary Bef enbluet. NOTE The- penned indorsement on the photographed copy of the resolution is ' Chairman of the Central Executive Cominittec-Commissar Menshin-sky requests that this resolution should be taken under advisement, and to prepare the ground in the Soviet of the Workmen's and. Soldiers' Deputies, in case the Council of People's Commissars will not accede to these requests. Secretary R. Raskin." Menshinsky is Minister of Finance. . All of these terms, wholly punitive .' to American. Enzlish and French capital could lurk in the secret section in the present German-Russian treaty. 1 do not know the fate ot the resolution on this, its early winter ap pearance. Have besides the notated nhotoeranh a printed copy of this circular. Hampering Russian Commander DOCUMENT NO. 12. Gr. General Staff. Nachricbten Bureau. Section R. No. 780.. Feb. 25. 11S.) SECRET To the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars: After conferring with the People's Commissar Trotsky, I have the honor t to ask you to urgently inform the agents of the secret service at Stafka, Commissars Feiera-bend and Kahnanovich, that they should rvork aa formerly in complete independence and without the knowledge of the official staff at Stafka and the General Staff in Petersburg, and particularly General Bonch-Bruevicb and the secret service of the northern front, communi- . eating only with the People's Commissars,. Lieutenant Krilenko. For the - head of the ; department, R. Bauer; adjutant, Bukholm. NOTE Across the letter is written 'Inform Mosholox, N. G.." (Gorbunof s initials) . In - the margin is writttm "Passed on to the Commissar of War. M. Skripnik." The significance of this letter is that iti9 to Lemne; that the ...l5'- . - - i 1. ox'i a situation. - would Drodnca Mof secretaries of.' Jiimlf nrA

Clipped from
  1. The Philadelphia Inquirer,
  2. 16 Sep 1918, Mon,
  3. Page 8

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  • German Money Paid Russian Agitators: Secret Documents Show How Bolsheviki Turned County Over To Prus

    BobbyFischer – 22 Mar 2018

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