How the Russian Revolt Was Financed By German Imperial Bank
'3IOKXIXCJ, tl70.-j Alab-nosius, dyl-x HOW THE RUSSIAN WAS FINANCED IMPERIAL WASHINGTON". : Sept. 13. The part played by the German Imperial bank in financing tho Russian Bolshevikl movement, the care taken by tho German German military authorities to prevent spread among their own people of the socialistic preaching of their Russian tools, and the plans laid for German control of Russia, economically and financially, during and after tbe war, feature the disclosures in tho second installment of the sensational series of secret documents which the American Government is making public. Copies of the documents, given out tonight, carry foe file numbers of tho Reichsbank or of the German general staff, and in some instance notations by Lcnine or Trotzky, the Bolshevik leaders leaders now shown to have been in the pay of Germany since long before they overthrew Russia's .new democratic government and viially turned thd country over to the Teutons. There are illuminating explanatory notes by Edgar Sisson of the committee on public information, who directed tho investigation w hicii resulted in the disclosure.-?. disclosure.-?. disclosure.-?. disclosure.-?. . One of tho Reichsbank memoranda, dated last January, announces to tim commissar of foreign affairs (Leninc) that ,.Q.0im.O0u roubles of gold has beoj placed to the credit at Stockholm of the representatives of the coftimissars to cover the cost of Red Guards and agl- agl- i tators. another of a few days later j tells of a credit of 5,v9.0m) roubles for the assistant naval cummir in the far cast, who ils entrusted with the task of currying oft or destroying the) great American and Japanese stores of war material at Vladivostok a schema that probably was well under way When the landing of American and allied forces at Vladivostok ended tho sway of the Iiolsheviki there. A resolution adopted by the German commercial banks under the auspices) of the Reichsbank outlines an elaborate program for control of Russia by Germany Germany and the barring of America, and the allies from the Russian commercial and industrial field after the wr. What has happened to this scheme Is not definitely known, but it is suggested that it may be the subject of one of tho secret sections of the German-Bolshevik German-Bolshevik German-Bolshevik German-Bolshevik .treaty. How Lenine and Trotzky were be traying their Socialist friends, along wun nussia, is aisciosea oy a s.iari note to Lenine from the Nachrichter bureau, demanding to know what steps he would take to make good his personal personal promise that Socialistic and agitational agitational literature would not be circulated circulated among German troops. Trotzky wrote on the margin: "I usk to discuss it. L. T." The concluding document of the instalment is a German warning on January 29 to Lenine that unknown i agitators wero circulating propaganda, j telling in advance of the plans of the : Bolsheviki to openly surrender to the Germans as thc- thc- actually did later. INSTALLMENT II. ROLE OF THE REICHSBANK. The foltowing documents show in detail detail how the German government finajieed the Russian Bolshevik revolution revolution through the German imperial bank. They show what rewards the German financial and industrial interests demanded demanded in return for the German support support of the Bolsheviki. And they show how the Bolshevik leaders betrayed their own followers and abandoned the preaching of their social revolution wherever the Germans ordered that It should be abandoned. DOCUMENT NO. 8. Re!csbajik No. -. -. January S. 131S.) Very Secret. To the Commissar of Foreign Affairs: Affairs: Information has today been re-ceiveT"'by re-ceiveT"'by re-ceiveT"'by me from Stockholm that 00,-000,000 00,-000,000 00,-000,000 roubles of gold has been transferred transferred to be put at the disposal of the representatives of the People's Commissars. Commissars. This credit has been supplied to the Russian government in order to cover the cost of the keep of the Red Guards and agitators in the country. The imperial government considers it appropriate to remind the soviet of peo pie's commissars of the necessity of increasing increasing their propaganda in the country, country, as the antagonistic attitude of the South of Russia and Siberia to the existing existing government is troubling the German German government. It is of great impor tance to send experienced men everywhere everywhere in order to set up a uniform government. government. Representative of the Im perial Bank, Von Schanz. Xote Members of the Red Guard were paid from 12 to 16 roubles a day, ichere-as ichere-as ichere-as soldiers tcere paid hardly that number number of kopecks. This letter shows where the money came from. The Bolshevik government also required factory owners owners to pay regular icages to the workers while the latter served in the Red Guard. The notation on letter indicates that it icas referred to Menshinski, the financial minister, whose expert councillor councillor teas the German, Yon Toll. Menshinski Menshinski personally conducted the wrecking of the Russian banks, a maneuver that de prived all op-ponents op-ponents op-ponents of Bolshevikism of- of- their financial means of warfare. It was a classic job of destruction, done in the name of reconstruction. Have photograph of fkis letter. DOCUMENT NO. (Rciclisbaak No.' S, January 12, 1D1S, Eerha.) Veiy Secret. To the commissar of foreign aftaiL.. I am instructed to convey the agree- agree- ment of the imperial bank to the issue of a credit of 5.GGQ.C0Q roubles for the dispatch of the assistant naval com- com- j . mJssar. KudriashofT, to the Par East, i u, -N -N uo- uo- -.-lowerfUt -.-lowerfUt -.-lowerfUt -.-lowerfUt a.r al- al- On. arrival at Vladivostok; he should cks are being continued around Metz. j. rali-visit the retired officer of the Russian j according to the statement issued hy ! fleet, Mr. Panoff, and instruct liut- liut- Ith'. u'r ministry tonight. The stations 1 tenhoff and .Staufacher, who are known to Panoff, to come to see him. Both the mentioned agents will bring with them Messrs. Fldward RhinrMpr. William Keberlein and Paul Diese (or Deze). With these persons it is necessary to think out a plan for .carrying out the ! Japanese and American war materials j Iro-.n Iro-.n Iro-.n Vladivostok to the west. If this j is not possible then they must instruct i Pies tor Deze.i and his agents to de- de- iroy uie siurrs. emnaier must acquaint: Kudriashoff with the Chinese agents at Nikolsk. These persons should receive me agreeu amounts ana should be dis- dis- patched to China to carry on an a ita-tho ita-tho ita-tho tion against Japan. President of Imperial Bank. Von Schanz. A'ofe this plan was developed to a climax it was not by KudriashoJJ. Tie was killed on his passage through Siberia Siberia two or three weeks later and it was reported that a great sum of money was taken from his body by his murderers, murderers, who were said to be two Cossacks. Cossacks. fot!t of the German agents named i: this letter were still active in Siberia in the spring, as shown bj Document No. 29. Have photograph of this letter. DOCUMENT NO. 10. Uleic&aftask No. 5, January 11. 15;J.) To the Chairman of the Council o" People's Commissars: My Dear Mr. Chairman: The Industrial Industrial and commercial organizations organizations in Germany interested in trade, relations with Russia have addressed, themselves to me in a letter, including including several puiding indications. rcr- rcr- j mit me to bring them to your atlcn-j atlcn-j atlcn-j tion. 1 I. The conflict of the Rus.-i.an Rus.-i.an Rus.-i.an rev- rev- plutioa -with -with tho Russian capitalists, absolutely docs not interest German manufacturing circles, in so tar as tho question dots not concern industry as such. You can destroy the Russian capitalists as far as you please, but it, would by no means be possible to permit permit the deslruction of Russian enterprises. enterprises. Such a situation would produce a constant ferment in the country, supported supported by famtne of materials and, in consequence of that, of products also. The English, American and French capitalists take advantage of this disorder disorder and understand how to establish here corps of their commercial agents. It is necessary to remember that German German industry in the first years after the general peace will not be in a, position to satisfy the purchasing demand demand of the Russian market, having broad similar parallel tasks in the near East, in Persia, in China and in Africa. 2, It is essential, therefore, to conduct a canvass and jjather statistical-information statistical-information statistical-information statistical-information with regard to the condition of industry, and. in vie, of the absence of money in Kus.-ia. Kus.-ia. Kus.-ia. to address in business business conversations whichever Is desired of the groups of German commercial banks. ::. Trade with Germany may be in the first period almost exclusively exchange for wheat and for any remaining products products to receive household necessities. Everything which exceed such trade should he paid thf limits of :- :- in advance to the amount of T" per cent of the market value, with the payment of the remaining quarter in a six months' period. In place of such an arrangement, arrangement, probably, it would seem to be possible to permit, privately, the taking of German dividend shares on the Russian Russian financial market, or solidly guaranteed guaranteed industrial and railroad loans. In view of tiie indicated interest of German manufacturers and merchants in trade relations in Russia. I cordially beg you, Mr. Chairman, to inform mc of the views of the Governme-.it Governme-.it Governme-.it regarding the questions touched upon, and to receive receive the assurancs of my sincere respect. respect. Representative of the Imperial Bank and Stock Exchange in Berlin, G. von Schanz. A'ofe The engaging attitude of ffcc German manufacturers toward Russian capitalists is the feature of this letter, apart from the cordtal and evidently un- un- derstandina expressions of the repre- repre- sentative of the German Imperial Bank to thatsnpposcd enemy of the capitalists capitalists of all nations, Lenin. The letter was sent to the secret department by Secretary Skripnik. Perhaps some day Von Schanz will disclose Lenin's answer. answer. llave photograph of letter. DOCUMENT NO. 11. Uteiclisbani. No. 1-CTS. 1-CTS. 1-CTS. BerUn, December 2S. 1917.) RESOLUTION. ! l u"iciuat u' ,,i,M.c..,aL..u m German commercial banks convened on J proposal of the German delegation at I Petrograd by the management of the ! Imperial hank, to discuss the resolutions ! of the l-thine-Wcstphalian l-thine-Wcstphalian l-thine-Wcstphalian l-thine-Wcstphalian l-thine-Wcstphalian Industrial ! syndicate and Handelstag. : I -L -L All loans are canceled the bonds , of which are in the hands of German, i j Austrian, Bulgarian, and Turkish hold- hold- ! puni-i ers. but payment must be realized by j the Russian treasury in the course of Mud of Covers He PARIS, iiept. II. Newton D. Baker, se-cretary se-cretary se-cretary of war of the United States, returned tonight from the American battlefront, where he spent the last two days with the American troops, accompanying accompanying them as thev marched into St-Mihiel. St-Mihiel. St-Mihiel. As the big army automobile stopped In front of General Pershing's Paris home tonight, the secretary alighted, covered with mud from head to foot. He carried his gas mask in one hand and his steel helmet in the other. His trench coat was smeared witlt mud and his leggings were coated with it and even his eye glasses were splashed. .Secretary Baker made only a brief stay in Paris tonight, leaving on the night train for an absence of several days. SAW YANKEE BOYS ATTACK. While deeply stirred with what he had seen. Secretary Baker spoke in moderation. He was particularly impressed impressed with the splendid spirit and enthusiasm of the American troops. He had also seen great throngs of German German prisoners as they were brought Heavy Air On Metz Kept J ' j j i ; ! an.? lrCK3 at ALeiz-fcao.ons ALeiz-fcao.ons ALeiz-fcao.ons and Cour- Cour- cenes r.a.e occn auat-Kca, auat-Kca, auat-Kca, as well as i various enemy concentration points I he statement says : : On the battlefront, in addition to i the bombing reported iu yesterday's i communique, the following bombing operations operations were carried out: , "Two further' attacks we; e made o-i o-i o-i Ueu-Suiblons Ueu-Suiblons Ueu-Suiblons in the hue afternoon many direct -hits -hits were observed on the railway triangle, on tiie worKshops, the ! gas works and the barracks. The Iioulav i airdomc was also attacked with good ! resulu- resulu- "Heavy attacks were kept up throughout throughout the night of September 1H5 on Metz-Sablons, Metz-Sablons, Metz-Sablons, Courcelles, Ehrange. Saarbrucken, Kalserlautcn, and the Lenahan Ends Tour ' Here; Leaves Today j Charles B. Lienahan of AVilkes-Barrc, AVilkes-Barrc, AVilkes-Barrc, i candidate for justice of the state eu- eu- i prerne court, who conducted a cam- cam- j paign tour 'of "Western Pennsylvania j counties during the last week, will leave for the East tills morning. Ho will visit Greensburg, Latrobe, Johnstown, Johnstown, Cresson, Loretto and Altoona on his way home. Receptions have been arranged for -him -him in all thfse towns. ' Mr. Renahan said ast night that re was well pleased with the s-ltuation s-ltuation s-ltuation in ' Weste; n Pennsylvania, us h."- h."- foun 1 ! strong sentiment for Lis candidacy i.i ; this section. Mrs. Lenahan joined her husband here j este .-pent .-pent .-pent the day with friends. According to ii'd ti l c.ativcs and from ; reports j Pike jountyt the bar asociaaoa of that1 j ! i coun-i i '