Clipped From The New York Times

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TOM WATCHERS " . IIANY AMD ALERT Thick as FIIt in- Chinatown 6tret and Thera'a No Telling About Them. SHADOWS ON ' DETECTIVES Vice Censul Leo Say Tengt Are Purely American In Orlflln and . War Started with Good Intent. . It was the day after the bomb explosion followed by a shoo line In the Tons war in Chinatown that a reporter for Ths Times was compelled to pass tbrourh ; Unit a rut Pb!1 Streeta seekin Tom Lee. " the Mayor. or some other unprejudiced Chinamen with a liberal English education, to get Information not related to the Ton r the Ton", war at alL The offloe man for Neughton. the undertaker, who baa been In ' Mott Street with bis undertaking establishment and livery business as long as anybody cares to remember.' was sitting in a chair at the curb outside of bis door. The visitor topped to ask him the whereabouts of iora Lee or some other good Chinaman who was not afraid to talk to "a while devil." Possibly two minutes elapsed before very young Chinaman, a rather good-looking one. tall and of athletic appearance, stopped not one foot away, with do expression on his face, and looked up Pell Street, which Intersects right there. He was altogether too close to be minding bis own business, and yet It easily might be Inferred that he simply didn't know any better than plant himself before two strange men engaged In private conversation. His assurance, or his Ignorance, or Innocence, whatever It might -be called, U amazing. He heard, a few words that were passed, enough to know what (he conversation was about i If he were Inter- eated In It. and then moved off lazily, as i thT ums o n "4 done j ""Did'vou notice that fellow?" asked ! Kaughton's man.. " He's the eighth that . ha a been alone here while we've been -,j tallrlng. They want to find out what we're . Yatking abouC Do you see that fellow . back of me against the lamp post? He's 7 another watcher. The street is full of them to-day." "Is this a very unusual day? Oh. not ao unusual, but out of the ordinary, as it always ! Is after an outbreak between the Tonga, but these fel-. lows are always pretty curious when they notice any one Inquiring around until they learn what It Is about" At this tnomebt two I men were to he . seen coming up Pell Street and nearlng Mott. They were together. One wus . rather stout, alert In appearance, with a clear cut face and a hawk eye. He wore a gray suit The other was taller, thick and strong, with light hair and skin, and : dressed In a blue atu Their walking was businesslike, - "Detectives." said the man In the chair. Now. a curious set of Incidents or coin-' cidences accompanied i them. While they were walking briskly up Pell Street two Chinese, of the laundryman type, were walking quite as briskly directly behind them, but not for long, perhaps, not for more than twenty feet. but. like the one that had stood looking up Pell Street In front of the two men In convereatlon that was none of hia buainesa. they seemed to be following Inexcuasbly close. and. again, the explanation might be made that these two Chinamen didn't know any better or that the Chinese were peculiar and past understanding. The detectives made no sign of being aware of their presence. The two Chinamen disappeared, through afcdoorway or so roe w bare at the turn of an. eye; and in the next Instant two more Chinamen, coming out of nowhere or taking up the march from where they may have been standing, as Chinamen are forever Idling end filling the doors and sidewalks there, got Immediately behind the detectives and turned Into Mott Street with them, naturally and tbouahtlesly. it would' seem. as if they had no room to pass. Within the space covered by three or four narrow store fronts these two Chinamen turned out. and did tt unmistakably, coins; svll the way to the a-utter to do it, -and then turned In again and hurried along. Still two Chinamen were behind the detective. There was nothing to be made of It. They might be following or listening, and thoM ahead of them might have been following or listenine:. end all n have been Innocently loafing along, as the Chinese population ever seemi to have" nothing else to do. Aay way, the two detectives had company ail the way down Mott Street to Tom Lee's store, where the one in gray stopped, while the other went along "What do you make out of that?" auKhton's man was asked. " Is It possible they're rfh&dowing the shadows from headquarters? " . " They're queer fellows." said ha " You can't tell what' they're up to, but don't get an Mca that they don't know what's going on." - It seemed worth an Inquiry as to what all the vigilance and seal meant. There we .-m oil white denliens of Chinatown who say that beneath the malice the rival nngm oear eacn other is some awe- Inspiring tradition or some religious belief inai mhkes the slaying of an enemy seem sanctified. Others -xf the district who have long known something of the gun men or tne tongs are of the opinion that buslne. both legitimate and doubtful In character, is beneath all the hatred and mankllllng' that goes on year after year. Others, less informed, will eny that sectional hatred la the driving spirit, but this is st once refuted by questioning - any Intelligent Chinaman. He will say. without hesitation, that practically all - V." Cntn' In the United State are from Canton. The murderers and their victim, then, are not widely separated elements ot a teeming population, spread ovcr thousands of miles ot country wtth 'conflicting Idols and-warring godi. but natives of the name city, talking the same lingo. ; Vice Consul Loo frankly discussed this subject with a reporter at the Chinese Consulate, la Broadwav. "The tongs," Tne said, "are comparable onlv to the fighting gangs of this city, made up of vicious and more or less criminal ele- ments ef the thickly populated districts. "No religion or worthy tradition guides them. The tongs have no roots in China, ' They are, in fact, unknown in China, and. I believe, they do not exist In any country In the world outside of the United States. I know that there is a common impression here that every Chinaman belongs to one Tong .or another. This Is a ridiculous mistake,' Very few of the Chinese either here or ln San Francisco, or . any other American city, belong to any toug or indicate any sympathy with one or the other any nigra than you do. J one of the Chinese merchants, or men of their kind, is a tong man. it is only the Ignorant Chinese, who belong, laundrymen gamblers, and those shiftless fellow you See loitering about the common places Among all the populations you find such a class, you know. w " Ortgtnally. I belle, the tong had a beneficent purpose. Its organisation was Intended to draw together scattered countrymen, then few in number ln a strange and. very far from home. It was simply one of your fraternal societies. That is what tong means, society. In the development of time rivalries among leaders for control led to revolts end the estab 1 1 - 1 1 llshmnt ot rival soeieftee, all vrith food underlying motives at first. . t . , " What foUoaed was the result f pi'1 rivalry, end with the domination of sinister men. who sousrbt to um the-sonpat Irfl-jenre ot the ton tor tfieir n se-tub end and j wherever possible tthe tipcut or disadvantage of .the rival Tone-. in the nature of thlnica. rut have engendered a bitterness that tooted conflict. The leaders, too, onejset succeeded another, were bent n makm their pertieular ton all-powerful over Its rivals, and o aia for themselves the distinction of power and supertoritri ,.'?a'r neath that, no doubt, wa the siU baser motive of pecenlary rain, andi possibly protection of unlawful Interests. , " rou stked me about their -atchful-ness or cw-vetion to their ton Send the nnnmf of It. i I don't know t Jut there Is sr.ylhir.; peculiar to the Chinese or to their tons ;la that. len t Hjtha rule ef disorderly men In association to be alert and watchful?. I should say the first law of nature would Instinctively .irake them ao I have no dout that a r.uuibT of well-meanlnf poor men, who may knom little mot e than we Mo about what Is folna- on In the Inner etrcles are enroll. Theitor.s are secret " societies having. I presume, only mutual a'd and fair Advancement as their avowed objects. What distortions of reason or principle mar irrow out of then through conflicting Interest and deslantna- lead-erhhip cai on!y be conjectured. jEnmltles oatraFs committed that affect Individual have been esiaonsnea y wrviw . uu members ox every ions;. and avery one has bis friends, and so I suppose tne bitter7sJL extends. It resolves useu into s sordid itrJaEC.' end that there Isn't, with this liirht mTSavmystery to be explained. " I don't know"tSlI ever heard so, but I assume there areVbeneflts uhat are legitimate results of meBbershl In the tongs. I suppose they haVeJck benefit and that they bury their deJOna aid members in distress as your ordarly and sociable fraternal societies do tierV and I also suppose that y have some social, featurea Having been started fritn tnps. -nAm in view. I can't lmarine ihow the could eliminate these attractive objects nfinU mil oontlnue to exist Compactly. As pwrely outlaw associations J I do not believe their existence would ba possible at all In this Country In organised form. GOVERNMENT BY PROXY NOW. Oregon Planj Would Presenlj Ideas of Representative Lawmaking. SALEM,' Ore.. June 29. It te remarkable phw of government that? has been evolved by the Feople'a Powfr League for presentation to the people, at the com- inK State election under the! Initiative. Ju ,ntent j, to nmve the votes cast In any election represented In thtjleglslatlve assembly by proxy members whose vot- ing power in that body shall jbe gaugeo by the number of electors whd voted for them. Thus a popular man Who might have polled t23.O0O votes In an election will be able to 'overcome two members of the legislative body who might have polled only 12.000 each. The new system Is the product of W. S. TJRen and other reformers who for the 'last decade have been upsetting political conditions In Oregon, and la Intended to complete the revolution which began with the popular choice of United States Senators, has brought the initiative and referendum and mag bring the single tax and other nostrums for the ills of the body politic These! men have been working on the Idea for years, and have sought counsel -with other economic reformers both In the United States and Kurope. They believe they Jiave made improvements on anything evet- before offered, and that popular government will be a reauty ff their Idea Is addpted. Their ... ... . -I, , . by the members of various organizations cre&ted to carry out their reforms, and the proposed revolution Is likely to overshadow even the Presidential fight In the coming canvass. Under the plan the State Senate will be abolished and the legislative power of the State, aside! from that exercised by the people directly, will be vested In an Assembly of sixty members, whose terms will be four-years. They are io be chosen .'-first In 1914. The State Is TO be divided Into districts, as at present The members Vre to receive 3 a day nd 15 cents mileage, but their regular sessions each year are to be limited to forty days, and special sessions to be called by the Governor cannot run more than twenty days. The plan Is not fullv wnrkert nut In the constitutional amendment as id rafted, details being- left to the lawmakers. This general provision for representation of all the voters la made: 3 P. preaentativee in th Legislative" Assembly shall ba chosen by the Irsal vatera by auoh meuxKl or proportional representation of all the voters that ss nearly as Siay be practicable any we-iutleth of all nhe voters of tne maia voting for one person for Bepre- Bjwia uHim nia election. Then comes a provision.' which will make it possible ,for minorities -to be represented. A voter in any of the dis tricts may cast his ballot) for a local candidate for the assemble or fnr anv candidate In any of the other districts in me state oy writing la the name. inus trie t'rohibitlonlsts. Socialists, or any other small organization might I'nlte their strenarth and have all their ballots through the State iaat fnr one I or wo men ln certain district. Should 8Ucn. a candidate receive ione-slxtleth of the total vote, he would be entitled xo a seat, now this method can be worked out so that it will not brine- confusion and will permit' the various uisincis to nave tnelr run representation has not been revealed as yet. Now comes the proxy Idea. It is provided that on any roll call tat the legisla tive Assembly a member is to cast for or against the measure the; total number or votes he received at thai noils. Thus. a Socialist or Prohibitionist -would be able to cast tne tun .strength ot his party, even though only one might be elected. A majority of .all the votes cast at the last preceding election wilt be necessary to pass any measure, andj three-fourths for any emergency measure! In order to make certain that all citizens shall be represented, a provision is included for representation if those who voted for candidates who The Governor and his defeated rivals are io oe maae ex-otncio members of the Aisrraoiyj ana xnis provision is made: Kvery such ex-otncio member is the proxy In the Legielatlve .Assembly for the total number of electors In the State 4 who voted for unsuccessful candidates ef his party for Repre-eenative la- the Legislative lAaaembly. and - 7 .ucn vx-iiicjo meznoerf nail caat that uuuiw wi tulc i ur or against any ea any roll rail. j The Governor is to be th only member uo van iiiuwim appropriation bills, ex cept those that are to be submitted to the voters. The Assembly will be for- oiuaen i increase any proposed appro-r rlatlon. but may cut doafn an i, ...... fit. The Assembly wlU be forbidden to create any commission to prepare or propose legislation under the initiative or io unnr; me cost oi preparing petitions unoer tne initiative or referendum. The omcer is not io oe a member of the body-and wlU not 'be empowered to appoint committees. 1 Home rule la provided hf the extension of the initiative and referendum to municipalities and -counties i All localities win pass Jupon purely local; Issues, including even! the creation of j new counties. This latter provision is believed to be Intended to permit the popular rulers te vui ui i certain sections wnero they are .ww m : nninw i LJ. a A to of oe in

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 30 Jun 1912, Sun,
  3. Page 22

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