7 nov 1945 article on war crimes trial of Yamashita in Manila
EDITOR TESTIFIES AT YAMASHJTA TRfAL By DEAN SCHEDLER MANILA, Nov. 7. G5")--The Japanese Japanese operated Santo Tomas civilian prison camp under a "planned program program of starvation" for approximately approximately 400 internees, Magazine Editor Editor A. V. H. Hartendorp testified today at the war crimes trial of Lieutenant-General Lieutenant-General Tomoyuki Yamashita. Yamashita. At least eight internees died of starvation or malnutrition in the last four months of Japanese occupation, occupation, he stated. The Japanese commandant refused refused to hear internees' complaints because he said Japan did not recognize recognize the Geneva convention. Wholesale Brutalities Hartendorp told the United States military comimssion hearing charges that Yamashita permitted wholesale brutalities by his command, this his weight dropped from 170 to JOS pounds and that the average weight loss of all internees was 30 pounds. He said conditions became steadily worse, with the Nipponese commandant commandant making progressive cuts in internees' internees' rations. In OctoLier, 1944, the internees' rations were reduced to "only two meals a day, which further endangered our health, particularly particularly that of small children and older people." On' cross-examination, the former editor said "the Japanese ration was better than ours, I'm certain, because because they looked much better than any of us." Hartendorp, long-time American resident of the islands and who edited the prewar "Philippine Magazine," Magazine," said Santo Tomas internees received only three Red Cross packages—the packages—the last on Christmas, 1943. A bill of particulars covering the Santo Tomas case from October 9, 1944, through the liberation February February 2, 1945, . charges the Japanese with wilful failure and refusal to provide food and.medical supplies to mofe than 3000 civilian internees. It also specifies that Internee Ford "VVilkins, former city editor of the Manila Bulletin and New" York Times correspondent, was beaten and tortured, and charges the execution execution "without cause or trial" of more than six internees for "minor infractions of rules." , Among the six were Carol. Grinnell, Grinnell, chairman of the camp's internee internee committee and representative of General Electric International; Alfred Alfred P. Duggleby, Grass Valley, Calif., wealthy gold mine operator; Clifford Larsen and B. B. Johnson, American businessmen.