"Tampa Cigar Industry Has Greatest Year in History"
SECTION CHRISTMAS SIX I NUMBER TAMPA SUNDAY TRIBUNE CHRISTMAS I SECTION NUMBER SIX FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT tampa, Florida, Sunday; December 17, 1922 FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT CIGAR INDUSTRY HAS GREATEST YEAR IN HISTORY RECORD OUTPUT OF TWO MILLION SMOKES A DAY TAMPA REACHES NICKEL CIGARS SHOW TENFOLD INCREASE IN "PRODUCTION FOR YEAR jfavorable Labor and Market Conditions, With Improved Demand For Better Brands, Are Factors In Trade's Advancement PROSPERITY and Tampa's cigar companies walked arm in arm this year. After two years bf uncertain operation, a review of the industry shows that it has advanced faseVin the last twelve months than during any other like period in its history; that its phenomenal recovery from the . disastrous ; labor strikes of preceding years is exceeding the expectations of its most optimistic leaders; that it is today on a sounder footing, and in a position to do a larger business in 1923, than ever before. . ' What was but recently considered impossible a production of two million cigars a day was achieved by the local factories during October, the peak month of the holiday trade season. A resume shows these facts contributing to the outstanding success of the season: Lack of any local labor trouble, which enabled manufacturers, for the first timer in three years, to .' maintain a steady output. Stability of the tobacco markets, which afforded j "a sound basis for the figuring of costs. ' . Improved employment conditions in the north, enabling wage earners to buy more and better cigars. M. The increasing national popularity of clear Havana brands. V - A few elements hindered a possible greater production than that made in the year. f The railroad strike and temporary traffic congestion delayed shipments to parts of the 'country, while the six months miners' strike lessened sales in some cities. Locally, the shortage of experienced cigrar- ' makers kept many factories last fewr months as fast as they received them, necessitating the operation of some plants on Sundays and at night. The 1923 season will open with Tampa's companies on a I sounder financial basis than ever. Extensive preparations are being made for trade expansion. : Additions are being built to factories. JMore cigar-makers are sought, and are being brought to the city. New firms are establishing plants here. One of the mast noticeable features of..- the year's production has been the increased output of nickel cigars an almost tenfold Increase. In October. 1921, local factories turned out but 1,709,9S5 nickel smokes. In the same month this year. Tampa produced 11,645.335 of the nickel variety. An astounding comparison of the i production records of October is found In an . import report of the Department of Commerce. In a fortnight, during October, Tampa manufactured nearly as many cigars as the entire United States Imports from Havana In a year. . Labor An Important Problem Labor has been an important prob-, lem for manufacturers this year. fSWith the increased demand for this Ssity's' goods, it was feund that there was an actual shortage here In experienced cigarmakers. This has been largely overcome in the last few months by the arrival of from 1.200 xo 1.50 workers from Havana, Cuba, Iany of the workers who ' left the atity during the ten month strike of 1920 are also returning. An impor tant work of the Cigar Manufacturers Association has been that of . starting a 'regular system to train new workers. Under the campaign of this association, started but a few months, ago, manufacturers who are ' members of the association employ a specified number of ap- prentices, even though these appren- tices are unable for the time to make cigars profitably for the company, and are cf consllerab 1 bothir if those in charge.' By careful training, the association hopes i edu.te hun- l dreds of Cuban boys in the art of ; cigarmaking, to fill the places of the older and more experienced men, who seem to be rapidly disappearing. Lack of strikes was a big factor there were rumors of .trouble at in Tampa's successful season. Though times, the only evidence of it was when about 100 selectors left their benches on Sept. 15, demanding shorter hours. They were unable, however, to agree on their demands, and after a turbulent ( meeting, in which they deserted their union leaders, returned to work. . Export Cigars to Europe Another encouraging, though small feature of the season, has been the exportation of clgara again to foreign countries. For the first time in a number of years, the Alvarez-Mendez branch of the Preferred Havana Tobacco company shipped 10,000 of its finAst -Havana s to an English Jobber. tJt Is also reported that another firm Is preparing an order to be sent to China, cuesxa. itey os uiidimbj, purveyors to the Koyal Court of Spain is expected to make shipments to Spain., One of ' the main efforts of the Industry next year will be to get away from the seasonable trade and en--fdeavor to maintain a more steady production the year round.. At the present time, local factories generally have a slack business during the first few months of the year, with the orders coming in faster during the last few months until the Christmas rush season is reached. Extensive preparations arel being made by some concerns to have their cigars put in such a position that they will be in demand the twelve months of the year. The present year has seen the passing of the Industry's oldest landmark, that of the old wooden, three-story factory at Seventh avenue and Fifteenth- street, the first to have been built in the city. It was con-ttructed by the Sanchez & Haya company, thirty-nine years ago. It was torn down In September to make room for the new Ybor City post-offloe, store and office buiMing erected by the Sanchez & Haya Real Estate company. Pioneer Tobacconist Passes Away The Industry also lost one of Its pioneers during the year, when Salvador Rodriguez, a premier among tobacconists, died .In October. He was the founder of Salvador Rodriguez. Inc., manufacturers of the famous "Charles the Great" brand of clear Havana cigars. Until the new year actually arrives It will be Impossible to realize the extraordinary production records of . the year. It is estimated, however, that it will total more than 431.000,000 an Increase of nine million over the output in 1919. the largest preceding voar. Statistics on productions since iitCiO show the growth of Tampa's frorn filling orders during the leading 'Industry during the present century 19U0 147,848,000 1901 147,330,000 1902 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 141,905,000 1903 167,630,000 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 .196,961,500 ..' 220,430.000 ..-277,622,000 .' ., 285,660,000 iV 236.6il.000 , . .267,09.000 .. 201,405,000 .. 293,360,000 .. 273,485,000 .. 286,148,000 .. 267,866,000 285,836,000 1916 312,456,376 1917 , 352,690,194 1918 368,072,628 1919 .. 422,795,819 1920 .. .. ...... .. i 226,042,323 1921 .. .. .. .. .. 315,276,570 1922' ..' .. 431,649,181 Estimated production. Production in Months As In almost every year, Tampa's cigar outpu tincreased with the approach of the Christmas season this year. The following table shows the record of local production, bjt months, for the first eleven months' of 1922: January .. .. .. .. .. 25,620,250 February .. .. .. .. 25,414,470 March .. .. 28,301,080- April .. 28,398.810 May 34,901,420 i June .. 35,447,440 July .. .. 35,338.620 August 41,709,150 September .. .'. 39,463,162 October 61,851,178 November .' ... 45,203,603 The comparison of the cigars manufactured, together with the stamp sales, during last October, the record month, with the same month in the preceding year,' shows the. marked Increase in the output of the cheaper grade (class A) cigars: . October, 1922 . "" i Stamp Sales ! No. Cigars A .. . .$46,580.94 11,645,335 B .. .... .. .. 20,669.94 3,444.990 C 260.832.69 28.981,410 87,655.40' 7,304,616 E .. 7,123.88. 474,925 $426,545.18 51,851,176 October, -1921 . Stamp Sales ' No. Cigars .. J6.839.88 1,'709,975 .. .V 31,102.50 5,183,750 ,. ... .. 181,343.35 .20.149.8TV .. 65,360.79 5,448,730 .. .. .. 5,928.47 . 395,230 A B C r E . $290,579.99 32,885,490 Sale of revenue ; stamps during the last month, November, with the num-br of cigars manufactured by classes showed: A.. $40,912.81. with 10.228,200 cigars; B. $15,863.94, w-lth 2.643,990 cigars; C, 236.681.08, with 26,297,898 cigars, D, $64,589.10.. with 5,382,425 cigars, and E, $9,766.35, with 651,090 cigars. Totals. $367,813.28 in stamp sales, and 45,203,603 cigars manufac-tured. " - Gadsden County Will ; Try to Again Carry Off Tobacco Honors Some of the best exhibits of tobaccos and cigars ever assembled in Florida will be displayed at the next South Florida Fair, to be held In Tampa from Feb. 1 to 10, if present plans mature. Gadsden county, which carried off the high honors- at the last fair, is making preparations to return to this city in February with an even better exhibit. Several of the large tobacco concerns of that northern, county will help put the exhibit across. Local cigar manufacturers will, as usual, be expected to have exhibits of their products at the fair. Several new concerns and counties are expected to enter the competition for the tobacco honors this year. APPROPRIATE MUSIC A dealer reports an increase of $8.-000 In the price of a shipment of seeds because of the new tariff. Let us all unite In singing, "What Will the Harvest Be?" St. Louis Post-Dispatch. OFTEN THE WAY Quite often the man who 'disappeared from home when his mind went back recovers his memory when he has run out of money. - Buffalo Enquirer, Typical Factory Turning Out De Home of the Cuesta, Rey arid Co., one of the tfargest Havana brands in the world. It is modern in ever. detail manufacture, handling and marketing of the ever increasing OLD TO BE CIGAR FACTORY MUGGE COMPANY IS TO ENLARGE OUTPUT New Additions Made to Tampa's , Chief Industry During the Closing Year Recognizing the fact that Tampa proposes to maintain its position as th6 largest clear Havana cigar manufacturing city in the world, and promises to enlarge its activities and gain a greater prestige with the smoking public than it has even had before, two new "cigar companies have established their factories in this city during the past year. One of the largest additions to the industry has been the opening of a local factory by the G. & M. Company, of South Bend, Ind. The concern has leased the old Erlich building in West Tampa, and during the few months of its operations here has set a pace which will turn out 5,000,000 cigars by the first of the year. v Gonzalez and Mendez, Inc., manufacturers of clear Havana cigars, also moved their factory to this city a little more tha ntwo months ago The concern was formerly located at Fort Myers, where it had the contract for the production of well known ''King Cole" brand. It is located here in a building i nthe northern section of West Tampa. It began operations last Oct. 16. Many New Plant Additions Cigar manufacturers already located here, have found It necessary in the past year to construct additions to their plants and remodel their factories to be able to meet the demand for increased production. Eli Witt company's cigar factory, manufacturing the coming Hav-a-Tampa cigar, has built a fifty foot addition, three stories high, to its plant, which provides for the employment of another hundred cigarmakers. Thompson & Company is another concern that has recently erected a $15,000 addition. A. Fuente & Company, West Tampa, has recently dug a basement under its factory and made considerable other repairs and improvements so that it could increase its output capacity. The Robert Mugge Company, Inc., manufacturers of the Romuco cigars, are amending their charter to cover the manufacture of cigars and tobaccos. Early in the new year" they will be moving from their present cramped quarters to their three-story wooden building now occupied by the Children's Home, on Main street, West Tampa. About two years ago the former children's home was burned, and since that time the Muggs company has kindly permitted the use of its structure for the housing of the homeless little tots. The new children's home, on Florida avenue. wllJ be ready for occupancy during the present month. Moving into the vacated building gives the Mugge company ample room for the contemplated enlargement of its cigar business. The firm, after the first of the year will put out a complete line of clear Havana cigars, in addition to the shade-grown goods it now manufactures. In the cigar box industry, an important part of the local tobacco business, the most important transaction of the past year has been the purchase from the estate of D N. Holway, deceased, of the cigar box plant and business formerly operated a D. N. Holway & Company, by J. W. Young and Jacob Van Roe, the remaining partners. Since the transaction the business has been operated as the J. W. Young & Company. Messrs. Young and Van Roe are well known in the local industry, and have had considerable experience In the business. New York Strike Has Delayed Shipments on Advertising Supplies i Recent strikes In the New York printing trades have handicapped several local cigar companies in securing their regular labels and advertising materials for their cigar boxes. Though they have placed their orders several months in advance, shipments of cigar bands, box labels, brand labels, etc., are reported regularly to be arriving . month late. The result of the tie-up is that local concerns have been forced in some cases to seek elsewhere for their printed and engraved matter. Local printing establishments have benefited to an extent, when they have been able to meet the requirements of ' the local factories. CH D REN'S HOME CUESTA, REY & CO. PUTTING OUT NIFTY CHRISTMAS PACKAGE C&e&ta-Hey & Co. ' " ' " l...iaw..JCI i..tt,,i!t. ,s. ...... m.... . . s K ? t& . . .J To provide for Christmas gift shoppers an attractive package of the best clear Havana cigars, Cuesta, Rey & Company, during the last two months, has placed on the holiday market throughout the country a "Boyte Nature Variety Box" the very latest thing in everything pertaining to Havana smokes. Five popular sizes Elites) Favor-itas, Corono-Chicas, Noblezas, Lillies are contained in the box, which has a total packing of fifty cigars. These sizes are made of the best tobacco from the Vuelta. Abajo district of Cuba, by skilled workmen who use If Mr. Marshall Is to Get His 66 Good" 5 Cent Cigar, It'll Be a Very Small One Ever since former vice-president Thomas R. Marshall gave his sage belief that "What the country needs most is a good five cent cigar," manufacturers generally have given the question oi a nickel smoke . more or les3. thought. There are hundreds of factories today producing a 5 cent product, and all of them, of course, claim theirs jis just what Mr. Marshall called for. But the particular smoker still buys 10 cent, -two for a quarter and 15 cent cigars which he wouldn't do if he could get a "good" smoke, or what in his estimation is a "good" smoke, for 5 cents. - - Slight Reduction Have Been Made When they could possibly do so, Tampa manufacturers have shown a willingness during the past year to put pricesThe trade has demanded it. Competition has required It. At the beginning of the tweve months, severa local concerns and make slight reductions. None of them, however, have slashed their prices to pre-war level. The concensus of opinion among local " manufacturers who are in a position to make purchases at the lowest figure and who are well versed in conditions, is that lower prices, for the present, at least, are impossible. The upward trend of the leaf market, the shortage of wrapprs, and the in Lux Smokes manufacturers of the clear as to cleanliness, efficiency in .cigar business. l.i.UU".J.. ...IIIU only the celebrated 1 Spanish hand method in manufacture, and are bonded by the government through, the U. S. Customs Department. The box, one of the finest ever made for the trade, is of imported Spanish cedar, with an inside Spanish cedar flap. The box is' left in its original natural state, except for the imprint of the company's name and the word Bonded' on the cover. The interior of the box is without any lining or decoration. This simplicity, though, only adds -to the attractiveness of the gold bands about the cigars. creasing cost of other materials, Is conceded to preclude any possibility of lower prices in the cigar industry fsr some time to( come. Competition, too in the purchase of Havant tobacco, that, which Tampa uses more than any. other city, is. increasing. Manufacturers returning from Cuba tell of the recent entry of South America in the Havana market, and of extensive purchases of Cuba's crop by Argentine concerns. Labor Shortage a Problem A labor shortage, and the subsequ-r cnt increasing cost of workmen, is a further serious problem, especially so for the manufacturers of the cheaper brands. As long as there s a scarcity of good workmen, labor costs will tend to increase. If Mr, Marshal's "good" 5 cent cigar is to be produced, it must be of necessity be a very small one. say the manufacturers of the better brands. Some believe that even if the retail prices are to be left as at present, it is highly probable that smaller cigars wil have to be made. Aside from the tremendous waste of tobacco in large cigars (for thousands of . butts, each containing enough material to make a panatela. can be found in any targe citv almost daily) the effect is to surfeit" the smoker and cut down his consumption. . SOME FACTS AND FIGURES THAT ! TELL EXTENT OF CIGAR INDUSTRY More Than 10,000 Cigarmakers Are Employed in Tampa's Factories, With a Weekly Payroll. That Is . s Estimated at About $250,000 Tampa boasts 200 cigar factories, including small . "buckeye" shops with three or four workers each. There are 135 cigar concerns listed in the city directory. At least 100 of them have their own buildings, representing an investment of several millions of dollars. Between 9,000 and 10,000 cigarmakers are regularly employed in local factories. The additional selectors," packers, etc., besides the office .help needed to operate the plants, brings the total number of persons dependent on the cigar industry up to about 15,000. . , f The cigarmakers' payroll is estimated to be about $250,000 each Week. Salaries of other employes locally employed brings the industry's weekly payroll to about $350,00 or $400,000. v i More clear Havana cigars are made in Tampa than . any other city in the world. The record output of the local industry was last October, when it produced 51,851,176 smokes, an average'of 2,000,000 a working day. The production) fdr this year -will be about 430,000,000, the largest on record. In a fortnight last October, local factories manufactured about 25,000,000 cigars. This is more than all the, cigars ! that were imported into the United States from Havana, Cuba, during'an entire year. i , . During last September, Tampa manufactured 54 per cent of all the Glass D (20 cent) cigars made in the country. It also made 10 per cent of all the Class E (more than 25 cent) cigars,' and-9 per cent of all the .Class C (15 cent) cigars, made in U. iS. factories. sc sjc sfc i)c jjt IC ' ' More than $3,500,000 will .be realized by the government this year from the- sale of internal revenue taxation stamps to local cigar factories. In addition.' to this the federal government profits by tariffs assessed; all tobacco imported - by local concerns from Cuba. 5 . v r In one day last October, sales of internal t revenue stamps, which must be placed on each box . of cigars manufactured, to local companies, totaled $40,305.70. This is the highest record that has ever been made in Tampa. . Tampa cigars are more 'in demand, and are .manufactured . in greater quantities, during October and November, preceding the Christmas shopping season, than any other time of the year.- They are considered the world over as the de luxe ; gift for the particular smoker. . , Though hampered by foreign tariffs," local factories export cigars to Great Britain and Spain. The' Preferred Havana Tobacco company recently shipped 10,000 of its best clear Havanas to an English jobber. Cuesta, Rey & Company, by royal proclamation, are purveyors to the Royal . Court of . Spain, a distinction held by no other American concern. ' ' . Nine of Tampa's largest factories are "Bonded' under federal laws, operating under the direct supervision of the Customs Department of the U. S. Government, in order to get the government's guarantee on the quality of their products. s ' Tampa can successfully compete with Cuban factories for the qlear ' Havana trade in the United States because federal tariffs on the importation of cigars and tobaccos makes it cheaper to manufacture the goods here than to make the cigars in Havana and then pay the duty to bring them into this country. ! . , Its proximity to the tobacco frelds of Cuba, and the always available supply of cigarmakers in Havana, are , two reasons why Tampa has become a large clear Havana cigar manufacturing city. Florida's climate with . the proper amount of humidity and plenty of sunshine are factors which greatly aid in the local production of cigars. The great majority of cigarmakers in local factories are Cubans. The pay of a good cigarmaker (oh a piece work, system) ranges from $20 to $30 a week. . Apprentices just learning the trade receive less than $10 a week. Selectors and packers usually receive a higher pay. -.-.'. Tampa cigars range in price from '5 cents "(very few cigars are made here to retail at less than a nickel) to $1.50 or $2.00. . The greatest production is on the ' 10, two for 25, and 20 cent ' sizes. Those cigars made . to sell above $1 -are usually for advertising purposes. Their terribly large size makes them undesirable as a mild ' smoke.'.'" " .-'..-''"-.'''.'; - . Thirty-nine years ago the local cigar industry was started with the erection by the Sanchez & Haya company of a factory at Seventh avenue and Fifteenth street. The Summer saw the passing of this landmark, when it was torn down to make room for the erection of a modern Ybor City business block. j . f- Nearly all of the cigar boxes and cigar tins used by local cigar factories 'are' made in Tampa. The cigar box business is in itself an important, industry, furnishing employment for more than a thousand' persons. The largest portion of the business is handled by the Tampa Box company, the Weidman-Fisher company, J. C ' Young & company (formerly D. N. Holway & company), Triumph Box company, and the American Box company. The Tampa Box company operates a plant for the manu- . facture of cigar tins in connection with its -regular box factory. . , ; Hundreds of thousands of cedar logs are imported by this city from Cuba and Central American countries each yeaf. Cedar is used exclusively in the manufacture of good cigar boxes. The wood has been found particularly fitted for retaining the odor of cigars, and not . contributing anything else to their taste. . Pine and other Florida trees have been found unfitted for the manu- . facture of cigar boxes. . - - t GET $3,500,000 r IN CIGAR TAXES Collections Exceed All Records OCTOBER HIGH . MONTH Year's Receipts From Local Industry Will Greatly Fatten U. S. Purse Uncle Sam's treasury will reallss a little more than $3,600,000 from taxes assessed cigars made In Tampa. dur ins the year 1922, the largest amount that the government has ever collected from this source. . Revenues acquired from tariff dn-ties charged to tobaccos imported to this city from Cuba, which Is an additional tax on the local manufacturers, will bring the governments profit out of the operation of the cigar industry easily up to $4,000,000 for the year. At the present time It Is impossible to determine the exact amount of the tariff collections, but it will amount to several hundreds of thousands of dollars. The largest amount of money that the government ever realised In one month from the operation of Tampa's cigar industry was last October, when stamps sold by the U. S. Internal Revenue department to local manuacturers amounted to $426,545,-18. It was in this month that Tampa also made Its record output of cigars, 51.851,176, slightly more than 2,000,-000 a working day. . . In only one preceding year did the government's collections In - cigar stamp sales come anywhere near approaching the unprecedented record of the preesnt year. That was during 1919, when receipts of the Tampa office of the internal revenue depart-; ment amounted to $3,408,823. Collections for the first eleven months of this year have already reached the $3,209,723 mark, and there is little doubt that the returns from the present month, December, will be at least $300,000. ; Revenues Steadily Increase Statistics of the federal government for the last twenty-five years show the remarkable growth of the loc.il industry, from the time it . realist''. only $280,205 for the U. S. tres jr in 1897, to the present year: 1897 1898 $2R0,2P5 ... ft to. . . m 831.079 v 441. 34 3 496.5t0 49S.11 442,751 610,006 496,212 689,121 852.450 865,318 731.40S 801,578 638,53$ 910.439 854,726 894.897 856,685 939,223 1,011,987 1,314,91k 1.985,856 8.408.823 2,028,469 2.842.507 . 3.500,000 1899 1900 r. . . to . . m ..... 1901 .. . to... .. 1902 1903 . . . 1904 ... to . " . . 1905 1906 1907 . mos 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 ,1917 118 . 1919 1920 1921 . i . to to 4 v mm .to to . . ...to .! mm . . . ... to.. totf . . m to to to'r- to . . tt m .- .-. ..' i..to . . . .... ...4 to . ' . . to . . 1922 .. Estimated. L, 111 U 1, oin kCHQ In the five classes of cigars for. which stamps are sold. A, B, C, D and E, (with A class cigars the chesp-est and 13 clans the most expensive) sales for the last two months show that the greatest amount of revenue Is derived from the D class cigars.- These cigars range In price from 15 to 20 cents, when sold .at retail. Records of stamp sales for October ana MovemDer, by classes, snow: Class October November A B C r E $ 46,580.94 .. 20,669.94 .. 260,832.69 87.665.40 .. 7,123.88 .. $ 40,912.81 15,863.94 236.681.08 64.689.10 Totals $426,545.18 $367,813.28 Internal revenue collections from the sale of cigar stamps during the present year, by months, show a steadv increase- up to October, the heigh'th of the holiday rush: January, $223,364.23: .February. $212,812.97: March. $229,931.95; April, $246,321.43: May. $276,333.68; June, $278,356.76; July. $281,101.26; August. $334,830.63; September, $332,812.11: October. $426,-545.18; November, $367,813.28. Being Constructed By Local Cigar Men i Two of Tampa's leaders in the ci gar ana tonacco mausiry ure ereciinu modern homes. H. M. Lott, leaf tobacco dealer. Is constructing a modern residence at South Dakota and Morrison avenues, while A. L. Cuesta. Jr., treasurer of Cuesta, Rey Co., is Hullding a $20,000 residence at No. 901 .South Willow avenue. Both will be completed and ready for po-cupancv in the next few months. . The Lolt residence is to be of the one story Spanish type, 100x50 feet In dimension. It will be frfpr?r throuchout, constructed of brick, tile and stucco. It will have a large living room, summer room, sun parlor, dining and breakfast room, three chambers, bath and sleeping porches. A feature will be a commodious batie-ment. in which will be located a tiled laundry and a steam heating plant. , ' ii MAKING IT CLEAR ' Ta Mr. Perkins at home? Inquired the caller. . . . , . Which one. sir? asKea m There are two brothers -living here. t the caller looked puzzled then he had an idea. The one wbo has a sister in St. Louis." he expuU.ned. - Houston Post. ORATORY " "no vou think the art of oratory has declined?" - " "No," replied senator sorgnum. -T-r niontv nt creat orators. The trouble is that most of them would rather go on the lecture platform than talk politics." Washing-. UNCLE SOTIL ton Star . .