Clipped From The Daily Capital News
Washington Column High Schools Gain Most From Education Aid Act (Editor's Kote: This if the second or two articles on the new aid to education education act) , ' • BY PETER EDSOlf KEA Washington Correspondent "WASHINGTON — (NBA)— • rive- sixths of the 180 million dollars authorized and three-fourths • of the 40 million dollars actually appropriated appropriated for first-year operations operations under the new National fense Education Act wfll go to the states, largely for their secondary schools. This makes its new programs programs of 'interest to every high school pupil, Ms parents, his teachers and local school officials. U.S. -Office of Education under Commissioner L. G. Derthick has now made preliminary allocations to'the states and territories. They range.from $80,000 for Delaware •and Wyoming to over two million dollars for New York. Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Texas and California. Most of these funds will have to be matched by, state appropriations. Forty-five state legislatures meet next January. If they act fast in appropriating their half of the costs, some of the new pro• pro• grams could be in operation next spring. Others won't be ready before before September, 1959. CONGRESS authorized 75 million million dollars—but appropriated only 20 millions—for aids to instruction in .sciences, mathematics and foreign foreign languages in the schools. Twelve per cent of the money is earmarked tor private school loans. This money can be used for remodeling remodeling laboratorieSj lab equipment, equipment, tape recorders for language instruction, the-hiring.of math and science supervisors who : are now employed by only half a dozen states.. .... -.': '.'•'•• . ,-•• • . • . : . .:• The states will pro-rate their money on the basis of individual school needs.'It has been estimated estimated that the whole program will provide $175 each for 700,000 math classrooms,: S500 each for 10,000 foreign language classrooms, equipment for,;15,000 new and 60,000 modernized science labs. For the new guidance, counseling counseling and testing of .high school students, students, Congress 'authorized expenditures expenditures of 15 million dollars but appropriated only 5.4 millions as a starter. No matching funds are required from the states the first year, but they wfll be thereafter. The purpose is to provide coun- seling service for high school students students in choosing a career and planning their education. A second second purpose is to find exceptional students and steer them -- into courses where their talents can be given fullest opportunity for development. development. THE NEW Area Vocational Program Program will be an expansion of vocational vocational training courses now offered offered in- all the states. Tie new development is that it will train technicians for higher skilled ;electronic ;electronic and automation operations. One great personnel and manpower manpower shortage problem in advancing advancing technology is that engineers engineers and: scientists now have to be ; their own technicians. This program is intended to train higher higher skilled maintenance men to relieve relieve them. Students for these advanced vocational vocational courses will be recruited from junior high school to junior college students showing aptitude in this field. • Congress authorized expenditures expenditures of 15 million dollars for the first-year program, but appropriated appropriated only 3.75 millions. This money can be used for payment of teachers, teachers, equipment and technical aids for teaching. Nothing is provided for new buildings or maintenance. The plan is to have one of these advanced vocational schools for several counties. ALL FEDERAL funds must be matched by state . appropriations. The program is expected to be slow in getting started, though some states with vocational school administration already established may be able to apply for federal funds before the end of the year. Congress authorized three million million dollars for one year, five million dollars for the next three years, for a stepped-up research program'on the use of television, radio, movies and related media in mass education. But again no money was appropriated. appropriated. Office of Education has allocated $500,000 to get projects started. . . . . ..• ' ;A final provision of the new education education act authorizes federal expenditures expenditures of $50,000 a year for each state—to be matched by state funds—to gather better school statistics. Office of Education wants this program to move fast so that it will have good statistics on this school year's operations, to aid in future planning.