Santo Thomas

davidwcrick Member Photo

Clipped by davidwcrick

Santo Thomas - in 7! in an of been in- tank has train on...
in 7! in an of been in- tank has train on Dorothy Edward were De- were duty after the brass Co., his a few to examination, inlo V£hile Mrs. for was when After last Capt. engineers, home S, Pvt. and theaters, Fort of attended was Miss has Mr. the her employed and be War B. H. been Charles of a wound- Jan. the Mr. Bryant in war. been i n'c e 1943, in grad^Alton at- Cenat La. em- Co. T Xj, Masuth in costing the Air ne- of 23 ° f B «l- sev- graduated Alton and Shurt- Durin high he chorus direc- Hosan, made the as a Civilians Freed At Manila Can Return to V. S. By RUSSELL BRINES SANTO TOMAS INTERNMENT CAMP, Manila,. Feb. 6, UP)—Speedy repatriation for all of the thousands thousands of freed civilian Internees who wish It is being arranged by American officials within this jubilant jubilant camp while gunfire is still ringing In Manila and artillery bursts sail over the campus. Army rations are being distributed distributed in this camp and to other freed .civilians. Medical supplies are available for the first attempt to build up the run-down health of the 3700 Santo Tomas internees Col. Howard Smith of the Army Medical Corps has taken over hospitalization. hospitalization. Col. T. W. Grimm, an old time Manilan and new camp commandant, is assisted by Lt Col. Charles Smith, another longtime longtime Philippines resident who escaped escaped capture. Food is being given sparingly at first as a health precaution for people whose stomachs shrank on protracted handful size Japanese rations. Menus will be built up gradually gradually until persons who almost lost their taste for American food are receiving regular army fare. Santo Tomas internees included aPP r °?lmately • 2780 Americans, 745 British, 100 Australians, 60 Canadians, and 50 Hollanders. The remainder were an assortment of other nationalities. The handiwork of Santo Tomas internees, who made their camp the best in Asia, by handling most of their own affairs, including the purchase of food with their own funds, still remains, but the past year has been one of progressively progressively increasing hardships. The Japanese Japanese army took over the camp from the Japanese civilians In February, 1943, and Immediately established severe restrictions which led to starvation of some internees and a number of deaths from malnutrition and beri-beri Camp Doctor Jailed Dr. Told Stevenson, New York a Presbyterian missionary who became became the camp doctor, was jailed by the Japanese two months t because he refused to alter » death certificate stating that mal- nutritlsn caused recent -deaths'" The Japanese clainied this reflected reflected discredit,on the army. He was since, released. ; Before the army took over internees internees were able to live a relatively relatively comfortable life by borrow- mg heavily from friends outside the camp and purchasing food on the Manila market. Purchases went both to the family kitchen and to private cookstoves. These supplies and other material aid came through the "package line" by which friends delivered parcels once a day. Army authorities severed the package line. They cut off all contact withoutside Manila. Exchange Exchange of - notes was prohibited, kick internees were refused hospitalization hospitalization outside the camp except except in the most urgent cases. _Cash payments were abolished. The camp commander promised to provide Japanese army rations The original figures provided only enough food for a scanty diet but the Japanese failed to furnish more than a. third of what they had promised. ' As a result, meals were limited to watery rice, sweet potatoes soup and occasional bits of dried fish Sugar, meat, poultry and milk were not available. Butter and bread were unobtainable for Slates i° Cl •, tentiy. » K, e " gamblers, coning from Hyde at Venice, slates morning. "1 am close up Ihe -identified ago two years. Military commanders of 'the camp deprived internees of badly needed living space for an elaborate elaborate office. Several internees wer taken outside to a gendarmerie gendarmerie station for brutal questioning. Entertainment programs, which once included monthly motion pictures, pictures, gradually died out. The athletic program was abandoned when the athletic field was taken over. The internees became too weak to play, *anyway. 6:30 Blackout Blackouts began after American raids began in September, 1944 Nightly curfew at 6:30 was strictly strictly enforced. Internees were allowed to continue continue to live in shanties—600 of them—they had built on the campus campus in the early flush days when materials were available. They ranged from leantos to fairly comfortable little homes flanked by banana trees, hedges, flowers and lawns. Mental attitude of the prisoners gradually grew worse under constraint, constraint, gnawing hunger; delayed rescue, long periods of idleness and sad, darkened nights. The thin, youngsters lost their cheerfulness. Japanese gathered up nil personal personal funds in the camp. They conducted a shanly-to-shanty, room-by-room search for it. The money was deposited in the bank of Taiwan. Internees were permitted permitted to withdraw 50 pesos a month for adults and 25 for children. children. But their purchases were limited to the camp canteen which finally disappeared. Prices outside skyrocketed and the Japanese brought some food for resale within the camp. One man paid $300, payable after the war In U. S. currency, for two pounds of rice. Sugar cost $75 for two pounds, flour was worth pounds. A small Cheap Casava 580 for two box of cheap matches sold for $5 or mure. fin. fines of ^ ar . ges gaming „„ .1 as e sse d this formations Alter?n y ^ for the operation, Burton's While wars in !^! <i ! 1 'potential' we have !r P "Fifteen" ^A°. dilion, operator "The ™,M machines Protection'. Mings, directly machine •tot since slot stale's " of hnnri hoodlums, to arrest warrants. and "My Continued Wife IflP)—The army hanged stood she to save "It serve Grace a his fellow known She the Army the dealh husband, at Camp "I turn," faith in Montana. his the facts As she son, explained convictions do from Socialist said, wrong. "Can't objector grounds?" Henry's to go to camp. a medical that—so people." Mrs. nounced registered, physical reported "Al back verified long claimed. "The there I were you can. carry a "Now, orders, him." Mrs. information was sloned her that from the and gun." Mrs. husband alion, Weber, went to worked as a Kaiser and as

Clipped from Alton Evening Telegraph06 Feb 1945, TuePage 1

Alton Evening Telegraph (Alton, Illinois)06 Feb 1945, TuePage 1
davidwcrick Member Photo

Want to comment on this Clipping? Sign up for a free account, or sign in