"The Borden Murders"
a a a - 00 01 00 iX) ' 00 50 4,) 35 50 00 00 00 00 of a THEBORDENHURDERS Story of The Double Crime Which. Led to Lizzie Borden's Arrest. WILL BE A FAMOUS CASE How Her Father And HU Wife Were Found Hacked to Death With An Axe -Clues Which Led to Nothing The Family Disputes. - The double murder of Andrew J. Borden and his wife, culminating as it has in the arrest of his younger daughter, Lizzie Borden, is one of tho most extraordinary and mysterious criminal episodes of the century. The circumstances surrounding the assassination of Borden and his wife, who was Lizzie's stepmother, were such as to astound those who would pounce, off-hand, upon a motive. Borden was a rich and pious skinflint, aged 70 years, whose probity was equal to his thrift. He had not led a public life, he had no known enemy who, it could be conjectured, would go to the extent of killing him, much less his wife, and when the mutilated bodies of tho couple were discovered, in their own house, shortly before noon on Aug. 4, the police and tlve public were utterly at a loss for a motive, and in the intense excitement that overwhelmed the community turned to one another in helpless astonishment and horror. The body of Borden was found on a velvet sofa in the parlor of the house. His head had been literally hacked to pieces. There were seven long gashes on his face and skull, some of them an inch and a half deep through the flesh and bone. In tlie " spare " bedchamber on the second floor was discovered the body of Mrs. Bordon, who was 67 years old. There was at first no sight of blood, and the momentary supposition was that heart failure had occurred. Mrs. Bordon was lying prone upon the floor on her face with hor arms outstretched and the toes of her shoes resting on the carpet. On raising the body there was seen a pool of blood, and an examination disclosed the fact that death had been caused, as in the case of the husband, by repeated blows of some heavy sharp instrument on the face, neck, and head. In the case of both there was found a deep cut into the brain. A circumstance which was not at once observed, but which was afterward noticed and put down as a clue, was the remarkable absence of blood from the numerous wounds on both bodies. It was as if the life current had been retarded and partly congealed from other causes before the murderous blows were struck. There was, it is true, a considerable pool of blood under Mrs. Borden, but the quantity was not equal to that which would have been expected in the case of a person in full vigor wounded as she was. There was very little blood on the sofa in the room where Mr. Borden's body was found. Half of the police force of Fall River were off on a picnic when the murders occurred, and for that reason a strong guard of the premises was not furnished immediately, but several officers were quickly in the house after the alarm was given, and they learned enough to make it plain that robbery had not been the purpose of tho killing. No plate or money or any of the valuables of the mansion were missing, nor had a single thing been removed from the bodies. Borden's watch and money and Mrs. Borden's money and jewelry were undisturbed. A slight survey served to make it equally plain that the murders were both committed unexpectedly so far as the victims were concerned. Borden's body was reclining on the lounge, the legs were resting easily on the floor, the left arm lay on the hip, the right was folded across the breast, the eyes were closed and trie features were unmarked by any expression of surprise or apprehension. The attitude was one of repose. The features of Mrs. Borden were not drawn, and there was absolutely no evidence of a struggle. A vigilant search failed to reveal a trace of blood, with the exception of one small spot on the wall, plainly due to a slight spattering of the blood when the first blow was dcait. The furniture of the room was in perfect order, and the position of the body was proof that it had fallen straight forward. The head was not even turned. The bed in the room had apparently just been made up for the day. There were, so far as yet known, but two persons other than Borden and his wife on tho premises when the murders were committed. These were Bridget Sullivan, a domestic, and Lizzie Borden, the younger of the two daughters. The older daughter was visiting in another town. To Lizzie Borden and Bridget Sullivan the police naturallv turned for a description of the circumstances surrounding the murders. The first alarm was given by Lizzie Borden, w ho ran out into the yard and called for help. A neighbor responded and the police were telephoned for. When they arrived they were told the following story : The elder danghter had been visiting for some time in Fair Have;.. At 8 o'clock that morning Mrs. Borden received a note asking her to call on a friend who was ill. She left tho house, and shortly after, her husband followed, and went to tho bank, of which he was a director. He returned about 10:30 o'clock and reclined on the sofa in the parlor for a doze. Bridget Sullivan, who had been working in the kitchen, passed through the parlor shortly after his return, and asked him how he felt. The reason for this question was explained to tho police. The whole family had been slightly ill for a dajt or two, and Dr. Bowcn, the attending physician, had given it as his suggestion that they had been poisoned. Mr. Borden told Bridget that he was feeling ail right, and she went up to the third floor and washed the windows. According to Lizzie Borden she slept late that morning and did not get up until Mrs. Borden had gone out, as she thought, in response to the note from the neighbor. On going down stairs Lizzie passed through the parlor and saw and spoke to her father. Supposing her mother was out, , she went into the yard and entered the barn in search of a piece of lead, from which to cut "sinkers" for a fishing excursion she expected soon to make to Marion to join some Sunday school friends who were already sojourning there. . While in the barn she heard a cry of distress coming apparently from the house. Rushing in, she found her father dead on the sofa. She called Bridget, and they gave an alarm. Then they searched up stairs for Mrs. Borden, and found her as described. The door of tho spare room, tho police were told, was closed. - Such was tlio story as related to the police by Lizzie Borden and the servant, and it furnished no clues on which to work. The first theory of the police was that a murderer familiar with the place had con-cealed himself in the house and had taken desperate chances for the plunder that might be at hand. This view was relinquished when it was found that nothing had been taken. The police next turned their attention to the theory that tha murders wero a family matter, and had grown out of the efforts of one of the girls to secure a half interest in the estate, valued at $500,000. This was a bold theory to embrace in the absence of any positive evidence, but the police were so utterly at a loss for any other that they clutched at it desperately. They havo since ben their whole endeavors to follow it up, with the reoult of the arrest of Miss Borden and the building up against her of what the police say they believe to be a strong case. Miss Borden denies her guilt and has borne herself with wonderful composure. At the outset there were' several false clues on which the police worked. A careful examination of the bodies of Mr. and Mrs. Borden the day after the killing served to convince the physicians that Mrs. Borden had been dispatched some time probably an hour and a half before her husband. It was after this discovery, coupled with the failure to locate any suspicious charac ter on or near the premises before or after the tradgedy, and with seeming improbability that a stranger could have lurked in tho Borden house without detection by Lizzie Borden or the servants, that the police fell back on the theory that the assassin was some member of the household who knew the premises thoroughly. So much having been settled to their satisfaction, the police proceeded to look for their victim. Their attention was first drawn to John T. Morse, a cousin of Borden, living in a neighboring town. Morse was a sort of horse trader, had recently come from the West, and was known to have been at the Borden home several times, and especially on the morning of the murders. He was shadowed and ques-questioned by the police, and several of the Borden relatives came out and aired their suspicions in relation to him, but he convinced the police of his innocence, and when the officials inquest began he is said to have furnished evidence tending to the conviction of Lizzie Borden. Morse was un-doubtcldy in and about the Borden house shortly before the tragedy, but there was no evidence of any sort discovered against him, and he was not arrested, although he was under surveillance for several days. There was one other clue which the police attempted to investigate before fixing on Lizzie Borded as the guilty one. Mrs. Joseph Durfee, a neighbor of the Bordens, said that some months before the killing she was going past the Borden house one night and saw a young man standing on the steps talking excitedly with Mr. and Mrs. Borden. Mrs. Durfee heard the young man say, "You've cheated me and I'll fix you." Mrs. Durfee could not seethe young man's features, but he was well dressed and apparently very angry. The police were not able to find any clue to this young man. Lizzie Borden was suspected chiefly by reason of certain discrepancies between her statements to the police as to the circumstances under which the bodies of Mr. and Mrs. Borden were found. Bridget Sullivan was involved in several of the earlier of these discrepancies, but the police decided that she was a victim of a bad memory and abandoned all suspicion of her. The suspicion against Lizzie Barden was rendered stronger by a statement made to the police by Eli Bence, a clerk at D. R. Smith's drug store, to the effect that Miss Borden had been in his store two days before the murders inquiring for prussic 'acid or hydrocyanic acid. She failed to secure either. The drug clerk made a partial identification of Miss Borden, but later the accuracy of the identification was denied.Miss Borden denied that she bought or tried to buy either poison. Hydrocyanic acid leaves no outward trace on the body, and it was the conjecture of the physicians for the prosecution that this was the drug that had been used. It was alleged that after her refusal at D. R. Smith's, Miss Borden secured hydrocyanic acid at the drug store of W. J. Brow. The latter denied this to the police. He was personally acquainted with Miss Borden, he said. In the case of Mrs. Borden the police were utterly unable to locate her outside the house on that fatal morning, notwithstanding the statement of Lizzie Borden that Mrs. Borden had been summoned to a sick neighbor. According to Miss Borden the note ws delivered to Mrs. Borden by a messenger boy, but she coijld not.describe the boy. She did not know the neighbor, and diligent search has failed to reveal the slightest trace of either. These circumstances would not be singular in a large city, but in Fall River they are regarded by tho police as significant. The note which Mrs. Borden is said to have received could not be found, and Miss Borden explained that by suggesting that it had probably been torn up. In a basket in the house were found fragments of several notes, but when they were pieced together the note to Mrs. Borden was found to be not among them. It was regarded as singular by the police that neither Miss Borden nor Bridget Sullivan had heard the noise of the fall of Mrs. Borden's body. Mrs. Borden weighs 200 pounds, and it was clear that she had tumbled headlong and at full length to the floor. Miss Borden was put under police surveillance two days after the murders, but was not arrested until last Thursday. Meanwhile, the inquest had been -in progress several days, and she and others had made statements to the police which were considered to be radically at variance. In addition to the police, there was a Pinkerton detective early on the scene. The detective worked in the interest of the Borden family, and ridiculed the police theory. His idea was that the murders were the work of a lunatic. The movements of Mr. Borden on the day of his death were investigated, with the result that the police were able to trace him up to within a half hour of his death. Thirty minutes after he was seen to enter the house his body was found on the sofa. It was between 10:50 and 10:52 a. m. when Borden entered the house; at 11:13 the news of the murder was on the street Dr. Bowen, the family physician, who was called the Borden house a . few minutes after the discovery of the bodies) told the police that Mr. Borden was, in his judgment, asleep when ' attacked. He thought that an axe had been used, as there were several cuts on the head four and a half inches long. Miss Borden told the police that she was Lactateil Fowl Gave Her Health. From Spencerport, N. Y., Mrs. I. J. Woodyiansee writes : i r "My little girl wa very sick last May with bowel trouble, and afte trying several things, the druggist advised ma to use lactated food. I did so and she improved rapidly. She has been using the food since then, and it has kept her well and strong. I shall always recom. HISS WOODMANSEE. - mend it when I gee a a baby that is sick or fretful, for my experience has satisfied me that lactated food will make any child rosy, plump and well." in the barn when the murders occurred. A policeman visited the barn on the day of the tragedy and examined the floor, whicU was covered with a thick layer of dust. There wero no footprints in this dust except those made by the officer in his investigation. On the other hand, Benjamin Buffington, deputy sheriff of the county and a friend of the Bordens, went to the barn, according to his testimony, a day or two after the1 i killing, and found not enough dust on tho floot to show footprints. Hiram Harrington, a trotjier-in-law off Borden, said that for ten years there had been almost constant disputes between the daughters and Mr. and Mrs. Borden.' They had been allowed $200 a year each, and been given property worth in the aggregate' about $6,000, They were dissatisfied with this, Harrington said, and thought they ought to have more. Miss Borden moved in the best society, and wanted - money to "hold her end up," as Harrington expressed it The police are clear on t he question of motive. They allege that it was tiie purpose of Lizzie Borden, by killing Bordea and his wife, to inherit one-half of his estate. Bearing on this point, information was furnished the police only two days ago to the effect that Mr. Borden was about to make a will. The police consider the information reliable. No will has been found since his death, and he is believed to have died intestate. It is said that Lizzie Borden knew he was about to make a will. Before the tragedy Lizzie Borden lived the humdrum life of a small place. She once taught a Sunday school class and was bright, but sedate. She made an extended tour of Europe a year or two ago, since which she has devoted herself largely to novels and has resumed her Sunday school teaching. Throughout her surveil-land and arrest she has born herself with wonderful calmness. AH Campers carry with them a box of Eucalyptus ointment Don't leave home without a box of it. augo-d&wtf. HAV FEVER. The greatest discovery of the age. A sure cure for Hay Fever, Hay Asthma, Rose Cold, Carysa, Acute and Chronic Catarrhs.in all their forms. Hay Fever. Dear Friend, is it your unfortunate lot to be a victim of one of the various forms of this tormenting disease every year? Do you pass days and weeks with blinded eyes, streaming nose and smarting throat, coughing and feeling miserable generally, or are you afflicted with that horrible difficulty of breathing, knows as Hay Asthma ? 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QUEEN & CO., Oculists and Opticians, aug4dly 1O10 Chestnut St., Phila. SENECA LAKE Steam Navigation Company. UMTTED. Tourists' Popular Route between Watiins Glen, Geneia and Niagara Falls. Six Trips Daily during the Excursion Season. Close Connections at (Jeneva with N. Y. C. S H. R. and L. V. R. R's. At Watkins with Northern Central Railway. Fare from July 1 to October 1, 18SM, 25 cmre, TIMETABLE. LEAVE GENEVA 8:00 A. M., 12:00 NOON AND 5:30 P. M. LEAVE WATKINS 7:00 A. ol .,12:00 NOON AND 5:30 P. M. W. B. DUXXIXG, June29d3mo General . Slanager, Geneva, N. Y ' Notice to Contractors. ' Office op the - ) Superintendent of Pi blic Works, V - Albany, August 20. 1892. ) Sealed proposals will be received by the Superintendent of Public Works at his office in Albany, until Tuesday, August 30, 1893 for bu lding a dyke adjacent to the Chemung river in the city of Corning. 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