Clipped From Alton Telegraph
contB per barrel, tho rock bottom price of two years later. Taking $2.80 as a fu"ir average price of oil from 1859 to J8U5, tho total value of tho oil produced during those UO years would bo about 82,000,000,000. Almost us muny fortunes fortunes havo boon made in the oil regions RB ill tho goldflelds. A big proportion of the billions which oil has added to our national wealth has boon rather widely distributed, und it is only within recent yearn that a monster combination has boon able to absorb a lion's share of the profits from the output. In an industrial sense, the oil business in orio of immense proportions An of 325,000 men is engaged in COI.ONlil. K. I,. DIIAKI,. Till' MAN WHO 1'IIWT BTItt'CK I'M. producing and transport ing this gift, of Mature, and capital to the amount of $000,000,tioo, according to a careful u* tinmto, is invested in. the business. As for romance, nothing of the kind is richer in this respect than the history of the oil industry. In no goldlield ever di.Mtovoi'ud have bigger fortunes been luado or i.-,t more quickly (ban in I lie oil regions. Men have risen from beg- giiry to wealth in a single nmlit und furtnnus biivn been lout with almost as ii th oaso. Tho number of men who "third sand, " the objective point sought ever after and found only at a depth of several hundred or a thousand feet. Then followed those days of feverish excitement when mighty "gushers" wero struck, and the oil came with a rush up from the subterranean caverns where it had been imprisoned for ages. Then came tho days of tho elouthlike oil scout and of the reckless "shooter" who handled nitroglyceriu cans as if they had been full of paint and who was often scattered over the landscape, shattered beyond repair, us a result of his recklessness. Then camo tho rush of fortune hunting thousands into the oil regions, Cities sprang up in tho forest forest wilderness, and civilization in all its cruder aspects camo and camped at tho foot of tho spiruliku oil derricks. But those arc stories which have been told many times, with greater or ICKH ro- puril for truth, until wo who did not see these things with our own eyes have Midod by accepting iiutio ut all unless on tho best of authority. Next to tho production production of crude oil tho development of the transportation business is the most Interesting feature about tho industry After the oil is brought to the surface it must he stored, transported und refined refined At lirst tho crude oil was put in barrels, hauled by wagon to the nearest river and Moated down to Pittsburg or Oil City on barges or rafts, lu win tor it was hauled overland all the way This was an expensive und tedious proc PKH and tho problem was u serious ono until tlm pijie line nystom was perfi'nti'd The man who laid tho tirst pipe lino, however, WIIK ruined, both physically and linancially, by tho project Hi* idea was good but he did not ,'urry it nit wi II Others did, though, and now thi'i'i' iuv itU.UOO miles of pipn line in ihe United States, the longcM suctions iiiK Ihoso which eonm-cl the oil I'H- iis \viib Ntiw York and that which runs to Chiiugu. CYid's SYLVKSTKK. To I'rttvt-iit I'nittiliil.v Ankle*, If American girls \\nuld contiuo their ilM' (if low sin.is to indi ors, they would tot riisk the. imduedcvelopmem of their inkli-s l'Yi neliwoiiivn am noted for heir pretty lu't, and they invariably wear high shoes, for walking. of establishing a permanent bureau there for the collection of foreign news. For OROKOE W. SMALLKV. more than SJ5 years he remained in London, writing letters to Tho Tribune and clipping the London papers. Little by little his correspondence became tinged with toryism, and finally, when ho returned to New York two years ago us American correspondent of the London London Times, it was seen that ho had bo come thoroughly Anglicized. Had Mr. Smalloy confined his efforts to writing a digest of American news from an Knglisb standpoint and for English English readers no ono would have complained, complained, for ho is undoubtedly well paid for bis work But in England Mr Smally Smally contracted the habit of making after :linner speeches in which he belittled everything American and praised every thing British. These tactics took well in London and won him a great repula [ion us a postprandial orator. Evidently 10 bus been unable to break himself of this habit, for he has made the saliui kind of spei'i-hos in New York, and the re.-uill IK that Mr Smulloy bus been w>- sorely criticised. I : p>-Uhig <\|fitliirtt Hut*. Residents of Lovilhi, near (ittumwa, u., have formed an orgiini/.ation for the, '.xtorniiuution of rats, and tin; members >ro to devote one day a week to tho Work of ridding the neighborhood of the ormiu. and water sides strong were erected and splendidly with modern guns. But the Japanese captured much difficulty, not because fortifications were at fault, but Jhinose were cowardly. After Japanese left the Russians came nominally to reconstruct tho docks ications, but really to stay. ;here yet. Tho czar had long ous eyes on Port Arthur. It is ce all the year round, Vladivostok, the headquarters of loot in eastern waters, is ;ho year. In time, too, it connected direct with St. :ho Transsiberiun railroad. In tho meantime Germany •tiao Chou, Franco has grabbed slice of southern China and ias gripped tho is.hinds in >ay, while each of the powers has picked out the territory nouns to occupy when tho But why is China to bo What is China worth to will they get by itV Trade, trade, trade — that is ill want. It is not* mem more hind. They do not want new colonies, in China proper already .;,";(),000,000 inhabitants, than tho soil will support, lint an industrious people. They much and consume little. They articles which the rest of wants—tea aiid silk. They und opium, which few people Chinese have much use for. customs of China, placed more on exports than imports, *y7,000,000 Nothing more of the annual budget No just bow rich the nation is, Kourivs am vast Without is richer than Knglund and all liius. richer than Russia, any nation on eailli. This is why tlm Kimipoan sending tlnoi.s and armies to \Vlienthe looting of the Dives is on, they svunt to bark ibeir lingers with nuisclcs of llai The fists which Kuropo plunges oriental grab bag arc mailed ink'High to grab a lot and strong to hold what they grab. C. J.