Clipped From Alton Telegraph

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 - TI1K KII'.ST oil. WM.I. toy, which was obtaimd...
TI1K KII'.ST oil. WM.I. toy, which was obtaimd by the laborious laborious method of skimming the oily waters waters of a crick in YeiKiiigo, Pu. Today the yield every '~M h'-urs can bo reckon- rd only by tlie thousands uf barrels, and it has hcou that way for almost four dee ...JVdes. It is estimated that the wells of Pennsylvania and western New York alone havo produced more than 000, 000,000 barrels, figures which are sr (jreat that we only realize that they rep reseut; a quantity so big as to be beyond definite comprehension. Prior to 1800 pc.trolcnm was looked tipon merely as ii'curious natural prod uct, valuable mainly for its medicinal qualities. Today, in spite of the development development of gas and electric light, it is the illuminant of the people and light •the homes of ninu-tenthsof tho civilized world. It was first made au article of •commerce by tho f-entca Indians, and lor years wont by tin; name of Seneca oil, or American oil. As such it was nsed us a healing salvo aucK.wus som times taken internally as a cure for colds and consumption. The Indians took it into the towns and villages in gourds and rude casks made of hollow logs. They procured it by skimming it from tho surface of creeks. Today it is used in tho manufacture of 150 articles of value in art, science, mechanics and domestic economy. Among the many products made from it are healing salves, cosmetics, soups, chewing gum, lubricants and lampblack. lampblack. Not an ounce of it is allowed to go to waste. Kven the noxious gases •which nro formed when it is refined are utilised and made into articles which you use every day. Since Colonel K. L. Drake sank his first well in 1851) tho earth hus been pierced more than 100,000 times for th 3 purpose of obtaining oil A big section section of two states, if tho territory could addressed "Colonel" Drake by bis business business iissocinlfs, and thus bo won tho tuic. winch bo was m>vor able to gc-t rid off Ant! lie needed somethinjj to inert asc rrspei t for him umcng his now mii.ii- bors. for they lo-.kcd upon him as :i veritable veritable crank. His I'titerprist 1 \v :is mil- ruh d throughout the country, for such n tiling :is IvYing for oil bad IICVIT Vo- lore bot'ii heard of l*u" af tor many vox- ntiotis di lays the Drake well wastiiialiy sunk, and at tin- di-prli of about 70 f-.-et thi' oil uppcaro*!. It did not 001110 rushing rushing up :>•• it did in tho rii-ojvr wells which were sunk later, but rose to with in a few fcrt of the snrfaoe ftn;l was then pumped out The will iTixlur from LTi to SO bnrrr-ls a day and was the wonder of the section. Thcro were not Mifiugh barrels to store the product, for tanks had not been heard cf at that time. The crude oil was sent to Pittsburg Pittsburg (sn luml i r rafts, and after it was refined it was sent, b-.u-k by wagon in tin cases and sold as illuminating oil. The first lamps: were made of tin uud had a round wick, such as had been us>-d in burning sperm oil. but these were found to be dangerous, and Colonel Dr.ike had glass lamps sent from Pittslnira. Th refined oil sold for ?1.25 a gallon : FO that the Drake well was seen to be a highly profitable enterprise. It was not long before Titus.villo was tbo center of the tirst "oil rush." Men who had laugiu-d ut- Drake wero now frantically sinking wells on their own account. Farms were leased ri^iht and left, and every man who knew anything at all about drills or drilling was hired at fancy prices. The first wells wero located by surface indications aud sunk £-£'*&--Ux-'-^X A Ar^fl REDIIOT, A TVP1CA1. OIL TOWN. IN 1870. by tho crude spring pole method. Tho spring pole consisted of a green sapling about -10 feet in length and 10 inches in diameter, with thn butt end made fast in FtS.'AVIS CI T! 111! >-|..M!K. eontniniuc Christmas pn^vnts. was do- tair,Cti :H tin- liost^u pnsti'mVe tw.u of iusutliciriit postage. It inmiediati-h ixvunvd to him that be could make a px>d many people happy by paying tho postage duo and having the presents ivur ulons v ' So be did it Every Christ runs since that Mr Clark has :loue the sniuo thing. This year his bill was al-rout $00. So Quietly does Mr. Clark ;lo such little acts of kindness as this that, a! though many people in Boston have heard of him in an indefinite way. prob ably not one in a thousand residents of the Hub know him by sight. Paying the postage is only one of a hundred ways in which he spends his money in charity. Ho has helped many accused criminals by paying tho expenses of their defense. He believes that all accused accused persons should have every chance of proving their innocence. Ho does much for the poor children of Boston, juid more than one trip of the- floating hospital has been made at his expense. He is not a religions enthusiast, but his charity is none the loss broad aud deep. Mr. Clark comes from an old Boston family, his grandfather having boon a member of the famous Boston tea party Ho enjoys his wealth himself, living in a fine Beacon street home in winter and at Cohasset in summer. Ho belongs to several clubs, is an enthusiastic sports man and tries to make his friends believe believe that he is no philanthropist at all. UNPOPULAR MR. SMALLEY. Autl-Amerlcaii Speeches Good For London, London, but Not For Ne\v York. George W. Smalley has broken out again. At tho recent banquet of tho Brooklyn New England society ho once more gave vent to his anti-American and pro-English sentiments, causing no end of criticism. Suialloy is old enough to know better, for he is nearly 05 Ouco upon a time Smalley was not only au American, buf. u New Knglandor. It historical was luge with them. racial ly over toric-s ages nre port in structure pulls nre partition created largest in southern Prior mud hovels, year

Clipped from
  1. Alton Telegraph,
  2. 13 Jan 1898, Thu,
  3. Page 10

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