Description of city of Johnstown at time of the flood of 1889
| TUB MtoTClTK. ? Juiiujttouii, lULocatluu, lu Importance, II* Imluatrlaa, Iu lllatory lit llritf. Johnstown, until overtaken by the disaster of yesterday, was one of the most flourishing and prosperous manufacturing manufacturing towns in the State. It had over S population of 8,000 in 1680, and has grown rapidly since, Probably the number of inhabitant* at the present date it was twice as large, ft has not been incorporated as a city, but is still governed under a borough charter. Including Including its populous suburbs, which are really a part of the town, several of thuin being separated from it ouiy by imaginary imaginary lines, Johnstown has nearly, if not quite, 33,000 inhabitants. Its site is picturesque and beautiful? in fact tli'o natural scenery of the entire county Is perhaps unsurpiuaed in the State. The Ooneinaugh Valley, at Johnstown, Johnstown, Is but a few hundred feet in width, the mountains extending close up to the river. The neighboring boroughs, Conemaugh, Conemaugh, Mlllvalo, Cambria, Prospect, East Oonemaugh, Franklin, Coopersdole and Woodale, are all growing places. Johnstown proper Is situated at the conlluence conlluence of the Couemaugh river and litony creek, a portion of llio city lying ou the west sido of the latter Btream. Its locution Is the site of Kickcuapawling's Kickcuapawling's Indian town, where tho whites began to settle nearly 100 years ago. The town Is well paved r has olectrlc lights, street cars and a Hue system of water workB. It contains many handsome handsome business blocks and stylish residences. residences. It is particularly noted for tho number ami excellence of its churches, nearly a dozen different denominations being represented, and uiany of tliem having very lino and costly edifices. for muny years the town was tlio connecting point between railroad and canal transportation. As fur back us 1831 tbe l'ortage Itallroad ascended the eastern slope of tbe Allegheny Mountains Mountains by five Inclined plunes, up which cars wero drawn by stationary engines, and descending tbe western slope in tho same way, connected nt Johnstown with tho "main lino" of Pennsylvania improvements. Tills great achievement, achievement, as it was then considered, was superseded later by tho Pennsylvania liailroad, which outers the county of Cambria through tho GalliUln tunnel and leaves It at tho border of Westmoreland Westmoreland and Indiana counties. Johnstown is also tho terminus of the Somerset and Cambria branchtof the Haiti more & Ohio, running from liockwood on tho Cumberland Cumberland division to Johnstown. Tho greatest iron and steel manufacturing manufacturing company in tho United States? tho Cambria Iron Company?has its works in Johnstown. In their numerous numerous blast furnaces, their Bessemer steel works, rolling mills and mines thoy employ employ thousands of men. Thu Johnstown Johnstown works are of vast extent, covering ovor Bixty acres; with a network of milroad milroad tracks nearly forty miles in total length. Tho annual product of tho works runs into tbo millions, and lmlf tho population of Johnstown Is dependent, dependent, directly or indirectly, on tbo Induso Induso (lautler Steel Works, located in the upper part of the town, and under the management of tho Cambria Company, Company, are umongtho most extensive and best known in tho country. Tho Johnson Johnson street railway mill, manufacturing steel rails for street railroads, Is situated In ono of the now suburbs and in ono of tho Important industrial establishments of tho valley.