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Ethanallen1779 - NARRATIVE f: Co.'onel. EtHAK - AlLin1 trtatmtnt...
NARRATIVE f: Co.'onel. EtHAK - AlLin1 trtatmtnt during hi Captwilj.. . : (Concluded)' ; THIS was a bitter ft roke to the enemy, but their pride would not permit then to heixtatev but that they " could vanquifti the country, and as i fpecjxn of their atrozancv, Lfhall infert Gtn. Rurg'oynfc's ' PRO CLAM A T ION. 'By John Bwgoynt, LCqi Lieu tenant General of hi Majeity'fcarmies in America Colonel of the Queens regiment'of Tght chaocn$. Governor of fort Wil - v ITam m ttbrth - tfritain, one of the RepiefentatWeior the Commons of Great - Britain in Parliament, and commmding an army and fleet employed on ah expedition from Canada, &c. &c. &c. 'THE forces eiuruited to my command are defign - edji aft in concert, and npon a common principle, with the numerous armies and fleets which already dif - play ia every quarter of America, the power, the juf - tire - and when properly fought, the mercy of the King. TUraufe in which the Britifh ar'ms are thus ex erted, applies to the moit afFecling imercUs of the he - man heart ; 'and the miliary fervants of the crown, at firft called forth for the lole pnrpole qt reitoring tne queft. His very pnentatious ; proclamation Was in the hand and mouth of moil of the foldiery, efpecially the torjes, and. from it, their faith was raifed to iflfu ranee; Twfth my coulufyraen, in gencraf could but have an idea of the a Turning tyranny, and haughty, malevolent and infolent behaviour of jhe enemy at that time ; and" from thence difcern tiie intolerable calamitiei which this - country hive extricated themfelves ftoia by their public fpiritednefs and bravery ' The downfall of general Burgoyne, and furrender of, dafhed the afpiring hopes and expectations of the enemy, and brought low the imperious fpirit of an opulent, puiffant and haughty nation, and made the tories bite rhe ground With angoifh, exalted the valour of the free - born Tons of America, and raifed their fame and that of their brave commanders to the clouds, and immortalized general.Gatea with laurels of eternal duration. v . . . No fconer had the knowledge of, this intferefling and mighty etent readied his Aloft Chriflian Majelty, who in Europe (bines with a fuperior luflre in goodnels, polity and arms, but the Mutinous potentate; aufpicionfly influenced by Heaven to promote the reciprocal interell and liappinefs of the ancient kindem of France, and the new and rifing ftates of America, palled the great and i. r .Annwi.tinn imw rnmhiAe with Wve of decifive decree, that the United States of America. .... .i A.KT tn hir fairer'toi on. ' the .other fhou Id be free and independent. iifkir CCJUlllIV. " ui 7 - o ' . - i v sum uu uiwit) jLniuiiu : iwmuuci yuu die uui, an ifland ! and that your power has been continued longer then the exercife of your humanity. Order your broken arid vanquifhed battalions to retire from America, the fce,ne of your cruelties. Go home and repent in duft and fackcloth for your aggravated crimes. The cries of bereaved parents, widows, and orphans, reach the heavens, and you are abominated by every friend to America. Take your friends the tories with you, and, be gone, and drink deep of the cup of hn miliar, tion. Make peace with the princes of the houfe of Bourbon, for you are in no condition to wage war with them. Your veteran foldiers are fallen in America, and your glory is departed. Be quiet and pay your debts; tffpe - cially for the hire of the Hefiians. There is no other way for you to get into credit again but by reformation and plain honelty, which you have defpifed ; for your power is by no means fufficient 10 fuppOrr your vanity - I have had opportunity to fee a jgVeat deal of it, and felt its fevtre effis, and learned le (Tons of wifdom and policy, when I wore your heavy irons, and bore your bitter re vil inland reproaches. I have fomething of a fmatttring of philofrphy, and underhand human nature in all its ttages tolerable well ; am thoroughly acquainted with your nittonal crime?, and afluire you that they cxtcnfiv'e incitements which fpring,frm a due fenfe of the general privileges of rnankind. To; the eyes and ears of the temperate part 'ofthe public, and to the breads of ftiffering - thotiCinds in the provinces, be the melancholy appeal," whether the prefent unnatural rbel - . lion has not been niade a foundation for the completed fytiem of tyranny that ever God in his difpleafure, fiitTvrtA for a time to be exercifed over a fro ward and - Jtubbom peneration. . . . r Arbitrnry irnprrfonment, conflfcation of property per ft cution and twrtute, unprecedented in the.inquifi tions of the Romifh church, are among the palpable enormities that verify the alfifmatiye. Thefe are in ilicled by Affemblits and Committees, who dart to proftfs themfelves friends to liberty, upon the moft uuiet fv.bjeas, without diftiniort of age or fex, for ' the foe crime, often for the foie fufpicion, of having adhered in principle to the government undsr which they were bom, arid to which by every, tie, divine and human, they owe allegiance. To roufummate thefe ( fhoc king proceedings, the profanation of religion is adr ded to the moft profligate proftitution of common rea - fon ; the coniciences of men are fet at nought; and inuUittides are compelitd not only to bear arms, but al - fo to fwear fubje&ion to an ufurpation they abhor. ' Animated by thefe confiderations ;. at. the head of troops in thefull powers of health, difcpline, and valour determined to ft r ike where neceflary, and anxious to fpare where poifible, I by thefe prefents invite and exhort all perfons, in all places where the progrefs of this army may point, - and by the blefiing of God I will extend it far, to maimaui fuch a condu6i as may juftify me in protefl'ng tiieir lands, habitations, and families. The intention of this addrefs is to hold forth feenrity, not depredation to the country. To thoie v;hom fpirit and principle may induce to partake the glorious talk of redeeming their countrymen from dungeonsj atd re - eftablilhing the blefTingsof legal government, I dfter encouragement and emplyment; and upon the 5rft 'intelligence of their ailbuatiom, 1 will find ma.ii to aiTift their undertakings. The do - nieltic, the induftrsous, the infirm, and even the timid inhabitants, lam dtuvous to protect, - .provided they remain quietly at their houfes ; that they do not fufFer tlieir cattle to be removed, nor their corn or forage to be fecreted or deffroyed; that they do not break uptheir bridgti or roads; nor by any ether act, direclly or in - direSly, endeavour to obftruct the operations of the King troops,1 brF'ppiy. or afiift thofe of the enemy. ' Evexy fpderes Ot provifiun brought to my camp, will be paid for at ail equitable rate, and in folid coin. 44 n confciouThels of chriitianity, my royal mailer's cle;iency, ond the honour of foldicrlhip, 1 have dvelt upon this invitation, and wilhed for more perfuafive terras to give it impreflion : And let not people be led to dtfreatd it, cohfidering tlieir ditla ice from the immediate tituatioii i of my camp. I have but to give fuetch to the.Judiaii.forces uhjer my direction, and they arncorit to' thoufands, to overtake the harde ned nemksof Greaf 'Brttain and America i Iconfider them the fime vvheVfeVer tliey may lurk. if itw4ihiiandiiig thefe endeavours; and flncere inclinations io effect tntin, the phrenfy of hofliiity fliouldiemafn, 1 tfull 1 fhall ft and acquitted in the eyes of God and men;" in denouncing and executing ' the vengeance tof'tlie alc agaijill the wilful outcafts. The metfeneri of jut ice and of wrath await them in t!ie fisld ; and . deVettation, famine, and every conco - mitani )ior orthat a reluclant but indifpenfable profe - cutiorvpf iiiilttary duty muft occafion; will bar the way t their return. 4 Camp near Ticonderoga; 4tb July, 1777. J. BURGOYNE; By order of his Excellency the Lieut. General, - Rhirt Kingftw'9 Setrttarf. General Burgpyne was Mill the toaft, and th le verities towards the - 'priforiers were in great: meafur increafed or diminilhid, in proportion to the expectation of con nOt only cry aloud for Heaven's vengeance, but excite mankind ro rife up ag - tinlt yea. Virtue, wifdom and. policy, are in a nttiorial fenfc always connected with power, or in other words,, power is their offsprings and fuch power as is not directed by virtuei wifdom and policy, never fails finally to deftrdy itfelf as yours hss done. It is fo in the nature of things, and unfit that it fhould be orherwife for if it was not fo, Vanity, injuftice, and oppreflion; might reign triumphant for ever. I know you have individuals, who It III retain their virtue, and confequenily their honour and humanity. Thofe I really pity, as they muft more or lefs fufFsr in the calamity, in which the nation is plunged headlong ; but, as a nation J hate and defpife you. Ivly affections are Frenchified. - I glory in Louis the fixteenth, the generous and powerful ally of thefe States ; am fond of a connection with fo enterprising, learned,polite, courteous, and commercial a nation, and am fure that I exprefs the frnriments and feelings of all the friends to the prefent Revolution. I begin to learn the French tongue, and recommend it to my countrymen before Hebrew, Greek or L3tin, (provided but 6ne)of them only are to be attended to) for the trade and commerce of thefe States hi future mult inevitably fhift its channel from England to France, Spain, and Portugal ; and therefore the llatefman, politician and merch. ant, need be acquaiiUed with their fevcraManguages, particularly the French, which is much in vogue in moft parts of Europe. Nothing could have ferved fo effeclually to illuminate; pol.fh, and enrich thefe States as the prefent Revolution, as Weil as preferve their liberty. Mankind are naturally too national, even to the degtee of bigotry ; and commercial, inrercourfe with foreign nations has a great and neceiTary tendency, to improve mankind, and erafe the fn perdition of thexatnd by acquainting them that human nature, policy and interell, are the fame in alt nations, and at the fame time they are bartering commodities for the conveniences and happinefs of each nation, they may reciprocally exchange fuch part of their cuftoms and manners as may be beneficial, and learn to extend charity and goodwill to the whole world of mankind. 1 wis confined in the Provoft gaol at New - York tho twehty - fixth day of Augufl, and continued there to the thinl day of May, 1778, when I was taken out under guar, and conducted to a iloop in the harbour at New - York, in which I was guarded to Staten - Ifland, to Geri. Campbell's quarters, where I was admitted to eat and drink with the General, and feveral other of the Bri - t ifh field otneers, and treated for two days in a polite manner. As I was drinking wine with them one evening, I made an ohfervation on my tranfitbn from the Provoft - criminals to the company of gentlemen, ad ding that t vas thd ;fame mari flill; anJ IhoulJ Britilh credit by Jhim; (fpeaking to the Genera!) for.. days good ufagei r" The next day Col. Archibald Cam bell (wh0 Wj exchanged for me) . came to this place, conduOed ! Mr. Boudinot, the then American Commitfary of p foners) and faluted me in a hand fo me manner, favj that he never wai more glad to fee any gentleman his life, and I gave him to underftand that I was ef)J,i ly glad to fee him, and' was apprehenfive that it wasfr the Tame motive. The gentlemen prefent laughed the fancy, and conjectured that fweet liberty was th foundation of our gladriefs ; fo we took a glafs rf V;il together, and then I was accompanied by General Cam bell, Colonel Campbell, Mr. Boudinot, and a nunVer of Britifh officers, to the boat, which was ready t0 f31 to Elitabethtown - point. Mean while I entertairel them with a rehearfal of the cruelties exerci.'ed toward - our prifoners ; and affured them that I . fhould sf nr) influence, that their prifoners fhotild be trcattd mfutur in the fame manner, as they fhould in future treat ours" that L thought it was right in fuch extreme ca cs, tln their example fhould be applied fo their own prifoners !" then exchanged the decent ceremonies of complimCr and parted : I failed to the point aforefaid, and in a tranfport of joy, landed cn liberty ground, and as i advanced into the country, received the acclamations of a grateful people. I foon fell into company with Col. Shelden, (of th: light horfe) who in a polite and obliging manner, a( companied me to head - quarters,. Valley Forgej vh;r; I was courteoufly received by Gen. Walluugtcn, wrl pecuHar marks of his approbation and e?ecm. and v.r introduced to moft of the Generals and many of tj,e principal officers of the army, who treated me with refpect, and after having offered General Wifhiupfcn my further fervice, in behalf of my country, !as?oo.i as my health (which was very much impared) v.oul 1 admit, and obtained his licence to. return home,! I took my leave of his Excellency, and fet o:it frornlValkv Forge Jvith Gen. Gates and his fuite forFifh - K11, where we arrived the latter end of May. In this tour the General was pleafed to treat rne with the familiarity of a companion, and the generofity of a lord, and to him I rnade known fome (hiking circumftances which occur, red in the courfe of my captivity. . I then bid farewel to my noble General and the gentlemen of his. retinue, and fet out fsr - Bennington, ik capital of the Green Mountain Boys, where I arrived the evening of the laft day of May to their greit fur - prize; for I, was to them as one rofe from the dad,snd now both their joy and mine was complete. Thrss canaon were fired that evening, and sext menrng Col Herrick gave orders, and fourteen more were d.'charg - ed, welcoming me to Bennington, my ufualphcsoS abode; thirteen for the United States, and one for ycua; Vermont. After this ceremony was ended we rrioved the fiowin? bowl, and rural felicity, fweetened with frindfhip, glowed in each countenance, and with loyal healths to the rifing States of America; concluded that evening, and with the fame Joyal fpirit, I nolv conclude my Narrative. TO BE EXCHANGED, For a Plantation with improvements within twtbe miles of Philadelphia, or for a good Houfe in faid Clty r A VALUABLE Plantation, fituate near the Crcii Roadi, New - Loudon townfhip, Chefter; count) containing about two hundred and twenty acres, abo one half cleared the remainder wxll timbered wocd - - lajad, the whole under good fence. There are about forty - five acres of excellent bottom and watered rmaic already made, and fifteen acrts more may he nude1' very fmall ex pence 5 VVhite - clay Creek runs through the bottom rficadow, and the bank is watered by cMj never failing ftreams. There are on the premifei a gwi two - ftory dwelling - houfe with four rooms on a floor, large kitchen, and a well of excellent water at.t!ietof log barn, good (tabling, two large frame hsyarrawj conveniently fixed in the meadow, a thriving orefcar. of the beft grafted fruit trte, a kitchen grderf cycff prefs, &c. It it fituate elevtn miles from the Head'1 Elk, (even from Newark, twelve from Chrifthna Bn ami feventeen from Wilmingtoh, where thers i rea f fale for every article of produce. It ? only half a mi from a grift and fw mill, handy to feveral oth?n, ac two miles diftAnt from New - London ' Meeting - hM - 'j Thepremifjt mav be entered on the 15th cf next. ' Enquire of the fublcriber in Frwnt - ftreJti Wainut - ftreet, PhibdelBhia. I 0 0 WILLIAM MILLER. N. B. There if a fimll Plantation, containing forty - five acre, adjoining the foregoing, which & go along with it if wanted. . Two Hundred Dollars Reward. STOLEN on Friday night th 9th of Oftobcr 1 .J a grey M A A , between fourteen and fifteen t high, and between four and five years old, J brand nor mark, but fpotted with the fiddly j car her huad low when rode, a natural pacer, and if ; the near fide of her mane. Whoever takes up faifl J and tecurei tht thief Ihall receive the above f 'lVi One Hundred Dollars for the mare cnl), P"" JJ hH county. JAMES STEWARD

Clipped from
  1. The Pennsylvania Packet,
  2. 27 Nov 1779, Sat,
  3. Page 4

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