Donald T Chalkley
of all human done in the the auspices "Inevitably it's a matter of judgment as to whether the risk is worth the projected benefit. benefit. It may be something that's been tried in the NIH clinic on carefully selected patients in a controlled environment but never never been tried in the field. There may be higher risks in an uncontrolled uncontrolled setting. "Maybe the risks go up when you move Irom one population The tederal Bureau of Prisons Prisons carefully restricts research done in its penitentiaries. In fact, in federal prisons drug testing is being phased out because because officials feel that prisoners prisoners cannot make a free and open choice on whether or not to participate. The officials feel prisoners may fear reprisals if they refuse to participate. The states tightly control experimentation experimentation in their institutions institutions torbidding it in some cases to protect the rights of subjects. In nearly all cases where research research is permitted, research policies have three points in common: that the subjects give their free and open informed consent to participate, that the benefits of the research outweigh outweigh the risks and that the validity validity of the experiment be determined to the next. may not whites in If this Chalkley duty-bound duty-bound duty-bound basics of v.