REminiscences of DD 3-12-1884
POLITICAL CYCLONES. SeeoDecUons and Beialiibeeaees of Old Party Coatests aad Straggles la :" ' ' Illinois, : Antl.irefarmskt.biU : 1859 and Wnat . -. .- - :. of It, Ware Cam ." of Selatloa ef Democratic Blunder! of : Tims to tbe Blunders' sf tbe - . Present '-. That Special CnmspoSKlsnes of Tbe later Ocean. Pabtzllb, 111, March 10. In reviewing tbe prominent names that have adorned tbe Illinois delegation since 1818, in my letter of Feb. 26, 1 cams no farther down than 1856 when, as there stated, Owen Lovejoy and the anti-Nebraska and abolition rotors Joined forces. Said ex-Senator David Davis to ma not rery long ago: "That was a political cyclone 1 I know that of all peoples in the world tbe American Is tbe most Independent, too most spasmodic." At that time David Davis waa on the circuit beach, a Federal ap pointment for Ufa, and was himself swept into the vortex of that great political cyclone. The administration of James Buchanan left the people of the North no other alternative than that of rebellion. Hinton EoweU Hel per in his great work, The Impending Crisis," dates the slave holders rebellion. away back of the Kansas Nebraska seta But James Buchanan and bis Southern advisers and masters forced tbe Northern Democracy into even a greater political rebellion than Jefferson vavbt, sioya, jtsson, rumen, et at. precipitated in 1801. In Illinois this revulsion of sentiment against Southern domination was more pronounced than in New. England, New York, or rennsyrrania in tne crat piace, it BIVIDXD ths pabtt In the State into Douglas and antUDouglaa Democrats. It named - Abraham Lincoln President It made David Davis one of the Supreme Judges of tbe United States. It made Lyman Trumbull United States Sen ator, who fathered all the vital amendments to tbe Federal Constitution. It made Grant President for eight rears. It made John A. Logan. Richard J. Oglesby, and David Davis United States Senators. These are the results of James Buchanan's concessions to the South and of his betrayal of the Democratic party oc toe Aorta So Owen Lovejoy came ' into Congress in 1850. But the "Old Line Democracy,6 that's what it was called then, bad redistzicted the State in its own interest and held control of the delegation until April 24, 1801, and the representation was increased from nine to fourteen. Tbe General Assembly that the Bepublicans and anti-Nebraska Democrats aided in putting in power contained, among others, Francis A, Hoffman, Chicago, lieutenant Governor: Thomas A. Marshall, of Coles; Richard . Oglesby, Of Macon; William Jayne. of Sangamon: Henry W. blodsrett, of Lake, and Dr. A. W. Mack, of Kankakee, aa Senators. Shelby M. Culiom, of Sangamon, Speaker; Lawrence Wei dan, of McLean; J. Khssell Jones, of Jo Dsriessr Stephen A. Hsrlbot, of Boons; I & Church, of McHenry: J. Young Scammon, Homer, Wilmartb, and Arthur A. Smith, as Repress ntatrvea, .: -- Now mark tbe effect upon the Congressional delegation of this revulsion of political sentiment In 1856 Owen Lovejoy, Elian B. Wash burn e, and John F. Fartoa worth were elected all snti-slavery men. In 1858 they were re-elected, baring in their respective districts a . most btxtsb pkbsohal ptoht to contend against In 1800 ths same old anti-slavery men (Isaac N. Arnold succeeding Farnswortn) were returned by anti-Nebraska Democratic votes. But 1802 Lovejoy, Washburn e, Arnold, and Farns worth (coming from tbe new district) were re-enXroed by Ebon Clark Ingersolk In 1804 the He publican anti-Nebtaska delegation stood; Samuel W. Moultotk, at large; John Wentworth, John F. Farnswortn, E. B. Washburne. Ebon Clark IngersoO, Henry P. H. Bromwell. Shelby 3L Cuxiom. Jehu Baker, and Andrew J. Kuy- kendall. There were but two old line Demo crats in that delegation, Anthony Thornton, of Shelbrviila, . and Lewis W. Rosa, of Lewiston. It is amusing, from this distance, to look at the chanoes which politic afford a man. Hers we see John Went worth, who was a Democratic leader of the delegation in 1H43, walking into a Republican Congress in 1804 and into a BepubLcin National convention in 188U Wentworth never changed his politics., but bis party leaders did. Here we see Sxmuel W. Mouiron, an old Scotch Covenanter. Abolitionist, Whig. anti- Nebraska, Republican member oc Congress fron the State at huge in 1804, now serving second term ss a Aortnem aougn-zacs Democrat one of the kind that aided and abettod tbe South in committing political hari-Karl in 1854-60. Then there tk Farns wortn, whom tbe anti-Nebraska Democrats and uepnin loans nonorea oy giving mm six terms In Congress (and ths Colonelcy of a cavalry regiment), now an unmitigated Carlisle-Morrison doDghfscs Demoorat Of that delegation, besides the above, Bromwell is in Colorado, true to tbe faith; IagsnoU is dead, Culiom ia -United States Senator, Jehu Baker is foreign minister, but coining home in May to 1st out Horizontal Bill Morrison in his own district, and - "Honest Jack" Kny-kendall is down in Johnson County looking for tree-trade scalps. In 1866 ths Republicans elected John A. Logan aa their CongTSHSinsii st large, and sustained him with lamsworth, Waahborne, IngersoU, Bromwell. and Culiom. Green B. Baum, who had been Colonel of tbe Fifty-sixth Illinois, defeated EovkendaUfor re-nomination. - . again laid out tbe great American hog, William B. Morrison. Of the Democrats in that session worthy of mention are the late Circuit Judge - Albert G. Burr, of Green, and Lewis W. Boss, of Fulton, In 1868 Logan was re-elected for tbe state at barge, Farnsworth re-elected, Washburne re-elected, but resigned, and Horatio N. Burchard elected bis successor. General John B. Hawley succeeded Abner CHarding.of ths Rock Island district, IngersoU was re-elected, General Jesse H. Moore, of Decatur, suc ceeded BromwelL Culiom waa re-elected, -. Tnh K IT. JWaafWI "Hill" lArw--. Of- these Republicans Burchard held five terms, snd U now pensioned in the Mint Department General Hawley had two terms, waa Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, and is now a practicing lawyer in Chicago. ' IngersoU is dead. General Moore was defeated far renomination in 1872. anrjolnted nenalon agent by General Grant in 1874, appointed Minister to Callao by President Garfield, and died last year. - . In 1870 John L Beveridge succeeded Logan as ConffTessman-at-large. . He afterward served ss acting Governor, and ia now holding a Federal office' in Chicago. Charles B. Farwell was elected from the First, and John F. -Farnsworth from the Second .Districts. Burchard and Hawloy were returned. Bradford N. Stevens defeated IngersoU for renomination. Burton C. Cook, of Ottawa, resigned to accept the General Solicitorship of the Chicago and. Northwestern Railway, and Henry Snapp, of Jollet, was made bis successor ' General Moore and John B. Hay were re-elected. Of the Democrats in that Congress only James C. Robinson, of Sangamon; Edward Y. Bloe, of Montgomery, and John M. Crebs. of White, are worthy - of mention. . Mr. Robinson was sleeted ia a Republican district over Jonathan .Merriam, of Taseweu, partly- on account of Robinson's popularity,-and partly owing to dissensions in tbe Republican, ranks. .... -. These reminiscences does with the apportionment of 1809-70, for ths next Congress gave Illinois - nineteen districts instead of fourteen. And yet, no citizen who has attended tbe affairs of State, and who reads this, will deny that the deductions 1 make aro conclusive. man owns, uor can any J man run, the Democratic party of HUnois; It is to-day what It always has been, the) dominant party. When its leaders tried to . make tbe party pro-slavery to save tbe of- ' floes it held under Buchanan it went anti-Nebraska and made Lincoln President After a lapse of twenty-fivs years, all the time being; out of office, snd it seeks to make the party free-trade for the sake of tbe offioes, it commits a parallel blunder. . , Pbociob. O02L0T8 . FSUGAHTY. The er of the 's DUrrgard ef :.' ntsr From us Loadoa Telrrrtpo. When tbe letter of the King of the Belgians . reached Gordon, Inviting him to take charge) of the Upper Congo and to endeavor to extirpate slavery there, tbe General was living on the Mount of Olives, studying- any by day tbe topography of ths Holy Sepulchre. ' People may wonder bow, bavins; made preparations for his West African expedition, and being oa ths point of starting for ths Congo, he could ao suddenly alter bis plans and set forth for the Nile. The fact is that Gordon despises "preparations' and dispenses , with them. When, being returned to London from Brus sels, he bad an interview before departing for Egypt with a friend interested in his mission, conversation of too foUowina; nature if not in these precise words took place: . "Have you got your kit ready. General?" . "I have got what I always have. This hat is good enough, and so are these clothes. X shall start as I am; my boots are quits) strong." . .. - "And how are you off for cash? Ton must have some ready money." ; - - - "Ah! I forgot it tea.. I forgot that! X. had to borrow five and twenty pounds, by tbe by. from the King of tbe Belgians, to re over here; Of course 1 must pay this, and X shall want a little more. " "How much? Would one or two thousand pounds do, in notes and bills?' . "Oh. dear, no! A hundred pounds s piece for myself and Stewart will be enough. What . on esrtn ao we want mors iott " Thus the frugal hero departed, wo believe. with no more than 400 in ready money, but meeting aa old' and valued Soudanese acquaintance in Cairo, who was rery poorly off, Gordon could not resist the claims of "sold btng syne" even when he played on the black kevs and lent or gave bis old African-friend the greater part of his traveling money. He has always shown a similar contempt for that which is tbe object of so many desires! At one time in bis checkered life ne possessed, , we believe, a sum of 8.000. and an intimate) friend pressed him to place it in safety sa proper interest Gordon replied be him if could take all due care of ft, but tbe sum became reduced to 2,000 by secret charities and benefactions within rear, and six . months after that his friend discovered that only 30 remained of the original amount Tbe rest bad gone to "ths poor and him that hath no-helper." It might be thought that this generous nature had for its background of support a robust and almost rude good health. The eon- . trary is strangely tbe ease. General Gordon . is a martyr to some obscure form of neart " disease, which has 'compelled him to .re-linguish the solace of smoking, and ofttimes : almost prostrates him ths; rosAS-FiraEr CONTESTIOT. - Special Take'i ins) The later Onsse New Oblbajts, Ls, Karen 11. Last Jan. 13 the sugar planters met in this city, held convention, and effected a permanent organ- -ixation. At that time several committees were appointed, tbe most important being- the one appointed ia behalf of protection to ". sugar. This committee Journeyed to Washington to labor in this intersex, they met the) Representatrvea and were net accorded cor dial treatment; in fact tbe committee were told to keep quiet and not let ft be knows that ther came there for sugar protection, or they (the Democratic party) would be ruined. Tbe committee were advised to return home, to keep quiet, and affairs wonld work out to their advantage. They found out that to ' representatives of the Democracy proposed-to rote far reduction on everything but sugar, and tbe committee returned eminently -disgusted with their treatment ' They. reported the worst feature of the case lay m tba -fact that the Democratic rcprreeutativee were " working indirectly against the sugar men-. Taey further stated that William Pitt Kellogg, who has so long been despised by tbe Democracy, treated the committee better than any one else and waa doing mors far their interest than the entire lot of representatives.- One of the sugar men upon this committee, and be is sn old Democrat, said: "D tbe Demo- . cratio party. We must call tbe convention . together, take such action aa will show tbe Democratic party where we stand; with our Democratic Representatives it is party be- fore Louisiana; with the planters and peo-. . pie of Louisiana it is, sugar first party. peo a- - To-day the sugar-planters will assemble fat -' second convention to discuss ths tariff question, particularly that relating to sugar. It is rery probable that this convention will in-' done tbe nomination of Mr. John A. Stevenson, aa old and respected planter who has . Just been nominated for Governor by tbe Be- . puoneans ox wis state, xns eugar-piaaiers- -Convention is not a political body, but it . represent? tbe bone and sinew of tb State. ': Tbe neopl are alike awakening to tb fact that tbe Democrats ar sapping the strength of th Stat la their efforts to reduce the) sugar tariff, and they look with a friendly eye toward tbe Republican party, as it adro- ' catea the) protectionof bom industries. : 1 IJJCOIJAJrP HAWXET. I believe that Robert T. Lincoln, tb pres. ent Secretary of War, la tb strongest and most available man ia tb Bepublican party for this year's Presidential candidate. He is a graduate of Harvard University and Law -School During the closing operations around Petersburg be was upon the staff of" General Grant At Chicago be. had a large' and responsible practice la his profession , and had th reputation of being sa able and.' efficient lawyer. In the year 1S7S, when a corrupt ring was in control of tb finances and assessment of taxes fat Chicago, at a . time when great excitement prevailed throughout 'the city, he was. asked' at ' a . public meeting of ' citizen ' whether he would assume th . duties - of supervisor if -elected. Without a moment's hesitation be replied in tbe affirm- ',: trve, and was lmmecLatelT elected by th i Town Board then la night session at the Grand Pacific Hotel His administration of. that office was bold and vigorous. The ring - " was broken to pieces, and thousands of doi-. lars saved to the citizens of Chicago. His -administration of tb War Department is well . knows to all In it he has displayed high ' executive ability. Ho is a man fond of read ing. naturally studious, of sterling integrity, -and always able to maintain bis part in any . diacaasion. In every way he is well qualified , , to occupy th White Hons and serve as President of tbe United States. - - Should he be nominated there would be no . antagonism against him. Tb -Garfield,- Arthur, Logan. Edmunds, Hhune, and Sherman men could all unite upon him. . Ail those now living who voted for his father, their sons, all the soldiers, their rels- , tiona, ths young men of tb country, all th blacks, and many-Democrats both North snd . South. -would rote for him.. Th campaign . would be an enthusiastic one. - .1" A prominent Democrat recently said: Lin- . coin is the strongest man in tho Republican : party at least so we think; and I would rot ' for bun." What more- fitting than that in Chicago, a place full of great and even sacred . political memories the- -place where Us ', lather and Gai&eld, who appointed him Sec- '. . retary of War, were nonrtnateq wnat mor fitting than that h should be called next - J one to serr faiths place ones filiod by his -illustrious father? With tb ticket of Lin- coin and Hawley in the field, tbe success of th party would be ana area. utUcr to t '