Pazzeh Naheh 19100805 Star-Gazette Sallisaw Oklahoma
11" 1 T E-E N years had been allowed, allowed, under tho plan contemplated, contemplated, for wiping wiping out or pacifying pacifying the savages savages of' Formosa. Formosa. Rut now It accomplished Inside Inside of a twelvemonth, and the Japaneso government has made a special appropriation appropriation v of $7,175,000 to pay the military expenses. This Is on account of tho camphor business. Until Until recently the entire world has practically depended BypplJf of camphor upon Japan, > has held a monopoly of the pi tlcn of that necessary article, the Germans have begun to man ture artificial (synthetic) campl a largo scale, and thus ,are com In the market to an alarming ei It Is very necessary under the cir cumstances that the supply Trom a i so contains much gold. It should be tend to the upbringing of her off- Japanese sources shall bo maintained, added that, the Atayal tattoo their spring. _Twins are a bad omen, and lest It bo replaced and crowded out by faces very elaborately, and build ele- among some of the tribes It has been synthetic camphor. The camphor gant nut8 of bamboo, over the door- customary to tie them to a tree and trees which formerly grew plentifully wayB of w hi c h are hung as trophies permit them to perish. In Southern Japan have been to a the s fc U i] B 0 f w ii(j boars and apes, and Sickness is supposed to be a pun$h great extent destroyed, owing to neg- sometimes those of Japanese and ment Inflicted by the spirits of the lect of a regulation that used to re- Chinamen—the latter with pigtails dead. Dreams afford a medium quire the planting of one seedling for atIII picturesquely attached. through which the spirits of the dead tevery tree cut, and so the Japanese make bags of a peculiar net- communicate with the living. The work expressly to carry human heads. Atayal and Paiwan groups believe the One chief, when captured and about to be executed, said: "I have no fear of death, I have taken ninety-four heads and wanted only six more to make the hundred. are obliged to look to Formosa, where the camphor laurel flourishes over a great extent of territory, In virgin forests. Unfortunately, it is In the mountainous mountainous Interior of Formosa that the camphor laurel grows—that IB to say, In a region which has been since prehistoric prehistoric times, and Is today, under Bavago dominion. The savages who occupy this territory are very fierce, and earnestly addicted to head-hunting. head-hunting. Hitherto the camphor of their forests has been obtained only with (heir consent, and It has been custo- virgin forests to be the abode of the spirits of their ancestors, and on this account trees within certain designated designated areas are never disturbed. Old men and women have supernatural nave nuijci natural History tells us that the Spaniards powers of the kind usually attributed took possession of Formosa In the to witches, and for this reasou they year 1526. They were expelled by the perform the religious rites for the Dutch in 1G42. Nineteen years later a tribe. Chinese pirate chief named Koxinga Spirits of dead persons other than drove out the Dutch ahd proclaimed ancestors are dangerous and possibly himself king of the island, but In 1682 malevolent. The Atayal consider that the Chinese dethroned his successor, and Formosa remained a province of 7, „ "" u i'u""u*>ii remained a province or mary to pay money to their chiefs as tne Middle Kingdom up to the war bean bean inducement to refrain from destroy- tween China and Japan, as a result the ghosts of their forbears will not be satisfied unless a human head Is part of the offering made at ceremonials. ceremonials. Likewise in the case of a dis- NpvprHio i. u, C ,/ v —' ,rauu "'mo. j-.inewisB in me case or a dis- luMit and °l n 5 a , 88ed . In , t0 the P° 98ession P u ^ between two persons the spirits of hia ancestors will guide and pro tect the one whose cause Is just, so that he may obtain the first head and thereby win. The soil of Formosa is exceedingly rich, and nowhere Is a finer quality of tea produced. The eastern half of the Island is covered with jungle, In ing the distilling outfits. „ x , wl ,^„ u ^ 8mu imo less, trouble has been frequent, and 0 f the Mikado's empire, the stills have been constantly de- A glance at the map will show that stroyed. Formosa is really the northernmost isl- An unlimited number of laborers and of the group which we call the can be hired in Japan for ten cents a Philippines, being situated only a day; but not for any such price, nor short distance to the north of Luzon, for many times that much can men be Its wild people are undoubtedly of obtained to go Into the forests of Malay origin. But its earliest Inhabl- Formosa, cut down the camphor trees, tants. were black dwarfs, belonging to 'Which grows the valuable creeper and distill the gum, at the serious risk the same race as the pigmy negritos known as rattan. But the most prec- of losing their heads. It is well known who still survive in small numbers in ious vegetable product is camphor, that the Japanese do not lack brav- Luzon. Many of their skeletons have which is the resin of a tree that grows ery; but head-hunting to the Formo- been found In the mountainous lnte- to huge .size, sometimes attaining a Ban savage ig a religion; -nothing rior, and It is reasonable to suppose diameter of twelve feet, from his point of view Is so impor- that they were exterminated by the The only way to get the camphor is tant, and he will lie in wait for many savages who now' occupy their terri- to chop the tree Into chips, which are flays at a time near a lonely path in tory. subjected to a crude process of dls-' the woods for tho sake of getting one As already stated, these savages filiation, the vapor, when condensed, chop at a passing camphor-seeker. have never been subdued. From an being deposited in crystals on bamboo Formosa Is a big island as large as ethnological point of view, they are screens. This is crude camphor, Sardina and Corsica put together. It more tnan ordinarily Interesting, which comes to market In wooclen Is 235 miles long and 75 miles wide. Thelr g art > ranges from nudity to gay- tubs. It is refined by redistillation. More than half of its entire area is to- colorea garments of their own weav- At the present time Japan exports day in the possession of the savages. lng - made irom the fibers of banana about 5,000,000 pounds of camphor For some years past Japan has pur- and ramie - The women are kindly annually, one-fourth of it being ship- eued a rather Interesting method for trea *-ed and have equal rights with the ped to the United States. It used to the purpose of bringing about their men - But If a wife loses her husband be refined In Europe and America, but after the birth of a child she is not al- now the Japanese refine their own lowdd to marry again, ,the idea being comphor and ship the 'finished pro- that her business thereafter is to at- duct. eventual subjugation. She has established established a "guard line" all around the mountainous interior, with small military military outposts at Intervals along it, and has pushed this artificial frontier steadily forward, so as to restrict the wild people to a slowly but surely diminishing diminishing domain. T}y this means It was expected that within fifteen years of the present time the entire Island would be brought under civilized control. But commercial necessity has made necessary necessary a change of plan. Camphor must be had, and It has been decided to wipe out or pacify all the savages within the coming year. They can take their choice which it shall be. Their numbers are not accurately mown, of course, but it is understood ihat they are split up into no fewer than 723 tribes, whose villages comprise comprise from three to upward of three hundred houses. The tribes are divided into nine groups, which are mutually hostile, and which differ one another in customs customs and languages. Some of them, particularly at the south end of the island, have already been partly civilized, civilized, and there is even established among them a sort of rural free delivery delivery mall service, by native letter carriers. carriers. In the central range of mountains mountains dwell the tribes of the Vonuum group, which are very fierce and enterprising enterprising head-hunters. In 1905 they became so troublesome that a military attack was made upon them, resulting resulting In their partial pacification. The Atayal, or nothern savages, are the largest and most powerful group. They look upon head-hunting as the chief end and aim of existence. A human human head Is necessary as an offering in all their religious ceremonials. When a dispute arises between individuals, individuals, decision is awarded to the one who first secures a head. A lad is not recognized as adult until he has taken a head. But it must be the bead of a Japanese or Chinaman. Their customary method is to He In wait In the jungle, near a frequented path, several of them together, in the hope of obtaining the much-coveted trophy. Thus civilized existence anywhere near to the savage border la beset with no little peril. At the same time, the i.land of the: Atayal 1 B particularly temtping by reason of .itertchnesB in roreat products; especially cairiphor. it " DAISY CAME FROM ENGLAND Like the Pestiferous Sparrow, This Import Also Has Become a Pest. From Memorial day to the Fourth of July the large white daisies In some form, dwarf or tall -growing varieties, are found In abundance, decorating the unimproved grounds of suburban country seats, and yet proving a daily annoyance to farmers thrbughout the hllla and valleys of eastern Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, according to a correspondent of the Philadelphia Record. No sooner sooner are the large daisieB gone for the season than the little ox -eyes and the other white and yellow blooms with dark centers, known as July and August August daisies, and only exclamations of delight and rapture are heard from the appreciative youngsters who are "out a-dalsying." • While the daisies have been well known %oth In censure and praise for many, many summers, it is only very recently that the responsibility of their Introduction into this country has been credibly fixed. Horsham township 1 B declared to be the offending offending community, and Sir William Keith, first lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania, the Individual who brought "the flower weed" over from England. It has been a mystery to many Pennsylvanlans, where the daisies are the thickest and their history evidently evidently the most familiar, as to why they have become known in the past as "park weeds." The reason Is explained explained when their source of Introduction Introduction is taken into consideration. They received the name from Graeme Park, the Montgomery county home of Governor Keith. Since the historic Keith mansion has been In ruin and even the ancient trees and shrubbery In Its famous dooryard have largely died out, the profusion of daisies surrounding the old home have been the most brilliant monument to the days of colonial government government in provincial Pennsylvania. The old ruin of a mansion house (long preserved in memory of Sir ' William Keith and the gay life here of the dashing, pleasure loving lieutenant lieutenant governor) has of late become known as "the home of the daisy." HIGH MORALS IN AMERICA Standard Higher Than In England, American Tells British Royal Commission. R. Newton Crane, senior counsel to the American embassy In London, told the royal commission on divorce In England recently that there is a higher standard of morality In America America than In England. , He admitted that divorce Is more prevalent In this country than In any other country In the world except Japan, but contended this was due to the fact that persons of respectability respectability had come to regard divorce aa a firmly established institution, designed designed to cure unhappiness. J. A. Bawatt, of counsel to the American embassy, pointed out that there are more varied causes for divorce divorce In European countries than In the United States. In Austria "Invincible "Invincible aversion," In Hungary "vexa- tiouB mortification," In France "prodigality "prodigality and violent disposition," In Sweden Sweden "opposite of feeling and thought amounting to- hate" and in Formosa "loquacity" are considered sufficient grounds for divorce. In Algeria, where there are thirteen causes, "previous wooing In which no final acceptance or refusal has been made" was a cause of divorce. Barratt Barratt argued there is not a single cause of divorce in any state in this country country that cannot be duplicated Europe. of of as a in The Deft Hand. The Widow—Oh, Mr. Smith, you'll never make me believe that? The Candidate—I said I had nevei loved ft woman till now; not that na woman ever loved me; 'course, t wouldn't say anything ao stupid M that.—Thrbne. and Country. •i.