The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) Feb. 2, 1885

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The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) Feb. 2, 1885 - THT PICATIKL8 AG-ICULTURAL AG-ICULTURAL...
THT PICATIKL8 AG-ICULTURAL AG-ICULTURAL AG-ICULTURAL AM IM'STaiAl DEPARTMENT. CONDUCTED BY DAJTL DES2TETT. DOWN Kf THE SALT MINK FKTITK ANSK ISLAND RECLAIM IX SKA MARSH THIS FOG BELL A LA It M AND DASGK8 CREVASSES AND OVERFLOWS THE liULNKD SUGAR PLANTKRS. Petite Anse Island, also called Salt Island, Avery's Island, is iu tho sea marsh, nearly, west of New Orleans, about 100 miles distant in an air line, 135 miles by rail. The cars of the Morgan Louisiana nnd Texas Railroad rnu out from New Iberia to tbe Salt Mine daily and back, a distance of ten miles, leaving leaving New Iberia at 7 A. 1L, returning at 10 A. of., schedule running time forty-five forty-five forty-five minutes. New Iberia is 125 miles from New Orleans, forty-five forty-five forty-five miles from Morgan City. The Salt Mine ia north of Vermilion Bay and the Gulf of Mexico and nearly south of New Iberia, which is on the south side of Bay on Teche. Joe Jefferson's Island, Orange or Miller's Island, is nearly north of Petite Anse Island, about six miles, nine or ten miles west of New Iberia. Grand Cote or Weeks'a Island is nearly south of Petite Anse, and Cote Blanche six miles southeast of Grand Cote, and Belle Isle thirty miles south ast of Cote Blanche. The last four islands contain an area of from two and one-half one-half one-half to three and one-half one-half one-half square miles of arable high land, and their greatest elevation is from 165 to 185 feet above the level of the Gulf of Mexico. Petite Anse is the largest, containing containing about 2100 acres of rich arable iland. IS TILE SALT MIXE "WITH THE MTXEltS. On the SSth inst.the writer visited the Salt Mine, and the general manager, Mr. Wm. Crooks, kindly permitted him to be dropped down among the miners, 80 feet below tho surface, (depth of earth 22 feet, salt 58 feet.) by way of the main shaft and the elevator.. A guide and miners' lamps were furnished, and we passed through several dark caverns, with roofs ana walls of solid salt, which to the eye looks as solid as Italian marble marble or solid granite. Columns of salt 50 feet square are left in all directions to support the roof of salt and the earth above it. . Auger drills, worked by hand with a crank like a grindstone, bore the holes five or six feet in any direction down, lateral or up and dynamite is used to blast the salt, as they blast granite, tearing out tons at a single dash. These huge lamps are broken by hand with heavy sledges and the lumps taken by tramways to the elevator, to be hoisted into the upper story of the salt works, to be crushed and ground into coarse and fine salt by crushers and mills that work like corn mills. Nothing can look more gloomy than these salt mine caverns, which extend hundreds of yards from the main shaft, the miners working- working- and moving abont in different directions with their little hand lamps in darkness almost dense enough to be felt. A shaft extends dows 50 feet below the caverns, in which about 30 hands are now employed, but no hands are now working below at present. They can work a gang of miners below when the demaud lor Louisiana salt requires it. The estimates of the bulk of salt are made on a depth of 100; feet. The depth of the mine is unknown ; it m ly extend miles into the bowels of the Island. More than 100 hands are employed at these salt works at present. By their contract with the Morgan Railroad Railroad Company they send off 100 tons of salt daily, and have sent off as much as 2S0 tons in a day. LOUISIANA ROCK SALT WHAT THE CHKMIST8 SAY. Here is tbe percentage of pare chloride chloride of sodium (pure salt) found by careful analysis of salt from the mine in Petite Anse Island : Dr. Joseph Jones, of the University of Louisiana, tbe bet chemist in the Southern Southern States, 90.617;. Prof. Gtmtmau, 'JHLS8 ; Prof. E. W. llilgard. 99.88. Prof. Fred. W. Taylor, analytical chemist, Smithsonian Institute, Washington. Washington. D. C, March 10, 182. 93.731. Chas. A. DoremuN, M. D. Ph. D Belle-ma Belle-ma Belle-ma Hospita?, Medical College, N. Y-, Y-, Y-, March Si, Hs&l, says : " I have analyzed a sample of rock salt from the mine near New Iberia, La., I drew the sample sample indiscriminately from large sack at the effiee of the American Salt Corn-pan, Corn-pan, Corn-pan, No. 48 Broad street, N, Y. The result result from tbe analysis is Sodium chloride 93.01173 All foreign matter, chiefly calcum sulphate 9066 100.0-.3S 100.0-.3S 100.0-.3S Prof. Gnstavus Bode, analytical chemist, Milwaukee, Dec 10, 1883. ; ....... 93.252 Chloride of sodium, other matter, chiany sulphate of lime, -. -. 748. A CUBIOCS STATEMENT ABOUT SALT. In a little pamphlet published by the American Salt Company," tho following paragraph occurs!: " The crystal of . the rock salt is solid, while that made by boiling salt water is a hollow cube, so the ground rook salt makes a smaller package, weight for weight, than the salt made by boiliug." "It is, therefore, entirely erroneous to compare the intrinsic value of the two kinds of salt by measure, while a bushel of Louisiana rock salt weighs 110 pounds in its natural state, an equal measure of made salt weighs only 70 pounds : hence one bushel of Louisiana rock salt will yield over liftv per cent, more brine of equal strength than a bushel of made salt." ' "Pure chloride of sodium is not an absorbent of moisture. While inferior qualities of salt lose much by shipping, pure chloride of sodium will remain flint dry." TDK VAST (JUlSTITT Oi" SALT IX PKTTTK AJtSK ISf-AND. ISf-AND. ISf-AND. "The American Salt Company " claim that in Petite Iiuand " thore is in sight, to the level of ou r present floor, one hundred feet, a solid body of alt .-tSS,0)0,OGO .-tSS,0)0,OGO .-tSS,0)0,OGO cubic feet, which, at 125 pounds per cubic ft, is equal to two thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight fifty-eight fifty-eight million six hundred and twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five thousand net tons ; and through its entire entire mass wherever tooted it has been found identical iu character and purity." THE PISGAH OK PKTITK ANSB ISLAND. Salt Inland seems to bnar no geological geological relationship t the country in which it is located. Belle Isle, Cot) Blanche, Grande Cote and Pctito Ane Islands appear as though they were transplant-etl transplant-etl transplant-etl by supremo power from some bill i countryto the salt marshy of Louis-iana. Louis-iana. Louis-iana. They have hills and dales and levt 1 fields and sprin gs, pond and lake, their highest elevation beingxrom 15 ti ' 165 feet, while around thorn is a flat salt marsh, levated but a few feet above tido water. Prom tho edge of the sea marsh to the banks of the l'eche at New Iberia tbe elevation is gradual, the banks of the Tec ho bein? here less than 20 feet above tide wst'-r wst'-r wst'-r the elevation generally from the Golf coast to the highest lands in Iberia, St. Mart in, Vermilion, Vermilion, Lafayette and St. Landry does not increase more than a foot in a mile; in aom places inuoh lees. Tbe highest pinnacle of Petite Anse Island has an elevation of .183 feet. From this one may view with a glaa the Tec he woods. Bayou Vermilion woods. Bayou L'ypremort and Bayou SabS woods, tbe AuLargi Prairie aud a vast surfaee of sea marsh, distances of 25 or SO inik-a. inik-a. inik-a. l"he eye can spau a diameter diameter of 50 miles and sweep a. circumfec-ence circumfec-ence circumfec-ence of 150 miles. DejmetVsrailroad excursion from New Orleans to, the Salt Mice and back will come off in February, when strangers isitlne the city will hye -oppor -oppor tunity tn make the round milfti for 4- 4- ' TBOF, HIWiABD'S VIEWS OK THE COAST M1ESS. Prof, flilgard. in hiBr.Aimm Report of a Geological Survey of HUm- HUm- n : it:m avwuk intT Ot Ue COWS mThedloftheseiwds.being - 1 wlill as1iT&iIA depth, Ana compose , " i :i k Kom Hmnea ant moiu. wneneiret , brought under the plow, has supassed all the other lands in the State in fertil- fertil- i " j .L.; ik. ..inn nf i-icA i-icA i-icA has attain jauus luai i.utv. : . . ed so much success. Lying, as this re gion does, in the extremo soumeru uui i. o.. Ku warm waters O the Gulf of Mexico, aud protec ted on the north by the numerous unu " overhang the coast, the climate is seuu-. seuu-. seuu-. : i i ,vf the r.nltnro of irupicai. aux uw - . . . fruits and productions that are strictly . xropicai. A GOOD OPENING FOR CATITAUSTS. "No field," says Prof. Hilgard. can af ford more promising prospects to capi uuuis msiiiuuui.' , - . . migration societies, than the cheap and f.. .,i.ln.ifu,n rf thesa marshes. Ihe cue itvuuui"" . market price of the lands is twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five cents an acre, auu 1 1 r an . in thn KtfetA bv modern steaai dredging machines for ,. r . 1 I . K m. cvnsuDf ana leveeing wcia, auu. tu improved improved wind-mill wind-mill wind-mill pumps for driving tbem, for the breeze is constant near the seacoast. Meterological - records- records- kept below New Orleans ior seventeen yeirs bbow that this portion of Louisiana does not average five Bays in a year without wind, aad that usually there Is a stiff breeze lasting a greater part of the day, which greatly mouerates tuo j 1 a a.l U ft-'S ft-'S ft-'S " . i neat ana temper too coin. - -T -T THK KOG BELL ALARM AHO DA1TGKB. All along Rayon Teche, from its sourpe to its mouth, the alarm oeii is constantly constantly ringing, in view of another threatened overflow, which may be much more disastrous to the' country north, east and southeast oi tne leone, in tbe Atchafalaya Basin, than any overflow within the memory of man. Such men as Don Caftcry. Lsa.. A. L. Tucker, Esq., Hon. ,Mrphy.-Foster, ,Mrphy.-Foster, ,Mrphy.-Foster, Maior Thomas G.'Foster. kludge Goods. J. A. CNiell, ? Homer !. Smith, r Dr. Smith and Dr. Gates, lideed ail . the most intelligeat men I hale talked with in the last week at Frankln,New Iberia and Jeannettefs and-on and-on and-on Btyou Sale,' are alarmed, and have cause t be alarmed. a&They say the swamps art full of water in the last week in Janua; the AtohaV falava basin is reoeivuiK a waters of the Ked and Ouachita Ki and their branches, the levees are k, the plant- plant- ers have no money or m to protect ing floods, themselves against the the State Treasury is c ', and the the. sugar the means State poor. The State and cotton planters have and the power to Keep u from Carroll parish to the Kiver. and further down the levees nth of Ked the mouth of the Lafourche, and - the her- her- levees on the river, and the Lafo The calm and sober inte cbe levees, gence here on the Teche, where 1 pen his article. decides that the high wat of W and 't3 may put the whole Basin under water, from chafalaya moutn ot Kid River to Doualdsoiivi 'on ' the ssissiooi Lafourche and from the Kiver to the west bank of B; ou Teche. Tbe parishes that lie Ouachita and Mississippi eeu the. era. Uar- Uar- roll. Madison. Tensas. Con lia, Cata- Cata- houla. Kichland, Franklin uachtta and Morehouse, all may su severely from crevasses, and whe: creva-wo creva-wo creva-wo parishes e Missis- Missis- water breaks into anv of th it never gets back again into sinnL but must reach the G by-way by-way by-way of the Atchafalaya Basin and1 arwick's Bay. with Ued Kiver andji uachita water. And with many inf of ere-, ere-, ere-, vasses abont the mouth of 1 Kiver," in Concordia, Tensas, Madisoi ind Carroll Carroll parishes in -S2 -S2 and 83, ie levees were pressed and gave, way ietreen Ked River and the Lafourcl , and ou the Lafourche, and the great : l disastrous disastrous Davis crevasse occurM i twenty miles above New Orleans. I - If the outlets in tho levees a the four parishes ou tbe western side o the Mississippi Mississippi could not save the levd below Ked Kiver and .below the Lattiche in lt3. bow can weaker levee animpov-eri&hed animpov-eri&hed animpov-eri&hed and ruined plantershnd an empty State treasury, save thA when the same amount or more wat4 comes to try them again. rtlB DAMAGK WHICH SCAT. Many fear that the Mississi break through and make a new to tbe Gulf bv way of the Ate Kiver. bnt most who believe danger do not , think the calam ctme this Tear or next perha ten years. Bnt they do belie crevasse and Ked Kiver and 0 Water mav cover ail tho lands to overflow in tbe parishes of Av fointe Coupee, west Baton Koui ville. Assumption. Lafourche, wiuj v.. tuu vw& I'M. m v wv. . ine parts oi ot. Aiary, loena, aai sc. Martin east of the 'Teche, aft the swamp lands of St. Landry. MLy of . , . . . V . ... these people have suiierea twiutroin overnows in tnroe year, ana. uia suflered from storms, cyclones a: neas, and low prices for sugar, more overflow .will reduce th ishes to bankruptcy and ruin, a feting such as they never knew not in the most, calamitous per; the last war. -. -. This is not a bell rung by an i f n thA foreroinff I thins: I rive eat views of the people of thai country that borders on the Ate ha 1 : I . - - i j . uaein. at is iiiga unto w soi alarm. " A wise man f oreseeth hideth himself.' - ; r. -r -r WHAT SHOULD BR D02TK t Congress ought promptly to s special commission of competent tieera to inoniro without delav and ously into this matter, and see if thin as be so. and if the danirer is doors, . decide what should be doni recommend that Congress do it at If strenrtbenin a one uortion enda another, let the commissioners in into the whole business, and poin to Congress the real danger and i the cost of averting the disasters threaten t ue wnoie ox tne lower try, including the city of New Orl our people discuss this question ettly and seriously: disputing ; wbat ought to be done, as thoug! whole matter could bo sottled by s corner and barroom engineers, iist'ic Tache towns, and by planters and f ti ers and merchants, and lawyers uig along the Teche. bat it is now eri fnt that we have no remedy but inCnndTdtt and it the Jaw-givers Jaw-givers Jaw-givers ol tun natioqht. aju anu eouiiort m tnesa. tunfw present poverty anu ot threatened c mines which hang over us luce cruHiSW avalanches, thi. tbe fairest portioC Louiftiana, will g; : down beneath Ik aaien in i-bpir, i-bpir, i-bpir, mo most Compaq wreck, ai'dthe- ai'dthe- broadest ild of i V. and di&a&ter ever known in this counl-yt counl-yt counl-yt TltR CTTAXCKS OF ESCAI'SL Close olservers ear that . high in the Lower Mlssivoippi aud braue r m January meant an overflow in bpricg. Ihat-e Ihat-e Ihat-e wtnttr rai 311 swamps and lake and till tbesoi U :Il Cpgr wam she spring tresis eta of tuy Missooii and.- and.- llu--iisippi llu--iisippi llu--iisippi llu--iisippi and the come down npon us, it less w to make an orerilonr than it does those tip-couBtry tip-couBtry tip-couBtry waters hod i swampH and soil dry." If it t-wps t-wps t-wps ral itc and we- we- have, a dry tebrnary rr ri . kiv jv rw mj . ..i i-. i-. i-. , snows V-etween V-etween V-etween the Kosky Monntaij U.rh . .Iu. I.iu ri 1 . tnntt . . I uitfy awi without liea vy rams, we raay cca tho great calamity that, now tliroato tm. Ldt hcary- hcary- rains on U:m htu wtets of the grtat tirera vx M'arch tt -rnvi.Inl.rsia

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  1. The Times-Picayune,
  2. 02 Feb 1885, Mon,
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  • The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) Feb. 2, 1885

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