snake trade 1881

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snake trade 1881 - part second, having num. to Bias est ahai s;...
part second, having num. to Bias est ahai s; Dr. and pounua;-Churehul pounua;-Churehul lis ponsds. sts ona one ana Ona Check-male Check-male was Lahtu- Lahtu- wasN m aim and oa tbe had three- three- graaa like a of the and track. in tne extreme waa quarter Thora wnn-Farlda wnn-Farlda at mgit Jkr Latf I 1th Highlands-leading in. 1:S. Hugh. a ana for the a trifle onoe, brought with tne immense over quire won, for still she ifotn stand was handily a length making sixth. Diana The French . 4:0lU :l4lj 8;3wiJ S:87i2 07U 8.t S:14i 8Mrf two Inclusive, 1878 In 1879 a half. hurdie-raoe: hurdie-raoe: one W. Terror. pounds. Terror, to five Glasgow.' against Post by named, Faustina over short, In falling. the. be In headed Fauatina. stretch. and style. and -Glas -Glas oat. la to tha fashion. lengtha did not 60. RACES. as toU Virginia int. b8 h'lght- h'lght- yaras Colonel . pounds; Fallow. Paul. i of a tui V- V- A 1UT pounds. track t&B Belle of Korthland, Juantta, sao. $175; and Mattie Pin $80; Monk, having tatter's record stallion race at Phila- Phila- stands Alexander both ennra. contest so city. 01SL. epilepsy section a young orphan to earn some from fonnd near sud section employment iUtle, it, "became on Into hysteria alreadv of tightly dava Way to that one was inserted the en. of her quantity. the for without malniy fancies touch on physicians, seen but with her at ..-. ..-. ..-. I ber state exag-geratloo, exag-geratloo, body Is and does young by keeping chloroform. while to be lyes-terday) lyes-terday) something assembled that Put, it ta hour, and within who the eub- eub- He without axeeedlngly A CHAPTER ABOUT SHAKES WE TRADE Of BOA CONSTRICTORS ACiAf j AAA. ) ! CXnUOCa TJTMATBa 0? A W ATBX-ITBUT ATBX-ITBUT ATBX-ITBUT 9KX A aTTJQX tXPTXUt MHEIHO TH BTOKT OF "OLD BTjTBg' DsTJCIAX OT aOat AO-CXFTXO AO-CXFTXO AO-CXFTXO TASBt BT A nTTAIaV-HAHTJLIK. nTTAIaV-HAHTJLIK. nTTAIaV-HAHTJLIK. In what might be to aQ appearances a cheap aruueiy or a mioses ia unary aiosea for repairs m water street is an eatabUshment partially shut out from tba light of day, but aUve.with snakes, birds, monkeys, and other animals which are to be, if they live, a portion of tha stock la trade of the owners of side shows at circuses or at county fairs. aad which am Intended to please and Instruct tbe little children or their spectacktd grendDarents throughout tha country. At this season of the tha side show men clamor for snakes and aad the depots in this City for the sale of these exceedingly lively goods do a rushing bnav proprietor of the Water-street Water-street Water-street es tablishment lKMr. James Fraaer, who hej Blohard Burns aad Henry. Clark for bis aaehta.1 None of these gentlemen waapn liaadJmwf ver, wbea the front door 'was opened by a thin and grlzafy veteran ?' tathe buslnees, Thomas Burdett by narpaT who Nrsa bsinr assisted in the elesnjaf of the place ny a big African monkey,fecent arrival in the country, and one who has not yet obtained a steady situation. It might avake the heart of aa Italian organ-grinder organ-grinder organ-grinder glad .to possess this animal, but his monkeyahlp. being being about thabelgbt of a 3-year-old 3-year-old 3-year-old 3-year-old 3-year-old chBd, Would be apt to wrestle with the little children, toN the horror of their parents. Burdett and the mon key were apparently the besf.of friends. When he asked the monkey to hng bird ths animal gave him a most affectionate embrace, and t hen, at tha command command of the veteran trainer, went through the manual of 'arms in a creditable manner. "Have we got any snakes r7 replied the veteran when a question was put to him; M I should say we had." Several boxes which might have contained calicoes calicoes or muslins were piled up In a corner,. The wood, at tbe first glance, seemed as soft as. pine, but It was as hard as Iron, and had corns from South America. Burdett lowered one of the boxes on top of the pile after tbe manner of a dry goods porter; and. bringing bis mallet and chisel Into play soon .pr!ed off the lid. "Don't put year nose in there," said Burdett to the reporter, who had no intention, of being so rash. The veteran struck a match sad shouted. " Do you see him ft It did not require much light for any one to see him. The snake's eyes sparkled, his mouth opened In a hungry way, and Hs body began to wriggle ai tnougn he was about to take a trip through water- water- street. -It -It was a 8outh American anaconda. U 'feet in length, and: was alone In the box. Bnr- Bnr- dett nailed the lid over him before he had made up bis mind to scamper about in the light of day, and pushed the box aside. The other boxes contained anacondas, African pythons, and boa constrictors. " iow many are there in tba market r, asked Mr. George O.. Starr, of Bunnell's Museum, of Ma Fraxer, the proprietor, who had Just come from his office. Mr. Fraxer : thought he bad the most of them. When asked when be fed the shakes and what he gave them to eat, Mr. Frazer solemnly said that tbev were . fed about once a month ou live pigeons or rabbits, hut that sometimes they went without eating anything for tlx and nine months, and perhaps a yesr. "Of course." he saio. "out oi aeference to the feelings of Mr. Bergh.' we do not feed them In the City. A man comes here from Iiew-Jeraey Iiew-Jeraey Iiew-Jeraey whenever we have any hungry snukesaad takes them out to a clambake clambake at some of tbe sea-side sea-side sea-side resert.". , When a showman ouietlv drone a live ohlckea to a snake In a box.the ohioken's disappearance is the work of a minute. .-Burdett, .-Burdett, .-Burdett, tbe veteran, felt like giving a vloioos swamp monkey1 to one of the snakes, but retrained himself. This monkev while being removed from one csge to another had taken an ounce of flath from his arm, and he was still suffering from the wound while the visitors were there. 11 r. Frazer said that his men either took a tug or a row boat and went down tha Bay to get from the ships tbe snakes, monkeys. ana otner ammais consignea to mm. The monkeys are. In strong boxes, which 'have boles through which food can be passed to them. Tbe snakes are m Daga. ana these Page are nailed up la close boxes. In this way they are brought from Africa or South America, and nave no food and no oppor tunity 10 ooiain tne sea air on tneir passage to this country. He has bad as many as too boa con strictors ana anacondas consigned to htm at one time. He and his men frequently have had battles with tbe snake, and have had to keep their eyes about them In order to preveat the snakes from biting them or colling around) them. The men sometimes gave the snakes a bskh in warm water and milk. A great ailment of snakes is canker at the mouth, which snake-handlers snake-handlers snake-handlers are skilled in treating, 'lhe snake Is grasped Just back of his bead, and his mouth forced open by pressing on his noee. Then, with a sharp stick, the man endeavors endeavors to remove tbe canker, and cuts Brlt- Brlt- ish-oil ish-oil ish-oil In the snake's mouth, Mr. Fraxer remembers a man who was thus doctoring doctoring a snake for canker, when tbe reptile bit off the end of bto noee. Well, that man must have drank a half-aallon half-aallon half-aallon of whittkv. He filled four large soda water glasses full of It and tossed off the beverage without the turn ; of a hair. He never suffered from that snake-bite." snake-bite." snake-bite." "Did the whisky kill hlmr asked Mr. Starr Innocently. " Not much," replied Mr? Fraser. L" It never "buzaea' him. He was as sober as sot man could be. Thau snakes." sdded Mr. Eraser. " kill only by biting or crushing: you. They have no stings." "Are the snakes trained by the showmen?" Inquired the re porter, hot often." was the answer. "Then why don't they bite or crush those who exhibit them f". was the next question. "As to that,'' replied replied Mr. Starr, "we kaow nothing. Why they don't bite or crush us we dont know." and the showman shivered, i He acknowledged that be was not partial to saaKee, ana xnuoa prelerrea the society society of ring-tall ring-tall ring-tall monkeys such as accompany Italian Italian brigands oa tbedr travels. When the reporter entered Charles B. Seiche's place. In Chatham-street, Chatham-street, Chatham-street, there was a great bustle among the men in the rear portion of the establishment. establishment. The monkeys were receiving tneir morning lunch. Two giraffes tenderly gazed upon the men. while savage monkeva and baboons of. enormous site looked as though prepared to encounter Mul-doonof Mul-doonof Mul-doonof any other man in a Gneco-Koman Gneco-Koman Gneco-Koman wrest-ttng-match. wrest-ttng-match. wrest-ttng-match. wrest-ttng-match. wrest-ttng-match. One of the.- the.- baboons, an attendant said, was valued at . $& When aked whether they had any snakes, the attendant started up the staircase, loiiowea by the reporter. In a room on the second floor I were a lot of old barrels. begs of grain, . and boxes. The latter were filled with - ttxm Qoustrit-tors, Qoustrit-tors, Qoustrit-tors, anacondas, and rattlesnakes. The attendant thought that they had about 40 snakes in the stock.1 including a few glass saakea. which fall Into pieces when they are frightened. . These pieces, said tbe at tendant, grow together again and tbe snakes are ready for tbe next " scare." He assured the reporter reporter that the snakes are easily scared, but the reporter reporter was in r o burry to scare any of them, and the attendant ahovod the box into a corner. We have here several boxes of anaoondas and boa constrictors," constrictors," he said, turning to pick up a chisel aad mallet. "Some fool tore tbe lid off that box yonder, yonder, and a boa constrictor 11 feet long got out." " Where did he go?" asked Mr. Starr, buttoning up his coat and Jamming his hat over bis eyra "That's what we don't know," pleasantly replied the attendant, "ha ia around here somewhere." By this time Mr. Starr and the reporter had reached the staircase and were endeavoring to say to each other "Who's afraid." but it was ne use. The affable and polite attendant poked some bags and barrels piled up in a corner, and calmir suggested that tbe snake might be behind them. Although the- the- temperature was warm, it certainly Increased about fio m less than so many seconds. "This is cheerful," said Mr. Marr, as he and the reporter scrambled down the staircase. " Well, not altogether altogether cheerful." said the mild and good-natured good-natured good-natured attendant, c" but we must put up with these trifles, you know, tn this buHlnesa" As a matter of f set. the boa constrictor had escaped from the box and has not yet bees found. As none of the neighbors have reported the appearance of the snake among them, his mysterious disappearance baa not ben aoaoe anown to tne rouce omcera on post. Tha utmost unconcern 1 about the snake s whereabouts whereabouts was manifested by the attendants, who seemingly thought that he would return to his box, and nail himself down. ' The reporter's guide bad evidently not heard ef the maa from - xsew-wersey xsew-wersey xsew-wersey wno taxes sir. irazer-s irazer-s irazer-s saaxasto the sea-side sea-side sea-side clamrbekes whenever they are hungry, aad said that tbe snakes in his establishment were fed on rats and mice, aad sometimes on chickens on holidays. Thla. however, was not for the in-f in-f in-f ormatlon-f ormatlon-f ormatlon-f Mr. Bergh. In the other snake depots ths proprietors were "Just out" of snakes, but expected expected some hi a few daya One of these dealers, more hilarious than the rest, asked the reporter, whom he probably mistook for a side show man, " How long a van do yoa viah t" The reporter said that one IS feet In length would do, " That vill be fifedy or sixdy dollars, aboud fife dollars a foot." "Go and see old John Nathans," said a showman to tbe reporter. " be knows all a boat snakes. " Who's John Nathans f was asked, and the showman's showman's face grew fiery red as be exclaimed: "John Nathans Is the greatest showman thla earth haa ever produced. He Is worth ja.0wJ.lXU aad made mil In the show business. He has run more shows than any roan on tbe Kaatern and Western hemispheres. hemispheres. Not know who John Nathans Is t Why, he's retired from tbe business, and. la backing one thousand shows throughout the country.' He was the greatest four-horse four-horse four-horse rider in the world, and thinks no more of $00,000 than yoa do of m cents. He la the constant friend of the struggling showmen of tbe universe, and it would do year heart good to see .him. .He wears a diamond pin aa big as your nat, owns hie own Drowa-etone-rroct Drowa-etone-rroct Drowa-etone-rroct Drowa-etone-rroct Drowa-etone-rroct ana team of horses and carriage, aad for a maa of bis age but, beg '- '- Pardon. I ra really touching on a delicate subject. Ne matter what John Nathaas's age la. He is a good fellow, and hones to live to a green old ace. Ask' him about Old Babe, the boa constrictor that laid the foundation of his fort una" Tbe reporter found that Mr. Nathans's residence was certainly aa ele-gaat ele-gaat ele-gaat eas tn East Thirtv-fonrtb-street. Thirtv-fonrtb-street. Thirtv-fonrtb-street. Thirtv-fonrtb-street. Thirtv-fonrtb-street. and reoof- reoof- nlaed m the tall man with rugged, pleasant features os oi im veteraa snowmen ol tne aouutry. sr. Nathans Is bluff and pleasant. When asked to tell ehot "Old Babe," be sadly shook his head and said. - C. that's a lng time ago." Tbeabs paced the foor as If re&eeUnr, asd added, "Hot I cent t11 1 JknTth.ln'-. JknTth.ln'-. JknTth.ln'-. 0'd Raba waa" and ba checked kisseelf and eyed the reporter. Then he sharply sakL "No; I cant ssv anything. I doat weal my came In the papers. All I want Is to nve quietly aad happy. I am not anxious for any noua-iety." noua-iety." noua-iety." At length Mr. Nathans said that when he and Andy Smith ware putting up tbe centre-pole centre-pole centre-pole for a clreus on tbe ground now occupied by the Fifth-Avenne Fifth-Avenne Fifth-Avenne Hotel. Corp. Thompson came to him and eaid, "If you want thai big boa eooetriotor you must say so now, or somebody else will get her." , He said the "yes" that was necessary to secure tha snake, for which be paid SLbOO. Ha aasned the reptile "Old Bube.'Ma honor of a friend. Reuben Loveloy, who kept a hotel tn Broadway.. He opened a show with thle soaks and made a great deal of money. After he had had it for two years ba sold a half-fo half-fo half-fo tercet tn it f or $4. 00, and bis partner, unable to oope with such good fortune, became wild and rocklsss. Mr. Nathans at length sold "Old Babe" to him. and realized, aU told, oat of tbe sale of tbe snake $8,000 and a diamond diamond pin, which Mr. Nathans yet wears. The amount of meoey mads by him in exhibiting the snake be did not state, but old showmen say that It was an extraordinarily large sum. Mr. Nathans used to bend over so as to make a bridge of him self, aad permit "Old Rube" to crawl over him, J and thousaads were delighted at the exhibition ofl daring. Mr. Nathans himself said that "Old Babe" was aa gentle as a kitten, aad never attempted to bite or crush him. He scouted the Idea that snakes are trained, and said that all that Is necessary for a performer to do is to take his chances with the snake and go ahead. Picking up his hat. Mr. Nathans pointed to the mstde of tt aad said, "Okl Kobe' was aa big arouad as that, aad was 14 feet ta length. I used to feed him once a week and he would get awaawlth a nine-pound nine-pound nine-pound live turkey and a pair of live chickens at each meal. I held the bead of a turkey or chicken toward bun -and -and he would crush tba fowl aad swallow tt, feathers and all. la a flash. I fed him on Saturday nights, and on those evenings tbe show would ba crowded at SO cents a head." Mr. Nathans's landanl was driven up tottbe door at this point, and he said. " I'm always glad to see news- news- I paper men. but you must excuse me from talking: r further about snakes." -Mr. -Mr. i George K. Ballev. another veteran showman. whom the reporter was told was the owner of $3,000900, was found sitting tn front of ths Ashland Ashland House reading the stock market reports. " Snakes." saldi the veteran, dropping bta news- news- Espers, " what's new in snakes t How's tbe mar-etr mar-etr mar-etr What does Jay Gould say about It r Then, noticing tha wonderment of the reporter, be seemed to arrive at the conclusion that something something besides tha stock market was the subject broached by him. . "I beg your .pardon." said Mr. Bailey, with a laugh, " you itd snakes. Well, what caa be said about snakes. I bave owned a great many of them. but. bleae your eouL I never associated associated with them. I let John Nathans have all that fua." .The reporter tried hard to assure Mr. Bailer that be wss mistaken upon that point. " Well, that's queer." j ejaculated the veteraa. "Now, U Old Graves was alive be could tall you 1 want to know. He handled ' Old Knh. for John. " The reporter Informed Mr. Bailer that Old Graves " was ret alive, and was now enmswd In the peaceful pursuit of selling corn and booton wafers, aad making aa ordinary living by so doing, Mr. Bailey was delighted to hear that "Old Graves " was alive, bnt wns sorry that the snake-handler snake-handler snake-handler was not worth A. 000,000. Mr. Bailey bad seen many snakts, both in this country and En rope, bnt could not, be was sure, say much about them. He had never beard that any of them ate or crushed any of their exhibitors. Dr. Kahnwas xouna at the ooor of Bunnell's Ainseum. lie was taking tickets In a quiet way. and slipping them Into a box. He' had bandied snakes la Barnum's old rmuseum. tn the Aquarium, and la Bunnell's Museum, and! always felt easy when he knew that there were a few snakes around. In fact, they were the companions of his youth and old as 4. aad " no family should be without them," he said. " It's all nonsense, this talk about snakes biting or crushing you," said the Doctor. " I lust take them bv the back of the Deck and look' Into their mouths. I will take you into the- the- case with them it you will wait, and let you examine examine them yourself. 1 Snakes always feel bad when they have a canker tn their mouths, and I wouldn't give 6 cents for them ia that condition. When I had charge of the Aquarium one of the boa con strictors disappeared from a ease. I Just sat down and laughed, but said nothing. I knew tha snake would turn up some day, so I awaited developments. developments. One day the Irishwoman who oleans up tbe place was hunting about In a corner, when something hit ber on tbe band. She came shrieking shrieking to me; I looked, at her hand, and there, sure enough, were the fine marks of a snake's teeth. I told her that she must have been bitten by a oat, and after a little while ahe was pacified, and never said anything more about the affair. I knew that tasks was around and; that he was at work. Ha was eating eating the rats and mice, and tbe place was clear of vermin, a tnon time after this tna manager. a newapapes)maa. rushed out of the: Aquarium at full speed. His hair stood on end. and he was as white as a sheet. 'For God's sake. Doctor ha screamed, a snake is Ioom,' and he trembled un til I thought he Would fall to tbe sidewalk. I en tered the Aqnarinm and took a blaaket from a ease. There was the snake colled up on the floor, and as be moved his bead he was kind of laughing Ilka. I threw the blanket over him. sad picked turn up, putting him in the ease. It waa the snake which had been killing the rats and mice, and he was fat aaa Deautllui. After he was locked nn wa bad Slenty of rats and mice again." The Doctor said lat a boa eonatrictor once terrified aa audience by poking nts neaa out of a case ana ottinc him on the band. He did not feel as much annoyed, he said, as he would have been' If he had been scratched with a pin. j , ' j. A. Graves, wnom Mr. Nathans and Mr. Kallfv spoke of as "Old Graves," Is 71 rears of age. He began In the show business In 1837 and quit it two years ago. nis nair ana Deera are nearly white. His countenance ia clear and kin dir. and be Is inclined inclined to take a hn morons view of everything. He Is known to alt showmen of any oonseqoenoe bt the country, having been employed by Bsrnum. Nathans, BaHey; old John Robinson, Beth Howe, and all the rest Of the " old-timers," old-timers," old-timers," His flrst experience experience waa with the show of Messrs. June. Titos, and Angeltne in lttfT. Two years ago be resigned his position -in the Zoologioel Gardens at Cincinnati. Cincinnati. He j says that t while others read books be studies nature, - and he bss really' a -remarkable -remarkable . knowledge of the - habits of all animals. Including the human race. His fnnd of anecdote Is slmnly marvelous, and bis recollections, - if .printed, - would -make -make several volumes of interesting matter. Be has traveled all over the world. Tbe subiect whioh most de lights him Is the life of the orang outang. Be haa seen and bandied forests or snakes, and acta like one who might be happy In tbetr company, but he rejects them for the orang outang. aid said to the reporter at the outset. Let's talk a bent something something sensible, the orang outang. for Instance. What's tbe use Wasting tune on snakes." Tbe reporter reporter said he preferred snakes at that time, and Mr. Graves, who is an excellent talker, and whose absence from any museum is a loss to the proprietor, spoke briefly npon the subject. He said that tbere ta absolutely no trick In handling snakes. Showmen Showmen might call themselves snake trainers oreharm-era. oreharm-era. oreharm-era. but that was all bosh. " Catch a boa constrictor constrictor or anaoonda bv the neck 1nst back of the bead aad hold it In that way," said - Mr. Graves, " and so long as he cant bite von ha can't ornsh you by colling himself around you. If he can bite into you. teen ne wiu nsve a purchase on yon, as It were, and be caa coll himself around you until your bones break into a thousand pieces. - Natural Natural i its tell you that a boa oonstrictor will kill its prey and emit; slime all over it before it eats It, That's all humbug. A snake will not cover a chicken or ptgeon with slime only as It Is trying to get It Into Its mouth. This talk about snakes charming birds is all nonsense, too. A snake will sway its bead while trying to take good aim for a bird. That's aU: there Is of that yarn. A boa constrictor constrictor once bit me on the hand and left a tooth in my finger. -That -That tooth remained in my finger for two -years.: -years.: Then It bothered me a little, and I took a pen-knife pen-knife pen-knife and picked it outi Boas bave ;two upper rows of teeth aad two lower rows. Of course, we must be careful In handling poisonous snakes, inch si rattlesnakes, adders, cobras,, Ao. Some showmen take a little yellow thread, and sew np tbe corners of a rattlesnake's rattlesnake's mouth so that the snska cannot use his fangs. They have no sting." Mr. Graves talked long and pleasantly about "Old Rube." who halo halo aged to Mr. Nathans. He thought that snakes required more water than Is gtven them by showmen. showmen. In conclusion.' bo said any body might give exhibitions with snakes without fear of danger, but he did not : suppose that It would become a fashionable amusement. Showmen - sometimes drew the fangs)- fangs)- from poisonous snakes, but boa constrictors do not have fangs. A great msny persons thought that snakes have scales. Thla, said Mr. i Graves.-Is Graves.-Is Graves.-Is a delusion. Saakse travel very fast, and look as though they were running or walking. He never beard of any exhibitor exhibitor being killed; by a Poa constrictor, and, did ot believe the recently published story about the crushing of a man tn Bombay by a boa. The African African boa constrictors and the South American anaooadas are very much alike. The general belief belief that a rattlesnake's age could be told by the number of lu buttons or rattles be characterized as "all moonshine." He said that every time a rattlesnake sheds Its skin It khevisa new buttoa or rattle and a healthy -rattlesnake -rattlesnake sheds a skin 4 - tbaa oncea-year. oncea-year. oncea-year. He knew rattlesnakes which had been a vaav wltWtnt watev. tint all k-lnfi- k-lnfi- k-lnfi- k-lnfi- heerted persons who hare boa eonetriotors. anacondas, anacondas, or rattlesnakes in their bouses should not deprive tbem-of tbem-of tbem-of water. Aa for himself, hs would take a little braady. - -' -' ; ' m - SIN AT OJt MlTCBSLl OK TBM T1BQISIA ; -j -j ' ICOBTIST. -Senator -Senator Mitchell, of Pennsylvania, haa written the following letter, favoring Republican support of the Beadjuster ticket tn Virginia: - - ' Wiu.roio, Penn, July 87, 1881. : DxauSih: The effort lot overthrow of the unjust unjust rule of Bourbon Democracy ia Virginia has from the first bad -my -my confidence and heartiest sympathy. I regard that movement as the fore runner of an established freat gevernraeat at the South, under which all rights of all citizens shall be respected and permanently secured. ' Free boo la. fan- fan- electioaa, and Just laws, faithfully aamimstereo. siuooi peruauty of race or caste, will bring about this state of affairs: aad I would be glad to see all who will work for these objects united together politicallr la every State and section. section. Therefore 1 say, God speed the coalition movement tn your State, and I regret very much that I cannot myself contribute to Its snoeees. Very truly yours. : JOHN L MITCHELL. Mr. J. Aaaxsa Sarrs, Washing-ten, Washing-ten, Washing-ten, D. C a noni rjrw or tbm dxmocsats. From fas LovitvWt (A. ) OntrUJcmtnaf, Jvlr 29. Tha Democratic convention in tha Third Dikrict yesterday afternoon was nnquestloaabfy the moat discreditable and disgraceful affair ever known la this city, bad as many heretofore bave been. - Ii was nothing bnt a noisy mob. made ua chiefly of tbe worst class of pootical bummers two-thirds two-thirds two-thirds of whom were from other wards than the ,M w are actkta THE AX j Fsna tbe Bio f Feb. from in btate In on the he near, the ha land 1MM, burg r lesO, vania 184S In for road vUle by by Chief fon neta roaa.i for and veem Chief oc was Chief and r of Ma., that field -I860 road and same office the road, deney in 1874 of I lb your beief cost the! 187V, that thl and 00 thO it who ia enee snob -deep-draught. the tne the of port, rate trial ago was H) the ha shaft If the -bave the that if a cost ties A i t Post upj hi aad then will tty for sold to-day to-day too few they fine tbea meT the vers iron n teg the srs polo

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 31 Jul 1881, Sun,
  3. Page 2

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