-76 -76 POETRY. Ol WULUIC ftTTT-T- ftTTT-T- ftTTT-T- ftTTT-T- EUkVEUVS OUUSS '" ' MOVE ? ' ' - r ; 01 when shall Slavery's cam removs, . . . And Freedom's songs be sung , ..,vr .. And the broad banner that ws love, ' Be o'er ths captive thrown r ; When shaft tha poor slave-mother slave-mother slave-mother fold : Iler Infant to her breast ? . . Nor white men, for the lore of gold, . ., ..- ..- Ita lumbers dare molest 1 . Bend, rend the ohaina that cling to nut -t -t To Afries exiled aona; ' O, realm, beloved, in mercy haste, ... To save the ruined ones ! - Then, native land, tby light shall be . ' As evening's silver sUr ; . . And million ahall thy glory see, . ' And hail thee from afar ! HE- HE- UNCLE TOWS OHAVE. Beyond the boundaries of the plantation, George had noticed a dry, sandy knoll, shaded by a few trees j there they made the grate. Uncle Tom's Cabin, VoLIL. p, 283. ! ; i i Wares the pine-tree pine-tree pine-tree o'er the grave Of the faithful martyred slave, r But he d veils his Lord beside, Saved, and blest, and glorified. Stately monument may tell . ' Where of kings the ashes dwell ; - Sat for thee there needs no sign, " Marble shaft or breathing line. Well He knows thy resting place, Who to thee revealed his grace; Christ shall raise thy sleeping dust. He will own thee with the just. - Heir of grief and child of thrall, Shortly thou shalt hear his call, w Robes of glory wait for tbee. Sweet thy heaTenly rest shall be. -'Grieve -'Grieve not o'er the martyr's bed, .Not for him should tears be shed ; - ; r Weep, for those who wear the chain, i Bat for him thy tears are rain 1 ' ' 1 For the Liberator. CLAIM OF THE SLAVE. ; Ths World1 '$ in debt to me.' Sojoukskh Tjlcth. - - For all the yean that I've been scourged To unrequited toil, '. For all the blood and tears I've poured Upon my native soil, Say you that boast that you are free, Is not the world in debt to me? - For all the hopes within my heart .That rising have been crushed, i . .. For all the aspirations there That Slavery's power has hushed, . Say you that boast that you are free, Is not the world in debt to me ? e For all the gropings I have made Through Slavery's darkest night. For all the dear ones from me .sold, And banished from my sight, Say you that boast that you are free. Is not the world in debt to me ? " For wisdom in ten thousand books, The freeman's boasted hoard. Which Slavery has closed to me, "Nor lets me read a word, Say you that boast that yo are free, la not the world in debt to me ? Springfield; April, 1854. 1 1 E.W.T. . , PRIZE ODE, Sung id the re-inauguration re-inauguration re-inauguration of the Crystal Palace, SELECTIONS. ' ' From the Tfe Tork Tribune. I THE SOUTHERN . CONVENTION. The Southern Convention, assembled at Charleston, Charleston, has at length adjourned. We had a reporter ! present during ita mwiodi. who diligently forward-' forward-' forward-' ed an account of everything said and done, including including the debate with regard to his own exclusion an the reporter of the Tribune, but we hare not found substance enough in the proceedings to make them worth inserting in our columns, except as they were indicated by the brief telegraphic dispatches we haro published from day to day. But now that the comedy is over, it really seems no more than K roper that we should pay a littlo attention to a inly which honored us so much, constituted as it was of so largo an array of gentlemen of distin- distin- .. . ..... " . .1 1 guistiea aoility ana eminent worm, ana aaorneu it was by all the ' genial hospitality ' for which Charleston is so justly famous. In sa doing, we desire to speak with the gravity and punctilio befitting befitting the solemn assemblage of the chosen representatives representatives of a dozen sovereign States. But. this, wo are sorry to nay, is no trifling task. Really it is hard to discuss with seriousness the proceedings of a body of speech-makers speech-makers speech-makers which gave so littlo evidence evidence of 8eriouoness iu itself, as our readers may judge by recalling the propositions harangued upon. upon. Of these, the following were among the more important : 1. To exclude the reporter of the Tribune, Tribune, because we upeak plainly what all northern men think in their hearts, and endeavor to teach the South its duty and interest, not only as touching touching these frequent epileptic fits of aimless and useless useless ' Conventions, but also as regards the great curse of Slavery ; 2. To build a railroad to the Pacific by special southern combination as though the railroad could be helped forward an hour by all the palaver of the score of declaimers of the Convention Convention ; 3. To trade directly from the South with Europe as though such direct 'trade-were 'trade-were 'trade-were not wanting simply because capital is wanting, and capital and slavery cannot go together in sufficient quantities to build up commercial cities New Orleans Orleans forming no exception, being simply an outlet for the great free western valley ; 4. To print their own books and make their own tools and machinery when Arts cannot flourish with Slavery, and inventive inventive genius sickens and dies amid Chivalry. so that whether it be a Fitch, Evans, Fulton, Whitney, Whitney, or Blanchard, the inventor must come from the North the South meanwhile having the monopoly monopoly of great men, that is, politicians with ex-, ex-, ex-, orhitant influence, growing out of the existence of an ignorant white population ; 5. To open up a trade with the region of the Amazon, a river which ! flows parallel with the Equator, and whose banks are nearer like Danto's Inferno than anything else we know of, except that they are less populous hot, pestilential, serpent-haunted, serpent-haunted, serpent-haunted, insect-infested, insect-infested, insect-infested, death-dealing, death-dealing, death-dealing, nasty, and ridiculous to think of outside of the tropical poetry of a Southern Convention; Convention; 6. To establish a Commission of Three, composed of Gen. Scott, who has more brains than he gets credit for,' and is a tall man. taller than the Emperor Nicholas,- Nicholas,- of Millard Fillmore, and of Judge Butler, of S. C., toprocee4 forthwith to Europe to act. as mediators betwen Russia and her opponents, England and Franre ; 7. To hear a scientific exposition from Parson Brownlow of Tennessee, Tennessee, informing the world why young gentlemen gentlemen chew cloves and cinnamon' which is to disguise disguise the smell of liquor when th$y sit next , their sweethearts in pews, and also, a story from the same politico-economical politico-economical politico-economical orthodox expounder of a young lady who would not put her nrintnrough a jug-handle, jug-handle, jug-handle, as she called a certain Young America who was intemperate ; 8, 9 and 10, &c. To cause water water to run up hill, the Gulf Stream to go the back track, the laws of gravitation to cease, the canons of political economy to couie to an end, the virtue of the Declaration of Independence to vanish, the value of Industry and the respectability of . Labor to be forgotten. Alas, Tor human infatuation ! We can smile at the absurdities of other countries and other ages, and moralize over political or religious delusions ; but here is a Convention which resolves that the South' must preponderate! That she must have capital ! Must have industry ! Must trade directly directly with Europe ! Must build up cities as the North lias ! Must trade with distant lands, and especially especially with Amazonia that perennial Jack-and-his-bcan Jack-and-his-bcan Jack-and-his-bcan Jack-and-his-bcan Jack-and-his-bcan Jack-and-his-bcan Jack-and-his-bcan of the ineffable Lieutenant Maury ! Must have a railroad to the Pacific when her present curse is the want of a concentrated and industrious population ! Must annex Cuba steal it, according tics, and with as mach self-approbation self-approbation self-approbation as be could have evinced, had none of his ancestors ever awal Iowd poorid Jonah ! " f The success of tha Slaw Bower in the House, in the way of brow-beating brow-beating brow-beating and bullying, has thus far been shockingly meagre, and confidence in its efficiency efficiency ii decidedly weak. Richardson is even bland ; Clingman spouts his diminutive nothing nothing in inoffensive though supercilious accents; Keith, who fights against nature to make a ferocious ferocious fellow of himself, fails of late to be very ac-crimonious ac-crimonious ac-crimonious theJ truly gentlemanly Orr is even amiable to abolitionists, as to all others ; and that fearful Southern pro-slavery pro-slavery pro-slavery Hotspur, Mr. McDonald, McDonald, of Maine, seems, in the magnanimity of his soul, to forgive a few scores of bis fellow-members fellow-members fellow-members for their unintentional crime of being Yankees, and for the almost as unavoidable offence of refusing to prostrate themselves at the feet of every Southern I slaveholder, or of the President,' who is the tool and parasite ot the slaveocracy, that will no more requite his servility with votes for a re-election re-election re-election than they will more for. a restoration of the other Northern man with Southern principles, who is now visiting cotton plantations to witness the heart- heart- moving spectacle of an old negro with a copy of Robinson Crusoe in his hand ! - The speech of Mr. Gerrit Smith, recently delivered delivered on the Nebraska question, has appeared in the Daily National Era, making seventeen columns in small type. Of course, all this was not uttered in an hour. , 3Ir. Smith professes to have elaborated elaborated his thoughts. I shall read his speech before my lamp goes out to-night: to-night: to-night: But I heard it spoken in brief, and that -was -was a happy privilege. ' I have never seen a man wnose presence is more im pressive; dignity without austerity;, intelligence and genius without the seeming, consciousness of either; benevolence and courtesy, upon which no shadow ever seems to lau, ana a courage so con stant and unfailing that it never otjrfs the fuel of intolerance or anger to sustain it.- it.- These qualities are among the attributes of Gerrit Smith. I do not know bis age, but would guess at fifty-four fifty-four fifty-four or six. His bill and well-developed well-developed well-developed form is quite erect, his features are all prominent, and tinged with a healthful, ruddy glow, and his dark penetrating penetrating eyes give assurance that it is possible for him at least to be wise as a serpent, though harm less as a dove. His smile, his manner, and his every gesture are all as natural and gentle as are ever mam tested ny a Doy ot twelve, let, when he speaks, none are inattentive to him.' No man can prove regardless of the deep, rich, and thrilling thrilling tones of his voice. No man can for a moment fail to appreciate the thoughts he utters, in language language all simplicity and dignity. Many smile at, and some deride the ' ultraism' of the sentiments he utters ; but these very men are among the foremost foremost to acknowledge the greatness of his intellectual intellectual and moral nature, liis ' ultraism, however, is a matter of opinion among men. The speech to which I have allude a contains by no means inapt specimens of this quality. Will not the readers of the Register obtain it, and read it attentively, and learn from it what it is to be an ultraist in these latter days ? It will be profitable for them to do so. They will learn that not only the early and purest teachers of Christianity wereultraits, but that George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and all the patriots who participated in the formation of the Constitution of this Republic, were ultraists also ; and they will learn, that to be a firm, decided, honest man, is ever to lie ultra. I never beheld Gerrit Smith until the assembling of tho present Congress, and I was then prepared, trom what 1 had heard, to look upon an ascetic dogmatist, an arbitrary man of cranks, and notions, and eccentricities.. Never did I realize a more complete or a more eratifvin disannointment. I found in him a man whose identity I would not exenange tor that ot any other man upon whom my eyes have ever looked. Correspondence of the Hartford Republican. , . Washington, April 28, 1854. Yesterday, Mr. Smith of Virginia, made a most unwarrantable attack upon the character of John Quincy Adams, in the House of Representatives. He also insulted Mr. Giddings, lied about him, twitted him of having been censured by a previous Congress, for advancing outrageous anti-slavery anti-slavery anti-slavery doctrines, which he had never sinco dared to avow on that floor This afternoon, Mr. Giddings got the floor to reply to the attack of Mr. Smith, upon John Quincy Adams and himself. He proved that the V irginian blackguard had deliberately uttered falsehoods in reference to himself. Smith is one of Pierce's whippers-in, whippers-in, whippers-in, and was one of the memorable necessity alarmed expediency may take notice 'of him. and all base men, and things that wear the form of men, join to do Jiim the empty honor of "their applause ; but there is a Future, and no man has more reason to quake at heart, and dread the searching judgment of that incorruptible tribunal, where humanity may fearlessly assert ber outraged outraged claims, and demand gibbets for the blackened blackened fame of every knave who was cruel to the Human Human Cause, than John Mitchel. Commonwealth. AN. TT?TPTTBTTTRNT TTTAT FAILED. . They hung a man in Pittsburgh last month, under under the mistaken notion that the State could stop people killing each other by killing one itself. The experiment proved a dead failure, as we could bare told them it would before they tried. The subject of the experiment was a hard drinker, who. beinz drunk, got into a fight last year in behalf of a friend, and killed a man with very little idea of what he was doing. So they bad him arrested, tried, "convicted, sentenced, reprieved, exhorted, prayed for, and finally bung. The Dispatch gives the lolloping account oi tne sequel : Our people are now pretty thoroughly convinced that hanging a man will neither prevent grog shops sellimr Honor to madden others, young -men -men from drinking it, nor drunken ruffians from cutting the throats of their fellow-men. fellow-men. fellow-men. , On Friday, 24th ult., David Jewell was hanged for murder and before two weeks had elapsed, our columns recorded no less than seven persons stabbed. one of them since dead, and another inortally in jured! In Birmingham, one man was killed, and two others cut, on the very night of Jewell's exe cution ; in the same borough, Officer Smiley, while in tne execution oi nis ouiy at a lire, received a wound from a knife from some ruffian. Soon after, in the Fifth Ward, a man cut his friend's throat by mistake, in his drunken fury. Again, in day time, a negro let out another's bowels, in the Sixth Ward ; and on Thursday night of last week, in a grog shop in the First Ward, a notorious rowdy in- in- uicteu neariy a uozen stans upon an acquaintance, because he declined drinking with him. Such is an outline of the cutting and slashing in our city,1 during the two weeks immediately fol lowing an execution which thousands really be lieved would strike terror to the "rowdies of tbit community I It is useless to repeat, that the hang ing of Jewell has had no effect whatever in check ing the crime of which he was convicted, nor need we enlarge upon the reason of such a result. when will the community understand, .that it is the promptness, and especially the certainty of punishment, which can alone restrain the hand that is ready to imbrue itself in a brother's blood and that no such promptness, no such certainty, can be had where the punishment is death - - ' In every one of the cases of stabbing we have been called upon to record, since the execution al luded to, the perpetrator had been drinking intoxicating intoxicating liquors until maddened. We often hear grave, prudent, conservative citi zens shake their heads over the folly of conceited youngsters, who will try experiments aimed t the 2 A. - f ! 1 1 " . " 1 improvement oi social relations or conaiuous which they ought to know will fail, because such always have, failed ; yet here is this oldest of all disastrous experiments the Licensing of men to seH Rum, and then Hanging those who drink it, and are madden- madden- ' ed by it into imbruing their hands in blood which has always failed, always will, always must fail ; and yet some people will persist in having it repeat ed and persevered in, as thoogh it were certain to succeed next time ! Nav : we have a Governor in this State, who of himself upholds the Licensing and superintends the Hanging ! Was there ever before such fatuity? Tribune. . Christian Forgiveness. In Pittsburgh, Penn a man named Jewell was recently hung by the neck till he was dead, for killing another man while drunk. For twenty days before his execution, he was kept in irons that weighed ninXy pounds ; so say the papers ; and the same powers that con deinned and murdered him, went through with the solemn mockery of appointing a priest to prepare him lor heaven : and though they did not get him so far converted but that they thought it best to keep him in irons to the last, they took upon them selves the terrible responsibility of cutting short the time for repentance which God gave hi m, ov launching him into eternity ! This is the kind of forgiveness practised by modern Christians men who protess to make the forgiving Nazarine their pattern! Nearly all the various churches, in the nation believe in dealing thus with their erring The times demand more courage, more fidelity and The sizas are propitious that a better dv is dawning. It in always darkest just before day. The Church must come and take sides against . i -1 -1 r - . i i , wrung ana evil, vnrisu.iuuy is not seiusn n is universal. Nations must be mado to feel its power. power. It must be felt, and in the halls of legislation. THE GLORIOUS RESCUE ! The ' Kenosha Telezraph proposes that either Mr. v atains, Air. nooin, or some one occupying a similar similar position, should be chosen as the next Representative Representative of the Milwaukie district in Congress. We heartily second the suzircstion. , The following letters, amongothers received bv u r.:. . " tt- tt- i , ' P -. -. uo ui, are puonsneu in trie r re unnocrat : Wasiuxctox, March 23, '54. Mr Dxar Fkiind and Brother : : 1 . God bless you, and He will bless you. Your let ter. this morning, has filled me with joy. You are aware what a responsible part I took in the reamie of Jerry. I determined, from the first, that, were I indicted, I would not give bail I would go to jail. : . - T & a . ... - t trust tnat you will not give bail. I trust you will avow the whole extent of your participation in the rescue of Glover, and glory in it. Glorious Aiuwaukie I Glorious Rescue ! Truly, yours, GERRIT SMITIL ToS. M. Booth. Washington, March 31, 54.: - Mr Dkar Snt : With my views of the unconstitutionality unconstitutionality and inhumanity of the Fugitive Slave Act, you are well acquainted. For me, its provisions have no more validity than those of the milieu ana oeainon Acts, or the Stamp Act It is an exerc,9 of power nowhere granted by the Constitution, Constitution, in derogation of the rights of the States, and full of danger to personal liberty. Truly your friend, - S. P. CHASE. " A New Underground Railroad to Canada. Mrs. Mary Afflick was arrested in Louisville on the 7th ultimo, and tried on a charge of aiding a negro to ' es cape l be slave belonged to lr. Gross. The Courier gives the following account of the method of procuring passage over this new underground railroad : Tickets are bought at the JrnersonviIIe railroad office, then handed over to the negro that is ready to elope ; the omnibus calls for him about daybreak, and, ensconced in that, he rides to the ferry and across the river to the depot, whence he is rapidly whirled away by steam into the interior of Indiana. This is the latest and cutest abolition dodge, and appears to have worked successfully until ihe arrest of the woman in question. Mrs. Annex had, it appears, aided in the escape of sev peral slaves from Louisville. She was committed for further examination. QtT The Toronto Globe says : Serious ep prehensions are entertained respecting the safety of Capt. Collinson, who went out to Beh ring's Straits, in company with Captain McClnre. to search Ibv Sir John franklin, search is now being made for bun. as well for the long-lost long-lost long-lost Sir John, both on the Eastern and Western coast of North America. If Captain Collinson be found soon, all the vessels are to return : if not, discretionary orders are given to Captains Maguire and McClure to continue . the search for one year longer. , T An honest confession is good for the tout.' Ihe Hon. bamuel Houston, Ex-President Ex-President Ex-President of Texas, and now one of her Senators, in his great speech says : Was the acquisition of Texas constitutional ? No, sir, it was not. It wasi a mere act of legislation on the part of this Government a compromise precisely such as the compromise which this bill proposes to re peal. iut lexas is in, and you cannot thrust us out and tnat is the whole or it. Uut it is not constitu tional.' - Spiritual Barber. Joseph Brydle, a Methodist Methodist local preacher of Kellocreaville. Ashtabula Co.. O.. in a letter to Messrs. Partridge and Brittan, published iu the Spiritual Telegraph of April 15th. relates that the spirit of his deceased wife, through the medium of tneir little daughter, (.eleven years of age, did many curious things, and, among the rest, cut his hair, as she had been accustomed to do for thirty years I What next f Fan-aticism. Fan-aticism. Fan-aticism. The author of a work recently published in New York, entitled, 'Reverence in the haiictuary,' says the use of the fan should be positively positively prohibited in church, as a gross desecration of God's sanctuary, lie adds, that the use of a fan at any time during the worshiD of tho Most Hish. is a sieht which no right-minded right-minded right-minded worshipper can behold without , ,000- ,000- a P L E N D I Xa E N O A A V Z 17 O S I j OJVE DOLLAR. Jl .YEJLR. r t-t' t-t' rilTT CTXTS SIX XOXTOS. , "r-t "r-t "r-t Agriculture! Mechanics! Science ' Ncw'jnreniiJn, ; THE PEOPLE'S J0TJB17AL: AN Illustrated Record of Agriculture, Science MT chanics. Invention, Patents, and Useful Kall edge published monthly. Every nvmber contains 32 Urge pvgrs. beautifully printed on fin twper .1 PROFUSELY ILLUSTRATED WITH EUSt r CRAVINGS, forming-, forming-, forming-, at the end oTeach ywtw. ft !t volumes, comprising nearly 400 twges, iUfrfrti mhT about SIX HUNDRED SPLENDID ENlULAVlsSc reUting to the above sut-jects sut-jects sut-jects the sub-criptU sub-criptU sub-criptU being only ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, or HO eenu aS nine. No publication of the kind baa ever beea tt. duced with such magnificence or at so cheap a prlee Farmers, Mechanics, Inventors. Manafkcturers ail' people of every profession, will find in cb ProWV Journal a repository of valuable knowledge realiart suited to their respective wants. " ; 7T TERMS One Dollar a Year, or fifty teats for sbt months. .. .77 Postage on the People journal 14 cents per qwu ter. In Cnad,rte. A liberal commias-oa commias-oa commias-oa to Po-' Po-' Po-' masters, and those who will rm claha. Puat-MvaJl Puat-MvaJl Puat-MvaJl letters, and direct to ALFRED A. BEACH. Editor and Proprietor of The People's JomraaL ' No. 86 Nasaau st.. New York. -.-x -.-x -.-x -.-x 1 . : ' : r.--.rr r.--.rr .. t -,t -,t ; ' THE PEOPLE'S PATENT OFFICE. ; ., , This well known establishment is still carried en der the personal superintendence of tbe undersigned, through whom Patents may be secured both in tfcis and all foreign countries, with the utmost fidelity and de-" de-" de-" spatch, on very moderate terms. ; Persons wishing for advice relative to Patents or Inventions Inventions may at all. times consult, the undersigned, without char ft, either personally at his office, or by letter." To those living al a distance he would state, that all the needful steps necessary to secure a patent can be arranged by letter. ' When parties wish to be informed as to the probability of being able to obtain Patents, it will be necessary for. them to, forward by mail a rough outline sketch and description of the invention. invention. Nufee or charge is mads lot such exaalna tions. , Private consultations held daily with Inventors from 9 A. M. to 6 P.-JL" P.-JL" P.-JL" " Models from a distance may be sent by express or otherwise. . . . . - . ... For further information, apply to, or address, posV Pd. ALFRED E. BEACH. Editor and Proprietor of The People's Journal," ' Solicitor of American and Foreign Patents, People's Patent Office, 88 Nassau St., New York. . May 5. ,t - St - . , MOTORPATniC CARD. DR. n. IIALSTED. formerly of Ilalsted Hill. Rochester, Rochester, N. Y.. well known as the author of the rys-' rys-' rys-' tern of Motorpathy, and by his great success In the cure of chronic and female dieees, has recently purchased ' and removed to the celebrated ROUND HILL WATER-CURE WATER-CURE WATER-CURE RETREAT, at Northampton, Mass., where,, with improved facilities, he will continue the practice of his peculiar system, in connection with the Hydropathic Hydropathic Treatment. .- .- . . , . .; Dr II. was one of the earliest advocates, and has. been and still is one of the most successful practitioners, of the Water-Cure Water-Cure Water-Cure system. Nevertheless, in the treatment treatment of Chronic Dieftses, ami especially those incident to Woman, experience has taught him that Motohpatht,' combined with the Water-Cure Water-Cure Water-Cure Treatment, is in all-cases all-cases all-cases much more effectual, and will restore many patients patients who are beyond the reach of Ujdropathy alone. This has been made apparent in the cure of very many' nervous and spinal affection heretofore unreached, and of Dyspepsia and Paralysis, and the numerous and complicated diseases of the liver and kidneys. . . Dr. If. is confident in saying, that in many longstanding longstanding diseases, Motorpathy is the only available remedy. remedy. More than seven thousand persona have been successfully treated in his former Institution; and. with the improved facilities or Round Hill, Dr. IL. looks forward forward to increased success. Physicians are respectfully' invited to call, and test for themselves the met it of his system. : As a summer retreat for the friends of patients or-others or-others or-others seeking relaxation or pleasure. Round Hill stands alone and nn rivalled. Ita mountain air. limpid water and delightful scenery have given it a world-wide world-wide world-wide reputation. reputation. , - . - r His former Institution at Rochester is for sals. Hit work on Motorpathy can-be can-be can-be obtained by remitting tea-postage tea-postage tea-postage stamps. ' ','"'. - Address II. Halstbd, M. D., " ,' - ; Bound Hill, Northampton, Mass. .