1897.10.03 The Omish as farmers

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1897.10.03 The Omish as farmers
 - to trade wl-h How This Particular Religious...
to trade wl-h How This Particular Religious Dcnomlna tion make Much Muney on Hl.h-Pnc«l Lane Blooimington «ah, \vho have thrivin The Om- oH'tlememts m central Illinois, have lor a long time been an object oJE interest to all classes because ol their mondtrfuil thrift. They liave paid as (high as $150 an acre for land and have grown rich, while neighbors on mvea cheaper ilands have narrowly c,s, i a'ped bankruptcy. , In order to pieent to our readers iniormation about the»e people, their ononners and customs, i representative was sent among the n, who lived iwi'tih them for some ti ne, secuiring laets and ideas which will, appear from tine to time in print. The articles are seven in number and, the first one is printed! below. IFACTB AOJOlUT TH!I O^MSH. In the immediate neighborhood £ 1'remojit, Tazewell county, live ove* 1UO families of the people called 'M3im- ish," ciJthough they an-e J ot known by that name .among them* elves, but aa mcnubers of the Liposto ic Ohristiaai churteh. ^'ear Morton- re^.de as many more, while n-ear 'Eureka and lloanoke m Woodford county, are large settlements o£ .these peculiar -eople. Tney are always eithr Genman or Swatzeois, mostly the forner. They aJ- was sp^-ak the German language, although the Suit/ers often speak the French as well as Germ. in. They are farmers, .almost as a, a-ul ', aLthougfli a, few we merch^n'ts and dewcp still are workers it ioime trade. ITI the neighborhood of Ttremoint 'and Morton, ias well as other places, iw here livfe the "Omibih," they iujve caused the price of land to rise from $50 o $60 ito $100 and even to $125 and 3 140 .per acre On this h gh priced to id they raise grain of various kinds breed cattle and hogs, and perform If ic usual farm ing operations, but always at a seean img profit. They are "n ell off jpeoun iarily, owininig large fams, are gencr ally out of debt, while other person. occupying much lo^er priced land Mem hardly able to TO. 'Ice- both ends meet at the close of th» year. To explain ihow th s is done a ire- porter spent iseveral days and nights among these people. They are pleasant ito strangers generally, althcxag-h they associate intimajtely only persons of their own belief. AJl are educated, there be img none unable to read amd write. They dive, well, but never estaraivaigantly. They dress comfortably and in accordance with the season, tout with no regard to the prevailing fashion. The women wear sunbonnets, or a plain black ihat, with sometimes a ribbon bound around it. The dress is generally black, tout always plain, without trimmings of amy kind. The men. never wear neidkities or moustaches and only (lately (have taken to carrying iwaltohes. They drive good horses to good vehicles, but until somewhat (lately ihave made ·use always of iheavy wagons for all occasions, but mow they can be seen in handsome carriages at church or at funerals. They never attend religious services of any sort except that of thoir own denominaton, neither will .hey attend a funeral of any tout their awn people, although they are kindly and will assist a eick .neighbor if called on to do so. These peculiarities .vill serve 'to explain mtuioh wihich might seem inexplicable later on. HOW A RAKEER EXPL.VOMS STT. | Living at Tremont fe lOolonel A. J. Davis, wher (for the jpast thirty years he has been merohaint, busm-esls men and banker. He has probably had more intimate relaitioois with these Omish ithan any other person (not a member of their church. Being asked how it was th'at the Otm- is-h could make money on land costing from $100 to $140 per acre, .while miamy other persons failed to make more than a bare living on farm land costing- not much more tham. half as much, he said: "It is in the person and not in the land." Being- asked to explain, he said: , "There is no royal road ito good farming aray more than there is to knowledge. In a nutshell the reason the Omish succeed wihere others fail is that they practice the ·virtues of indvfetry and frulgaSity. Tihat is really all there is to it. All work, a/nd then -they keep everlastingly at it. Large families are the rule, 'but work commences for tie little ones jusr as soon as Ahey are lable to So anything, mo the cradle (by example and precept. No money is ever spent for amusements; for fine clothes; for travel; or for pleasure of any kind. No "Omish" ever smokes or chews toWacca. None ever attead any -circus, show, concert, base or foot iball game, ihorse race, theater, or even a home talent sir w or anything of the kund. Whoa all earn money and spend compa'-alively none, there nwis't be an increase in the savings. "Tien styles and fashions attect them none. They dress mow as they always did, except 'their clothes are often made of much finer material thain formerly. The children are noo sent away to expensive schools, but bire educated in. schools taught by their own people, as a general th mg There are no very poor Omish, except when they first come 4rom Germany or Swit- yeriamd. and he soon tails into the prevalent habit of doing all things well. "They keep maray «ows and sell a great deal of mil'k to tie local creamery. They always use the most im there were no On^sli in thiis vicinity. Naw they largely occupy 'the land. In school distr -ct No. 6, just south of the village, there are but two American families, all the others being Omish. D -strict No. 4 has five American fam- ptoved machinery and are progressive One of these American farmers has a farmers. The iwomem are mot a b t -be- finely improved farm of_320_acres and hind the men when, it comes to malt- ,ng and saving money. TJie great majority of these women sell enough butted, eggs, poultry, fraifc and vegetables to supply the family table. The money the mem make is {aus saved to buy more land, or to stock up on cattle, or to pay for .machinery. Thia work of the women, in supplying tihe greater part of the family table, is not common to bint a few .but is a general ihabit. "The men (believe in going in, debt for land at least. Generally thougih those airound here are out of debt possibly because there is no more land for "They live in commnmitiesi, ' bus is them to buy just now. They are good they always reside in 'the im'nelia e borrowers, but not very good depoa- ne'ghbonhood of other members of the itors. That is they ailways pay when same church. Ittiey help eaoi other in maray ways, by advice, by money, by labor. Their affairs are settled among themselves and they never, under a-nv eircuimstainces, w iij] go to law. Th8s saves money. Then thoy aTe never politicians, and seldom, i£ ever, vote. They ore never assessed lor political ipunposes amd newer lose amy time from th-eir work to attend meet- t their ovtn of anv kind, excep chuich scrvice-s. ADEBB iPIIiiaGKRIEISIVE FIAtRIMSEBS "All these things are treason-; why they should and why thej do accumulate property. I should say th.it duj chief reason for rheir prosperity ..s that they always pusih their 'work on the farm and nefw let it pusu. tlit-m. They are always ready to work. l r p eaily n the -mo'unig, they work n.l a iv tune keep'tbfe up from, y^ir's end ··c'jcar's end. Wiss plo^i-air time manttcr haw slight. It is nothing ijn- comimon for an Omiah family to consist of ten or- 'twelve ch'2dtten besides ·the parents, and where wnrybod-y ·works raider direction something is bound to be IBS (A, WRT01E. ' "Economy is a virtu© tawglit from com'88, they are ready to plow and do not have to wait till something; else is out of the way. Whem,» is time to liiaiTOvv they harrow, and when tms time for sowing' cornels, .why they BOW. The IT work, never mmdetr any circumstances, gets ahead of .them, bat they aim-ays keep ahead ol 'tlheir work. "Then. 4hey mever 'have ainy twaiste land. Every inch is cultivated. They believe thoroughly ia tiling and practice what they l»elieve. Weeds are kept dmvn hy labor, inceseamt «mdcon tiauoue. Once to -a whiile an * Omjsn man" will be found who is a Mttle meg leotful about ferming 1 onatteiB, bul such a one is disciplined by the others hey borrow, but they generally ha.ve a place for their money when they get t and so do not keep large deposits in he bamk. Their deposits though aire arger now than formeajly. (NOTIHING SS WASTED. they look out for t/he small ihings. Many are now ibailmg their straw and are getting' from $2 to $4 er acre fraan. that source. It costs about $1.50 'per ton to bail it, but they do so and then, haul it to, Peoria, wher they get $4 vr more .per ton .for it. This ipays the xent, where they rent, but comparatively little farm land is ever rented. What little is rented is 'let for the half; sometimes, though, but two^fifths is obtained. Corn is expected to go sixty (bushels to the acre on an average 4»his year, so that the renter, as well as the owner, .will receive thirty bushels to *he acre, which is a good thing all airound "Nothing is ever wrasted by any oi for this he has been offered $125 per acre by some of his Omish neighbors. No doubt he could get $135 or even $140 per acre for it. four or possibly ilies. District No. 1, outside of the village of Tremont, has but two families that are not Omish. These are both renters and their plaoes will be token in. the spring by persons of this faith. "There are not as many farmers here now as there were twenty years ago. Tihe Jast two censuses show a decrease of population outside the village. These people generally own large (farms, and ;heir property is disposed of only in case of deaith. I do not remember of a case where am Omishman ever sold out -to a person, of another faith, but Americans are constanitl'y selling- to he Gmfish. I do mot say this las aga nst (he Omish, as *hey aa-e good citizens, rat it shows their perseverance, their laibit of aieoumula-t'ng money and of iving- in comanunit'es." Cluck hod hifi piano carried into a meadow and, -with a bottfe of champagne on each side of him, went at work like a mild man. IPasiello com- icd the wtoole of his operas. "The (Barber of Sa-ville" and "La 'Jlolinara," while in .bed. Cacch ni could do nothing without having his two favorite cats on h's shoulders. Cimarossa always wanted a crowd of fr ends about him when toe composed his music, while Sa.i-.ti always withdrew to a lonely chamber lighted d inly toy a single lamp.--iPittsburg Dispatch. the Omish. fully saved All the imaimire is eare- amd used on the land Nothing Is thrown away that can be possibly made use of. Many of these people are raising 1 fewer hog« mow a-days and more cattle. They igener ally buy calves around home, bn sometimes iu Chicago. As most of them keep Jersey cows and as this bind of calves- aire mot good, for feed ing, they must purchase. The Jersey calves are sold to local buibehers, ex cept those kept for cowe, amd this is amother item of profit. TB3B OttEBSiH AflME TNWBEASINQ. "When I caane here thirty yeans ago W i l l H v. W..IU.H IMrtJ are, The Mohammedan women of Bosnia, wiho are 'not allowed to see a male doctor, 'are 'to be provided with women physicians and the first of thes;, Dr. Theodora Krayewsloa, has recently been appointed. She is a Pole by birth and as she is included by the terms of her appointment in the list of army It is said that somewhere io the center Of the Colorado desert there stands the wreck of am old ©panfem. galleon, wihich the Wily living mam who ever BOW lit declaires is loaded with gold. Th)? ima.m who diiscovered it was traveling' in the vicinity and, out of curiosity, imade a. journey imito the dtesert. He penetinitedi a part whi-ah ted neved been visited (before. 'He found the vessel half touri'*d in nearly white sand. On TOturniing' he bad some d_f- ficulty in. finding Ihis way back to civ- ilizatfon, and "fcheuein, it is daimed lies fihe reascra. why he has inever been able to reiaioh the mysterious T "·' "sftnce. I* is IbeJieved the vessel one wh'ch sailed, in to ·the Calif amis iguilf long- years ago, when it exteade^ as -far as the Colorado «feeert, and wae tihen, dost to. the ocean, of eaod.--Pitte- burg IDispaitoh. Genius has a iqueer way «f doing «hing». Haydn, iwhea in the (hwrnor for comipositioii, ail ways ·put on his best suit and made his toilet a» i going' to a court ball. Another of his fads was to write MB music on the I surgeons, un form. she is compelled to wear a In disdharge of her duties she trawls througih a large district, nstructihg in sanitation amd enforcing compliance with sanitary laws.--(Philadelphia (Ledger. lA single cup of well-made coffee, which has not boiled more than fivte minutes, thus giving, not a decoction, but an infusion o£ the Arabian berry, will rmrely prove injurious to a great majority of constitutions. When a person is traveling or expecting to travel amd is uhereiby e'tposed to great vicis- s tud'es of temperature a.nd sudden changes, a cup at breakfast is of nearly as much importance as amy article of food.--Exchange. J) n* t~i*v- Porut m P«K« Articles of food that are damp and juicy s'hould mever toe left in ipapera. Paper is merely a compound of rags, glue, lime a.nd similar substances, with acids and chemicals intermingled, and 'when damp is nnSt to touch things that are to foe eaten. IMPEDIMENTS. I love 3ier all of every day, By changing dark and light. Yet can't express It very well, E»cept on pay-day nlg-hL 1 NOT IMPROVED WITH AGE. His Luashlp--But your American aristocracy 4s so new, you know. Miss Iiahevlaw--True, but aristocracy finest paper lUuut could iba jmrch«aed. J Isn't like

Clipped from
  1. The Daily Review,
  2. 03 Oct 1897, Sun,
  3. Page 5

jamysteid Member Photo
  • 1897.10.03 The Omish as farmers

    jamysteid – 05 Apr 2013

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