Clipped From Corsicana Daily Sun

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JUNIOR HIGH CONTINUED PROM FIRST PAGE thing's, education should certainly , head the list. Now, for a hundred years we have had public education in Texas and we've really come a long way from that one-roomed, dirt-floored, log cabin-back in 1854. "Even earlier than that, our lusty forefathers showed their con- 'c'crn for education when Texas revolted against Mexico in 1835. Our Declaration of Independence had this to sny: 'Mexico has failed to establish any Hystem of public education although possessed with boundless resources, and it is an axiom in political science that unless the people are educated and enlightened, it is idle to expect the continuance of civil liberty or the capacity for self-government.' Father of Kducation "Mirabeau B. Lamar, a president of Texas, did so much to bring the dream of education to reality that today he is known as the Father of Texas Education. He helped to set aside public lands, the income from which today pays over half the total school cast. If it were not for thcee lands so wisely set aside, our school taxes would be exorbitant for the type of schools we have today. "In 1854 only a few thousand took advantage of free education. Today there are over a million and a half in school and another 72,000 expected to enroll nex\ year. It Is a fact, that If we continue Increasing at our present rate, our school enrollment will increase 60 per cent in the next ten years. Early Schools Recalled "Public schools, however, did not progress markedly in their first fifty years of existence. The school houses were wooden structures, having one room' and usually one teacher for all grades. Paper being scarce, pupils bought the few ...„«..,..„.„..„.„„.. „„,.„. ^^.-, ers were paid little and usually Ital boardcd with their pupils. ' be "One of the principal schools oC the year 1867 was described as be- ing situated in an area "knee deep In sand and full of fleas, with cattle roaming about to graze on the blackjack and other shrubs that grew there.' This school was in the downtown area of Dallas in the bottom floor of a Masonic lodge hall. Turn Of The Century 'By the early 1900's there were over half a million children getting a free education in Texas . schools. At that time most rural and city schools were built of brick although quite a lot of wood was used. These schools were several stories high and provided no "adequate fire protection. "Thf heat in winter was supplied by a coal or wood burning furnace Which was seldom dependable. Now, We have a uniform central heating system fueled by gas. "In the fifteen years following 1930 the enrollment jumped to the million and a half mark. Something had to be done! The schools were'insufficient to take care of the half million increase in scholastics. New Schools DcHlgned "The architects, school administrators, and statisticians sought for an answer to their school housing problem. They finally emerged victorious with a " ' " new ng to victorious with a completely design in schools. Accordlr = „ their representations, the new schools were supposed to coat less, last longer, and give better service while giving more protection from fire. "The rieii' (type went into con- .structlon and {almost'overnight the modernly designed schools made their appearance all over the state. "These schools of today arc one- storied in most cases with many spacious, well - lighted, centrally ' heated, rooms. The teachers, usually teaching only one subject, we better qualified and better paid. Bus Routes Cited be be of its as J. at of in superintendent, men man to of outstanding ability a an

Clipped from
  1. Corsicana Daily Sun,
  2. 04 Jun 1954, Fri,
  3. Page 2

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