1888 Lincoln article

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1888 Lincoln article - ABRAHAM LINCOLN. LIFE MASK or J.I.VCULN'S FACE....
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. LIFE MASK or J.I.VCULN'S FACE. [Taken in IrtiJ l,y 1, oiinnl \\". YoKes.] IIow humble, yc't hu-.v hopeful lu could IK; How, in jwucl fortune a:id i'.l. the sumo; Jfor bitter in SUCCPSS.. IMP boastful ho. Thirsty for told, mr feverish for fume. LINCOLN ON HIS OWN He went alioi;' 'Ever li.nl ! si.i As one «lio I, j i . LITT Lu '·--Mich work na few .riil li":irt and band-; u'iv's :i l.tsk to do, . heaven's {rood grace LINCOLN. The Prr.M'dt'iit's I'limlnos-; for the Companion-hip »f Hit, Yonns-^-st Worn. Little T;ul. or Thorna-., the j-oun^c'st son of the preMdent, was i h u only one remaining in the A V h i t o House during the last hard years of his administration. Robert was off at col- logo inilii appointed to .service on the stair of Gen. Gram, and W i l l i e h-ul died in l^Gi Tad ·was a bright, lo\ablts child and very constant in his ailection for his father, whoso companion he WHS on every possibly occa.sion. At the White House ho was n general favorite and free t o come and go at will. No matter who might be with the president, or how intently he was absorbed. Tad was always welcome. Mr. ]owne. in his '-Every Day Life of Lincoln,'' relates the following anecdote. Tvhich i l l u M rates the i/real indulgence extended to Tad: A friend of tin.- f a m i l y sent ;i fine, lar^e. l i v i - turkey to t h o A V h i l o Jlonso several weeksnre\ioi!^ to tbo holidays, w i t h the request th..1 it .should be ser% ed on tho president's Christmns table. In t h e - i i n e r i n i Tad won the o.infidenco and esteem jf tho turkey, as he did the affection of everv ono .with whom he came in contact. Jack, as tho turkey had been christened, was an ob]'eet of great interest to Tad. w h o had fed and i,f-Hed him until the foul would iollou- at bis heels. One day, just before Christmas in Wfy while tho president was rn^a S ed w i t h one'of his cabinet otlieersoii an ailair of yrcut moment, Tad burst into the room lil;e a bombshell, sobbing and crying with ra-o and indignation. The turkey was about to bo slain. Tad had procured from tho executioner a staj- of proceedings while he flew to lay the case before the president. Jack must not bo killed! It was wicked! "But," said tho president, "Jack was sent here to bo killed and eaten for this very Christmas." "I can't help it,'' roared Tad; "bo is a good turkey and I don't want him killed." The ['resident, pausing in the midst of his business, took a card and wrote on ii, an order of reprieve. The turkey's life was spared; and Tad, seizing the precious Ml of paper' flew to set him at liberty. Tad lived la bo 18 years old, dying in Chicago in 1871. IIow II* Ks|lltie«t It In Ml* Own In- iiuituulo Style. That important event in tlio lifo of th« president -- tho emancipation proclamation -was lon^ considered. It was tho president's w. .h to promote uliko tho happiness of white mid black, and ho hesitated bel'oro tho stu- jte::'lous decree of immediate emancipation. lie wished tho change to bo yraduaJ. To tiso hi, own words: "I wish it to come us gentl Q.S i he dows of heaven, uot rending or wreck ii! ; anything." Tho jieoplo wero wntchiiii hi , action with intense solicitude, and over ii'Ui.s was used to intliieiico him, alike by 1'iuso \it-n fa\ored and those who opposei ema!ici]'ation. Numbered with the funne. was Horace tirooley, whoso letter, publitshec muk'i' his own namo in The Mu\v York Trib une, and urging emancipation, is well re membered by our older readers. Ill tin pre.'iident'ts reply, extracts from which are here given, ho availed himself of tho oppor t u n i t y to sot himself rigiit b.-loro tho people and added yet another proof of his singleness of purpose. Tho letter was dated Aujf. 2J, JNU. "As to the policy 'I Bccm to bo pursuing,' as you K I V , I liave not meant to leave any one in doubt. 1 would save tho Union. w o u l d savo,it in tho shortest way u/ider tlio constitution. ".My paramount object is to Wivo tho Union, and not either to save cr destroy slavery. "If I could save tho Union without freeing any slaves, I would do it. Aud if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it. And if I could K.-IVO it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would al«o do that. "AVliat 1 do about slavery tiuil tho colored race, I do because I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forbear bo- cause I do not believe it would help to save (ho Union. "I shall do less whenever I belicvo what 1 iim doing h u r t s the cause-, and shall do juoro whenever I beliove doing more will help tho cause. '·1 shall try to correct errors when shown to be errors, and I shall adopt new views so f.Vit as t h " V appear to be true views. '·I have here stated my purpose, according to in}- ·view of ollicial duty, and I intended no niodilicatiou of my oft expressed personal wish that all men everywhere could bo free." The final proclamation was issued Jan. 1, l c ';:j. As the papel- was brought to Mr. Lincoln by tho secretary of state to bo signed, lie said: "Mr. So ward, if my nanio ever gets into history it « ill bo for tliis act, and ruy whole fcoul is in it." ABRAHAM LINCOLN. PEN PICTURES OF THE PRESIDENT. MARTYRED ClturactorlHtlc Skctclio* Portraying the 3Iuu, Ktutnnmu and I'rcultlvnt-- Impfe*. of KrluiHN, Neighbors and 1)1** ODE TO LINCOLN. History furnishes tho record of few lives tho beginning of which was so humble, tho progress so eventful and important, and tho ending so tragic, as that of Abraham Lincoln. Tho foremost poets uud orators, artists and historians have endeavored to depict his character and illustrate his career. A lifo so full of incident and a character so many sided as was his, could iiot, however, bo satih-factorily portrayed in any ordinary biographical sketch. It is the incidents, anecdotes and reminiscences which havo accumulated from many sources that best reveal the phases of his unique personality. From out all these contributions to the voluminous "Liuconia," none havo perhaps been read with moro interest than tho stray leaves furnished by himself. Mr. Lincoln was repeatedly asked to give incidents of his boyhood and youth. To theso solicitations ho usually returned ovasivo answers. Tho lives of hin father and mother and the history and character of tho family before their settlement in Indiana were topics upon which ilr. Lincoln never spoko but with great reluctance aud reserve. To a campaign biographer who applied for particulars of his early history, he replied that theso could bo of no interest. "My early history,"°said he, is perfectly characterized by a single line of Gray's elegy-"The short and simple annals of the poor." An artist, who was painting his portrait during the interval between his nomination and election, contributes the following to '.Reminiscences of Itiucoln." He said to Mr, Lincoln: "You are to be tho next president tho United States, and the people will want a picture of your birthplace. If you vill tell mo where it is, wo will not trouble ·ou again about it," handing him at the iine u small rnomcranduin book. "IIo took tho little book, and while holding in his hand an expression came on his face or half a moment which I had riot seen there efore. It was a puzzled, melancholy sort of hadow that had settled ou his rugged feat- res, and his eyes had an inexpressible sad- ways * Whig In politici and generally oa th* Whig electoral ticket*, making active cuii* viHss«s, I vfus losing interest in politics when the repeal of tho Missouri compromise aroused 1110 again. AVhut I hare done since then i» pretty well known. DK\NIS HANKS. "Lf any personal descriptioa of mo i* thought desirable, it may bo said I am in height six feet four inches, nearly; lean in flesh, weighing on an average 180 pounds; dark complexion, with coarse, black hair, and gray eyes. No other marks or brands rocollectod. Yours very truly, "A. LIN-COLS." Lincoln's reticence on tho subject of his early childhood was not imitated by all of his relatives. Dennis Hanks, a cousin of Mr. Lincoln, on his mother's side, haa furnished some of the most entertaining recollections of tho boy life of tho president on record. And, while some of Lincoln's historians oro in- ·hitting qualities at tb« first encounter; ho did not offend by niporlority; his faco and manner disarmed iwpicion. which inspired confidence, which confirmed good will. Tbeu ho hud a vast good nature which made him tolerant and accessible to' all, fair minded, loaning to tho claim of tho petitioner. Then bo was a man of severe labor. It can not bo said there ia any exaggeration of his worth. If over u man was fairly tested ho was." Henry Ward Beecher, iu writing of Lincoln, said: "Ho was in a most significant way a uian that embodied all the best qualities of unspoiled middle class men. He had homely common sense; he had honesty and sagacity; and ho had a sympathetic nature that prepared him to accept any stormy time. Lincoln was able to deal with all classes of men from his very nature." Robert Cr. Ingersoll says: ''Lincoln was un immense personality--firm, but not obstinate. Ho influenced others without effort, unconsciously. lie was severe with himself, and for that reason lenient with others, lie appeared to apologize for being kinder than his fellows. Ho did merciful things as stealthily as others committing crimes--«, great man stooping, not wishing to inuke his fellows feel tliat they wero small and mean. Lincoln was the grandest feature of the fiercest civil war. He is tho gentlest memory of our world." "No man of Lincoln's historical stature ever passed through a more checkered or varied career than fell to the lot of this extraordinary man," said Allen Thorndike Rice, in the introduction to his reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln. "In 1820 he left school. In 1827 ho is recorded as an athlete of local renown, while at the samo time ho was a writer on temperaiico, and a champion of tho integrity of tho American Union. In 1S30 he began bis career as an orator, standing on an empty keg at Decatur. Next he became in turn a Mississippi boatman, n clerk at the polls, a salesman, a debater in GLIMPSE AT LINCOLN'S WEDDED Mr* Mary Todd Lincoln a* a Wlf* and Widow. Miss M^xry Todd, who married Abraham Lincoln Nor. 4, 1843, was the daughter of the Hon. Robert 8. Todd, of Kentucky. Sho was 21 year* of ago when she first met her future husband. Sho was at that limo intelligent and bright, full of lifo and animation, with ready wit and quick at repartee. Her abundant hair was dark brown in color; her eyes wero a grayish blue, and a rosy huf tinged her checks. In a word, she was bright, pretty and ambitious. From tho first hour of her acquaintance with Mr. Lincoln sho regarded him as an intellectual prodigy, and married him in th« belief that some day or other he would bo president of the United States. A head, }iov sober: A heart, how spacious! A manner equal w i t h Wjch or low; Rou^h. but (gentle, uuconth, but gracious. Ami .still inclining to lips of «"oo. r.iti.-nt when ead.iost, calm when sternest, ( J . ' j e x e i l w h e n rijjij for justice's sake; (Uvcn in jest, yet ever in earni'st If :iu«-:it of right or truth wero at stake. Simple of heart, vet shrewd therewith, Hnw to resi lve, but firm to hold; Still with parable and with myth. Learning t r u t h hlro them of old, .\])ti'st humor and quaintest pith! (Siill we smile o'er the tales he; told.) Yet who so might piPrco the guise Of m i r t h in t h e man we mourn, Vu m!d mark, u:id with p-ieveil surprise, A l l the jrrLat soul had borne, Ii) the niteoii:; lines, and tli" kind, sad eves. So dreadfully wearied and uorn. --UE.NKY HOWARD BnoT"NCix. PRESIDENT LINCOLN AND LITTLE TAD. Twenty-one years ago no photograph was moro of ten seen t ban tlio one represented in tho accompanying cut of President Lincoln, sitting with a big book on his kneo and his little son Tad leaning against him and look- ins at it with him. Tho book was then thought to bo a, Bible; in point of fact, it was Photographer Brady's picture album which tho president was examining with his sou, while, seme ladies stood by. The artist begged tho president to remain quiet and the picture was taken. Alir:iliain Lincoln'* Thomas Lincoln, the father of Abraham Lincoln, was an idle, thriftless, but good natured man. His vagrant career iiad supplied him with an inexhaustible fund of anecdotes, which he told cleverly aud veil, and to theso anecdotes ho owed his popularity. In politics ho was a Democrat--a Jackson Democrat. By profession he was a carpenter, a:id a poor one at t hit. In religion he was nothing at times, and a member of various denominations by turns--a Free Will Baptist in Kentucky, a Presbyterian in Indiana and a Campbt-liite, in Illinois. In this latter communion he seems to have died. Thomas Lincoln was exceedingly fortunate in his choice of wives. Nancy Ilanks, Abraham's mother, was as good as sho Tvas pretty. She lived to be the mother of three children-a daughter and two sons. A short time after her death Thomas Lincoln married .a second time. His second choice was a widow named Sally Johnson, who had throe children. This ivomrju'.s lovo and devotion to young Abe bc- gau with her introduction into the family. He was encouraged by htr to study, and any wish on hi.s part was gratified, when it could bo done. Sho was also equally kind to his sister. She could not, however, change tho roving nature of her husband, -who lelt himself and family poor and in a stale of discomfort with his freqr.eut moves. After his sou Abe left him to begin life on his own account, which was not until the latter \vas 'Jl years of ajre, he moved suxeral time-, and finally gothimc.ol: li.\c-d in Col'jj county, Ills., wkoro ho, died oi u disease of the k"idnev». at tho ripe old age of r c,\. Otus of Lincoln's Stories. Grant was fighting his way south- war.i, at the Vfildcmess and other bloody battles, tells Mr. J. II. Little-field, an old Crieiul of Lincoln's, somebody was always coin:? to tho president and asking him why iu did 3:ot get a better general; one that would give entire, satisfaction north. Jlr. Lincoln told the dissatisfied stay-at-homes this anecdote: "There was a church up ou tho Hudson river that had a swell preacher. The audience did not like him; he dressed too fine, wa, too poetical in his ideas and too deductive in his methods of reasoning. Tho inem- bcrs wai'teda pastor not quite so fashionable, and more practical and every day like i n h H sermons. The swell pastor was discharged and tho practical preacher installed. IIo did not suit them. Ho was too in- due! ive, in his reasoning and too prosaic in bis delivery, and far too common and plain in his attiro. They couldn't stand him, so ho had to go. Then the congregation petitioned for a pastor that could combine all tho qualities of both their previous ministers, without being as ultra as either, and who could striko a happy medium between tho inductive and deductive methods, and not bo too poetical nor too prosy. After much advertising they got a man who had graduated at Yale and Harvard. Ho ascended tho pulpit, which was high, and as ho was short in stature, Bis he-id just showed itself to tho audience. IIo yelled to them in a squeaky, cracked voice, that he had come to preach to them, and ho repeated it agai-i aud again. 1 ' Those who were listening to tho president saw the point of his story and retired. They never asked him to r«movo Gen. Grant again. clined to credit Mr. Hauks with a disposition to exaggeration, all havo made use of tho items furnished, and there is littlo doubt that these aro, in the main, correct. Cousin Dennis' recollections go back to tho birth of Abraham Lincoln, who was about twenty-four hours old when tho former first saw him. To repeat tho words of tho narrator: "I rikkilect I run all tho way--over two miles-to seo Nancy Hanks' boy baby. Her uamo was Nancy Hanks before she married Thomas Lincoln. 'T was-common for connections to gather in them days to seo now babies. I held tho weo ouo a minute. I was ]0 years , old, and it tickled me to hold the pulpv, red ! little Lincoln.'' ' | Tho Ilaaks family moved to Indiana soon ess iu them, with a far away look, as if they ! ? fter tho Lilicolus h *d settled there, and tho ·ere searching for something they had seen ° J3 grow up to g etber °n tho intimate terms long years ago; then, as quickly as it ! ° f 1;lnsb ] P- Dennis claims to havo taught his cousin to read, write, -via richer, but , there is pretty good cvidencv that "-Vbe's own ' g avohlm lho nomination for the presidency mg, long years ago; then, as quickly as it J.me, that expression vanished, and with a ·ncil he wrote afterward in the little book:" frontier debating clubs, a milili.-i c-apta.n in tho Black Hawk war and an unsuccessful candidate for the legislature. After this he tried his fortunes as a laud surveyor. In 1833 ho was appointed postmaster at New Salem. Having studied law he became a lawyer. In liS-l ho was a successful candidate for tho legislature of Illinois, and, as a member of it, pfoteited against slavery. Challenged about this time to fight a duel ho became reconciled to his adversary, and married Miss Mary Todd, after constituting himself her champion. Defeated as candidate for congress in 1S43, ho was returned in 1840. In ISji ho sought, without success, to bo appointed general land commissioner. Subsequently bo was engaged vigorously in state politics, opposing; Judge Douglas, in a debate that attracted national attention, and that M E M O R A N D A . --^ ' a, | mother, before sho died, had started himivcll I in theso rudiments. As to the materials with which tho boy learned to write, Dennis says: "Ho made ink out of blackberry briar I root and a littlo copperas in it. His first pens I were made out of a turkey buzzard's feathers." According to his genial cousin's statements Lincoln's iirst reading book was Web. ster's Speller. "When I got him through ; that," says Dennis, "I only had a copy If , Indiana statutes. Then he got hold of a I hook; I can't rikkilect tbo name. It told a yarn about a fellow, a nigger or suthin', that sailed a ilatboat up to a rock, and tlio rock was magnetized aud druwccl the nails out of his boat, and hi^got drowned or suthin'." (It was "Arabian Nights.'') "Abe would lay ou the floor anil laugh over them stories by tho hour. I toltWiiin thoy was likely lies from end to end. T borrowed for him tho '-Life oC Washington" and tho "Speeches of Heiiry Clay." Thoy had a powerful influem-o on him, especially tho first one. IIo was a Democrat, like his father and all of u*, when he began to read it. When he closed ii ho was a "Whig, heart and soul, and Lu \ve:it on step by step until ho became leader of tho Republicans." j The sad story of Lincoln's gentle mother TO , e 0 ,,, pito or ., a* ta ,, 7 oc TM, lsra , ' SJ^SS"^" t °»"°- M - MRS. LIXCOLN. After their marriage Lincoln and his wife went to live in pleasant rooms in a very comfortable hotel called tho Globe tavern, kept by a Mrs. Bode and about 200 yards distant from tho old state house, paying $4 a week only for board and rooms. On one occasion, shortly after her marriage, Mrs. Lincoln, speaking of a friend who had married an old, but very rich man, said: "I would rather marry a good man--a man of mind--with bright prospects for power and success and fame, than all tho horses and houses aud gold in the world.' 1 In 1S44 Mr..Lincoln purchased tho small, but comfortable, house illustrated in the engraving, iu which he lived until hi.s clectioa as president aud his removal to Washington. Notwithstanding Mrs. Lincoln's pride aud faith in her husband, it cannot be said that they wero supremely happy in their domestic relations. It is generally admitted by those ·who claim to know most about it, thut his gagement to Miss Todd was a. misfortune to of tho United States. , , ., Tho brief sketches here given of Lincoln b0th \ ' tlOS co ° cemed - , A P orti(JI1 ° f the · - - - - ' press has ever been ready, and especial'y since Mr. Lincoln's death, to heap reproaches /' OF TITE First Painted Lilic-ncss of lincoln. Tho picture of Mr. Lincoln Lore presented, is from an original painting by Thomas Hicks at tho bcginnirig of tho campaign. This picture, which was niado for a Now York publishing house, and lithographed at tho time, is, perhaps, less familiar to tho world at large than any other likeness. It has, however, tho merit of having pleased Mr. Lincoln himself, who, when tho portrait was finished, said to Mr. Hicks: '·Jt will trivc t h e people of the east a correct idea of how I look at home, and, in fact, how I look in i:iy ofiico. I think tho picture has a somewhat plcatanter expression Uuir. I nsn;;lly have, but that, perhaps, is not ..n objection." Sariilj Uncolii's Opinion of Her S4cj)s;r.. Lincoln's regard and affection for his stepmother, Mrs. Sarnh Lincoln, was well known. \Vith a view of obtaining this estimable lady's opinion of Lincoln, a gentleman visited her after her .son's death. Kho was, nt the time of the interview, quite feeble, being (H years of age. Sho is described as a plain and unsophisticated woman, with a frank and o]eu countenance, a warm heart full of kindness toward others, and in many respects very like the provident. Abraham was evidently her idol; the spoke of him ns her "good boy," and with much feeling said: "He was always a good boy, and willing to do just what I wanted. Ho and his stepbrothers never quarreled but once, and that, you know, is a great deal for stepbrothers. I didn't want him elected president. I knew they would kill Mm." IN £V SPA PERI FROM THOMAS HICKS' POUT11AIT. This portrait is .ilso of interest because it is tlio firjt painted likeness ever mndo oH Lincoln, although ho had been many times photographed. 10 gave tho following: "Horn Feb. I:. 1 . 1NJ;, in llardin county, Ky. Education detective. Profession a lawyer. Havo hce:i a captain of volunteers in the Black Hawk w;:r. postmaster at a very small oQice, four times a uember of tho Illinois legislature, and was a nembcr of the lower house of congi-csV rho fullest account ever given of himself by "Ur. Lincoln was at tho earnest, request of Hon. J. V." Fell, of Bloomingdalp, Ills. At tho solicitation of this gentleman bo drew up tho statement here reproduced oC the leading events of his career, from tho timo of his birth to lho repeal of tho Missouri compromise. "I was born Feb. 12, 1SOO, in Hardin county, Ky. My parcels wero both boru in Virginia of undistiuguishabl-j families- second families, perhaps, 1 should say. My mother, who died in my 10th year, was of a family of tho name of Hanks, some of whom novy- resido in Adams and others in Macon counties, Ills. My paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincolu, emigrated from Rockingham county, Va., to Kentucky about 17S1 or ITS:.', where, a year or two later, ho was killed by Indians, not in battle, but by stealth--when ho was laboring to open a farm iu tho forest. His ancestors, who were Quakers, went to Virginia from Berks county, Pa. An effort lo"identify them with tho New England family of tho same namo ended in nothing moro than a similarity of Christian names in both families, such as Enoch, Lovi, Mordecai, .Solomon, Abraham aud tho like. "My father, at tho death of his father, was but 0 years of age, and ho grew up literally without education. Ho removed from Kentuck}-to what is now Spencer county, Ind., in my Sth year. Wo reached our new homo about tho lima tho state came into tho Union. It was a wild region, with r^any bears and other wild animals still iu tho woods. There I grew up. There wero somo schools, so called, but no qualification was over required of a teacher beyond 'readin', wriUn' and ciphcrin' to tho Rule of Three." If a straggler, supposed to understand Lathi, -happened to ssojourn in the neighborhood, ho was looked upon as a wizard. Thcro was absolutely nothing to excite ambition for education. Of course, when I camo of sgo I did not know much. Still, somehow, I could read, write and cipher to the llulo of Three, but that was all. I have not bcon to school since. The littlo advance 1 no\r havo upon tho store of education 1 have picked up from timo to timo under tho pressure oC necessity. "I was raised to farm work, which I continued till I was 22. At 211 camo to Illinois and passed the first year in Macou countj-. Then I got to Now Salem, at that timo in Bangamon, now in Mcnard, county, where I remained a year as a sort of clerk in a store. Then camo tho Black Hawk war, and I was elected a captain of volunteers--a success which gavo mo moro pleasure than any I havo had since. I went through the campaign, was elected, ran for tho legislature tho same year (1SI2) and Was beaten--tho only timo I havo over been beaten by tho people. Tho next, and thrco succeeding biennial flec- tions, I was elected to tho legislature. I was not a candidate afterward. During this legislative period I bad studied law, and removed to Springfield lo practice it. In 1S-10 I was onco elected lo tho lower house of congress, but was not a candidate for re-election. From 1849 to IKf, both inclusive, practiced law more assiduously than over before. Al- .Equally I'ainH- 1 iar is, the story of tho stepii-olher's devotion and tho stepson's affection. The hanl.-,hiis aid privations eiiduivd by Lincoln and his family, always so painfully recalled by tho president, will Lo passed over with thotell- intr, ia -..ho president's own words, of how be earned his iirst dollar. The story was told one evening, in the executive mansion at Washington, to Mr. Soward and a few other friends. "I havo never told you horr I earned my first dollar. I belonged, 3-011 know, to what we called down south the scrubs, Wo had succeeded in raising sufficient produce, I thought, to justify taking it down tho river to soil. So I had constructed a littlo flat boat for lho purpose. I was contemplating my new flat boat with considerable "pride as a steamboat was comint? clown tho river. There were no wharves on the western streams, and tho custom was, if passengers wero at any of the landings, for thorn to go out in a boat, tho steamer stopping and taking them on board. Two men came down, to tho shore, with trunks, and asked: 'Will you take us out to the steamer?' Certainly, said I, supposing that each of them would give me two bits. I sculled them out to tho steamboat. Tho steamer was about to put on steam again when they and their trunks wero aboard, v.-he:i I cried out that they had forgotten to pay me. Each of them took from his pocket a silver half dollar and threw it 0:1 the 'bottom of my bout. '^Gentlemen, yon may think it was a little thing, but it was tho most important incident in my life. I, a poor boy, had earned a dollar, in less than a day, by honest work. Tho world seemed wider and fairer before me. I was a more confident and hoicful being from that lime." Following aro some of tho pictures descriptive of Lincoln dravm by tho pens of great Tt 1 '' 'ft.- Hfe j^^*j'si«H rr^s '4K^W(jar/ LINCOLN'S FIUST DOLLAR. Said Gon. Grant: "Lincoln was incontcsflS bly tho greatest man I ever knew. What marked him especially was his sinccrify, his kindness, and his clear insight into all,irs. Under all this ho had a firm will and a clear policy. It was that gen! lo ilrnmcas in carrying out bis own will, without upparent force or friction, th.-it formed tho basis of liis character. Ho was a wonderful talker and teller of stories; his power of illustration and bis humor wero inexhaustible." R. W. Emerson emphasizes tho fact tli.it President Lincoln was a man of the people. Ho says: "Ho was thoroughly American, u quiet, native, aboriginal man, ns nn acorn from tho oak; no apins of foreigners, no frivolous accomplishments. Ho ^tiercel uo the mail, have indeed been imperfectlv told, if tho reader docs not seo between the lines tho faith in bis own strength which sufficed to guide him through sorno of tho severest trials that ever fell to tho lot of a public man. There was no end to his ambition, no failure iu his patient endeavors to push onward. His watchword was: Forward, j inarch. So ho grew up, a destined work to do, And he lived to do it. From a local politician and an obscure member of congress, bo suddenly roso to be one of tho world's most influential statesmen. From a volunteer against Indian insurgents, ho became the mover of vast armies. Beginning as a stump spc-iker and corner grocery debater, ho lived to take his place in tbo front rank of immortal orators. It was Kiis power of compassing the most trying situations, says Mr. Rice, that made the brief and crowdinj-7 space of four jvsars sufilcioiit for Abraham Lincoln to accomplish a task tuat generations had been preparing-. An Unsatisfactory Interview. In ''Every Day Lifo of Lincoln" is introduced the following M.ory: In 1SO~, alter tlic appearance of tho rebel ram Mernmac, the president was waited upon ly a delegation of Nov.-York million rares, who represented to b,'in that they v.-cro very uneasy about the unprotected .situation of their city, w h i c h was exposed to attack and bombardment by- rebel rams, aud re-' quested him to detail a, gunboat to defend the, city. The gentlemen were fifty in number, very dignified and rosncclabU- in appearance, and stated that they represented iu ' their own right 8100,000,000. ' Of course, 2,Ir. Lincoln did not wish to , offend those gentlemen, and yet ho intended ' to give them a httlo lesson. He listened with great attention, Mini seemed to bo much impressed by their presence and their state- ' ments. Then be replied, very deliberately: "Gentlemen, I am, by the constitution, com- ' mander-in-chief of the army and navy of the ' Lnited States, and, ar, a matter of law, can ' order anything ,!or.o that is practicable to be done. But, as a matter of fact, I am not in command of the gunboats or ships of war, as a matter of fact, 1 do not know exactly '· whcro they are, but presume they aro actively engaged. It is impossible for rue, in tho present condition of things, to furnish you a gunboat. If 1 was \vorth half as much as you gentlemen aro represented to be, and as badly frightened as you seem to be, I would build a gunboat and givo it to tho government." A gentleman who _ accompanied tho delegation says ho never saw 8100,000,000 sink to such insignificant pro- por'uons, as the committeo "recrossed "the threshold of tho White House, sadder but wiser men. The Lincoln Guard of Honor's Secret. Tho last annual memorial services of the assassination and death of President Lincoln, April 1-t and 15, lbS~, in Springfield, Ills., were c£ unusual interest, owing to the revelation of tho secret of the guard of honor, regarding the hidden grave of Lincoln and tho linal interment; of the body. Since, lho unsuccessful attempt in 1870 to steal tho body it had been understood, especially by the people in and about Springfield, that it was not in the niarblo sarcophagus always shown to visitors in tho north hall of tho monument, whcro tho public generally supposed it was. Iu point of fad, after the attempt to steal tho martyred pres Aleut's body, the remains wero placed i n n tomb excavated in tho solid rcnvjnry directly under the oblisk. April U, IbST. in the prober.ee of lho members of tho guard of honor n:id lho Lincoln Monument association, the body was taken from its biding and placed with tho remains of Sirs. Lincoln, in a tomb sunk iu tho center of the lloor of tho north hall. Tho tomb is line* with stone securely laid in cement. The masons immediately went to worlt, and a low, brick arch was sprung over tho coffin. This was covered with hydraulic cement, and above iWs rubble and sing mingled with cement wore filled in, bringing tho surface of tlio tomb up to the lloor. Tho stones of tho lloor \vcro then replaced, and the work was ended. Tho coffin containing tho body of Mr. Lincoln was opened .-it tho time oC tho last interment and identified by friends present. It was in a rcmnrkablc state of preservation. i upon his wife and widow. Lamon suvs, in reference to tho subject: "If ever a woman 1 grievously expiated an offense riot her ov,-:i t j this woman did." Heriidon, who knew prob- . ably bettor than almost any other, this inside^ I workings of tho Lincolu family, in a letter to i ono of Lincoln's biographers, writes, "Al ! thafc I know ennobles both." LEfCOLJ.* HOMESTEAD AT SPRINGFIELD. Air. Arnold, in his life of Lincoln, makes a chivalrous defense of Mrs. Lincoln, whom ha considers was treated not only h.-ushly, but cruelly by a large portion of tho |irc.-s. He says: 'Tho heart broken widow's intellect ·was ·-battered by the awful shock of her husband's death, and her montiil ("-'"ditio'i was made worse by the death of her .-o.i Tln-nas, iu 1S71." From that time jirs. Lincoh:, in his opinion, was never entirely respoiisiMo for her conduct. Sho was peculiar and eccentric, and had various h.iHiK-matums. Theso at ono timo assumed such a f o r m t her son and family friends 1 IKM),"!,t, it \\iso that sho shoul-l bo under troatir.i nt i or ber mental maladies. She was removed to iho quiet of tho country, and in a i'ow months so far improved that her elder sister. Mrs. Ninian Edwards, took her to her home in Springfield, where sho lingered until her death, which occurred July 1(5. ISSi. Charles Sumna- was true to tho widow,- of his friend to tho last. Large!v through, his influence congress passed a law giving to Mrs. Lincoln a pension and conferring upon her n franking privilege for life. THE MARKETS. Xcw York Money 3;ir1ot. NEW YOILK, Feb. 15. Money closed 'J^ J)e r Cent. yc«ter lay. The highest mtu: the lowest rate was ~ per cent. EichatiRe closed steady ported rates, gl.SS ©4.Sr. autiml rates, S-t 84,4@4.8»}jJ for t i l days and S-I.-Ut,^.! t-'t.w, for deiimml. Govt-rimieiiis cl'i-ed steady, cm-ret'cy o's 1.29 bid: 4's coup., i.yr.y bid; ·)};'.·, do., ].07vi bid. Pacino rai road hoiicM closed as follows: Ur.Jon firsts, 1.18 to l.lti; do land grants, l.fWfei.DO; do. sinking funds, l.lSil.MO: Centrals, 1.13l.lG. New York Produce Exrlian^p. NEW YOHK. !eb. 14. FLOUR-- C!o«M dull, weak and \ \ i t h . . tit decided change yesterday; winter wlie.-.t e ;ra, S~-.flUijj5.uO: Minn, do., $i 00 ,(/,:. 00: Ohio e.\ira, $i.90(3i5.00; Southern Hour dull but stead : common to choice extra, S3J-.0Jf..-).rf). AVHEAT-- Options dull and irreKiilar, closinpf }£ ©5!jC lower: spot lots chill and sli-rhtlj- lower; spot sales N«. 1 red state, 0 }..f{. '''«:: No. ^ do., !0j; No. M red winter, Olc; ungraded red, OOQ 61 c. CORN-- Options weak, c-Iosin^- J^JigiJ-Ki lower; spot lots moderately active, bnt cl seil \\euK and J4c lower; spot sales No. a mixed, u!) ,.e mid un- radcil mixed, M^liiie OAT.S-Optinns heavy, closing Waj^e higher; spot lots closed dull and unchanged; spolsalus No. 1 white state, 4:%®-l$c, and No. a do.. Mti I'OHK-- Dull; mess. Slo.00(?7ilj."0 for 1-year old. LARD-- Closed lirm but quiet; $8.00 cash. BUTTER-- Dull; state, ir®SAj; western, ua 3Sc. CIIEESH-- Quiet but steady; state factory, 11 34 12%c; western, Ii9i@iac. EGGS-- Dull but firm; near-by, 20®2CK-c; western, Among tho books Abo Lincoln read when a boy wns "JEsop's Fables." Ho was always a good story teller, and it was told by one of bis early acqaintanccs that "he could toll more stories than anybody in school but Hazel Dorscy." JEsop's stories helped him immensely, and ho soon ,wus a better story teller «vcu than Hazel - HulRiIo Provision Market. BUFFALO, Feb. 15. WHEAT-- The market continues f i r m ; No. 1 liard, Olt/c; No. i northern, SOJxJc; No. y red Winter, !)0o: No. 1 white. 9Uc. CORN-- Lower and demand light,; No. 3 yellow, 54!/,a5-IJ.fc; No. 3 corn, . r ,.|%c. OATH-- Quiot but ctoadier; No. 1 while, M^o; No. ado.,;lS}j;; No. 3 do., 8T«ic: No. a mixed", 853ic; state, -U'la-iiie. BARJJEy-- Market dull but not weak; No. 1 Canaua, 9.!(S'Jlc; No. 8 do., OUQOJc; No. 3 extra 88a955. iWSPAPERf

Clipped from
  1. Hornellsville Weekly Tribune,
  2. 17 Feb 1888, Fri,
  3. Page 4

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