Adam Waggoner

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Adam Waggoner - Cheap-; f i ! ji BECAUIKG A BLOODY DAI. I TUX...
Cheap-; f i ! ji BECAUIKG A BLOODY DAI. I TUX MASSACRE AT WfOltrXO paXPARATlOVS f TO CXLXBRATX IT ' OXX ETKOKEDTH i AnrUrrSaAKT- Of 3VXX 3 AST 4 THX STOBT OT THE BATTX1 AXl MASSACBX A KlatlCKXPEaUrjrTATIOJITO BS Ctm WITH THX AID OW A BAKD OT laTDIAaTa. f vm Owt Owe Cvn eleaA ! -1 ScaAJTTQir, psnm, Batarday, May J 1, 1S78. The elaborato preparations in progrtss among the people ; of 2'anasylvaaia for a centennial eom-mstaoratioa of the battle and massacre of TV y em ing. recall one of the most thrilling ; Incidents of the lievolution. Tbe name of Wyoming and lu sad history have eotained a world-wide fame, and natural-ty the thoasaada Who have been stirred by the recital of Us woes, will feel aa Interest m the forthcoming celebration, which wm j occur on the Sd and 4th Of July next, the first being the cate of the battle and massacre. Tbe preparations for the demonstration were begun, oa the ninety-Slnth anniversary of tbe event, when a number of the eeseendants of the gallant yeomen Who fought and fell met and organised aa influential association, with sub-committees scattered throughout the valley to attend to the details. The fheartlneas with Which they entered hpon their work and the enthusiasm with which the public have- seconded their e (Torts, warrant the hope that the affair will be worthy of the occasion which it is designed to honor. I Tbe invasion of the valley waa accomplished on the 3d of July.; 177$, when a number of British soldier, commanded by CoL John Butler, and accompanied by TOO Indians, led by ths cruel half -breed. Brant, or Gi-en-gwah-toh, descended upon the defenseless settlement, They were met by a few companies of old men and boys, whose extreme age and youth had exempted them from , service in the distant ranks of ; the Republic, and for several hours a fierce battle raged on the , banks of the Susquehanna-; ' But the contest was unequal. The Indiana, from their ambush, kept up a deadly flank fire, which soon thinned the ranks of tbe yeo-rosn, and, utterly shattered, they were forced te fall back, despite the appeals of their eonrageous leader. Col. Zebuloa lluticr, who cried, "iont leave me, my children, and Die day la ours." The Indians, seeing their f oca retreat, fell upon loem and alaugh-urred without mercy, men, women, and children. . When the fclx Nations espoused the English cause against the Colonies it was part of the compact that tne latter should lead tbem against Wyoming, to afford then! an opportunity of ,: being avenged upon the v settlers, whom they regarded as trie i usurpers j of; the red nias's paradise, a name sometimes given to the valley i and so, the i first skirmish being over, the Indiana gave fall scop to the spirit of destruction which possessed them, and, breaking away from their leaders, they reaped a terrible revenge upon the gentle people of that i Arcadian abode. About : 300 were put to death ith torch, tomahawk, and spear, regardless of age or Sex, and tbe most cruel tortures that a fiendish spirit could devise were employed to make the laat lingering momenta of tbeir victims full Of agony. An awful night followed that day of carnage. X he nuts: and homes, the crop and orchards, were set oa fire, and tbe devastation of tha entire settlement waa made complete. Several were drowned in their efforts to escape down the river under tne cover of 'night, but a party of a hundred women and children succeeded in making their way to the mountains, under the leadership of one : old man. who waa their sole protector. But though they fled tbe terrors of the massacre, it was to tn. counter hardships eoually severe. Their path lay through the Great Hwamp. now known aa the "Shades of Deathj' by reaaon of the numbers who had perished there, and the sufferings they endured from fear and famine and sickness are unmatched by anything on record, i One poor woman, whose babe died at her breast in a vain effort to obtain nourishment, carried her need darling 'M miles rather than leave the precious burden behind to fall a prey to the wolves, and many other incidents of love and devotion are related. Only a few survived the fatigue of the march and the. plague which overtook them in the swsmp. The bodies of those who ; were mae-aeered In the Wyoming Valley lay unburied on the plain 'for months, until a detachment of soldiers gathered them together one night ' and eon-signed them to . a large hole In tbe ground, fearful lest a mora respectful interment might excite, the enmity ef the Indians, who were still prowling about ths neighborhood. Tba result was that the exact, location of the remains was unknown to the friends ol the dead for many years, and their discovery at hut was a mere accident. An unassuming obelisk commemorative of the -virtues of the fallen heroes baa been raised over their resting place by the patriotic women of Wyoming, and is visited every Summer by hundreds of persons attracted to tbe scene by a spirit of reverence or enrtoeity. .' In order to make the coming Centennial as realistic aa possible, a number of huts are In process of erection along the river, to look exactly like those which stood there : 1 DO years ago, and the old forts are being rebuilt. A tribe of friendly Indians detailed their chief a few days ago to wait on the Committee of Arrangements and offer tbeir services, in full costume, and their appearance will doubtless aid ths picturesque features of the representation. President Hayes and ia number of men ! prominent: In polities and literature have also signified their Intention of -being, present. The first day will be devoted to-, odes and orations commemorative erf the event. Tbe words of a poem by AIUs usan . XKekiason have : beea set to music, sod will be sang by lot) voices, and a similar contribution has been Sinde by mother icconBliihf tl lady, vbo retlrvt be hind the aont eV plmtn of " Stella of Lackawanna." rXli proffranuD f of tba Fourth of Jnly consist of a frranu pajtAant. agticipetart it, by tha civta and military societies vt .Pennsylvania, to be followed ia the evening by a, display of fire-works along the river banks a distance of 'JO miles of charming scenery. i A sketch of -Wyoming woald be Incomplete with-out mentioning the-Bloody (jiieii Esther," aa Indian fury, who. with her own hand, put iiO men to death Her victims had been taken vrlsonerr, and were promised niorcv ; but Just at the moment when they hoped to be feleaaed tbey were led from the fort where they had been held captive, and ranged around a rock, upon which tbeir murderess, with i death-maul i and tomahawk, dashed out their I brains. - It 5 is known to thin day ' as (Jueen father's ' Keck, and the portion which ruse above the surface of tbe earth baa been almost carried away bvHhe relic hunters. The story of Frances KKmtuxs who waa carried off from her mother's door, a mere babe, by the Indians, and dia- ; covered half a century later by her -brothers, who found that shs had f ontotten her language, and waa happy and wealthy with the " children of the forest" Ls too well-known to need reproduction : neverthe- ' less, awing to the touching circumstances of the ease it occupies considerable prominence In tbe traditions of the massacre. Tbe nephew of Frances Klo- csm i at present residing in Scran ton. snd remem bers well having heard ais tauter aeserute tne meeting with his sister, i ;

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 13 May 1878, Mon,
  3. Page 5

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  • Adam Waggoner

    dgt331 – 30 Mar 2013

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