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JFK AF - the a ap- matters returns nonetheless asks...
the a ap- matters returns nonetheless asks facilities, the no debt a and any city strong about and home home, still cold are in all *w. The Allen-Scott Report Kennedy Arranges Africa By ROBERT S, ALLEN and PAUL SCOTT \YASHINGTON-President-elecl John Kennedy is sending three Western Democratic senators on a fact-finding mission to- Africa, including the explosive Congo. Senators Frank Church of Idaho, Frank E. Moss of Utah, and Gale McGee of Wyo., are flying to Africa later this month to make an on-the-spot investigation lo determine changes that should be made in U. S. foreign policy in that vital area. Specifically, Kennedy has ashed the three senators to report on, the continent's foreign aid needs for the next three years and to make recommendations on how to keep the Congo, Ghana, and Guinea out of-the Soviet orbit. A ?1SO million foreign aid program program for Africa has been recommended recommended to the White House by Secretary of State Herler. · If finally approved, this will be the amount that President Eisenhower will ask Congress for in his final budget message. President-elect Kennedy, when briefed on Herter's proposal, told aides that the amount is far from sufficient for "the world's new-found land"--the way he describes describes Africa. Defense Tightened Guantanamo Ready-lf Cubans Stir up Trouble By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL BASE, Cuba (AP)-H Fidel Castro Castro ever decides lo mate a move against this U. S. base, the Navy believes it will come through some sort of incident armed at harassment harassment and political embarrassment rather than as a full-scale military military attack. This does not mean overt attack has been ruled out. While more than 6,000 U. S. citizens--Navy and Marine personnel and their dependents--serenely go about the routine life 6f a military base, defenses defenses have been lightened. In recent weeks, mines have been planted behind the mesh wire fence that runs just a few miles inland for about 27 miles around three sides of the base. The fourth side is the water of Guantanamo Bay's mouth. The Marine Corps has'brought in a moderate number of medium tanks. It may be assumed that additional and, in some instances, more modern, infantry-type weapons weapons have arrived. Only 3,000 Defenders AYhen every military man on Ihe base Is turned cut for periodic ground defense training exercises, they total about 3,000. This in. amo, within Caslro's Cuba. To slop the flow of water would require require no demolition blasts: just closing a valve already In Cuban hands would do the trick. When the boundary of Guantan- .amo Naval Base was established under the original 1903 agreement with the new republic of Cuba, no one appeared to have considered this problem. The Navy believes the base can continue to operate, even if Castro shut off the main faucet. Within the base are stored about 18 million gallons of water. Tanker ships could bring in more. The Navy makes constant analysis of the incoming supply of ray; water. Bail the Guards? Up high en the list of possibilities possibilities is -the matter of an incident-perhaps incident-perhaps the sudden appearance of a crowd 'at a ga'.e lo t! 1 ? h?.=e. with women and children deployed to the fore, seeking lo enler. Most of the 4,000 Cubans employed at Ihe base commute from their hcmes to the base. Some of them, or others posing as workers, could create a rio; scene in which U. S. .\farine guards would he bailed in an attempt to draw fire. If such trouble starts, base authorities authorities want to have complete eludes 300 or «0 Marine profes- documentation of its inception. sional combat troops. The rest are Navy "white hats"--sailors whose usual jobs are driving trucks, working in warehouses, cooks. A total 'of 3,000 men is not much for defending a 27-mile-long line if attack attack came. But for months several thousand Marines have been aboard four ships that cruise and train ashore in the Caribbean area. These ships can reach Guantanamo in about a day. Other reinforcements could A few hundred feet from the main gale on the northeast corner of Ihe reservation, on top o! an overlooking hill, a Navy photographer photographer stands ready with a camera camera each morning and night as the Cuban workers enter and leave the base. His orders are lo make photographic records of any disturbance. disturbance. While the Cuban government talks darkly and the U. S. military military high command polishes up be flown and sent by sea transport base defense plans, life behind the from the United States--six or fcnce ""' ^rounds the naval seven hours by air, a couple of base moves on routinely. The Herter aid plan calls for half Die ?300 million that W. Averell Averell Harriman, former Governor of New York, told Kennedy that Africa needed yearly for the next ten years. Harriman made his recommendalions in September following a tour of West Africa for Kennedy. In view of these divergent recommendations, recommendations, President - elect Kennedy i s withholding his final judgment on the amount of African aid he will seek from Congress until he receives the report from the three senators. Second Look Senator Church, a member of the Foreign Relations Committee, and Senator Moss, of the Public Works Committee, plan to visit the Aswan High Dam to report on Soviiit progress in building the dam for the United Arab Republic. Republic. Thej will make recommendations recommendations on whether the U. S. should furnish any financial aid for the third and fourth stages of t h e $2 billion project. The dam is designed to store water from the Nile River to irrigate vast areas of Egypt and the Sudan. UAR President Nasser in his private meetings wilh President Eisenhower at the UN in October indicated that his country was ready tc accept U. S. help along with that now coming from the Soviet Union. In reply, President Eisenhower told Nasser that a, decision to furnish aid would have to be made by his successor, since the appropriation of funds would be up to Ihe Congress Ihat convenes in January'. Since last March the U. S. has signed an assortment of aid and trade deals through which Nasser's Nasser's UAR has received $136,700,000. $136,700,000. However, nothing in Washington's Washington's aid portfolio has matched Moscow's spectacular credit to Nasser of $287 million for the Aswan Dam. The U. S. bowed of the Aswan picture back in and made no subsequent offers. Senator McGee, a member of Ihe Appropriations Committee, plans lo center his investigation in Ihe Congo, where he will join Senators Church and Moss after Thanksgiving Day. He plans to seek Ihe reaction or local African leaders lo tho policy set for them my President Eisenhower thai all U.Si aid should be channeled through the United Nations. President-elect Kennedy h a expressed his approval of this policy if it is acceptable to local African leaders and if it can be determined that this is Ihe best method of aiding the 225 million African inhabitants. Behind the Scenes Money stashed in Switzerland Jacobo ' ' days by sea. In the morning, school buses The possibility of military at- pick up Ihe children. Wives drive tack to seize Guanlanamo is given a lower rating than other factors for several reasons. the commissary supermarket. Tnere are PTA meetings. The men have bowling clubs, play One high-ranking official says °°I f . have softball teams--and so he doubts Fidel Castro would "see do their wives, wisdom" in venturing a military It sounds like any community attack to seize the base. Ecoriomi- in the United States. But always cally, the base in U. S. hands you remember that a fence you could be more valuable than in can't pass is only five miles away, Cuban hands. About 4,000 Cuban that you b'vc in a tight little corner nationals are employed here; the «· Cuba, with no place to go. The money they earn goes eventually longest highway within the base into Iho Qiban economy. There arc, however, several obvious obvious moves Castro could make that would vex, disconcert and Guzman was used to finance the latest unsuccessful cn - rcvolulicnary attempt in Guatemala. Guatemala. That's the report that CIA Director Allen Dulles had made lo President Eisenhower and President-elect Kennedy. . .. -The pro-Communist ex-President withdrew an eslimaied $2 million from his bank accounis in Switzerland for that purpose. Most of (he funds went directly to Cuba's Fidel Castro for the arms thaf were smuggled into Guate- mls ma1a - Mcs reported that Arbenz even handicap the Americans. One involves the water supply. Hie source of Ihe base's water is 5 reservoir about *M« tot boundary last August from two banks Geneva to banks in Havana and Mexico City. The money is part of $7 million Uiat Arbenz too!; from Ihe Guatemala treasury when he was now lives in Havana, and that he had Ihc money transferred Iast in is about five miles. However, I rips by air or ship to nearby peaceful spots for a few days or a week arc possible. A significant indicator of the in- of both the Navy and its

Clipped from
  1. Abilene Reporter-News,
  2. 20 Nov 1960, Sun,
  3. Page 22

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