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 - Steel Union Drive Works To Roosevelt Advantage...
Steel Union Drive Works To Roosevelt Advantage In Pennsylvania, Hunt NEW DEAL WOULD GAIN VOTES IF LEWIS ORGANIZES MILLS ON HIS INDUSTRIAL PLAN More than steel is being molded in the smoke-gray towns of '·the American Ruhr"--a mighty new political force is in the making. This is the conclusion reached by Frazier Hunt in the second of four articles in which the noted globe-trotting correspondent has been "Listening to the Arcerican Ruhr." He's crossing America, on assignment from NEA Service and THE DAILY NEWS STANDARD, to sound out voting sentiment prior to'the presidential election. labor unionization. And this attempt to swing steel workers into an industrial union is only the first attack on the whole "open shop" or non-union industrial set-up of America. The first conflicts in this great industrial--and class--war will be fought out here in the Pittsburgh regions; in ihe steel districts stretching along eastern Ohio to Detroit; in the Chicago country at Gary; and in the deep south around Birmingham, Alabama. The General Staffs of the two armies. are the By FRAZIER HUNT (Copyright 1S36, NEA Service, Inc.) PITTSBURGH, ta, July 17.-- ' 'Steel is the key industry of America. With its twin brother, coal, it dominates all industrial life in this country- John L. Lewis Ls the coal dictator of America. Within 24 hours he can close down every coal mine in the land. Without coal mcst railroad trains \vould stop running; factorie would close down; power plants v/ould throw their switches; oil station, would run dry; food lines would be cut; city life would cease. Without steel a thousand and one fabrication plants would shut their gates within a week; no · \vhistles j Iron an( j steel Institute and the would blow men oO .vork in Detroit's (Committee for Industrial Organiza- great motor works; Ohio's vast; t i o n _ spider-web of factories would liei " + * + idle: Connecticut and New York: Owners Fear Union Control The steel work- rs who dropped into the office of |Dick Lowry (left), %Iayo of West ^Homestead, Pa., scene of the famous labor war of 1892, vowed 100 % that they would vote for Roosevelt in November. mill workers could go fishing; W. P. Here in Pittsburgh I went to one j A. dam, bridge, road and building s of the mos t prominent steel owners makers would have to join the P.| of Amer i c a for his side of the war. W. A. shovel-leaners' brigade; ten' iHe as i :e( i me not to use his name million men rould join the other ten j fc ecaU5e a n official action was in the million already unemployed. * * *· A New Steel Dictator? Coal dominates steel. Steel dom- hands of the G. H. Q., the Iron and the election chances of Roosevelt, e Dictating the policy of the new 0 ; steel union--and · some of the of votes represented by its I put the whole situation up to: Philip Murray, the Scotch-born, ex-j coal miner, who came to this coun-! jr.--- ~ JT^TM^ try when he was 15 years old. Soft-; ^» r ^ hey weHre g01 ? g leaders and vo^e for said : Tnsrirute Here is what hei s P° ken and mild in hls radicalism, Institute. Mere is *nai ne,^ ^^ commander o{ th , ,,,_·,,,, he did in 1932. Throughout '·We are not going to have our inates America. John L. Lewis is!industry run by outsiders--by coal the coal dictator. Will he become ] miners and pant makers (referring the steel dictator? ! to John Lewis and Sydney Hillman). He \vill if he can bring the 500,000 i Just at the moment when we are steel and iron workers into a single starting to make money again, after industrial union. Its formal stage name is the Amalgamated Association of Iron. Steel and Tin Workers --but in many ways it's a phoney. six years of depression, we get this threat from the outside. Why right now we are employing 15,000 more men in the industry than in 1929. whole 1C. I. O. have thrown into this district;state the Democrats for steel unionization d r i v e , ' a n d ! g o at it right they can organize steel time First Vice President of the' United | here in 60 days," Lowry said to me. built up .an efficient Mine Workers, had this to say: "We!''You see, when these over-smart machine, don't want a strike now or'at any!steel bosses forced their company time. But the men are fed-up. 1 unions down the men's throats they They've always been underpaid, and J thought they could always handle up to a few year ago many of them j them to_suit themselves. But they worked twelve hours a day and seven mining centers of Pennsylvania. Roosevelt will get more votes As a distinct compromise and sop!That is due to our 40-hour \veek to President William Green : s A. F. | scale. And we're turning out 90 per of L. craft unionism. John L. Lewis [cent of our 1929 peak of primary and his C. I. O.--Committee for I steel, or ingots; that's 50,000,000 Industrial Organization--agreed to [tons against a former total of 55,let this oldest union in America get 000,000 tons--and againsL the 13,the credit for this latest and most j 500,000 tons we made in 1932 . . . determined effort to assaxilt the I We have satisfactory unions within days a week. They've seen the Supreme Court and the owners knock into a cocked hat everything that's been done for them by the Administration. And they see now r can't. Right here in the Illinois- Carnegie plant at Homestead several of the company unions' own elected representatives are bitter against the company-union, and are ready to throw their men into this inde- M O N D A Y : Roose\*elt- race neck and in Ohio. Local Men Named At Company D that the only way they can get even ; pendent industrial steel union. rudimentary justice is through their!the workers will only listen to their own union that would give them col- leaders and not get sucked into an lective bargaining. Since the gov-j unauthorized strike the whole in- ermnent can't give it to them they're: dustry will flop over in no time. Edward "Preacher" Brady If! named first vice-president going after it themselves." steel citadel and organize all the each plant. The conditions of our workers in the greatest mass produc- workers are constantly improving. tion industry in America. But it "We're riot going to stand for these is another case of the tail wagging outsiders coming in End telling us K the dog. The driving power, the will what we can and what we can not|" ul "«7 au ' ^'"f "* «i c oimuu^^ijairsL tune, ' to win, the money and the organiza- do. We'll close down our plants|*S,Vh battles of the bitter,President tion. come Irom John Lewis and his i before we'll stand for anything like "92 labor war. Here m these grey, | governor I And it's sure time it did. For 50 * * * 4 years the men have been intimidat- Sees Success in Long- Fight led, brow-beaten and kicked around. I crossed the river into West'it's their turn now. And for the ^hey have a friendly in " ~~" " ~ on fred "'Goat" Davis chaplain c o r Amal' " 9^ members of Company D, Medical Detachment, 110th held their 15th annual Wednesday at Pastime near Brownsville. - j self to those William Bowytz, of Toronto, s o m e w h a t uiiionists. left-wing industrial i that." I I take it that this man fairly Lewis has assumed the leadership' represents the attitude of the aver- of this group of 1.250.000 workers.!age steel owner and manager. He smoke-tinged, forbidding streets poverty joins with disease and ignorance, vice and fear, hunger and hate. For three hours I sat in the dingy, the White House, a was named president and the their side and local' union next year will be held * \JL L 1 1 J O £J.V*.*U V*. *· ,-- t/U . \J\J\J * VJA fcfc*^J. *-»«P . U.^1^ O U V - U - i V * » » » * W A LA.A.AV4. *A.*.k»A_Al*^^* ». . ** 1_* _ _ C f" C T*\ * 1 T This means 'almost 4.000,000 voters. | has seen steel's mailed fist crush the ! crowded office of Dick Lowry the If he can organize the 500,000 steel great attempts of union organizers $_ ur ? ess ' workers-and the 500.000 still unor- in 1892 and in 1919, anc he has seen f^. 1 an circumvent i eves m direc t-action tactics and in organizing the skilled and unskilled men equally in mass produc- 1 , Wabbly , still officials who won't turn loose the j home town. Other officers thugs." include Frank Freeman, of Connellsville. second vice president, 100% for Roosevelt ganized workers in steel fabrication the "company union" plants--thar will give him three;both Section 7A and the Wagner times this 1,COO,000, or 3.000,000 more j Act in 1932 and later. He and the voters. (It is usually figured that'other steel masters have it within each working man controls in one j their power at this moment to force way or another three votes). That]a strike, by discharging men who all adds up to a grand total of some i join the new industrial union, and 7.000.000 votes, more or less in the [thus precipitate war before the C. hands of John L. Lewis. And at the [I. O. and the workers have time fully | Democratic National Convention at : to organize. Philadelphia Lewis stood up on thei Many think that this is exactly platform and pledged all that he!what the steel owners plan to do-had to Franklin D. Roosevelt. -feeling that not only would the That's a swift auti general pic-j mills win a strike at this time, b u t j ture of the immediate political sig-|that if It came before the election · nificance of what Ls going on in [it would have a disastrous effect on Steel workers drifted in and out | Walter T. Smith, of the office. I am reporting exactly i retary-treasurer. when I record that all of the dozen] · or more with whom I talked at \ Miss Phoebe Stewart, nurse length were for Roosevelt. Two had j Brownsville zone for the been strong Coughlin "Union for j County Red Cross chapter, Social Justice" followers, and one j ing a vacation along ti° n - belonged to a Townsend Club, but; Muskoka, Can. With her is Miss "If the 200 organizers that this when it came \o the Presidential | Ingrid Bindsley, of this weekend

Clipped from
  1. The Evening Standard,
  2. 18 Jul 1936, Sat,
  3. Page 3

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