Highland Hospital completed
Highland Hospital Now Stands Complete; its Story Told f by Architect By HENRY H. MEYERS. Architect of tlie Ilighland Ilospila!. The itory of the Highland hos-t of the plateau formed to receive New Highland Constituting one of the "finest architectural groups in the entire bay region, the' new Highland Hospital of Alameda county now stands completed. The buildings were erected according to the design of Henry H. Meyers, well-known architect, whose offices are located in the Kohl building in San Fran--Cisco. The buildings of the hospital are fire proof structures of reinforced concrete. The - architectural design of .the group has its motiftin the cathedral architecture of Mexico, being a Spanish-Colonial treat-meat with bold outstanding details executed in terra cotta bf warm tan color. Dr. R. G. Brodrick, director of , hospitals for Alameda county, has charge of the institution. Located on an eminence, the hospital stands in sparious grounds. The grounds are architecturally treated with wide terraces, steps and with sunken gardens and fountains at each side of the Administration building. pruu foes Dack many years. Th desire to move the cwunty liotpitat to 4 location nenr the center of population had been agitated for at least twenty years before the idea became a reality. In 13 6 the first definite movement toward the institution was made by the board of supervisors Instituting action to secure" a site. the buildings. THK (iKXKIUL PI.AV. - The general plan of the hns- , pital group has its main axis bi-j secting the angle of Fourteenth ! avenue and Vallecito place. On this axis at the front is the ad-! ministration building and directly I behind it the service building. A main corridor connecting all units 1 of the plan starts on the axis lire I and extends between the admini- Immedlately several were offered stration building and service build In different parts of the City of my. then dividing into two cor-Oakland. One of these, the one I rldors: one runs parallel to Four-finlly aelected. was that occupied j teenth avenue and the other t one time by the -California Bap- parallel to aneclto place. tist College or Divinity School, lited at the intersection of Fourteenth avenue and Vallecito place and about opposite East Twenty-ighth street. In area the purchase consisted of about fifteen acres in all. la studying the site for the proposed hospital building, several problems were involved. First, the The ward buildings extend out ward from this corridor, one bein? located on Vallecito place and four on Fourteenth avenue. Future growth will be along Vallecito place, where ample room exists to more than double the prese capacity of the hospital. Beyond the ward buildings on Fourteenth avenue is the patho- hape of the property was unusual j logical laboratory, shops, garaee -nd had to be considered in connection with the topography. A Cross section of the block from Fourteenth . avenue to. Vallecito place indicate a rise from the treef of from twenty to thirty feet. A certain eleyatlon above the street had to be established for the build-tnffS and the hill site graded to suit. If this elevation were established at a low level, grading costs would ba increased enormously. If at a higher level to economize in grading' eoata, care had to be exercised that roadways would not be at a prohibitive grade. The denial on was finally reached that the maximum grade for the main roadways should be ten' per cent and this then determined the elevation incinerator building, laundrv de livery ami finally the power house. At the rear of the property, facing on Thirty-first street, are three buildings, the nurses' residence, i the male and. female employees buildings. A bridge and covered i walk connect these buildings with the main hospital structure. THE ROADS SYSTEM. Outside communication with the group is afforded by the following j roads: Two main entrance roads to the hospital group from the Intersec- i tion of Fourteenth avenue and Vallecito place; one an ambulance and emergency entrance, the other i for public vehicles A second ambulance entrance is j 1 lf ilia ft S MNTf 0 PSp1 fvS H 3 3 3 3 3 friLs I Ml till IrsMl tt Ml "!!! HOSPITAL IS EL QF MO ARCHITECTUR provided on Fourteenth avenue to the isolation ward, being the last ward at the upper end of Fourteenth avenue. The main service entrance for the delivery of supplies, et cetera, enters the property on Fourteenth avenue, near the corner of Kast Thirty-first street, pissing behind the power house and hospital group and permits delivery at the rear of the service building at the sec ond story level Owing to the grade of Fourteenth avenue the service I bein road has onlv a six per cent grade, I two a desirable factor traffic. Pedestrians' entrances to the hospital are provided both from Fourteenth avenue and Vallecito place in such manner that the entrances pass under the automobile roadways then ascend by easy stairs to the main entrance. ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS. The" main group of buildings, referred to herein as the Administration building, consists of three units or wings; the central unit three stories high and the side units- each two stories high, with basements under the entire structure. In the first story of the central and westerly units are housed the administrative of fices, and in the easterly unit the social service offices and emergency ward. The second story of the central unit houses the X-ray laboratories and at the side wings living quarters for internes and staff. The third story of the central unit contains the surgery. The service building Is a three-story building, the first story being for wholesale storage; the second story contains cold storage rooms, bakery, butcher shop, vegetable preparation, et cetera; and the third story the main kitchen, dining rooms, special diet kitchen, et cetera. The ward buildings are all three-story structures with basements and with a fourth story over a part of the building used as a roof gar den or sun porch. The ward plans are generally typical as to the essential requirements, varying only as to the special ward requirements. Several of the buildings contain typical medical or surgical wards, while others- are specially planned for children s, wards, maternity ward, eye, ear, ' nose and throat ward, Isolation ward, psychopathic ward, et cetera. The average capacity of each,, Is twenty-five beds, a total for the fifteen wards now constructed of three hundred and seventy-five beds. FIREPROOF STRUCTURES. The buildings of the hospital group are all fireproof structures of reinforced concrete, while the nurses' residence and employees' buildings are of Class C construction with all parts carefully designed to" be fire resisting. The architectural design of the group has its motive in the cathedral architecture of Mexico, being a Spanish Colonial treatment, with bold outstanding detail executed in terra cotta of warm tan color with a sparing use of color in the ornament. The plain surfaces of the buildings are of dash cementing painted slightly darker than the terra cotta. Economy of cost In the use of terra cotta has been effected by repetition of design and by concentrating terra cotta at certain focal points and leaving large areas of plain cementing. A distinctive effect to the group has been secured in two towers flanking the main entrance. This consists of three open arches leading to the entrance lobby. The entrance grounds are treated architecturally with wide terraces, steps and with sunken gardens and fountains at each side of the ad Success to Highland Hospital PLUMBING. HEATING AND VENTILATING Success to The Highland Hospital Victor xX-Ray Corporation Manufacturers of X-Ray Apparatus, Coolidge Tubes and Physical Therapy A.PParatu Chicago 254 SUTTER ST. SAN FRANCISCO. CALIF.