The Wash Post, Apr 7, 1907, Famous Old Queen's Chapel
WASHINGTON POST: SUNDAY, APKEL 7, 1907. the old lost ,he can. which to brought conducive ~an this foliage old girls Always old tyro a of Ills to be certainly to extol In a Norfolk, Cant. native mine, knowing for a Castillian and the you he com- hunter to other, when the existence up there dead the In the would three I, men, game there after But was Famous Did Queen's Chapel Is Being Rebuilt a Third Time L ~~ IKE the. ancient belfry of Bruges, i Carroll, who died in 'lS06, daughter of iH--.-- j --.. i ^_._. __ Robert Brent, first mayor of "Washington and sister-in-law to the signer of the tlirlce consumed and thrice re- builded, the venerable', edifice known in Maryland annals as Queen's-Chapel. Is,about to take Its place among-, the Catholic churches of the District of Columbia, .The modern Inheritor of all Â· the hallowed memories clinging to the old church to he, .Is a neat brick edifice, of familiar contour In country sections, a sloping roof of slate, a bell tower, and wide, Â· hospitable looking porch, situated In the .Jieart'of the picturesque suburb .of Langdon. As did the zealous artisans of the -Middle Ages, the good people of Langdon are -building their-church w'lth-their own hands.. No architect, no builder, no contractor of any description has. part In the work, unless he be of the congregation, -and then his labor Is for the reward to come. Though the -work has been progressing barely three months, and the artisans could devote themselves only in their leisure hours, after the regular labor of the day, the building- is'about half completed, and In a. few weeks will be prepared for use- every Sunday. Right Rev. Alfred A. Curtis, formerly bishop of Wilmington, Del., and'now assistant bishop of Baltimore, will officiate at the laying of the cornerstone-thls" afternoon, and invited guests will include many of the representative families of- Maryland and Virginia, with the faculties of the Catholic" University and Its affiliated "colleges. The new church for-the present will be under* the charge of Rev. Edward A. Southgate, pastor of St. 'Anthony's, In Brcokland, and he will be assisted by a priest from the Apostolic Mission House, i A History Stained with Blood.' Catholics in every part of the countr3 r are rejoiced that Queen's Chapel is to be continued on the list of churches in the District of Columbia, for it is identified with the days of religious Intolerance, and its early missloners were those who wrote their names, sometimes In blood, In the; annals of Maiyland. When the modest structure, which has become identified with the evangelization and civilization of the region which is now the seat of the American Capital, was first erected, the penal laws were In force, and Its history Is clouded In the errors and exaggerations of. those times. The first parishloneis of Queen's Chapel were co- Declaration. So some of the local historians deduce that a. period nf disuse'fall on the chapel and graveyard between the destruction ot the first and the building of the second shrine." * Jn 1806. a letter" from Bishop Carroll to Father John Grass!, the superior,of the Jesuits, contained In the Woodstock records, says among other things, "that the Jesuit Fathers from Trinity Church and Georgetown College shall continue to a,t- tend the mission chapel, , Saint Mary's, known as Queen's chapel." Thereafter, the ancient adlflce appears quite fiequent- ly in Jesuit annals and among the shepherds of fta scattered souls were Fathers Plunkett and Goring, of Georgetown, and Fathers A. Caffray and Â· William Matthews, of Saint Patrick's, In--Washington City. About 1835, the mansion .of. Charles I.' Queen, then head of the family,' destroyed by fire and for several 'years the chapel, sheltered the family. -One was, however, set aside for religious ( ices and the priests from Washington the older city, Georgetown, came to ad- minister about once a month." At this time. It also served on week days as school house. Destroyed by Union Soldiers. The' last conflagration on this historic site occurred during the civil .war, wn some union soldiers suspecting the Queen familyvof Southern sympathies, deliberate- ly" destroyed the venerabte, qhurch. This occurrea .about 1863, and Worn! that the entire place fell Into ruin. Only a fa'thful 'descendants of those who wor- shiped In the old church, or whose ones rested under ttie snadow; of Its came to tend the graves and to keep undergrowth from utterly, obliterating the boundaries of^God's Acre.' Such Hie condition of Richard,, 'Queen's gift. when in 1901, some of the hejrs, of The Present Condition of the Church. No Pl^n Showing Its Appearance on Completion Has Been Made, Thre Work Is Done Day by Day, by Practical Builders, After Sketching a Plan to Meet the Requirements. The Old Graveyard Recently Inclosed by a Neat Iron Railing, and the Plot Bequeathed to,the Archbishop of Baltimore by Richard Queen In 1774, Queen petitioned that the title in the acres should be vested in them and in Cardinal Gibbon's, as heir of Bishor Carroll. But not all the Queens wished this* change. Some wished the chapel graveyard restored, and It was through their energy that the will of Richard second, long mouldering in the Old country seat at Marlboraugh, was discovered and placed on flle in the archives of Baltimore. These same descendants of the zealous Richard Queen first, are tracing- old graves by means of old ground and trying to set up the head stones their rightful places. The opening of such an Important chapter of colonial Catholicism, involved in restoration of Queen's chapel, has keen,interest among historical and liter- arv savants of Washington. It can but be a, furitful theme to the student American history, particularly to those studying in the department at the University, which has been endowed by the Knights of Columbus. For it is very environment of hia alma mater, so far, it is a virgin fiell For a full century and a half, the Catholics -who on or near the graceful woodlands, the Catholic University and its affiliated colleges now rear their imposing: struc- ires, received all their spiritual comfort trom Queen's chapel or the smaller at Cazenovia. once the estate jof George T?iÂ£ges, Esquire of Warbiirton, now the property of E. Francis Riggs, the distinguished Washington, banker. TO and a all our seen came from Mn 'tie 'of he like as I In was who was Union shows Japan -at -she proprietor -washing that our are as lonlal magnates, and later Revolutionary heroes, and Its first pastors those intrepid confessors of the faith, who have left brilliant memories of their labors; that is. the traflitions suggest their heroslm and zeal, but unfortunately they left no records of their labors'. Historical students have searched in 'vain the records, of the archdiocese of Baltimore, the .Woodstock letters, and the annals of the Maryland Historical' Society, but so far ttte' patient Investigator Is compelled to admit that the, dawn of Catholicity. in this part of Maryland is set forth in "no known document. Tradition In the Queen family sets forth that Richard Queen came to the estate deeded to him under charter from Cecil Calvert in 1721. The deeds recorded in the old city of St. Mary's, the first capi-- tal of laryland_, are now in the possession of the family, and show that the property' was part of the grant known as Haddock Hills, an estate which wa^ allotted 'the Queens in 1657. Haddock Hills embraced' practically two counties, and from it were 1 carved out the' Richard Queen holdlngc, Barbadoes and the Seamen's Delight. Both' .names reqa41 the "act -that in those times the sleepy,- oM Ilagc of Bladensbur'g'" was a port of | 'ch importance arid the Queens were J "lly famous as nautical -people. - Mr: vjueen called his home "The Enclosure," ^nd soon 'after taking possession of 'his tate he erected, probably In 1722, the ansion, in. which one wingr was dedi- t ed lo divine service^ To All Intents a Smokehouse. The Queen family Iricreased in the aliot- ^ patriarchal way, and soon the broad .me house was 'required 1 for the living i ooms. Then Mr. Queen built, on his estate, some 200 yards south of the presont church, a frame house, which to alt- intents was a snioke, house, or. one of the many outbuildings necessary in -slave times on thÂ« great landed estates.' Tradition says that toe Jesuit Fathers from Bohemia,' and perhaps from Saint 1 Mary's, chme up at Jong Intervals 'to minister to the" scattered Catholic population. The Queens estate entertained tile whole country side, for .the comiifg to church meant to remain over .night and" to spend the entire flny following at the hospitable mansion. Of these earliest" missioners, even their names are lost. Father John iewis and Father James Breadnall, of Bohemjg. and probably Father James As.hb.y, are among those whom tradition points as risking fine and imprisonment, Â· or- even death, in* ministering to- their brethren in- defiance of the penal laws. Rev, Edward I. Devitt, S. J. t professor ot colonial history.- Jn Georgetown. University,' points out that these mfasioners,. zealous -and fearless as they were on their own-- account, could keep rib records for-fear of harming their people, so they have set down nothing of.their work or their travels. ..' Queen's Chapel. ;duririp tHe. first Jiajf century, of Its existence, struggled with the generous co-operation of the Queens and the Dlgges. Carrolls, and Brents, who lived on neighboring' estates., The small . outhouse* was . siill _ used, and gradually, the p'retty knoll.around It became the cemetery of the HttTe congregation. A will filed at Upper Marlborbuzh In 1794 is the' first, time that the' old chap"el figured in the official records. .This will 'behts the Instrument-of; the "second Rtehard"Queen, contains this-clause: Â· . Willed to Bishop of Baltimore. ! giro and bequeath to mr friend. Right' RBV. John CarroIl.-fBIshop of Baltimore, his hairs aqd assigns fpje'er, (he remaining ,, roBjnberi ot 'the Roman Catholic Church, 'two -acres of land, where the Roman .Catholic Cnnrch now stands.' being part of a tract of land called "The Enclosure." My I Intention and wlir ia that the said two acres of ! land be sole!? vroploTed and used /or'tfee Feng-loos t purposes of the Roman Catholic Church. Mr. Queen left directions by which the boundary stones of the "property were to be "known and these stones set up by the testator still remain In place. Tradition Â· ! states that Bishop Carroll- frenuently ministered in the first Queen's chapel and when that edifice was destroyed bv flre,! ' h, caused another chapel to be erected on ' ''the oresent site. This remained until 11H4, when It was destrovefl by the British , t army passing: from Bladensburg to Wash- i irigton. The old - graveyajrl attached L I from .the beginning to toe* church, bears-l' no'headstones earlier than that ot Ann I ELEPHANT'S BIG DKINK. "Big Jule," of Central Park, Swallows Four Quarts of Whisky. , From the New York Herald. Four quarts of whisky--Bill Snyder has not yet wired Dr. Wiley whether-it was blended or not--sufficed yesterday morning to relieve Big Jule, the most monstrous, mulish, man destroying elephant Of which Central Park Zoo boasts, from a sevt-re attack of indigestion, with its accompanying acute aches. Hattie, the trick elephant, who is Snyder's especial pet--not even excepting the Bengal tiger, who stalks madly UTJ and down his cage, peering up the hill from the rear end of his onen cage so that l.e can bp sure that some time he shall glut his 3ppetlte on Snyder, w.ho feeds him meat--was quietly meditating, until she was annoyed vastly on Wednesday night by groans that issued from Jule's barred stall. - The usual remedy of a gallon of castor oil, administered by Snyder. had no effect on tlie mrtanings of Jule. Then he decided on heroic remedies. Snvder won't tell where he bought the stuff. He was circumspect in his ap- nroarti to Jule. She was quite peevish about her troubles. A fine brai masTi, mi.\ecl especially by Snyder, was offerel to the groaning Jule. But she would have none of it. She returned after ,i cursory inspection of. the inviting tub lashing the bars with her -trunk and Ing those peculiar squeals which say the initiated that she Was '"bad," but doesn't mean 30 in the ordinary sene. She was simply crying her heart out a roam in the jungle, and to be bereft the feeds of candy and peanuts which had set up this acute attack. "Well, says I," Snyder tells.the story, there's nothing; for this lady biit to her a good balL Elephants is scarce sradually decreasing. It was a master job to get Jule to the whisky. She balked in elephant fashion and finally had to be thrown and with ropes ,to the anchorages of the Then, with Snyder handling the demijohn, and Bob Hurton and Tom Hocy, keeper ot the iion house, holding the mischievous, squirming trunk,- the whole quarts of "forty-rod" was poured down the capacious mouth of tlie, squealer. bonds were loosed. She trumpeted, gave a shrill snort and poked out the inquisitive "flnffer"'at' the end of her trunk Snyder. "Soo-soo. baly-ntsh"--that's the best way one can express Snyder's elephant language.. And her ladyship Jule In fifty-nine seconds was stroking her vast stomach with a loving touch of her Then she stooped squealing, and started to gurgle. Snyder led in -a new tub fleshly brewed mash and Jule ate greedily. Then she consumed two bales of and lay down with just one chain clanking at hei off hind foot. ! "There's ways," said Snyder. Slip Covers, Awnings, and Summer Furnishings. To. Stimulate your buying early and so avoid congestion of business "that will come later on, we are making very prices on all-the necessities lor the summer home. Our assortment contains everything that is best in imported and domestic materials. Estimates Cheerfully Furnished on Application ' by Letter or Telephone. Matchless Matting's AND -Matting Rugs. 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